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These Christian hymns, which on my morning dreams THE EXCLUSIVES.The following curious revelation of the chaWere shed like dew upon an opening flower,
racters supposed to be represented in this work has just appeared in With their rich harmony of heavenly love,
the Court Journal :-Lady Tilney-Lady Jersey. Duchess of Her
manton-Princess Esterhazy. Princess Leinsengen-Princess Lteven. First greet my waking hour in Paradise !
Lady Ellersby-Lady Cowper. Lord Tonnerre-Lord Tullamore.
Frank Russel, Spencer Newcombe-Honourable Spencer Perceval.
Lord Glenmore-Lord Ellenborough. Lady GlenmoreLady Ellenborough. Lord Albert d'Esterre-Lord G. L. Gower. Lady Dun
melraise-Dowager Duchess of Leeds. Lady Tenderden-Lady We have been favoured with an early copy of Mr M Diarmid's
Tankerville. Lady Marchmont-Lady Hopeton. Lord Arlingsordnew work, entitled "Sketches from Nature." It is divided into two
Lord Sefton. Duke of Mercington-Duke of Wellington. Colonel parts, the first of which contains Anecdotes illustrative of the Habits
Temple-Colonel Trench. Lady Feuillemerte-Lady Salisbury. of various Animals; and the second, Fragments of Scottish Scenery
Lord Gascoigne-Lord Alvanley. Sir William Temple-Sir G. War, and Manners. From Mr M‘Diarmid's well-known and vivid powers
render. Mr George Foley-Mr George Anson. of description, we anticipate much pleasure from a perusal of this
DARNLEY; OR THE FIELD OF THE CLOTA OF GOLD.This work, with a particular account of which we shall present our readers
production, from the pen of the author of “Richelieu," contains, in our next.
among other ably delineated scenes-the celebrated Field of the There is preparing for publication, Memoirs of the late Right Rev.
Cloth of Gold-Description of White-Hall in the Reign of Henry Bishop Sandford, with Extracts from his Diary, Correspondence,
VIII.--The Court Fete, Banquet, and Pageant-The Combat, and and Sermons, by the Rev. John Sandford, A.M., Vicar of Chilling
deliverance of Francis 1.-Shipwreck of Lady Contance, &c. Among ham.
other historical personages, we may enumerate, besides the two moThe author of “ The Morning and Evening Sacrifice," "The Last Supper,” and “ Farewell to Time," has announced another
narchs of France and England: The Duke of Buckingham-Car.
al Wolsey-Lord Derby-Earl of Devonshire-Duke of Suffolkwork as in the press, in three volumes, duodecimo, to be entitled
Lady Constance De Grey-The Earl of Surrey-Lord T. Howard • The Living Temple," in which man is considered in his true rela
-Lord Aberga'ny-Lord Montague-Sir W. Cecil, &c. &c. tion to the ordinary occupations and pursuits of life.
AMERICAN PERIODICAL LITERATURE.-America possesses at preThe Rev. Michael Russell, LL.D., author of "A Connexion of Sacred and Profane History," &c. has in the press a small volume of
sent 827 periodical publications. In 1775 she had only 35 ; and in « Discourses on the Millennium, the Doctrine of Election, Justifica
1810, 358. Pennsylvania alone has now 185, and New York 161.
It is also interesting to know that all the Indian tribes have now tion by Faith, the Assurance of Faith, and the Freeness of the Gos
newspapers, and some more than one. pel," &c. &c.
Theatrical Gossip.--The King's Theatre has been as yet but poorly A second edition, enlarged and improved, of “ Historical Sketches
attended. The principal novelties of the season are to be the contie of the Native Irish and their Descendants, illustrative of their Past
nental prima donna Lalande, and Lablache, who has been pronounand Present State, with regard to Literature, Education, and Oral
ced the finest bass singer in Europe.-Nothing new has been doing Instruction," by Christopher Anderson, is promised next month.
at Drury Lane. In the temporary absence of Kean,-Liston, FarMair's Introduction to Latin Syntax, with Additional Notes, Ex
ren, and Vestris are the chief attractions.--At Covent Garden, Miss amples in Prosody, and a copious Vocabulary, by the Rev. Alexan
Paton, who plays on the alternate nights with Miss Kemble, has der Stewart, Editor of an improved edition of Cornelius Nepos, &c.
been drawing indifferent houses. She receives L.20 per night ; and is reported to be nearly ready.
it is said to be the intention of Lord William Lennox to take his A second series of Stories from the History of Scotland, by the
wife from the stage as soon as she has secured for him an annual Rev. Alexander Stewart, which is intended to complete the work, is
income of L, 1500;-this is very kind in Lord William. Fanny Kempreparing for publication.
ble has written a song, which has been sung at the Harmonists' SoMr Charles Marsh has been for some time engaged in a complete
ciety ;-the words are pretty.-The French Company at the Enge General History of the East Indies, and has now made considerable
lish Opera House are well attended.-A new piece, called “ Van Dieprogress in the work.
men's Land," has been successfully produced at the Surrey Theatre. Perkin Warbeck, and the Court of James IV. of Scotland, is an -The tragedy of “ Werner” has been repeated at Bristol with innounced.
creased success. Macready and Miss Foote have also appeared there The Rev. Richard Warner has in the press a volume of Literary together in “ Virginius" and “Matrimony."-Horne, Miss SmithRecollections and Biographical Sketches.
son, and Miss Dyer, formerly of the Theatre here, are at present in The Pilgrim of the Hebrides, and other Poems, by the author of blin.-Braham and Miss Clarke are in Aberdeen The novelties Three Days at Killarney, is announced.
| this week at our Theatre, have been the revival of “ Waverley " and There is preparing for publication a History of the Church, from " Clari,” and the production of a new drama, entitled, " William the Creation to the Commencement of the Nineteenth Century, in Shakspeare, or the Bard of Avon's Early Days." In the two first pieces the form of Question and Answer; by the late Alexander Smith Pa.
Miss Jarman distinguished herself as Flora M Ivor and Clari; and terson of Aberdeen, edited by the Rev. Jaines Brewster, minister of
in the last, which is an amusing enough production, and contains Craig.
some pretty new scenery, Vandenhoff makes a very respectable reA new volume of Country Stories, by Miss Mitford, author of
presentative of the Author of “ Hamlet." Vandenhoff takes his “Our Village," is in the press.
benefit on Monday, but his engagement will of course be renewed, The Picture of India-exhibiting in a brief, yet clear and graphic
that he may perform along with YoungWe have been informed manner, the Geography, Topography, History, Natural History,
that Mr Wilson, of whose singing at the last Professional Concert Native Population, and Produce, of that most interesting portion of
here we spoke very favourably, is to make his debut upon the stage
in the opera of “ Masaniello,” now in preparation. the Earth; with a particular Account of the European Settlements,
If this be the with the present state of the British Territories, and an impartial case, we augur well of his success. View of the India Question, with reference to the impending Discussion on the Renewal of the Charter with many appropriate Ilustra
WEEKLY List or PERFORMANCES. tions from original designs, is announced.
Feb. 13_19. An Annual for the year 1830, entitled The Penelope, has been published at Leipsic. It is edited by Theodore Hell- & very startling
The Wheel of Fortune, o A Roland for an Oliver. name for English ears.
Mon. Waverley, & The Bottle Imp. The second volume of Moore's Life of Byron is expected to be TUES. Pizarro, & The Maid or the Magpie. ready in a few weeks. The first has had a very extensive sale.
WED. William Shakspeare, The Youthful Queen, & Free and The papers of the Earl of Marchmont, comprising a variety of
Easy. original and unknown Documents, Diaries, &c., illustrative of the
THURS. Do., He Lies like Truth, $ Clari, the Maid of Milana reigns of Queen Anne, George I., &c. are in the press. ELOCUTION.-We observe that Mr Roberts is to deliver a rhetori
FRI. Pizarro, sf Rob Roy. cal Lecture, illustrated with readings and recitations, next Saturday. Mr Roberts's entertainments of this kind are in general judiciously
TO OUR CORRESPONDENTS. conducted, and calculated both to amuse and instruct.
GEORGE STREET Reading Room$.—We understand that it is! We must still appeal to the patience of several of our Correspon. the intention of the Proprietor of this large and commodious esta ents.-We are reluctantly obliged again to postpone the article by blishment to add to it a billiard-room upon a suitably clegant scale. | Mr Tennant till next week. The idea seems to be a good one, and, if properly managed, may in The verses, entitled “The Destruction of Sodom,"-"Sonnet duce many gentlemen to avail themselves of this agreeable recreation, I to the Temple of Jupiter Capitolinus,"-"Sonnet" by “ Veritaphiswho have too great a regard for their characters to be seen in any of tus."_"The Star” and “Stanzas" by “P."--and the lines by “R. the common and less respectable biliard-rooms.
W.” of Glasgow, will not suit us.-Who is " Euphrosine?”
V, Esq., OF: Civil and and his Opis
Tinheir pronunciaticombine in a
ell, Hen. Bensley, &c. &C RICHARD BENTLdinburgh.
N of THE FAMILY CLASSICAL LIBRARY, or Eng
[No. 67, February 20, 1830.]
In 3 vols. post 8vo,
DE VER EU X.
By the Author of " PECHAM," and " The DISOWNED."
" The Novel before us is truly a great work."-Literary Gazette. Connected with Literature, Science, and the Arts. " For the information of those who have not yet had an opportu.
nity of perusing the book, we subjoin the names of a few of the in
teresting characters who figure in its pages, viz. Lord Bolingbroke | This day is published, in 3 very large vols. 8vo, price L.2, 24.
(throughout the work)-Swift-Pope-Addison-Steele-Colonel Cleembellished with a fine portrait,
land (the supposed original of Will Honeycomb)-Beau Fielding (the MEMOIRS of the LIFE and TIMES of DANIEL Orlando of the Spectator)-Colley Cibber--Sir Godfrey KnellerDE FOE, containing a Review of his Writings, and his Opi
Richard Cromwell-The Duke of Wharton-Lady M. W. Montague nions upon a variety of Important Matters, Civil and Ecclesiastical.
-Duchess of Marlborough-Regent of France-Anthony Count HaBy WALTER WILSON, Esq., of the Inner Temple.
milton--The Duchess of Orleans-Madame de Maintenon-The Czar London: HURST, CHANCE, & Co., St Paul's Church-Yard.
Peter the Great The Duke de St Simon,". &c. &C.-Morning Where may be had, just published, in 2 vols. 8vo, price 21s. Journal. * The HISTORY of the HEBREW COMMON
HENRY COLBURN and RICHARD BENTLEY, London ; and sold by WEALTH, from the Earliest Times to the Destruction of Jerusa
BELL and BRADFUTE, No. 6, Bank Street, Edinburgh. lem, A. D. 72. Translated from the German of JOHN JAHN, D.D.
In two volumes small 8vo, with Portrait,
Dedicated by Gracious Permission to his Majesty,
By GEORGE COLMAN the Younger.
will be found-George 111.-The Margravine of Anspach-The late WITH
Duke of York-John Sheffield, Duke of Buckingham-Lord North WALKER'S PRONUNCIATION
- Marquis of Wellesley-The late Lord George Gordon--Duchess of all the difficult or doubtful Words.
of Kingston-Lord Erskine-Lord Kellie-Sir Thomas MillsPrinted by C. COBRALL, for Huast, CHANCE, and Co., 65, St
Lord Colchester (afterwards Speaker of the House of Commons)
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Mulgrave)-The late Sir Watkin Williams Wynne-Sir Joseph Banks
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Drs Busby, Fountain, Smith, Vincent, &c.-Garrick, Foote, Powject of the volume now offered to the Public is to combine in a
ell, Henderson, Miss Farren, John Palmer, Charles Bannister, portable form the advantages of both : and to assist in acquiring the ease and elegance of a correct speaker, in the current language of
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Vol. I., contains LELAND'S TRANSLATION WM. NICHOLSON, of the ORATIONS of DEMOSTHENES, with Notes and ImproveSecretary
ments. Edinburgh, 15th Feb. 1830.
Vol. II., containing the Conclusion of DEMOS
THENES, and the whole of SALLUST. is also ready for p ELOCUTION.
tion, embellished with two finely-engraved steel plates of Demos« In most things, the MANNER is as important as the MATTER: thenes and Sallust. If you speak the sense of an angel in BAD WORDS and a DISAGREE Vol. III., VIRGIL'S ECLOGUES, by ArchdeaABLE UTTERANCE,
con Wrangham. Nobody will hear you twice that can help it."
- GEORGICS, by Mr Sotheby, ASSEMBLY ROOMS, GEORGE STREET.
- ÆNEID, by Dryden.
Vol. IV., PINDAR, à New Translation, by the UNDER THE PATRONAGE OF
Rev. Mr Wheelwright, Prebendary of Lincoln. The Right Honourable the Countess of Morton.
HENRY COLBURN and RICHARD BENTLEY, London ;
Id by The Right Honourable the Countess of Elgin and Kincardine. The Right Honourable Lady Ramsay.
BELL and BRADFUTE, No. 6, Bank Street, Edinburgh. The Right Honourable the Lady Lucy Grant.
Dedicated, by Permission, to the Honourable Mrs Augustus Legge. The Right Honourable Lady Sinclair of Ulbster.
This day is published, The Honourable Mrs Stewart Mackenzie of Seaforth.
In one volume large 12mo, price 98. The Honourable Mrs Sinclair.
RINGSTEAD ABBEY, or THE STRANGER'S Lady Hope of Pinkie.
1 GRAVE; with OTHER TALEs. By Mrs SARGANT, Author Lady Keith of Ravelston. Mrs Oswald of Dunnikier,
of “The Life of Cranmer," &c. &c.
London: HURST, CHANCE, & Co., 65, St Paul's Church-Yard. M R ROBERTS respectfully announces, that on Where may be had, lately published, by the same Author, in one SATURDAY, the 27th February, 1830, he will have the
volume 12mo, price 6s. 6d. honour to deliver, under the above distinguished patronage, in the THE LIFE OF ARCHBISHOP CRANMER. Assembly Rooms, George Street, A MORNING RHETORICAL LECTURE,
Dedicated, by Permission, to the Hon. the East India
This day is published,
In 2 vols. 8vo, price 24s., with Plates,
NARRATIVE and SUCCESSFUL RESULT of PART I.
. a VOYAGE in the SOUTH SEAS. Performed by Order of the LECTURE.
GOVERNMENT of BRITISH INDIA, to ascertain the ACTUAL
FATE of LA PEROUSE'S EXPEDITION.
Spencer. Beth Gelert, or the Grave of Gelert,
By the Chevalier The Well of St Keyne,
Capt. P. DILLON.
Southey. Catiline before the Senate,
London: Hurst, CHANCE, and Co. 65, St Paul's Church-Yard.
This day is published, Queen Mary,
H. G. Bell. In one thick vol. post 8vo, price 12s., with a beautiful Frontispiece, Father M«Tutorem's Method of Teaching the
THE POETICAL ALBUM, and REGISTER of Alphabet,
MODERN FUGITIVE POETRY. SECOND SERIES. Edited Ode to God!
by ALAKIC A. Watts, Esq. PART in. .
"See, I have cull'd the flowers that promised best, The Musical Butcher,
Attic Miscellany. And where not sure-perplex'd, but pleased-I guess'd Conscience,
At such as ceem'd the fairest." —BYRON. Lord William,
London: HURST, CHANCE, & Co., 65, St Paul's Church-Yard. Four Eyes !!!
Where may be had, lately published, price 12s. the First Series of ADMISSION TICKETS, 3s. each, to be had of Messrs Whyte and
THE POETICAL ALBUM and REGISTER of Co., and of Mr ANDERSON, Booksellers, George Street; of Mr | MODERN FUGITIVE POETRY. Edited by ALARIC A. Watts, MILLER and Mr BLACKWOOD, Booksellers, Prince's Street; at Esq. In one thick volume, post 8vo, with a beautiful Frontispiece the Music Shops ; of Mr JOHN ANDERSON, jun., Bookseller, North by Williams. Bridge; and of Mr ROBERTS, 62, Hanover Street.
This volume will be found to contain a very large proportion of Doors open at One-commence at Two precisely.
the most beautiful Fugitive Poetry that has appeared during the last Mr ROBERTS continues to teach Elocution, in all its depart ten years, including upwards of 300 poems, for the most part ineditments, whether intended for Private or Public Practice.-He is par ed, of Byron, Moore, Campbell, Wilson, Wordsworth, Rogers, ticularly careful to impart a pure English Pronunciation, and under Coleridge, L. E. L., Bowles, Shelley, Mrs Hemans, Miss Baillie, takes the removal or alleviation of oral impediments and ungraceful | Barry Cornwall, Moir, Montgomery, Croly, Horace Smith, Alarie gesture.
A. Watts, &c. &c. &c.
10 PART 11.
Published this day.
Complete in 4 vols. 8vo,
With Portrait and engraved Fac-simile of the original Declaration of
Independence in the hand writing of Jefferson,
MEMOIRS AND CORRESPONDENCE Three complete Sets of Plates having been entirely erhausted in supplying the extensive and increasing applications for the cheap edition of this popular Work, a Fourth Set has been prepared,
THOMAS JEFFERSON, which is now in course of publication in Monthly Numbers. and
Late President of the United States. delivered with the Magazines and Reviews, by every Bookseller
Edited by THOMAS JEFFERSON RANDOLPH. and Neus man in the Kingdom.
" A work of extraordinary interest-a work full of acute observa. Biographical Catalogue and Prospectus of TWO HUNDRED of tion and of the materials of political knowledge. Mr Jefferson, it is the Portraits and Memoirs to be contain d in this work, may be well known, was a man of great shrewdness and imperturbable temobtained (free of expense) from every Brok and Printseller in per, and as Minister at Paris, for several years before and during the the Kingdom ; to whom they have been sent for presentation to
French Revolution, he enjoyed oprortunities of studying the charac. persons desiring to acquaint themselves with the plan of the Work,
ters of public men, and the influence which particular tempers have or to subscribe for it.
excrcised upon the destinies of their country, such as no other man
perhaps could avail himself of, before or since."-Standard. THIS COLLECTION of Ilustrious English Por
“These volumes must be read with intense interest. They teem traits and Biography, comprises the History of the Country in with profound philosophy. They will form the code of future leMemoirs of the most Illustrious English Nobility and great Officers gislators. They are worthy of transmitting a great name to immor. of State, from the earliest introduction of Portrait Painting to the tality."- Allas. present time. The subjects are selected from the highest authorities HENRY COLBURN and RICHARD BENTLEY, London; and sold by in the land, the original Pictures being preserved in the Galleries of BELL & BRADFUTE, No. 6, Bank Street, Edinburgh. his Majesty and of the Nobility, (descendants of the distinguished per. sons represented,) or in the Public Collections, and are painted by
USEFUL AND ELEGANT PRESENT. Holbein, Rubens, Vandyke, Lely, Kneller, Reynolds, and other
In 3 vols. post 8vo, nently bound, 245. great Masters. The Portraits and Memoirs already published are TALES OF THE CLASSICS. A New Delithose of Lord Nelson and Earl St Vincent, both from his Majesty's
1 NEATION of the Most POPULAR FABLES, LEGENDS, and Collection ; Sir Philip Sidney, from the Duke of B-dford's Gallery ;
ALLEGORIES commemorated in the Works of Posts, PAINTERS, Queen Ann Bullen, from the Earl of Warwick's ; Archbishop Cran
and SCULPTORS, SELECTED and WRITTEN by a LADY, for the mer, from the British Museum ; Cardinal Wolsey, from Oxford :
Amusement and Instruction of her own DAUGHTERS Queen Jane Seyinour, from the Duke of Bedford's ; Wentworth,
« This work is admirably adapted to the Drawing-Room, and to Earl of Strafford, from the Earl of Egreinont's; Sir Walter Raleigh ;
the higher classes of every seminary."-Court Journal. Lord Burghley; Queen Elizabeth ; Sir Francis Drake; Lady Jane
" Parents and Teachers are largely indebted to the Lady who has Grey : Dudley, Earl of Leicester; the Earl of Essex, &c. &c. &c.
produced this work, weeded of all pruriences, and admirably calcuSir Walter Scott has observed, in writing of this work, “ This
lated to engage the attention while it unfolds the beauties of early livaluable and extended Series of the Portraits of the Illustrious Dead
terature, and original imaginings."-Literary Gazette. affords to every private gentleman, at a moderate expense, the interest attached to a large Gallery of British Portraits, on a plan more
HENRY COLBURN and RICHARD BENTLEY, London ; and BELL extensive than any collection which exists, and at the saine time the
BRADFUTE, No. 6, Bank Street, Edinburgh. essence of a curious library of historical, biographical, and antiquaTian works."-Ertract of a Letter from Sir Walter Scott.(Sce Pros
NEW EDITION OF THE ENCYCLOPEDIA pectus.)
BRITANNICA. “ Largely as we have been tempted to speak of the graphic part of
On the 31st of March, 1830, will be published, these volumes, we do not hesitate to say, that even were the engra.
PART FIRST, vings absent, they would form a most valuable addition to the Eng
Price Six Shillings, of a new, greatly improved, and cheap Edition lish library. This strong language we use deliberately."- Quarterly
of the Review.
FNCYCLOPÆDIA BRITANNICA, being the PLAN OF PUBLICATION.
SEVENTH, including the recent Supplement to that Work :
with Preliminary Dissertations on the History of the Sciences. By This work was originally published upon a scale exceeding two
the late Professors STEWART and PLAYFAIR, and by the Right hundred guineas in price; an expense so large for a single work, as
Hon. Sir JAMES MACKINTOSH and Professor LESLIE. Ilusto preclude it from the possession of all but the inheritors of princely
trated with a new set of Engravings on Steel. To be published in fortunes. The high character it acquired, and the very general ex.
Monthly Parts, and completed in Twenty Volumes quarto. pression of regret at its removal beyond the attainment of the public, induced the Proprietors to republish it in a smaller form, to admit of
Edited by Professor NÁPIER. a wider dissemination of the Work, which had obtained universal
MODE AND TERMS OF PUBLICATION. favour. The success of the undertaking equalled the endeavour to
1. By augmenting the contents of the page, but without decreamerit it, for the patronage which attended this republication was
sing the size of the type, the work, while much improved in appear. wholly without precedent, and one edition has followed another in a
ance, will be comprised, notwithstanding the great extension of its succession so rapid, as at times to have suspended the means of sup.
matter, in Twenty Quarto Volumes, handsomely printed on paper plying the demand until new Plates could be engraved. To keep
of a superior quality, twenty volumes of the present being nearly pace, therefore, with the still increasing patronage of the public, an.
equal to twenty-four of the former Editions. Each volume will conother entirely fresh set of Plates has been commence I, with the saine
sist of 800 pages, containing a much greater quantity of matter than attention to excellence of execution, and the work is now republish
any similar publication; and the Proprietors hold themselves dising in the same popular manner of Monthly Numbers, at a price
tinctly pledged to the Public, that the work shall not, on any acscarcely exceeaing that of the Magazines and Reviews, in order to
count, exceed Twenty-One Volumes; their present confident belief, render it accessible to every class of purchasers, and thus to intro
at the samne time, being that it will be completed in Twenty. duce it, at the charge of a few shillings monthly, to the shelves of
II. The publication will proceed in Monthly Parts, of which Six every well-furnished book-case in the kingdom.
will form a volume; each part thus averaging above 133 pages. The Each Number c ntains three highly-finished Portraits, with cor
First Part will be published on the 31st of March 1830. As the print. responding Memoirs, in imperial 8vo. price 78. 6d. ; or with Proof
ing of the whole will be finished long before the expiration of the Impressions of the Plates upon India Paper, royal 4to size, 15%.
period required for issuing the successive Monthly Parts, the Sub
scribers will have the option, at the close of that operation, of com. The Publishers have just commenced a republication of the
pleting at once their copies of the work, or of abiding by the publica. entire Work, beginning with No. I. containing the Portraits and
|tion in Parts till the end of the Series. Memoirs of
II. Each Part will be sold for Six Shillings, thus making the SIR PHILIP SIDNEY.
price of a quarto volume, of 800 antple pages, only Thirty-Six ShilQUEEN ANN BULLEN.
lings-a price very considerably lower than that of any similar pub. ARCHBISHOP CRANMER.
lication of the day; and which, when the quantity of Matter in each Specimens may be inspected at the Publisher's, and at every Book
volume, the quality of Paper and Printing, the numerous Engra
vings, and the ability of the Articles, are taken into account, must seller's in the kingdom.
be allowed to place the work in a highly advantageous point of view. London: HARDING and LEPARD, Pall Mall East.
Considering its Execution and Extent, it will, indeed, present the Country Booksellers desiring the agency of this work, are request
cheapest Digest of Human Knowledge that has yet appeared in Bri. ed to appiy to the Publishers free of expense; and if any difficulty
tain, in the convenient form of a Dictionary. be experienced in obtaining Catalogues and Prospectuses through their respective London Agents, the Country Trade are requested to
Printed for ADAM BLACK, Edinburgh; SIMPKIN & MARSHALL, write direct to the Pu lishers, stating the case, and channel through London; JOHN CUMMING, Dublin; and to be had of all the Book which applications may have been previously made.
cuinea on the naracterai bernit in an hadithe
for issuing the
rublication of the
DAY AND MARTIN'S BLACKING. THIS inestimable Composition, with half the
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Sold Wholesale at the Manufactory, 97, High Holborn, and Retail throughout the Kingdom, in Bottles, Pots, and Tin Boxes, at 6d. 1s. and ls, 6d. each,
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of the same spirit concentrated in one channel, and pour
ed in the direction of the East, instead of being allowed The History of Chivalry and the Crusades. By the Rev.
to wander at will and dissipate itself among the scattered Henry Stebbing, M.A. In 2 vols. Constable's Mis
provinces of Europe. Accordingly, the greater part of cellany, vols. 50, 51.
Mr Stebbing's work is devoted to a sketch of these wars,
the strangest, perhaps, in the history of the human mind; No better proof can exist of the union of sagacity and and though unquestionably by no means free from the enterprise which distinguished the late Mr Constable than admixture of baser motives, yet, on the whole, originathe fact, that the plan of this Miscellany, one of his la- ting in, and supported more completely by, feeling and test speculations, has since been acted upon in all quar- principle, than any other contests which history records. ters with complete success. Nothing meets our eye but Chivalry, in its modern meaning, is a term applied to Family Libraries-classical, historical, philosophical, geo- a peculiar system of manners and opinions, which had its graphical —"neat, trimly drest," in fascinating covers of origin during the middle ages, and extended its influence crimson, brown, yellow, or pea-green. We have two over the greater part of Europe. It expresses the partireasons, however, for preferring the Miscellany to any of cular creed, with regard to morals and the relations of its brethren: First, That it has an undoubted claim to society, of which the order of knighthood, conferred by the rank of primogeniture, with its corresponding privi formal ceremonies, was the external sign. It is, thereleges ;—and secondly, that it is truly a Miscellany-nei fore, to be considered as distinct from feudalism. It was ther exclusively scientific, nor historical, nor classical a system, as it were, within the feudal system,--a code of but blending all subjects original writing and transla moral equity, arising out of the peculiar consequences of tion, travels, biography, history, "quicquid agunt homines," the feudal government, coinciding with its spirit in its in sbort; and all arranged and combined, upon the great leading outlines, while it controlled its operation whole, with singalar good taste and judgment. Perhaps upon society, and reconciling, though imperfectly, its hathe selection of some of the earlier numbers might have s bits of warfare with that security to property, and that been improved ; but since the duty of Editor devolved on protection from oppression, which seem essential to the Mr Aitken, we should be at a loss to suggest any improve- existence of every community. ment in the principle of selection on which it is conduct. Perhaps no system has ever spread more widely, or ed. The public, indeed, have a guarantee for the good | exercised a stronger influence over human opinion, than taste and judgment with which this task is likely to be | Chivalry; and yet none has left fewer traces of its proexecuted, in the “Cabinet" of this gentleman-unques-gress from infancy to maturity. The scattered elements tionably the best collection of miscellaneous pieces in from which its institutions were framed, are indeed ocprose and verse with which we are acquainted—and we casionally to be found both in the early records of the rejoice to see, from the list of forthcoming publications an Gothic tribes, and in the classic authcrs of Greece and nounced in the Miscellany, that the spirit and industry Rome. The spirit of fraternity and clanship which conwhich the Editor has hitherto displayed is not on the de- nected the body of knighthood, finds a parallel in the Theeline. The “Life of King James the First,” by Mr ban Legion of Xenophon as well as the Sagas of ScandiChambers, will, we trust, prove as amusing and success navia; the preparatory course of discipline and reverential fal as the previous Histories of the Rebellions—works for obedience which it exacted, is shadowed out in the cuswhich we have occasion to know the readers of the Mis toms quoted by Athenæus, * in his treatise on the Mancellany are indebted to the suggestions and advice of Mr ners of the Celts; the practice of admitting candidates Aitken. *
into the Order of Knighthood at a certain period, and The present volumes, we think, are likely to be popu. | even the peculiar ceremonies on that occasion, correspond lar, and deservedly so. They are not loaded with useless with the custom of the German tribes on the admission references, though they are obviously the result of no in- of their young men into the military profession;t the considerable reading ;---they are not absurdly eulogistic, devotion and religious veneration with which it regarded nor written in that villainously affected style, which dis-women, was a distinguished feature in the character of figures Mill's History of Chivalry; but temperate and the northern nations, even during the days of Tacitus ; philosophical, yet not without a kindly glow of imagina- the singular and sometimes ludicrous vows which it ention, and a style which, though betraying marks of haste, couraged, are to be traced both in the Scriptures and in is animated and graphical.
the historians of Greece and Rome; the principle of From the consideration of Chivalry itself, its use, pro Knight Errantry appears in the labours of Hercules, of gress, character, and influence, the transition is natural Theseus, and Perseus ; the joust and tournament are but and easy to the Crusades, which were but the emanation the games of antiquity, modelled to suit another climate
and other manners; the system of judicial combat ap. We are not afraid that our character for impartiality will suffer pears to have been known to the Germans in the days of by the praise given above to a work which issues from the house of
| Augustus, $ and forms part of the Burgundian code of Our own publishers. We are as independent of Messrs Constable and Co. as we are of any Booksellers in the country; but as we have never the sixth century ;|| in short, there is scarcely a feature shrunk from pointing out what we conceived to be the faults of their publications, so we shall not shrink from bēstowing upon a work, so
• Athenæus, lib. iv. c. 36. Tacit. Germ. c. 13. deservedly popular as the Miscellany, the commendations it deserves.
# Tacit. Germ. s. 18, c. 19, Hist. lib. iv. c. 18. -ED.
$ Vellcius Paterc.
Leg. Gundebal, A.D. 501,
above ble as in the coelvlowing mong ito
which has been considered distinctive of Chivalry of which voted to destruction, and paved the way for the extravatraces are not to be found either among the classical or gances of the Crusades. To slay an infidel was, in itself, the northern nations. It was in their combination alone a positive virtue, which, in the middle ages, was allowed that Chivalry could be considered as an original institu- to counterbalance a positive vice; and thus the knight tion. By the union of virtues of different kinds, each was enabled to indulge in an extreme laxity in the moral acquired a higher lustre; humility and obedience appeared duties of religion, by submitting to the gentle penance of more dignified when united to strength and valour ; scru- destroying a few supernumerary Jews, Turks, infidels, or pulous honour, and undeviating veracity, were doubly ho- | heretics. Even the virtues inculcated on the knight, noured in those who were bound to performance by no were allowed to be in abeyance in the case of an infidel. stronger obligation than that of conscience and opinion; Generosity and courtesy, mercy, and even fair dealing, he and valour itself, the point in which Chivalry may be had no right to expect. “ If an infidel," says St Louis, said to have added least to the ages which preceded it, a great authority, “impugn the doctrines of the Christian derived a nobler character from the objects to which it faith before a churchman, he should reply to him by arguwas now applied, and its union with the softer virtues of ment; but a knight should render nu other reason to the mildness, temperance, and chastity.
| infidel, than six inches of his falchion thrust into his acIt is true, however, that this general theoretical out-cursed bowels.” Even the ladies ran some risk, if they line of the chivalrous character, imposing as it appears, laboured under the fatal stain of heresy. Sir Bevis of was disfigured by practical defects and absurdities insepara- Hampton declines * the invitation of the Princess Josiane, ble from a period of limited knowledge and unbounded whom he terms “ an heathen hound,” and absolutely resuperstition; that the religion of the knight was seldom fuses to hold any communication with her, till appeased unmingled with bigotry, and always alloyed by degrading by her offer, superstition; that the valour which in theory was to be
« My false gods I will forsake, applied only to the defence of his country, his sovereign, his lady, or his brother in arms, was too often dissipated
And Christendom, for thy love, take," in absurd and meaningless encounters; and that, even in The religion of the knight, as it was generally founded, the purest period of chivalry, no intelligible line of dis- not on reasoning, but education and habit, was necessarily tinction appears ever to have been drawn between licen debased by superstition; and if the common occupations tiousness and love.
of life acquired a higher and more elevated character, from We differ from Mr Stebbing in his supposition, that their connexion with religion, there is reason to believe Chivalry acquired its peculiar devotional character so early that religion itself lost much of its spiritual and solemn as the reign of Charlemagne. On the contrary, however impressions, by being perpetually blended with the affairs intimate may have been the relations which subsisted be- of common life. God and the saints held a divided em. tween the Emperor and the church, we do not see the pire with the eyes of the ladies, and the knight appealed least traces of this character in any of the ceremonials of to each, in turn, with the same confidence and devotion. Chivalry during his reign. The earliest notice, from which The names of the saints formed the watchword of partiwe can infer that the military character of the institution cular champions. St Michael, St George, and St James, had become combined with the religious, is in the tenth all of whom tradition had invested with the order of century.
knighthood, were in peculiar request. Tournaments were Ingulph * obseryes, that among the Anglo-Saxons at proclaimed in honour of the Virgin Mary, and, indeed, that time, it was customary for the candidate, who de- the knights never seem to have considered her in any light sired to be admitted among the milites, to confess his sins very different from that in which they viewed their misto the bishop, and to pass the night in the church in prayer tresses. At a tournament held at Valladolid, in the year and mortification, before his sword was blessed by the 1429, the King of Castile was accompanied by twelve priest. The knight, after his admission, received the sa- knights, who personated the twelve Apostles. Even the crament. In the eleventh century, the religious charac- patriarchs and remarkable personages of Scripture were ter of the institution was still more decidedly fixed, by an invested with the attributes of knighthood, by the same ecclesiastical decree of the Council of Clement, ordaining wide-spreading extravagance which placed Alexander the all persons of noble birth, on attaining the age of twelve, Great at the head of a court of Macedonian Paladins, to take a solemn oath before the bishop of the diocese to similar to that of Charlemagne,t and represented Jason defend the oppressed, the widow, and the orphan,—to pro as distinguishing himself at a tournament, given in honour tect the traveller, and to check oppression and tyranny of the admission of Prince Hercules into the order of The candidate for knighthood was now taught to consider knighthood. S In the Visions of Pierce Plowman, a passhimself, in the first place, as the defender of the church; age occurs, which shows how completely Chivalry had behe watched his arms on hallowed ground; he assumed | come incorporated with the whole opinions and habits of the white robes of the neophytes ; vigils, fasts, and con- thinking at that period; for the poet, describing the crufessions, prepared him for the rite in which he was to par- cifixion, and speaking of the person who pierced our Saticipate ; his godfathers became sponsors for him in knight- viour's side, calls him a knight, who came forth spear in hood, as they had done at his baptism ; the weapons with hand, and jousted with Jesus ; and afterwards, for the base which he was invested were blessed by the priest, and act of wounding a dead body, he is pronounced a craven the knight bound himself, by the oath of Chivalry, to de.
and recreant knight. When such revolting absurdities fend the rights of the holy church, to respect religious characterised the religious belief of the day, it is difficult persons and institutions, and to obey the precepts of the to conceive that the subject of religion could exercise over Gospel.t
the minds of its votaries that solemn and awful effect, In our estimate of the influence of the religious charac- which, in a purer form, it was calculated to produce, or ter thus impressed on Chivalry, we are very much at one to doubt that the union of the religious with the military with Mr Stebbing. The religion thus connected with character, however plausible in theory, had led to the most the spirit of Chivalry, exercised a strong, though not al- absurd and impious consequences in practice. ways an amiable, influence on the knightly character. If But leaving the feeling of devotion, we come now to it animated his patriotism and self-devotion, it created a another strong ingredient in the character of the knight; determined spirit of bigotry and intolerance, taught man -his devotion to the fair sex, and, in particular, to the to consider infidels and heretics as vessels of wrath, de lady whom he selected as the chief object of his affections.
# P. 512.
+ Du Cange v. Miles, and 22 Dissertation sur Jourville. St Pa. Jaye Mem. sur la Chev. Part ü. Fabliau. Ordene de la Chevalerie. Barbazan, T. 1. p. 59.
Romaunt of Sir Bevis. t Cronica del Conde D. Pero Nuno, p. 293. I Poeme d'Alexandre, passim. 8 Livre du Preux et vaillant Jason et de la belle Medee.