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“ The art unteachable, untaught,” our country upon possessing an artist the hero of this hasty sketch is far so deserving of her highest patronage. beyond our eulogy. It remains only, For him we may confidently anticipate .therefore, for us to acknowledge our the honourable award of future ages, obligations to a respected contem- when future sculptors shall study porary,--to whom we feel proud to grace, and beauty, and expression, be obliged,--for much of the materiel from the designs and models of Franof this Memoir ; and to congratulate cis Chantrey.
DESCRIPTION OF THE FRONTISPIECE.
THE WESTERN FRONT OF ST. PANCRAS NEW CHURCH, ERECTING IN EUSTON
IT will be one of the imperisliable restoration of the Portico of the Temmemorials of the paternal government ple of Minerva Polias on the Acroof our present Sovereign, that the mea- polis of Athens, from which truly classure for so largely encreasing the faci- sical and elegant building the other lities for public worship, by the erec- parts of the church have been also tion of new churches, wherever wants taken; -- the female figures of the ed throughout the kingdom, for our Pandrosium, from which the wing vast encreasing population, was com- buildings and entrances to the catamenced during the Regency, and car
combs have been selected, are someried into effect during the Reign of what varied in character, to suit the George the Fourth.-The daring blas- sepulchral effect of their intended phemies of Impiety, and the alarming situation; and are now executing by inroads of Vice, have, indeed, also Mr. Rossi, the sculptor. The octadisgraced us, and defiled our times; gon tower, one hundred and sixty feet but it is consolatory to know, that in height, is also after the model of there is a Power, which saith to the the Tower of the Winds at Athens, wicked, Thus far only shalt thou come, the interior of the lower part of which and here thy machinations shall be is proposed to form a vestibule to stayed :-It is gratifying to feel, that the church, on the plan and dimenthe Government and the People are sions of the interior of the Tower from co-operating to stem the torrent, with which it has been adopted. We underwhich the misguided would deluge us, stand, that casts of the magnificent and that the sanctuaries of our God Doorway to the Temple, it's splenare still the unpolluted shrines of bis , did Porticos, and other details, were religion, still our safest havens from made on the spot, by special perevery storm, and our surestcovert from mission, by Mr. H. W. Inwood, one every tempest.
of the Architects of the Church, and In the Engraving of one of the many brought to this country in the year new Churches already alluded to, which 1820: thus giving the most correct we have the honour of presenting as data for the completion of this clasa Frontispiece to our Eighty-First sical building. Volume, the Architects have, with The first stone of this Church was the happiest effect, introduced the laid, with the usual solemnities, by classical decorations of a shrine raised his Royal Highness the Duke of York, to perpetuate the perished mythology on Thursday, July 1st, 1819; - the of heathens, to add beauty to a Chris- Rev.James Moorc, LL.D. being Vicar tian Temple of the living God. We of the Parish; Charles Lambert and have selected, therefore, the Western Thomas Weeding, Esqrs. ChurchFront of the Church, as exhibiting a wardens; and William Inwood and correct specimen of Athenian archi- Henry William Inwood, Esqrs. the tecture, the Ionic portico of which Architects. will be readily recognized to be a
MY GODMOTHER'S LEGACY; OR, THE ART OF CONSOLING.
“ So your Godmother is dead !” been, I know, abundant treatises writsaid one of my friends, as we met ten on the science of tormenting, and on the Esplanade. Now, be it known I have heard a college was once proto my readers, that this is a mis- posed for it's improvement; but the fortune which happens very frequently professors were so many, that pupils to people of fashion, especially at would have been wanting, and few are watering-places. Sixty years ago, a willing to learn when all are able to Godmother was generally a good- practise. Therefore my attention to natured rich spinster, who wore large ibe Art of Consoling has more ntility, pockets, and made patch-work coun- more moral fitness, and, what is best, terpanes; preserved plumbs for her more novelty: little cousins, and worked point-caps As method is a second memory, for her sister's children. A Godmother or a great help to it, I shall divide in 1822 is a personage of great pro- my thoughts into six sections, each perty, who lives nobody chooses to devoted to the subjects which appear tell where, and dies as often as it to me most appropriate to my par. may be convenient to whisper about a pose. I begin with Sick Uncles and legacy.-Mine, however, had real and Aunts, whose need of my art_has long existence, which a nervous sever never been doubted. Dr. Jeremy Tayterminated at last in the largest white lor once said, “ Sickness is no evil, house of a village, whose inhabitants because it produces, or may produce, ought to bave voted her a piece of all the Christian virtues." Whether in plate, or at least built her monument, ourselves or others is not distinctly exin gratitude for the diversion and em- pressed.-I, who have been a sick ployment she afforded them. Loth aunt, believe in both; for if selfwere prolonged after her death by a sacrifice and humility be Christian most animating curiosity to know who, virtues, what can be nobler than to and what she had left her heir. As lose or conceal all the merits of pamy wise put on the wide breadth tience, or bounty, or affection, to of crape which indicates an ample console our survivors ?—But I shall ipberitance, I was congratulated on address myself first to sick uncles, my good fortape, though many doubt who usually bave been, and are, peréd it; as half-yard crape has been in- sons of much more dignity and imvariably laid on the petticoat of a rich portance than spinster-aunts, however defunct's god-daughter ever since a rich and notable. They must be undozen tucks have been understood to married, or childless widowers, or they signify only ten pounds for a ring. are not fit disciples of my school ; as Gold bodkins, vast burnished stay- parents and children would find my buckles, and shoe-clasps, were found rules needless or impracticable. in her cabinet, enough to have melted An honest good-natured gentleman, into a thousand modern rings, but we who has bought or improved two or were not without hopes of more sub- three estates, and after killing all the stantial bullion; and spying a bundle foxes and partridges during fifty seaof paper in the most secret drawer, sons intends to bestow them on his I opened it with the due respect of a brother's son, has a great right to residuary legatee. It was six sbeets that son's gratitude. And if be fed closely written and stitched together, and cherished the insolvent brother, entitled “ The Art of Consoling;" and educated the orphan boy abundantly, the very first five sentences gave us a and now protects him under his own most affectionate and ardent admira- roof as his acknowledged heir with tion for the writer's style of composi- an open hand and heart, how will this tion.
orphan nephew be consoled when he “I bequeath this manuscript to loses his benefactor, and by what my godson ; and as he will find be- means will his grateful and affectween the last pages my banker's tionate heart be inured to see the stock-receipts for ten thousand pounds, pangs and decay of such an uncle I have no doubt that he will preserve without agony? This is the best point this essay on an art of which I prove of my science ; for the hard-hearted my knowledge so well. There have need 'no comfort on such occasions. Eur. Mag. Vol. 81. Jan. 1822.
Therefore, my dear godson, if you forget the personality; but in nine live to advanced age, and have such a cases out of ten, these jokes condependent, begin your operations in sole a nephew for any fit of the time. If lie has wit and genius, don't gout be may see the utterer in. He forget to tell him every day bow stu- will hardly help rejoicing when you pid Oliver Goldsmith looked, how choose to withdraw your bounty, and much coxcombry and avarice made be quite consoled for the loss of David Garrick ridiculous, and, in bencfits which so many insults overshort, how many follies every clever weigh. I remember a comical reman has played in every age of the sident at Bow-wow Hall, who used world. Of course, as he loves and the rights of a sick uncle with the esteems you, for both these must be most consoling perseverance. When certain before you practise my art, his pieces proposed yarn stockings he will put on grave looks, speak and fleecy doublets, he asked wheseldom, and behave precisely. Then ther they meant to pinion him to the you may ask whether he means to fireside under a heap of linsey-woolstudy with a cat on each shoulder, sey, like an old burgher of New like Sacchini or Montaigne ; and if, Amsterdam, swelled into the shape like Haydn, he cannot compose with- of his own barrels by the innumerable out a diamond ring, and his best suit woollen works of his goede vrow.
If he steals out into the fields, If they presumed to disturb bis hearthtell him how Gluck chose to write rug, or gave the housemaid orders to concertos in a meadow with a bottle of pry near him with her pail, be warned champaigne on each side of him ; and then against the webbed fingers progive a shrewd hint concerning your per for amphibious creatures delightcellar-key. Or you may send your ing in pools of water, If nothing of butler after him to see whether, like a that kind happened in his household, certain learned man, he is not carry- he would swear they meant to make it ing the bridle after bis horse has like a Breton's inn, with a slushpool slipped out of it, and forgotten the in the middle. If they brought him way home, as did that celebrated fruit or flowers, he would rave at person who lodged at the Silver Lion, the sight of a rose, as Cardinal Carand could not recollect the sigu, till dona, and Queen Elizabeth's maid of he saw a man with a shaggy head honour did, and swoon at the smell holding a shilling in his mouth. By of an apple. When they took care to these pleasant and true anecdotes, keep such offences out of his way, you will enrich his knowledge, and he would ask if the six thousand acres ellectually console him for any ah. and ninety thousand persons emsurdities Le may commit, as he will ployed in gardening within twelve be very ready to remember how many miles of London could not afford a subjecis for ridicule have been fur- soor invalid a bouquet or a dessert. nished by the ablest men. If your You may imitate this example very nephew is a native of any other pro- creditably, for whole families have vince or country than your own, a been known to abhor apples so much, timely jest on it has great efect in that all their noses bled when one forwarding your benevolent purpose. of them smelt a golden pippin:* and When you take up a modern mis- the bravest man of his age, the Marcellany, read, or pretend to read, the quis de la Roche Jaquelin, fainted page which tells how Scotland is said at the appearance of a squirrel. These to have been offered to the French unaccountable antipathies are Directory as the price of peace, but to be useful in my system, for nowas refused, unless Cumberland, body can pretend to reason with them,, which was worth something, was added and they make the best man in the to it. If your nephew comes from world so troublesome that his fondIreland, George Colman's Gleanings, est relatives are never inconsolable or the Percy Anecdotes will supply for his death, you with new and admirable strokes ; My neighbour at Bow-wow Hall but unluckily, if he has the high mind carried tlie Art of Consoling to great which best deserves our Ait of Con- perfection after his decease. lle had soling, he will remeinber the wit and derived all the comforts of his ago
* Ju Aquitaine.
and sickness from sundry kind dowa- absolutely fear to be taken, like the gers and spinsters at leisure, there- poor philosopher, out of a bed worse fore he jusily consoled them for the ihan Nebuchadnezzar's into a stranloss of his * esteemed society" by ger's garret, and then to be accused quite forgetting their names in his of robbing it. I had once a clever will. His presumptive heir comfort- little sloven in my house, who coned binself when he found all his un- tinually lamented ber want of a mucle's fortune given to charities, hysical instrument and a singing-master, roing to each of these dowagers and till I comforted her by a suggestion spiosters, and respectfully asking for that she had better learn St. John's a copy of the will, the lady he ad- hymn * than the gamut derived from dressed being, as he said, reputed it. But it is easy enough to comfort sole execatrix and residuary legatec. ignorance for the absence of wit, and It is amazing how completely he found many have cured the poor of crvyall these good friends reconciled to his ing the rich, hy shewing how useless patron's decease, and how much they and how odious wealth may become comforted him by shewing that they in sordid or prodigal hands. I have sympathized in his disappointment. aimed at higher things. I have disAnd he consoled them not a little covered how to comfort my friends, when they found or supposed that - not merely for want of the blessings, each had enjoyed the honour of being but for their future and probable loss. a reputed legatee, and very much I have made those who possessed envied by the rest. The good-na- youth, talents, afluence, and honour, tured nephew himself received con- well prepared and ready to console solation in a little time, by finding themselves for their cessation, by a codicil pinned behind his uncle's proving any and all of these blessings bed-curtains.
valueless. Bat the Art of Consoling can never My niece Lucy was one of my subbe so exquisitely and fully practiscd jects. Her brother was forced by ill as by a protecting aunt: ' for those chances to leave her at seventeen unon whom she exercises it are usually, der my guidance, while he sought betlike herself, of the tenderer kind, and ter fortune abroad. In ten years he rendered dependent on her by the returned, and invited her to join him thousand bonds which link women in their birth-place, where he had to the sick chamber and the fire- rebuilt their family-mansion as her side. Men, independent in their avo- future home,-1, — but example is rations and amusements, can seek con- better than precept, and I remember solation abroad for small grievances, perfectly our little dialogue next day! but a female has few comforts if her Poor Lucy sat stringing beads in that domestic associates refuse them. Her Hush of fallacious joy which needs so patroness enjoys all the manifold much consolation - You will have powers which are derived from the time enough, my love," said I," for right of 'dictating in dress, gesture, such pastime hereafter." words, and looks. She way inter- “O no, madam ! there will be my pose her advice every moment, and harp and my greenhouse,--and we on occasions which are as much out shall have so many of our dear old of the recollection as out of the reach walks to seek in the summer-even: of a male relative. If the protegée ings." is só heedless of her beauty, and of “They will be quite long enough fo the arts of dress, that advice can tire your brother, child ; and I never find no pretext, you may console her heard that men of wit and fortune for her want of taste and attractions, cared much for their sisters? harps by reminding her that the Apostle of and herbs.-You will be very lucky Reason, Thomas Paine, went un- if he does not plant a flower of his shaven a fortnight, with nails like own choosing in your garden." bird's claws, and a hearth heaped “ His late wife's children will grow wilb cinders to the edge of the chim- there, I hope, dear annt! and I shall ney. Then a patroness may console have a great deal more joy in rearing berself by hinting that she need not them than my moss-róscs.
• Ut, re, mi, fa, sol, la, are the first syllables of the strophe as chanted on St. John the Baptist's festival in the Catholic Church.
“0, of course !-children are always and I consoled her for the deprivation so grateful and kind to their aunts, of her pleasant prospects, by assurand so fond of sceing strangers in ances that every body laughed at her their mothers' place !"
fancying any such could last. When Lucy looked calmer, and in a fitter she was dead, I found she had been way to enjoy consolation. While I most urgently entreated to leave me, added, “ You need not give those and had the consolation of knowing children my lace rulles nor my best she did exactly as she pleased. This pearl earrings, my love."-" Cer- is the trucst and shortest way to containly not, madam ; I shall wear what sole ourselves and our dependents. I value most myself.”—“ But at your If we did not mix a few asperities age a cough is so dangerous, and you with our hounties,- if we gave to may not want them very long.” munificence all the graces of kind“ Indeed, madam, I shall be quite ness, the regrets of the grateful for well in my native air.”—“ Yes, my the loss of a benefactress would be dearest, and you need not make your too bitter; and we could not be comself in the least uneasy about ine. forted for the death of a faithful atAnybody will attend to the last kind tendant, if we were not quite sure ollices, and I have been preparing that death was welcomed as a release. myself to do without my friends." My next remarks are applicable to
_* 0, madam! you know your ac- the five classes most in want of com-
ON POPE'S ART OF CRITICISM. IN the following Essay, we propose moral order, a species of poetry for to enumerate the opinions of many which his genius was admirably eminent critics on the merits of this turned ; and it is therefore, as might celebrated poem; to draw an out- be expected, a master-piece in it's line of it's several divisions, and of kind. It possesses a just integrity the subjects contained in each; and and a lucid order; and, although on a to describe the characters of the most beaten suhject, abouşds in many new illustrious ancient and modern critics remarks and original precepts, as well in the order in which they are there as in many happy illustrations of the mentioned. To remark the improve- old and established, rules of criticism, ments made, since it's first appear- We are indeed surprised to find suela ance, in literature in general, but more a knowledge of the world, such matu, especially in the art of Criticism ; to rity of judgment, and such penetraselect from the poem such passagestion into human nature, as are here as are particularly distinguished by displayed by so young a writer. their truth, or elegance; and, lastly, This poem, on it's first appearance, to point out those which appear to was highly praised by Addisou, in have been taken from, or suggested the Spectator (No. 25.3); although by, the works of other authors. from the ambiguous terms in which
The “ Essay on Criticism" was one his commendation is expressed, and of Pope's earliest productions, and from his well-known dislike of Pope, principally contributed to the cstablish- some have been inclined to suspect ment of his poetic fame, as it was writ, it's sincerity. “The Art of Criticism, ten in 1709, before he had attained his he says, " which has been lately pulz twenty-first year, though it was not lished, is a master-piece in it's kind, published until two years afterwards, The observations follow one another, The subject is of the didactic and like those iu Horace's Art of Poes