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dred. Can it be justly said to be To offer salvation to sinners indepaid for them all? Certainly not. pendently of the sacrifice of the Five hundred are redeemed by a cross is rank Socinianism. redundant price; the remaining five In dwelling with apparent satishundred are not redeemed at all, faction upon the Gospel ministry, but are left to suffer the extreme as it was instituted by our blessed penalty of the law.
Saviour, and makes a free and graIn a somewhat similar manner cious offer of salvation to sinners of our author has attempted to evade every grade and condition, Dr. Morthe force of another declaration of gan appears to have forgotten what St. John relative to God's universal he has said, page 369, where he avers, love to mankind in their fallen state. “God has not devised redemption, The inspired apostle says that “God and then left it to men to receive it sent His Son to be the Saviour of if they will, and reject it if they the world.” (1 John iv. 14.) Re- will. The same grace that provided specting this text Dr. Morgan says, it applies it.” If men are altogether “The world is the object whose passive in respect of their redempalvation is proposed. There is tion; and if it is" applied ” to them merit in the death of Jesus to meet in such a manner that they cannot the wants of every sinner. It is but receive it; so that it is in no offered freely to each and to all, sense optional with them whether There is grace in Christ to subdue they receive it or not; why is an and sanctify every soul. The com- appeal made to their wills in the mission of His ministers is to‘go Gospel ministry? An "offer" into all the world, and preach the made to rational beings supposes in Gospel to every creature.' Nothing them a power to accept or to refuse is wanted. The sinner is without it; and the conduct of God towards
• The Spirit and the bride those to whom the “offer” is made say, Come; and let him that hear- in His Gospel is regulated by the eth say, Come; and let him that is use which they make of this power. athirst come ; and whosoever will, “ He that believeth and is baptized let him come, and take of the water shall be saved; but he that believof life freely.' Redemption is com- eth not shall be damned.” (Mark plete.” (P. 340.)
xvi. 16.) If there be no
6 will” Here again we complain that our exercised in these cases, why is one author, so far from showing what of the parties saved, and the other Jesus Christ has done to secure the doomed to perdition? How can salvation of "the world,” in com- God be said to judge the world in pliance with the will of His Father, righteousness ? and how can unbeand in fulfilment of His mission, lievers be said to be “ without excalls attention simply to the Gospel cuse,” as Dr. Morgan says they are ? ministry, which offers salvation as a And why does he in another place free gift to all mankind. We na- affirm that Christ is “ready and turally ask, On what ground is that able to confer eternal life on all who offer made? Can any man be saved are willing to accept it?” (P. 517.) any otherwise than through the He says, “ Nothing is wanting." sacrifice of Christ ? " Without The answer is, that if Christ has shedding of blood is no remission.” only died for a part of mankind, If the Gospel offer, then, is sincere, redemption is wanted for the rest ; -and God forbid that any man and without redemption they must should charge its Author with in- necessarily perish, whatever “ofsincerity !-the blood of Christ was fers” of mercy may be made to them shed for every sinful soul of man. from the pulpit.
The view which our author gives attainment when he was “not a subof the case of backsliders is, we think, ject of the Spirit's gracious work," inconsistent and even contradictory. he must have realized it by the St. John speaks of a class of persons unaided power of his own nature. who departed from the Christian Thus it is that extremes meet. Dr. church, and assumed an antichristian Morgan denies that the sacrifice of character. “They went out from the cross was offered to God in beus,” says he, “but they were not of half of all mankind; and yet conus; for if they had they been of us, fesses that the Gospel offers salvation they would no doubt have continued to all. It follows, then, that the with us: but they went out, that Gospel offers pardon to men for they might be made manifest that whose sin no atonement has been they were not all of us.” (1 John made, and thus indirectly counteii. 19.) All that we can fairly con- nances the error of Socinus. And clude from this statement is, as Mr. now, rather than acknowledge that Wesley remarks, “Their hearts were men may finally fall from a state of before departed from God.” Dr. grace, he speaks of some who had Morgan, however, asserts that they attained to “a life of faith and holinever were Christians, except in ness” in the absence of the Holy name and profession. He says, Spirit's guidance and quickening “Once they belonged to the church power; which has ever been regarded of Christ. But they continued not. as the capital error of Pelagius. They became unstable. They were In a subsequent part of his volume given to change. They apostatized he speaks on this subject in a manfrom the faith and practice of the ner that is certainly more scriptural Gospel. “They were not of us,' and orthodox. He says, “ We are adds the apostle. They never were. taught that when a professor of reli• They are not all Israel that are of gion falls into any sin, we are not Israel.' They may have professed hastily to conclude that he is either the faith, but in reality they never a hypocrite, or an apostate. He embraced it. He is a Jew which may not be a hypocrite, but on the is one inwardly ; and circumcision contrary truly sincere in the profesis that of the heart, in the spirit, sion which he has been accustomed and not in the letter, whose praise to make. Neither may he be an is not of men, but of God. Such apostate, although for the present they never were.” “On the whole, his principles and purposes have been it was better they departed.” (Pp. overborne by the power of tempta116, 117.) He expresses himself to tion.” (Page 480.) We ask, Why the same effect in another place, may not this have been the case where he says, “ If we draw back with the persons mentioned by St. from a life of faith and holiness, we John, who “went out” of the are bound to conclude we are not Christian church, not apparently by the subjects of the Spirit's gracious expulsion, but of their own accord? work. Whatever may have been How do we know that they were our attainments and exercises, we never regenerated by the Holy must have been deceived." (Pp. Spirit's grace, and that they never 155, 156.)
returned to the fold which in an On this singular statement we evil hour they sinfully forsook? remark, that a man who “draws Dr. Morgan may affirm this to keep back from a life of faith and holi- his creed in countenance, but he ness” must have previously attained does not know it. to “a life of faith and holiness ;" With respect to personal sanctifiand if he have realized such an cation, of which all believers in
Christ are happy subjects, our author a few passages in this volume, bejustly observes, “We need set no cause we think it otherwise entitled limits to our desires after holiness. to a strong recommendation ; being God has set none. He has said, equally adapted to the edification of Open thy mouth wide, and I will the private Christian, who desires to fill it.' The more we ask, the more understand the mind of the Spirit, acceptable are our prayers to Him." and to the use of the theological (Page 484.) If "God has set no student, who seeks for assistance in limits to our desires," Dr. Morgan the interpretation of one of the most has “set limits” to our hopes; for profound books in the sacred canon. he gives no prospect of any but a Dr. Morgan neither perplexes his very partial deliverance from sin, readers by unimportant criticism, and of entire sanctification to God, nor darkens the truth by metaphytill “the dust returns to the earth sical abstractions; and but for his as it was, and the spirit returns to Calvinism, he would have produced God who gave it.” He says, “ There an exposition, beautiful alike in its is sense, and a noble one, in which impressiveness, consistency, and it must be said of every man truly evangelical savour. regenerated, “He cannot sin.' To live in sin is contrary to the new Wednesday Evenings at Cavennature of which he has been made dish Chapel : Homiletic Hints. By a partaker. That nature cannot and Joseph Parker, D.D. London: Pitdoes not sin. Had he no other man. 1865.—So runs the title-page, nature, he would never sin. And from which we might reasonably when he lays down the old man in suppose that, in the present volume, the grave, and retains only the gra- we have a work of Dr. Parker's; cious nature received in his regener- but the title-page is followed by a ation, he will sin no more, but live notice :-“I thank the short-hand for ever, perfect in holiness and writers for the trouble they have happiness." (Page 208.)
taken in writing the following disOf believers St. Paul
“Our courses: and though they have old man is crucified with Him,” done more than all my critics to (Christ,)“that the body of sin might show me my faults, yet I award be destroyed, that henceforth we them the praise due to skill and should not serve sin.” (Rom. vi. 6.) patience.” It is hardly fair to the In what part of the Holy Scriptures Doctor, then, to regard the book as it is taught that “the old man” of designed and written by him, though corrupt human nature will live as evidently published with his conlong as the believer himself lives, sent. If his congregation hear every will die only when he dies, and be Wednesday discourses similar to buried in his grave, Dr. Morgan those here given, there is no reason does not inform his readers. If this to complain ; and we will engage statement be correct, then the furious that the hearers neither sleep nor persecutors who "stoned Stephen,” yawn. Yet we must be forgiven if and the “devout men” who buried we question the power of any man his mangled remains, were the in- to produce much literature once a struments of the entire sanctification week. Truth is one thing, literaof the first Christian martyr. In ture another. Happily, the greater other words, they were the means good is the cheaper. Truth abounds, of completing in him the gracious and can be presented at very short work which the Holy Spirit had notice; and defective indeed must bo begun, but left unfinished.
that presentation of truth which We have entered our caveat against the Holy Spirit cannot accompany
from heaven. But Rationalism and Revelation, literature is coy.
London: Longman, Green, and Co.
1865.—The author repudiates the “ Much time for immortality to pay doctrine that “science and revelaIs just and wise; and less is thrown
tion are twin sisters." He coquets
with both, but does not appear to Downright impossibilities men seek : What man can be immortal in a week?” have made up his mind about either.
It is useless to enter the lists with a If it is fair to criticize a volume writer who, after filling fifty pages published as is the present, we may with loose and incoherent jottings point out one or two verbal inaccu
on the subject in hand, informs his racies. We have, (p. 100,) readers that he has treated it in a phisticated excuses.” An excuse is “plain and popular manner;" and bad enough by the time that it is who, after garnishing every one of sophistical. Once and again we these pages with quotations from a have something like wordiness. On host of writers, excuses himself the page 24 it is said, “Here is a man labour of further similar “analysis" who has a reputation which causes on the ground of having treated the grief to the spirit of a man who is subject in a “broad and generalizing the apostle of God.” Two“who's,” manner.”
“ which !” The expletive “ who is,” or “that is,” is of small A Concise Dictionary of the Bible, advantage to a sentence. But truce for the Use of Families and Students. to criticism :-the Doctor shall Edited by William Smith, D.D. speak for himself. May the follow- London : John Murray. There are ing, and all his other “good words,” somne, probably, whom it may not have their right effect! “ Society be needless to remind of the distineneeds watchers as well as workers. tion between curtailment and abridgHappy the man who has a loving ment. The one is easy as “leaving sister; a sister who says little. But Hamlet out of the play ;" the other, does much. The power of a loving in a work of any dimensions, can woman stands next in rank to God's only be executed by those who, to own omnipotence. It does not ne- a competent knowledge of the subcessarily do what are termed great ject, add the perception and use of things. It does not reserve itself for “ literary perspective.” It is not state occasions. It has a thousand with a book as with a statue ; which, little witcheries. It has no trumpet. once issued from the sculptor's studio, It moves noiselessly. It interprets any mason may reduce by scale and the glance. It is learned in the compass, or any manipulator reliterature of the countenance, It produce in plaster. To reduce an gets answers without asking ques- argument, a description, a history, tions. It knows the sweet soothing proportionally, is an achievement mystery of silence. It sees without little inferior to that of its original staring......
production. This Dictionary, then, “O women, wives, and sisters, is a skilful abridgment, and not a know your power over true hearts ! mere mechanical curtailment, of the There are wretches......on whom well-known larger publication, with your lavished love falls in vain; which every biblical student is famibut there are other natures on which liar. It is the “main object of the every sunbeam and every dew-drop editor to place within the reach of tells !” Honour to every attempt every Christian household a popular to exalt the influence of Christian abstract of a work which has received womanhood !
the approval of those most compe
tent to express an opinion on the History of Doctrines." It is, how. subject;” and in this he has suc- ever, with the more recent phases of ceeded.
Ritionalism that he deals in the The larger Dictionary is condensed, work before us. Beginning with in about a thousand pages, to a
the famous “ Wolfenbüttel Frage third of its bulk; nearly everyments,” and ending with the undisarticle is transferred, to a greater guised blasphemy of Bahrdt, the or less extent, and the more import- able author gives us a condensed ant ones, such as “Paul,” “Je- and exhaustive outline of German sus Christ,” “ canon,"
," “ versions," infidelity. (among which we should have been It is some satisfaction that the glad also to have seen that on the soil so prolific of poison has largely Holy Spirit,) are given copiously. supplied the antidote ; and certainly Frequent illustrations add to the the champions of orthodoxy, tovalue of this abridgment of a work gether with their eminent services, whiclı, notwithstanding some draw.. were never more impartially or elo. backs, inevitable, perhaps, in what' quently signalized than by the is the product of many hands, and powerful pen of Professer Hagenwhich we yet hope to see remedied bach. The English mind has, of in future editions, has largely con- late, been more than surfeited with tributed, during the last few years, stale plagiarisms from German Rato the earnest study of the Bible. tionalism; and we, therefore, give To young divinity students it is a the more cordial welcome to this boon ; and it is just the volume for solid, thoughtful, instructive, and a schoolroom prize, or for a gift to most seasonable volume. a son from a thoughtful parent. We admit the claim advanced in the The Hand-Book of English Literpreface, and gladly give it a place ature. By Joseph Angus, D.D. among our •f.mily” Bible dic. London: The Religious Tract Society. tionaries accordingly.
We cannot live on essences; our
food must be in certain bulk as well German Rationalism. By W. K. as of a certain quality. It has been R. Hagenbach. Edinburgh: T. and said that there is as much nourishT. Clark, 1805.—This volume, from ment in an egg as in we know not the pen of one of the most accom- how much solid beef. But woe to plished scholars and learned divines him who carries the paradox into in Germany, is a comprehensive and practice! To those who know how philosophical history of the rise and to use à manual, this volume will progress, of the vicissitudes and be of much service ; but to the varieties, of the conflicts and de- half-hearted student, who pants after feats, of moderni Rationalism. To intellectual wealth, unwilling to pay the young student it will prove & the price of its attainment, it may welcome and invaluable guide in prove a snare. As the latter charac. tracing the origin and development ter, however, is being left more and of one of the most subtle and im- more behind, goes more and inore moral forms of unbelief that has helplessly to the wall, in the modern ever assailed the Bible or disturbed social race, so there is a large numthe church.
ber who will thank Dr. Angus, and Rationalism is no new thing : of make a legitimate use of this "photothis no one has furnished more copi- graph of our literature.” It is ous and convincing evidence than our intended “to supply the curious author, in the noble book by which inquirer with facts that may serve he is already well known, “The his purpose, or guide him to further