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Peaceable nations, neighb'ring, or remote,
Made captive, yet deserving freedom more
Than those their conquerors, who leave behind
Nothing but ruin wheresoe'er they rove,
And all the florishing works of peace destroy,
Then swell with pride, and must be titled Gods,
Great Benefactors of mankind, Deliverers,


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phants and flatterers to the worst of a word directly of the exploits of tyrants : and when it is said

those heroes, who in pursuit of One is the son of Jove, of Mars false glory had done what Cæfar the other,

did. He was unwilling perhaps to

give his readers occasion to reflect, Alexander is particularly intended that there was a Cæsar in his own by the one, and Romulus by the time and country, whom he had other, who tho’ better than Alex- prais'd, admir'd, and sery'd. ander, yet it must be said founded

Calton. his empire in the blood of his brother, and for his overgrown ty 81. Then swell with pride, and ranny was at last destroy'd by his

must be titled Gods, &c] The And certainly the second Antiochus king of Syria method that Milton has here tả- was called Antiochus G or the ken, is the best method that can God: and the learned author De be taken of drawing general cha- Epoch. Syro-Macedonum p. 151. racters, by selecting the particulars speaks of a coin of Epiphanes inhere and there, and then adjusting scrib'd et F. Fiqurxs. The Atheand incorporating them together; nians gave Demetrius Poliorcetes, as Apelles from the different beau- and his father Antigonus the titles ties of several nymphs of Greece of Evegetai Benefactors, and Ewdrew his portrait of Venus, the inpes Deliverers.

The last was a Goddess of beauty.

divine title; [See Suidas in voce

Ewrnp] and they finish'd the com74

- what do these worthies pliment by calling their Head-maBut rob and spoil, burn, slaughter, giftrate, instead of Archon, lepas and inflave

Etnav, Priest of the Deliverers. Peaceable nations, neighb'ring, or Plut. in vita Demetrii. Calton. remote, &c] Milton faith not

96. Poor

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Worshipt.with temple, priest and facrifice ;
One is the son of Jove, of Mars the other;
Till conqu’ror Death discover them scarce men, 8
Rolling in brutish vices, and deform’d,
Violent or shameful death their due reward.
But if there be in glory ought of good,
It may by means far different be attain'd
Without ambition, war, or violence;
By deeds of peace, by wisdom eminent,
By patience, temperance : I mention still
Him whom thy wrongs with faintly patience borne
Made famous in a land and times obscure ;
Who names not now with honor patient Job?

95 Poor


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96. Poor Socrates (who next more a place there with Alexander, and

memorable ?) &c.] Milton here Cæsar, and the most celebrated he does not scruple with Erasmus to roes of antiquity. See the Tatler place Socrates in the foremost rank No 81 by Mr. Addison. And the of Saints ; an opinion more ami. no less ingenious author of the able at least, and agreeable to that Temple of Fame has made him spirit of love which breathes in the principal figure among the betthe Gospel, than the severe or- ter sort of heroes. thodoxy of those rigid textuaries,

Much-suff'ring heroes next their who are unwilling to allow falva

honors clame, tion to the moral virtues of the

Those of less noisy, and less Heathen. Thyer.

guilty fame,

Fair Virtue's filent train : su98. Équal in fame to proudeft conque

preme of these

Here ever shines the godlike Sorors.] And therefore the very

crates. ingenious author of the vision of the Table of Fame has given him And if. Mr. Addison had completed

lives now

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Poor Socrates (who next more memorable?)

By what he taught and suffer'd for so doing, , For truth's fake suffering death unjust, lives now

Equal in fame to proudest conquerors.
Yet if for fame and glory ought be done,

Dught suffer'd; if young African for fame
His wasted country freed from Punic rage,
The deed becomes unprais'd, the man at least,
And loses, though but verbal, his reward.
Shall I seek glory then, as vain men seek, 105
Oft not deserv'd? I seek not mine, but his
Who sent me', and thereby witness whence I am.

To whom the Tempter murm’ring thus reply'd. 1

Think his design of writing a tragedy of committed in Italy during the fe, Socrates, his success in all probabi. cond Punic war. lity would have been greater, as the subject would have been better 106.

I seek not mine, but than that of Cato,

Who sent me', and thereby witness if young African for whence I am.] I honor fame

ther, I seek not mine own glory, says His wasted country freed

from Pu- our Saviour in St. John's Gospel nic rage, This shows plainly VIII. 49, 50: and this he urgeth that he had spoken before of the as a proof of his divine mission, elder Scipio Africanus; for he VII. 18. He that speaketh of bimonly can be said with propriety self, seeketh his own glory: but he to have freed his wasted country that seeketh his glory that sent him, from Punic rage, by transferring the the same is true, and no unrighteous war into Spain and Africa after nefs is in kim, the ravages which Hannibal had VOL. I.


109. Think





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Think not so flight of glory; therein least
Resembling thy great Father: he seeks glory,
And for his glory all things made, all things
Orders and governs; nor content in Heaven
By all his Angels glorify'd, requires
Glory from men, from all men good or bad,
Wise or unwise, no difference, no exemption; 115
Above all facrifice, or hallow'd gift
Glory' he requires, and glory he receives
Promiscuous from all nations, Jew, or Greek,
Or barbarous, nor exception hath declar'd;



109. Think not so flight of glory; many grand points of the Christian &c] There is nothing throughout theology and morality. Thyer. the whole poem more expressive of 118. Promiscuous from all nations,] the true character of the Tempter The poet puts here into the mouth than this reply. There is in it all of the Devil the absurd notions of the real falihood of the father of the apologists for Paganism. See lies, and the glozing fubtlety of an Themiftius Orat. XII. de Relig. Vainsidious deceiver. The argument lent. Imp. Tauta Vouise gergatan is false and unsound, and yet it is &c. p. 160: Warburton. veil'd over with a certain plausible 121. To whom our Saviour fer. air of truth. The poet has also vently reply'd.] As this poem by introducing this furnish'd him- consists chiefly of a dialogue be. self with an opportunity of ex- tween the Tempter and our Sa. plaining that great question in di- viour, the poet must have labor'd vinity, why God created the world, under fome difficulty in compofing and what is meant by that glory a fufficient variety of introductory which he expects from his crea- lines to the feveral speeches, and tures. This may be 'no improper it required great art and judgment place to observe to the reader the to vary and adapt them so properly author's great art in weaving in- as he hath done to the subject in to the body of so fort a work so hand. We took notice of a beauty



From us his foes pronounc'd glory' he exacts.

To whom our Saviour fervently reply'd.
And reason; since his word all things produc'd,
Though chiefly not for glory as prime end,
But to show forth his goodness, and impart
His good communicable to every soul

Freely; of whom what could he less expect
Than glory' and benediction, that is thanks,
The slightest, easiest, readieft recompense
From them who could return him nothing else,
And not returning that would likeliest render

130 Contempt

of this kind in a note upon II. greeable to the true character of 432: and here we have another our Saviour, who was all meek. instance not unworthy of our ob- ness and forbearance in every thing servation. When the Tempter had that related to himself, but where proposed to our Saviour the baits God's honor was concern'd, was and allurements of glory, he was warm and zealous ; as when he nothing mov'd, but reply'd with drove the buyers and sellers out of great calmness and composure of the temple, insomuch that the mind, ver.43.

disciples apply'd to him the faying To whom our Saviour calmly thus of the Pfalmift

, The zeal of thine reply'd :

house hath eaten me up. John II. 17.

128. The fightest, easeft, readieff but now the Tempter reflects upon recompense) The same fenti. the glory of God, our Saviour is ment in the Paradise Lost, IV.46. warm'd upon the occasion, and answers with some eagerness and

What could be less than to afford fervor.

him praise,

The easiest recompense, and pay To whom our Saviour feruently him thanks, reply'd.

How due ! And this-is perfectly just, and a. 130. And not returning that] We


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