Page images
PDF
EPUB

tors were in amazement to see his body others he related the practices of the dethat had been so belaboured by devils, vils, and how they appeared. He said in the same shape in which it was before that, "to scare us, they will represent his retirement." By way of a caution to themselves so tall as to touch the ceiling,

[graphic][ocr errors]

and proportionably broad; they often pre- ment, as vanquished. Once, when they tend to sing psalms and cite the scrip- canie threatening and surrounding me tares, and sometimes while we are read- like soldiers, accoutred and horsed, and ing they echo what we read ; sometimes again when they filled the place with they stamp, sometimes they laugh, and wild beasts and creeping things, I sung sometimes they hiss : but when one re- Psalm xix. 8., aud they were presently qards them noi, then they weep and la- routed. Another time, when they appeared with a light in the dark, and said, enemy of souls, who seizes on those who

We are come, Anthony, to lend thee our are accountable to him, but cannot reach light,' I prayed, shutuing my eyes, because those who are not persuadable by him." I disdained to behold their light, and His biographer declares that the devils presently their light was put out. After fled at his word, as fast as from a whip. this they came and hissed and danced, It appears from lady Morgan, that at but as I prayed, and lay along singing, the confectioners' in Rome, on twelfththey presently began to wail and weep as day, saints melt in the mouth, and though they were spent. Once there the temptations of St. Anthony are easily came a devil very tall in appearance, that digested.” dared to say, “What wouldst thou have Alban Butler says that there is an exme bestow upon thee?' but I spat upon tant sermon of St. Anthony's wherein he him and endeavoured to beat him, and, extols the efficacy of the sign of the cross great as he was, he disappeared with the for chasing the devil, and lays down rules rest of the devils. Once one of them for the discernment of spirits. There is knocked at the door of my cell, and when reason to believe that he could not read; I opened it I saw a tall figure; and when St. Austin thinks that he did not know I asked him, “Whoart thou?" he answered, the alphabet. He wore his habit to his 'I am satan ; Why do the monks blame dying day, neither washing the dirt off and curse me? I have no longer a place his body, nor so much as his feet, unless or a city, and now the desert is filled with they were wet by chance when he waded monks ; let them not curse one to no through water on a journey. The jesuit purpose.' I said to him, “Thou art a liar,' Ribadeneira affirms, that " all the world &c. and he disappeared." A deal more relented and bemoaned his death, for than this he is related to have said by his afterwards there fell no rain from heaven biograpber, who affirms that Anthony, for three years." “ having been prevailed upon to go into The Engraving of St. ANTHONY cona vessel and pray with the monks, he, and flicting with the Devil, in the present he only, perceived a wretched and terri- sheet, is after Salvator Rosa. ble stink; the company said there was some salt fish in the vessel, but he perceived another kind of scent, and while Saints' bodies appear, from the Romish he was speaking, a young man that had writers, to have waited undecomposed in a devil, and who had entered before them their graves till their odour of sanctity and hid himself, cried out, and the devil rendered it necessary that their remains was rebuked by St Anthony and came should be sought out; and their bodies out of him, and then they all knew that were sure to be found, after a few centuit was the devil that stunk."-_“Wonder- ries of burial, as fresh as if they bad been ful as these things are, there are stranger interred a few weeks. Hence it is, that things yet ; for once, as he was going to though two centuries elapsed before Anpray, he was in a rapture, and (which is a thony's was looked for, yet his grave was paradox) as soon as he stood up, he saw not only discovered, but his body was himself without himself, as it were in the in the customary preservation. It was air, and some bitter and terrible beings brought to Europe through a miracle. standing by him in the air too, but the One Joceline, who had neglected a pilangels, his guardians, withstood them."- grimage to Jerusalem, was, therefore, “ lle had also another particular favour, sorely wounded in battle, and carried for for as he was sitting on the mount in a dead into a chapel dedicated to St. Anpraying posture, and perhaps gravelled thony. When he began to revive, a mulwith some doubt relating to himself, in titude of devils appeared to drag him to the night-time, one called to bim, and hell and one devil cast a halter about his said, 'Anthony, arise, go forth and look ;' neck to strangle bim, wherefore St. Anso he went out and saw a certain terrible, thony appeared; the devils flew from him deformed personage standing, and reach- of course, and he commanded Joceline to ing to the clouds, and winged creatures, perform his pilgrimage, and to convey has and him stretching out his hands; and body from the east; whereupon Joceland some of them he saw were stopped by obeyed, and carried it to France. Whe him, and others were flying beyond him; Patrick wrote, thesaint's beard was shown whereupon the tall one gnashed his teeth, at Cologne, with a part of his hand, and and Anthony perceived that it was the another piece of his was shown at Tour

BLESSING OF BEASTS.

nay; two of his relics were at Antwerp;

PREACHING TO FISHES. a church dedicated to him at Rome was

Lady Morgan describes a picture in famous for his sackcloth, and part of his the Borghese palace at Rome, representpalm coat; the other part of it was exhi- ing St. Anthony preaching to the fishes : bited at Vienna, and the rest of his body “The salmon look at the preacher with was so multiplied about, that there were

an edified face, and a cod, with his uplimb bones enough for the remains of half a turned eyes, seems anxiously seeking for dozen uncanonized persons. The Romish the new light. The saint's sermon is to church has not made saints of late years.

be had in many of the shops at Rome.

St. Anthony addresses the fish, ' Dearly On St. Anthony's day, the beasts at

beloved fish;' and the legend adds, that Rome are blessed, and sprinkled with fish bowed to him with profound humility,

at the conclusion of the discourse, the holy water. Dr. Forster

, in his 6. Peren- and a grave and religious countenance. Dial Calendar,” remarks, that the early The saint then gave the fish his blessing, Catholics regarded no beasts, birds, or fish, who scudded away to make new converas hateful.” He says, that “ St. Anthony sions, the missionaries of the main. was particularly solicitous about animals,

“ The church of St. Anthony at Rome is to which a whimsical picture by Salvator Rosa represents him as preaching ;” and painted in curious old frescos, with the he suggests, that “ from his practices, he is drawn blessing the devil, disguised

temptations of the saint. In one picture perhaps, arose the custom of blessings in a cowl; probably at that time passed on animals still practised at Rome; he regarded all God's creatures as worthy

• When the devil was sick,

and the devil a monk would be;' of protection"-except heretics, the doctor might have added ; unless, indeed, which “the next picture shows, that seems to have been the case, Anthony re- • When the devil was well, garded them as “ creatures" of the devil, the devil a monk was he;' between whom, and this saint, we have “ for St. Anthony, having laid down in his seen that the Rev. Alban Butler takes coffin to meditate the more securely, a especial care we should not be ignorant parcel of malicious little imps are peeping, of the miraculous conflicts just related. with all sorts of whimsical and terrific

Lady Morgan says, that the annual be- faces, over its edges, and parodying Honediction of the beasts at Rome, in a garth's enraged musician. One abomichurch there dedicated to St. Anthony, nable wretch blows a post-horn close to lasts for some days : “ for not only every the saint's ear, and seems as much deRoman from the pope to the peasant, who lighted with his own music as a boy with has a horse, a mule, or an ass, sends his a Jew's-harp, or a solo-player with his cattle to be blessed at St. Anthony's shrine, first ad libitum.” but all the English go with their job horses

St. Anthony's sermon to the fish is and favourite dogs; and for the small given in some of our angling books. If offering of a couple of paoli, get them this saint was not the preacher to the fish, sprinkled, sanctified, and placed under but St. Anthony of Padua, the latter has the protection of this saint. Coach after lost the credit of his miraculous exhortcoach draws up, strings of mules mix with ation, from the stupendous reputation of carts and barouches, horses kick, mules his namesake and predecessor. Not to are restive, and dogs snarl, while the offi- risk the displeasure of him of Padua, by ciating priest comes forward from his the possibility of mistake, without an atlittle chapel, dips a brush into a vase of tempt to propitiate him if it be a mistake, holy water, sprinkles and prays over the let it be recorded here, that St. Anthony beasts, pockets the fee, and retires."

of Padua's protection of a Portuguese Dr. Conyers Middleton says, that when regiment, which enlisted him into its ranks he was at Rome, he had his own horses seven hundred years after his death, problest for eighteen-pence, as well to satisfy cured him the honour of being promoted his curiosity, as to humour his coachman, to the rank of captain, by the king of who was persuaded that some mischance Portugal, as will appear by reference to would befall them in the year, if they had his military certificate set forth a large but the benefit of the benediction. in “ Ancient Mysteries described."

ST. ANTHONY'S FIRE.

lars of the different grammar-schools as St. Anthony's fire is an inflammatory sembled in the churchyard of St. Barthodisease which, in the eleventh century, lomew, Smithfield, and then St. Anthony's raged violently in various parts. Accord- scholars commonly were the best, and caring to the legend, the intercession of St. ried the prizes ; and that when the boys of Anthony was prayed for, when it mira- St. Paul's school met with those of Se. culously ceased ; and therefore, from that Anthony's, “ they would call them St. time, the complaint has been called St. Anthony's pigs, and they again would Anthony's fire.

call the others pigeons of Paul's; because

many pigeons were bred in Paul's church, ST. ANTHONY's pig.

and St. Anthony was always figured witha Bishop Patrick, froin the Salisbury a pig following him.” missal and other Romish service-books, "The seal of St. Anthony's Hospital in cites the supplications to St. Anthony for London was about the size of a halfrelief from this disease. Catholic writers crown; it represented the saint preaching affirm it to have been cured by the saint's to a numerous congregation, with his pig relics dipped in wine, which proved a beneath him. The Rev. Mr. Orton, rector present remedy. “Neither,” says Pa- of Raseby in Leicestershire, was supposed trick, who quotes the Romish writers, to have been its possessor by the late Mr.S. “ did this benefit by the intercession of Ayscough, who adds (in the Gent. Mag.) St. Anthony accrue only to men, but to that the hospital of St. Anthony had a grant cattle also; and from hence we are told of all the stray pigs which were not the custom arose of picturing this saint owned. He presumes that, from thence, with a hog at his feet, because, the same originated the emblem of the saint's piga author (Aymerus) says, on this animal in this he seems to have been mistaken ; God wrought miracles by his servant." it clearly did not originate in England Patrick goes on to say, that in honour of Patrick's solution of it is more probable, St. Anthony's power of curing pigs,“ they and very likely to be correct. used in several places to tie a bell about St. Anthony is always represented by the neck of a pig, and maintain it at the the old painters with a pig by his side. common charge of the parish," from He is so accompanied in the wood-cut whence came our English proverb of to his life in the Golden Legend. There “ Tantony pig," or t'Antony, an abridge- are many prints of him, by early masters, ment of the Anthony pig.

in this way. Rubens painted a fine pic“ I remember," says Stow," that the ture of the Death of St. Anthony, with officers charged with the oversight of the his pig, or rather a large bacon hog, lying markets in this city did divers times take under the saint's bed: there is a good from the market people, pigs starved, or engraving from this picture by Clouwet. otherwise unwholesome for man's sustenance ; these they did slit in the ear. One of the proctors for St. Anthony's In the British Museum there is a MS. (Hospital) tied a bell about the neck, (of with a remarkable anecdote that would one of them,) and let it feed on the dung- form an appendix to St. Anthony's day. hills : no man would hurt or take it The names of the parties are forgotten ; up; but if any gave to them bread, or but the particulars, recollected from acciother feeding, such they (the pigs) would dental perusal, are these : know, watch for, and daily follow, whining A tailor was met out of doors by a pertill they had somewhat given them: where- son who requested to be measured for a upon was raised a proverb, Such on one suit of clothes, to be ready on that spot will follow such an one, and whine as it by that day week; and the stranger gare were (like) an Anthony pig.'” If such a him a piece of cloth to make them with. pig grew to be fat, and came to good Froin certain circumstances, the tailer liking, (as oftentimes they did,) then the suspected his new customer to be the proctor would take him up to the use of devil, and communicated his conjecturts ihe hospital.

to a clergyman, who advised him to exeSt. Anthony's school in London, now cute the order, but carefully to save every gone to decay, was anciently celebrated piece, even the minutest shred he crit for the proficiency of its pupils. Slow from the cloth, and put the whole into a relates, that, in his youth, he annually saw, wrapper with the clothes ; be further on the eve of St. Bartholomew, the scho- promised the tailor to go with him on the

appointed day to the place where they and ladies mob and scramble, and crowd were delivered.

When all was ready and and bribe, and fight their way to the best the day arrived, they both went thither, place they can obtain. and the person waiting justified the tai- “ At the extremity of the great nave lor's suspicions; for be abused the tailor behind the altar, and mounted upon a because he brought a divine, and imme- tribune designed or ornamented by Midiately vanished in their presence, leave chael Angelo, stands a sort of throne, ing the clothes and pieces of cloth in the composed of precious materials, and suppossession of the tailor, who could not ported by four gigantic figures. A glory sell the devil's cloth to pay himself for the of seraphim, with groups of angels, sheds making, for fear of the consequences : a brilliant light upon its splendours. This And here ends the history

throne enshrines the real, plain, wormof this wonderful mystery;

eaten, wooden chair, on which St. Peter, from which may be drawn, by way of mo- the prince of the apostles, is said to have ral, that a tailor ought not to take an or- pontificated; more precious than all the der from a stranger without a reference. bronze, gold, and gems, with which it is

hidden, not only from impious, but froni

holy eyes, and which once only, in the January 18.

flight of ages, was profaned by mortal in

spection. St. Peter's Chair at Rome. St. Paul and

“ The sacrilegious curiosity of the Thirty-six Companions in Egypt. St. French broke through all obstacles to Prisca. St. Deicolus. St. Ulfrid. their seeing the chair of St. Peter. They

The Feast of St. Peter's chair is kept actually removed its superb casket, and by the Romish church on this day. Lady discovered the relic. Upon its noulderNíorgan says that it is one of the very few ing and dusty surface were traced carv, functions as they are called (funzioni) ce- ings, which bore the appearance of lebrated in the cathedral of St. Peter, at letters. The chair was quickly brought Rome. She briefly describes this cele- into a better light, the dust and cobwebs bration, and says something respecting removed, and the inscription (for an in, St. Peter's chair. “The splendidly dress- scription it was) faithfully copied. The ed troops that line the nave of the cathe- writing is in Arabic characters, and is dral, the variety and richness of vestments the well-known confession of Mahometan which clothe the various church and lay faith,— There is but one God, and Madignitaries, abbots, priests, canons, pre- BOMET is his prophet !' It is supposed lates, cardinals, doctors, dragoons, sena- that this chair had been, among the spoils tors, and grenadiers, which march in pro- of the crusaders, offered to the church cession, complete, as they proceed up the at a time when a taste for antiquariani vast space of this wondrous temple, a lore, and the deciphering of inscriptions, spectacle nowhere to be equalled within

were not yet in fashion. This story has the pale of European civilisation. In the been since hushed up, the chair replaced, midst of swords and crosiers, of halberds and none but the unhallowed remember and crucifixes, surrounded by banners, the fact, and none but the audacious reand bending under the glittering tiara of peat it. Yet such there are, even at threefold power, appears the aged, feeble, Rome !" and worn-out pope, borne aloft on men's

St. Prisca. shoulders, in a chair of crimson and gold,

This saint's festival stands in the calenand environed by slaves, (for such they dar of the church of England this day, as look, who waft, from plumes of ostrich well as in that of the Romish church. feathers mounted on ivory wands, a cooling gale, to refresh his exhausted frame, that she was a Roman, and martyred

Nothing is certainly known of her except too frail for the weight of such honours.

about 275. All fall prostrate, as he passes up the church to a small choir and throne, temporarily erected beneath the chair of St.

POWERFUL OPTICAL ILLUSION. Peter. A solemn service is then per- In the London journals of January, formed, hosannas arise, and royal vota- 1824, the following anecdote from a Carrists and diplomatic devotees parade the low paper bears the above title :"A church, with guards of honour and run- young lady, who died in this town, had ning footmen, while English gentlemen been some time previous to her death

« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »