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18 Behold, we go up to 33 him, saying, Behold,

Behold, we go Jerusalem ; and the we go up to Jeru- up to Jerusalem, and Son of man shall be salem ; and the Son all things that are writbetrayed unto the chief of man shall be de- ten by the prophets priests and unto the livered unto the chief concerning the son of scribes, and they shall priests, and unto the man shall be accom

condemn him to death, scribes'; and they shall 32 plished. For he shall 19 and shall deliver him condemn him to death, be delivered unto the

to the Gentiles to and shall deliver him Gentiles, and shall be mock, and to scourge, 34 to the Gentiles : and mocked, and spitefully and to crucify him : they shall mock him, entreated, and spitted and the third day he and shall scourge him, 33 on : and they shall shall rise again. and shall spit upon

scourge him, and put him, and shall kill him to death: and the himand the third third day he shall rise day he shall rise again. 34 again. And they un

derstood none of these things :' and this saying was hid from them, neither knew they the things which were spoken.

MATT. XX. 20-28.

MARK X. 35–45. 20 Then came to him the mother 2 of 35 And James and John, the sons

Zebedee's children with her sons, of Zebedee, come unto him, saying,

worshipping him, and desiring a Master, we would that thou should21 certain thing of him. And he said est do for us whatsoever we shall de

unto her, What wilt thou ? She 36 sire. And he said unto them, What saith unto him, Grant that these would ye that I should do for you? my two sons may sit, the one on 37 They said unto him, Grant unto us

thy right hand, and the other on that we may sit, one on thy right 22 the left, in thy kingdom. But Jesus hand, and the other on thy left

answered and said, Ye know not 38 hand, in thy glory. But Jesus said what ye ask. Are ye able to drink unto them, Ye know not what ye of the cup: that I shall drink of, and ask: can ye drink of the cup' that I to be baptized with the baptism drink of? and be baptized with the

that I am baptized with ?4 They say baptism that I am baptized with ?' 23 unto him, We are able. And he 39 And they say unto him, We can,

saith unto them, Ye shall drink in- And Jesus said unto them, Ye shall deed of my cup, and be baptized indeed drink of the cup that I drink with the baptism that I am baptized of;5 and with the baptism that I am with: but to sit on my right hand, baptized withal shall ye be bapand on my left, is not mine to give, 40 tized : but to sit on my right hand

but it shall be given to them for whom and on my left hand is not mine to 24 it is prepared of my Father. And give; but it shall be given to them for

when the ten heard it, they were 41 whom it is prepared. And when

inoved with indignation against the the ten heard it, they began to be 25 two brethren. But Jesus called much displeased with James and

! They understood, not, 8c. They probably different from their apprehension and expectation, fancied that our Lord's distinct intimation of his ? In Matthew it is the mother of James and sufferings, death, and resurrection, was only a John (by name Salome, as appears from Matt. 27. figurative representation of the great difficulties 56, compared with Mark 15. 40; see § 156) who and obstacles he was to meet with ; and so they makes the request; in Mark it is the two dishoped, notwithstanding, that he would, on the ciples themselves : see Note on § 42. approaching festival in Jerusalem, take to him- 3 Comp. Psa. 75. 8. self the kingdom (see Matt. 20. 21, and Luke 19. 4 Comp. Psa. 42. 7; Luke 12. 50. 11); which indeed he did, but in a way wholly 6 Comp. Acts 12. 2; Rev. 1.9.

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them unto him, and said, Ye know 42 John. But Jesus called them to that the princes of the Gentiles ex- him, and saith unto them, Ye know ercise dominion over them, and that they which are accounted to they that are great exercise au- rule over the Gentiles exercise lordthority upon them.

ship over them; and their great ones 26

But it shall not 43 exercise authority upon them. But be so among you: but whosoever so shall it not be among you : but

will be great among you, let him be whosoever will be great among you, 27 your minister; and whosoever will 44 shall be your minister: and whoso

be chief among you, let him be your ever of you will be the chiefest, shall 28 servant: even as the Son of man 45 be servant of all. For even the Son

came not to be ministered unto, of man came not to be ministered but to minister, and to give his life unto, but to minister, and to give a ransom for many. ?

his lífel a ransom for many."


MARK X. 46-52. LUKE XVIII. 35-43. XIX. 1. 29. And as they departed 46 And they came to 35

And it came to pass, from Jericho, a great

Jericho: and as he that as he was come multitude followed went out of Jericho nigh unto Jericho, a 30 him. And, behold, with his disciples and certain blind man sat

two blind men sitting a great number of peo- by the way side begby the way side, ple, blind Bartimeus, 36 ging: and hearing the

the son of Timeus, sat multitude pass by, he

by the highway side asked what it meant.

when 47 begging. And when they heard that Jesus he heard that it was 37 And they told him, passed by, cried out, Jesus of Nazareth, he that Jesus of Nazareth saying, Have mercy began to cry out, and 38 passeth by. And he

on us, O Lord, thou say, Jesus, thou Son of cried, saying, Jesus, 31 Son of David. And David, have mercy

thou Son of David, have the multitude rebuked 48 on me. And many 39 mercy on me. And them, because they

charged him that he they which went beshould hold their should hold his peace:

fore rebuked him, that peace : but they cried but he cried the more

he should hold his the more, saying, Have a great deal, Thou Son peace : but he cried mercy on us, O Lord, of David, have mercy

so much the more, thou 'Son of David. 49 on me. And Jesus Thou Son of David, 32 And Jesus stood still, stood still, and com- have mercy on me. and called them, and manded him to be 40 And Jesus stood, and

called. And they call commanded him to be the blind man, saying

brought unto him : unto him, Be of good

comfort, rise; he call-
50 eth thee. And he, cast-

ing away his garment,
rose,and came to Jesus.

and when he was 51 And Jesus answered

come near, he asked said, What will ye that and said unto him, 41 him, saying, What wilt I shall do unto you?

What wilt thou that I thou that I shall do un33 They say unto him, should do unto thee ? to thee? And he said,

1 Isa. 53. 10. 11; 1 Tim. 2. 6.

* To give his life a ransom for many. A clear proof, from Christ's own mouth, of the vicarious

and atoning character of his death.

3 On the subject of this section, see the Note in the Appendix.




Lord, that our eyes

The blind man said Lord, that I may re34 may be opened. So unto him, Lord, that 42 ceive my sight. And

Jesus had compassion I might receive my Jesus said unto him, on them, and touched 52 sight. And Jesus said Receive thy sight: thy their eyes : and im- unto him, Go thy way;

faith hath saved thee. mediately their eyes thy faith hath made 43 And immediately he received sight, and thee whole. And im- received his sight, and they followed him. mediately he received followed him, glorify(See in $ 112.] his sight, and followed ing God: and all the

Jesus in the way. people, when they saw [$ 112.]

it, gave praise unto

God. XIX. 1 And Jesus entered and passed through Jericho. $ 110. THE VISIT TO ZACCHEUS. PARABLE OF THE TEN POUNDS.-Jericho.

LUKE XIX. 2-28. 2 And, behold, there was a man named Zaccheus, which was the chief 3 among the publicans, and he was rich. And he sought to see Jesus who 4 he was; and could not for the press, because he was little of stature. And

he ran before, and climbed up into a sycomore tree to see him : for he was 5 to pass that way. And when Jesus came to the place, he looked up, and

saw him, and said unto him, Zaccheus, make haste, and come down; for 6 to day I must abide at thy house. And he made haste, and came down, 7 and received him joyfully. And when they saw it, they all murmured, say8 ing, That he was gone to be guest with a man that is a sinner. And Zac

cheus stood, and said unto the Lord; Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I

give to the poor; and if I have taken any thing from any man by false ac9 cusation, I restore him fourfold. And Jesus said unto him, This day is

salvation come to this house, forsomuch as he also is a son of Abraham. 10 For the Son of man is come to seek and to save that which was lost. 11 And as they heard these things, he added and spake a parable, because

he was nigh to Jerusalem, and because they thought that the kingdom of '12 God should immediately appear. He said therefore, A certain nobleman

went into a far country to receive for himself a kingdom, and to return. 13 And he called his ten servants, and delivered them ten pounds, and said 14 unto them, Occupy till I come. But his citizens hated him, and sent a mes15 sage after him, saying, We will not have this man to reign over us. And

it came to pass, that when he was returned, having received the kingdom, then he commanded these servants to be called unto him, to whom he had

given the money, that he might know how much every man had gained by 16 trading. Then came the first, saying, Lord, thy pound hath gained ten 17 pounds. And he said unto him, Well, thou good servant: because thou 18 hast been faithful in a very little, have thou authority over ten cities. And 19

he second came, saying, Lord, thy pound hath gained five pounds. And 20 he said likewise to him, Be ihou also over five cities. And another came,

saying, Lord, behold, here is thy pound, which I have kept laid up in a 21 napkin: for I feared thee, because thou art an austere man: thou takest 22 up that thou layedst not down, and reapest that thou didst not sow. And

he saith unto him, Out of thine own mouth will I judge thee, thou wicked

" I restore fourfold. He names this amount, more than the amount defrauded, and a fifth probably, because the Roman law exacted a four- part in addition ; see Num. 5. 6, 7. fold restitution from publicans who were con- 2 Comp. Acts 1. 6. victed of extortion in collecting the taxes. But 3 Ten pounds. What is here rendered pound according to the Jewish law, if a defrauder wished (uvã, mina) is reckoned to be equal to £3 2s. 6d. of his own accord, or on his own confession, to of our money. make restitution, he was not required to restore


servant. Thou knewest that I was an austere man, taking up that I laid 23 not down, and reaping that I did not sow: wherefore then gavest not thou

my money into the bank, that at my coming I might have required mine 24 own with usury?. And he said unto them that stood by, Take from him 25 the pound, and give it to him that hath ten pounds. (And they said unto 26 him, Lord, he hath ten pounds.) For I say unto you, That unto every one

which hath shall be given; and from him that hath not, even that he hath 27 shall be taken away from him. But those mine enemies, which would not

that I should reign over them, bring hither, and slay them before me. 28 And when he had thus spoken, he went before, ascending up to Jerusa

lem. (See in 112.]


JOHN XI. 55–57. XII. 1, 9-11. 55 And the Jews' passover was nigh at hand : and many went out of the 56 country up to Jerusalem before the passover, to purify themselves.? Then

sought they for Jesus, and spake among themselves, as they stood in the 57 temple, What think ye, that he will not come to the feast? Now both the

chief priests and the Pharisees had given a commandment, that, if any

man knew where he were, he should show it, that they might take him. XII. 1 Then Jesus six days before the passover came to Bethany, where

Lazarus was which had been dead, whom he raised from the dead. [See 9 ver. 2–8 in $ 131.]–Much people of the Jews therefore knew that he

was there : and they came not for Jesus' sake only, but that they might 10 see Lazarus also, whom he had raised from the dead. But the chief 11 priests consulted that they might put Lazarus also to death; because that

by reason of him many of the Jews went away, and believed on Jesus.

The phrase out of the country, John 11. 55, the evening following Thursday (which evening does not refer to the region of Ephraim ; for then was reckoned by the Jews to Friday), the sixth it must have read “out of that country." Be- day before it was Saturday, or the Jewish sabsides, those coming from that vicinity would bath, provided we reckon exclusively, as Greshardly have made such inquiries. The phrase well shows we ought in Dissert. i. p. 8, vol. iii. therefore signifies from the country, generally, On that day, then, Jesus came to Bethany, Comas distinguished from Jerusalem. Compare in pare Matt. 12. 1 (in 37). Luke 21. 21.

John 12. 2—8, where the supper at Bethany is 2 2 Chron. 30. 17-19.

described, is postponed in accordance with the 3 “Six days before the passover” is equivalent order of Matthew and Mark. See Note on $ 131 to "the sixth day" before that festival ; see Note in the Appendix. on $ 49. As our Lord ate the paschal supper on

4 John 11. 1, 43.




Time: Five days.


The Jewish day of twenty-four hours was reckoned from sunset to sunset; as is still the case in oriental countries. The paschal lamb was killed on the fourteenth day of Nisan towards sunset; and was eaten the same evening, after the fifteenth day of Nisan had begun; Ex. 12. 6, 8, and Introd. Note to Part VIII. Our Lord was crucified on the day before the Jewish sabbath, that is, on Friday, Mark 15. 42; and as he had eaten the passover on the preceding evening, it follows that the fourteenth of Nisan fell that year on Thursday, reckoned from the preceding sunset. Hence, the sixth day (reckon. ing exclusively ) before the passover, when Jesus came to Bethany, was the Jewish sabbath, or our Saturday (see Note 3 on § 111); and the transactions of the following week, comprised in Parts VII. and VIII., may be distributed according to the following schedule; which agrees in the main with the Schema of Lightfoot (see Hor. Heb. in Joh. 12. 2) and with the arrangement of Wieseler (Chron. Synop. p. 390—415).


9. 7. SAT. reckoned from preceding sunset. The Jewish sabbath. Jesus arrives at

Bethany, John 12. 1. 10. 1. SUND. from preced. sunset. Jesus makes his public entry into Jerusalem, $ 112;

and returns at night to Bethany, Mark 11. 11.-On this day the paschal

lamb was to be selected, Ex. 12. 3. 11. 2. MOND. from preced. sunset. Jesus goes to Jerusalem; on his way the incident of

the barren fig-tree. He cleanses the temple, § 113; and again returns

to Bethany, Mark 11. 19. 12. 3. TUESD. from preced. sunset. Jesus returns to the city ; on the way the disciples

see the fig-tree withered, Mark 11. 20. Our Lord discourses in the temple, sf 115—126 ; takes leave of it; and, when on the mount of Olives, on his way to Bethany, foretells his coming to destroy the city, and pro

ceeds to speak also of his final coming to judgment, $$ 127–130. 13. 4. Wedn. from preced. sunset. The rulers conspire against Christ. On the eve of

this day, (i. e. the evening following Tuesday,) our Lord had partaken of the supper at Bethany, where Mary anointed him, and where Judas laid his plan of treachery, which he made known to the chief priests in

the course of this day.—Jesus remained this day at Bethany. 14. 5. THURSD. from preced. sunset. Jesus sends two disciples to the city to make ready

the passover: He himself repairs thither in the afternoon, in order to

eat the paschal supper at evening. 15. 6. FRID. from preced. sunset. At evening, in the very beginning of the fifteenth

of Nisan, Jesus partakes of the paschal supper; institutes the Lord's

1 Robinson has, in his English Harmony, pre- from the 9th day of Nisan to the 10th, and the ferred to reckon the sixth day before the passover public entry into Jerusalem from the 10th to the inclusively, and so shifted the arrival at Bethany | ilth, &c.

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