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open friendly correspondence and negotiations with any or all civilized nations, with the view to procure the adoption in the laws of nations of a provision that captives in war shall not be personally retained as prisoners,but shall, under flags of truce, be returned at the earliest possible time to their own lines or vessels, and paroled until properly exchanged, so that the books of the commissioners of exchange of the respective belligerents shall determine the relative advantages in captives, and thus the horrors and sacrifices of prison life be prevented.
On Disposition of Public Lands.
1872, March 11—Mr. Killinger offered the following; which was agreed to without a division:
Resolved, That in the judgment of this House the policy of granting subsidies in public lands to railroad and other corporations ought to be discontinued, and that every consideration of public policy and equal justice to the whole people requires that the public lands should beheld for the purposes of securing homesteads to actual settlers, and for educational purposes, as may be provided bylaw.
On the Action of the Secretary of the Treasury.
1872, February 1—The House considered the following resolution, reported by the Committee of Ways and Means:
Resolved, That in the opinion of this House the Secretary of the Treasury, in negotiating the loan authorized by the act of July 14, 1870, has neither increased the bonded debt nor incurred an expenditure contrary to law.
Which was agreed to—yeas 110, nays 86:
Yeas—Messrs. Averill, Banks, Barber, Barry, Beatty, Beveridge, Bigby, Bingham, A. Blair, G.M. Brooks, Buckley, Buffiuton, Burchard, Burdett, B. F, Butler, W. T. Clark, Cobb, Coburn, Coghlan, Conger, Cotton, Creely, Dawes, Dickey, Donnan, Duell, Dunnell, Barnes, Farwell, Finkelnburg, C. Foster, W. D. Foster, Frye, Hale. Halsey, Harmer, G.E.Harris, Havens, Hay, G. W. Hazelton, J. W. Hazelton, Hill, Hoar, Houghton, Kelley, Kellogg, Ketcham, Killinger, Lamport, Lansing, Lowe, Lynch, Maynard, McGrew, McJunkin, McKee, Mercur, Merriam, Monroe, Moore, Morey, Morphis, L. Myers, Negley, Orr, Packard, Packer, Palmer, I. C. Parker, Peck, Pendleton, Perce, A. F. Perry, Peters, Poland, Rainey, B. H. Roberts, Busk, Sargent, Sawyer, Seeley, Sessions, Shanks, Sheldon, Shellabarger, Shoemaker, J. A. Smith, Snapp,T. J. Speer, Sprague, Starkweather, Stevenson, Stoughton, Stowell, Strong. Sypher, W. Townsend, Turner,Twichell, Tyner, Upson, Wakeman. Walden, Waldron, Wallace, Wheeler, Whiteley, Williams of Indiana, J. M. Wilson, J. T. Wilson—110.
Nays—Messrs. Acker, Arthur* Barnum, t Beck, Bell, Biggs, Bird, J. G. Blair, Braxton, Bright, J. Brooks, Caldwell, Campbell, Carroll, Comingo, Conner, Cox, Crebs, Critcher, Crossland, Davis, Box, Du Bose, Duke, Eldredge, Ely, H. D. Foster, Garrett, Getz, Golladay, Griffith, Haldeman, Hambleton, Hancock, Handley, Hanks, Harper, J. T. Harris, Hereford, Herndon, Hibbard, Holman, Kerr, King, Kinsella, Lamison, Leach, Lewis, Manson, Marshall, McClelland, McCormick, MeHenry, Mclntyre, McKinney, McNeely, Merrick, B. F. Meyers, Mitchell, Morgan, Niblack, H. W% Parker, E. Perry, Potter, Randall, Read, E. Y. Bice, Ritchie, Roosevelt, Shober, Slater, Sloss, Storm, Sutherland, Swann, Terry, Van Trump, Vaughan, Voorhees, Waddell, Warren, Wells, Whitthorne, Winchester, Wood, Young—86.
On the Privileges of the Mouse.
1871, April 20—Mr. Beck moved that the rules be suspended, and the House pass the following resolution; which was agreed to without a division:
Resolved, That it being declared by the second section of the second article of the Constitution "that the President shall have power, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, to make treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur," the House of Representatives do not claim any agency in making treaties; but that when a treaty stipulates regulations on any of the subjects submitted by the Constitution to the power of Congress, it must depend for its execution as to such stipulations on the law or laws to be passed by Congress; and it is the constitutional right and duty of the House of Representatives in all such cases to deliberate on the expediency or inexpediency of carrying such treaty into effect, and to determine and act thereon as in their judgment may be most conducive to the public good.*
1872, April 2—Mr. Dawes, from the Committee of Ways and Means, submitted the following resolutions:
Resolved, That the substitution by the Senate, under the form of an amendment, for the bill of the House (H. R. No. 1537) entitled "An act to repeal existing duties on tea and coffee," of a bill entitled "An act to reduce existing taxes," containing a general revision, reduction, and repeal of laws imposing import duties and internal taxes, is in conflict with the true intent and purposes of that clause of the Constitution which requires that "all bills for raising revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives;" and that therefore said
*This resolution is a copy of a resolution adopted by the House of Representativesof the Fourth Congress, (in Washington's administration.) when, after a protracted-debate, it passed,April 7,1796—yeas 57, nays 35; as follows:
Yeas—Messrs.Theodorus Bailey, Abraham Baldwin, David Bard, Lemuel Benton, Thomas Blount, Nathan Bryan, Dempsey Burges, SamuelJ. Cabell. Gabriel Christie, John Clopton, Isaac Coles, Jeremiah Crabb, Henry Dearborn, George Dent, Samuel Earle, William Findley, Jesse Franklin, Albert Gallatin, William B. Giles, Nicholas Gilman, Andrew Gregg, William B. Grove, Wade Hampton, George Hancock, Carter B. Harrison, John Hathorn, Jonathan N. Havens, John Heath, Daniel Hiester, George Jackson, Edward Livingston, Matthew Locke, William Lyman, Samuel Maclay, Nathaniel Macon, James Madison, John Milledge, Andrew Moore, Frederick A. Muhlenberg, John Nicholas. Alexander D. Orr, John Page, Josiah Parker, John Patten, Francis Preston, John Richards, Robert Rutherford, John S.Sherburne, Israelgmith, Samuel Smith, Thomas Sprigg, John Swanwick, Absalom Tatom, Philip Van Cortlandt, Joseph B. Varnum, Abraham Venable, Richard Winn—57.
Nays—Messrs. Fisher Ames, Benjamin Bourne, Theophilus Bradbury, Daniel Buck, Joshua Coit, William Cooper, Abiel Foster, Dwight Foster, Ezekiel Gilbert, Henry Glen, Benjamin Goodhue, Chauncey Goodrich, Roger Griswold, Robert Goodloe Harper, Thomas Hartley, Thomas Henderson, James Hillhouse. William Hindman, John "Wilkes Kittera, Samuel Lyman, Francis Malbone, William Vans Murray, John Reed, Theodore Sedgwick, Jeremiah Smith, Nathaniel Smith, William Smith, Zephaniah Swift, George Thatcher,Richard Thomas, Mark Thompson, Uriah Tracey, John E.Van Allen, Peleg Wadsworth, John Williams—35.
substitute for House bill No. 1537 do lie upon the table.
And be it further resolved, That the Clerk of the House be, and is hereby, directed to notify the Senate of the passage of the foregoing resolution.
Which were adopted—yeas 153, nays 9:
Yeas—Messrs. Acker, Ambler, Ames, Arthur, Averill, Ba.rber, Barry, Beatty, Beck, Beveridge, Bigby, A. Blair, Braxton, Q. M. Brooks, J. Brooks, Buckley, Buffinton, Burchard, Burdett, B. F. Butler, R. R. Butler, Caldwell, Campbell, Carroll, Coghlan, Conger, Cox, Critcher, Crocker, Crossland, Davis, Dawes, Donnan, Box, JDu Bose, Bake, Bunnell, Eames, Ely, Farnsworth, Farwell, Finkelnburg, C. Foster, W. D. Foster. Frye, Garfield. Garrett, Getz, Golladay, Griffith. Haldeman, Hale, Halsey, Handley, Harper, G. E. Harris, J. T. Harris, Hawley, Hay, G. W. Hazelton, J. W. Hazelton, Hereford, Herndon, Hibbard, Hill, Hoar, Holman, Hooper, Houghton, Kelley, Kerr, Ketcham, Lamison, Lansing, Manson, Marshall, Mnynard, McCrary, McGrew, McHenry, Mclntyre. McNeely, Mercur, Merriam, Merrick, B. F. Meyers, Monroe, Moore, Morey, Morphis, L. Myers. Negley, NiMack, Orr, Packard, Packer, Palmer, H. W. Parker, I. C. Parker, Peck, Pendleton, A. F. Perry, E. Perry. Piatt, Porter, Potter, Rainey, E. Y. Rice, J. M. Bice, E. H. Roberts, W. B. Roberts, Robinson, Rogers, Rusk, Sargent, Sawyer, Sessions, Shanks, Sherwood. Shober. Slater, Slocum, H. B. Smith, J. A. Smith, W. C. Smith, T. J. Speer, Starkweather, Stevens, Storyn, Stoughton, Siuann,T&&e, Terry, B. Toivnsend,Tiuner, Tuthill, Twichell, Tyner, Upson, Van Trump, Vaughan. Wakeman, Walden, Wallace, Warren, Wells, Wheeler, Whiteley, Whitthome, Willard, Winchester. Wood, Young—153.
Nays—Messrs. Archer, Conner, Hanks, Kendall, Lewis, McCormick, Read, Ritchie, R. M. Speer—9.
Yote in the Legislature of lew York, rescinding a resolution of 1870, purporting to withdraw a previous ratification of the Fifteenth Amendment.
In Senate, January, 3, 1872.
Whereas the Legislature of the State of New York, at its annual session in 1870, adopted a preamble and resolution in the words and figures following, to wit:
"Whereas at the last session of the Legislature of this State a preamble and concurrent resolution were adopted in the words and figures following, to wit:
'''Whereas at the session of the Fortieth Congress it was resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled (two thirds of both Houses concurring) that the following article shall be proposed to the Legislatures of the several States as an amendment to the Constitution of the United States, which amendment, when it shall have beeu ratified by three fourths of the said Legislatures, shall be valid, to all intents and purposes, as a part of the said Constitution, namely:
"'section. 1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States, or by any State, on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
u 'Sec. 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation,'
"Therefore resolved, (if the Assembly concur,) Thatthe said proposed amendment to the Constitution be, and the same is hereby, rati
fled by the Legislature of the State of New York.
"And whereas, theproposed fifteenth amendment, above recited, has not been ratified by the Legislatures of three fourths of the several States, and has not become a part of the Constitution of the United States; and whereas the State of New York, represented in the Legislature here now assembled, desire to withdraw theconsentexpressed intheabovo recited concurrent resolutions: Now, therefore,
"Be it resolved, (if the Assembly concur,) That the above recited concurrent resolution be, and it is hereby, repealed, rescinded, and amended.
uAnd be it furtherresolved, (if the Assembly concur,) That the Legislature of the State of New York refuse to ratify the above recited proposed fifteenth amendment to the Constitution of the United States, and withdraw absolutely any expression of consent heretofore given thereto or ratification thereof.
"Be it further resolved, (if the Assembly concur,) That the Governor be requested to transmit a copy of these resolutions and preamble to the Secretary of State of the United States, at Washington, and to every member of the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States, and the Governors of the several States." *
And whereas the said preamble and resolution were transmitted to and are now on file in the Department of State at Washington, purporting to withdraw the assent of the people of the State of New York to the fifteenth amendment to the Federal Constitution, previously given by the Legislature of this State, to which said amendment had been regularly proposed; and whereas the action of the Legislature of 1870, in entertaining and adopting the said preamble and resolution, is deemed an unwarranted assumption of authority over a subject-matter not within its prerogatives; and whereas it is desirable that the record of the State of New York shall be clear and unequivocal in favor of the said fifteenth amendment: Therefore,
Resolved, (if the Assembly concur,) That the preamble and resolutions adopted by the Legislature of this State in 1870, purporting to withdraw the assent of the people of this State previously given to the fifteenth amendment of the Federal Constitution, be, and the same are hereby, rescinded.
Resolved, (if the Assembly concur,) That the Secretary of the Department of State at Washington be, and he is hereby, requested (if not inconsistent with the rules and regulations of his Department) to return to the Governor of this State the preamble and resolutions of the Legislature of this State, passed in 1870, and now on file in his office, which purport to withdraw the assent of the people of this State to the adoption of the fifteenth amendment of the Federal Constitution.
*For the vote on these resolutions see McPherson's History of Reconstruction, page 562. For vote on original ratification, ibid., page 495.
Resolved, (if the Assembly concur,) That the Governor be, and he is hereby, requested to transmit a copy of this preamble and the resolutions accompanying the same to the Secretary of State of the United States.
Yeas—Messrs. Charles H. Adams, Norman M. Allen, Samuel Ames. Isaac V. Baker, jr., Erastus C. Benedict. George Bowen, Thomas I. Chatfield, Jbwnsend D. Cock, "Wells S. Dickinson, William' tFoster, James H. Graham, William Johnson, Lor en L. Lewis, Samuel S. Lowery, Archibald C. McGowen, Edward M. Madden, James O'brien,* Abiah W. Palmer, John C. Perry, William H. R)bertson, Daniel F. Tieman,* Webster Wagner, Augustus Weismann, Norris Winslow, Daniel P. Wood, James Wood, William B. Woodin—27.
Nay—Mr. Jacob Hardenburgh.
In Assembly, February 8, 1872.
Yeas—Messrs. Frank Abbott, Thomas G. Alvord, Albert Ba-deau, George Baltz, Eugene D. Berri, Elijah E. Brown, Ira D. Brown, Peter Burns, Leonard Burritc, William W. Crandall, John N. Davidson, James B. Dykeman, John A. Foley, Daniel G. Fort, Thomas M. Fowler, Edward M. Goring, William Greenhalgh, Matthew Griffin, E. Kirk Hart, Albert L. H;»yes, James Healy, Castle W. Herrick, Enoch Hoidridge. Edmund W. Hollister, Nathaniel M. Houghton, Martin L. Hungerford, James W. Husted, Francis A. Hyatt, John C. Jacobs, Edmund Kingsland. Volney G. Knapp. Anson W. Knettles, "William Lewis, jr., Cyrillo S. Lincoln, John W. Lippitt, George P. Lord. Peter Lott, George H. Mackay, John S. Marcy, Darius A. Moore, Charles B. Morton. Severn D. Moulton, William W. Niles, David S.Paige, Stephen Pell, Jerome Preston, L. Bradford Prince, Eleazer C. Rice, Parker W. Rose, Chauncey S. Sage, Andrew Snepardson, John Simson, Amos V. Smiley, George W. L. Smith, William Smyth, Gustavus Sniper, Henry Smith Speaker, Stephen Springsted, Robert H. Strahan, George M. Swain, David Tompkins. J. Lee Tucker, Horatio N. Twombly, Ambrose L Van Dusen, George West, William Whitbeck, Edward D. White, Allen A. Whitaker, Joseph Woodward, Oliver C. Wyman, Lucieu T. Yeomans—71.
Nays—-Messrs./^amue^ W. Buell, Alfred Chamberlain, William W. Cook, 'Peter Couchman, James Dunphy, Nicholas Haughton', Augustus Hill, David B. Hill, William W. Moseley, James M. Oakley, Benjamin Ray, Dominick H. Roche, Milton M. Tompkins—13.
[Before the adoption of the resolution there was a separate vote taken on the preamble. The judiciary committee of the Assembly had recommended that the clause which denounced the action of the Legislature of 1870 as uan unwarranted assumption of authority," should be stricken out. The clause was restored in the committee of the whole. A division of the question was then called, and the preamble was adopted—yeas 63, nays 19. Of the negative vote, Messrs. A. L. Hayes, Moulton, and Prince were Republicans, the others Democrats.]
Action of the Legislature of Jew Jersey, 1811, on the Fifteenth Amendment, after the Proclamation by Mr. Secretary Fish of its Katification.
The joint resolution passed by the vote given below is as follows:
"That the Legislature of this State do hereby ratify the amendment to the Constitution of the United States, proposed at the third session of the Fortieth Congress by resolution of the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in
* Reform Democrat.
Congress assembled, to the several Stat* Legislatures; said amendment being in the following words, to wit: [The fifteenth amendment is here inserted ]
In House Of Representatives,
Yeas—Messrs. Thomas C. Alcott, John Auness, William H. Barton, Albert M. Bradshaw f Joseph, H. Bruere, Albert P. Condit, James F. Fielder, Isaac L. Eisher, Rochus Heinisch, jr., Charles Hemingway, Theodore Horn, Josiah Hornblower, William A. House, Edward L. Joy, Farrand Ki.tcb.ell, Richard S. Learning, W. B. Lefevre, Sr,evenson Leslie, Isaac W. Nicholson, Nathaniel Niles, Benjamin H. Overbeiser, Edward F. Roberts, Liscomb T, liobins. John S. Rulon, Albert L. Runyon, Joseph F. Sanxay, John R. Staats, Edward T. Thompson, Robert M. Torbet, CalebII. Valentine, GeorgeWarrin,. Charles Wilson, Henry W. Wilson, Nimrod Woolery—34. ,
Nays—Messrs. Ferdinand Blancke, Herman D. Busch, Michael Coogan, John W. Dickinson, James Doty, Charles C. Grosscup, John T. Haight, John Hitchner, Henry A. Hopper, WilliamS. Horner, James G. Irwin, John Kugler, Lebbeus Martin, John J. Maxwell, John O'Brien, Austin H. Patterson, Abraham Perkins, Absalom Pur sell, Augustus E. Sanderson, William Silverthom, Peter Smith, Jacob G. Van Riper, Peter Voorhees, Joseph W. Yates—24.
In Senate, February 15, 1871.
Yeas—Messrs. Jesse Adams. Columbus Beach, Thomas Beesley, John C. Belden, Edward Bettle, Samuel Hopkins, Henry J. Irick, LeviD. Jarrard, James H. Nixon, John W. Taylor, John Torrey, jr. Henry A. Williams—12.
Nays—Messrs. David H. Banghart, James A. Brinkerhoff, Calvin Corle, Henry S. Little, Noah D. Taylor, James T. Wiley, John Woolverton—7.
Approved February 21, 1871, by Hon. Theodore F. Randolph, Governor.
Constitutional Amendment In OSiio and Pennsylvania.
The proposed amendment to the constitution of Ohio—given in full in McPnerson's History of Reconstruction, page 258—which would have stricken the word 4i white" from the suffrage clause, and also have disfranchised persons Who bore arms in support of the rebellion or fled to avoid the draft or deserted the service in time of war and not subsequently honorably discharged, was negatived at the election of 1867—yeas 216,987, nays 255,340; not voting on amendment, 12,276; constitutional majority against it, 50,629.
In the fall of 1871 a question of calling a constitutional convention was submitted to popular vote, and resulted—yeas 266,668, nays 100,412. But the Legislature failed to pass a bill calling a convention.
In Pennsylvania a like question was submitted at the same time, and resulted—yeas 328,354, nays 70,205; and a convention will be elected on the second Tuesday of October, and meet on the second Tuesday of November next. It will consist of one hundred and thirty-three members, to be elected as follows:
Twenty-eight members to be elected in the State at large, each voter to vote for not more than fourteen candidates, and the twentyeight highest in vote shall be declared elected. Ninety-nine delegates shall be apportioned to the different senatorial districts of the State;
three delegates to be elected Tor each senator therefrom; and in choosing ail district delegates each voter shall be entitled to voie for not more than two of the members to be chosen from his district, and the thiee candidates highest in vote shall be declared elected, except in the county of Alleghany, forming the twenty-third senatorial district, where no voter shall vote for more than six candidates, and the nine highest in vote shall be elected; and in the counties of Luzerne, Monroe, and Pike, forming the thirteenth senatorial district, where no voter shall vote for more than four candidates, and the six highest in vote shall be elected ;■ and six additional delegates shall be chosen from the city of Philadelphia, by a vote at large in said city, and in their election no voter shall vote for more than three candidates, and the six highest in vote shall be declared elected.
■In New Hampshire the result was (two towns wanting:) Governor, Straw, Republican, 38,702; Weston, Democrat, 36,361; Cooper, Labor Reformer, 352; Blackmer, Temperance, 441.
In Connecticut the vote was: Governor, Jewell, 46,563; Hubbard, 44,562; Gillette, 1,549; Harrison, Labor Reform, 390; scattering, 25. Jewell over all, 28.
in Rhode Island the vote was: Governor, Padelford, Republican, 9,463; Arnold, Democratic, 8,308.
The First Effort at Reconstruction.
Now that all the States have been restored to their relations to the Union, it may be interesting to reproduce the first bill reported in Congress on this subject. It was made in the House by the Committee on Territories, Messrs. James M. Ashley, (chairman,) F. C. Beaman.j ArScott Sloan, Owen Lovejoy, and G. F. Bailey uniting in its favor; and Messrs. J. A. Cravens, Aaron Harding, and George K. Shiel opposing it. It was reported in the House March 12, 1862. Its principal provisions are:
That the President be, and he is hereby, authorized and required to take possession of and to occupy the insurrectionary States named, and to institute, establish, and protect with the military and naval forces of the United States a temporary civil government, with suoh names and within such geographical boundaries as he may by proclamation designate; that said civil government shall be maintained and continued in each of the districts thus named and designated until such time as the loyal people residing therein shall form new State governments, republican in form, as prescribed by the Constitution of the United States, and apply for and obtain admission into the Union as States.
Section two vests the executive power in a Governor, the legislative power in a council of not less than seven nor more than ten, the judicial in a superior court consisting of three
judges and such inferior courts as the council may establish; nil the officers designated to be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent ol the Senate.
Section three gives the legislative authority general legislative power, but prohibits the passing of any act establishing, protecting, or recognizing the existence of slavery; and no law to be valid that is disapproved by Congress; and prescribes the manner of organizing the Legislative Council—vacancies to be filled by the President.
Sec. 4. That the Governor and Legislative Council are hereby authorized to take possession of all abandoned, forfeited, or confiscated estates within the limits of said districts, in the name and on behalf of the President and the Congress of the United States, and to lease the realty thereof, on such terms and for such time, not to exceed five years, as the Governor and Legislative Council may by law prescribe: Provided, That all leases shall be to actual occupants, who are loyal, and have not been in rebellion against the Government of the United States: And provided further, That all leases shall be for limited quantities, not to exceed one hundred and sixty acres to any person, it being the intent and purpose of this act to establish justice and promote the peace, safety, and welfare of the inhabitants by securing all in the enjoyment of life, liberty, and the fruits of their own labor.
Section five makes it the duty of the Governor and Legislative Council to establish schools, provide for the attendance of children not less than three months in each year, and to fix the number of hours constituting a day's work for field hands and laborers.
. Sec. 6. That all public lands in each of said districts, held by said recent ,States at the time of their act of secession, shall be seized, occupied, and held by the Governor of the districts in which they may be located, in the name of the President of the United States, until otherwise disposed of by Congress. That all public lands thus acquired and which may become vested in the United States by confiscation or forfeiture by the provisions of any law now in force, or which may hereafter be passed, shall beheld for the use of the soldiers, sailors, and marines, regular and volunteer, who have been or may be called into the service of the United States to crush the existing rebellion, and who shall be honorably discharged at the close of the war, and the widows and minor children of such as may be killed in battle or die in the service, or die of wounds received, or by diseases contracted in the service, and for the purpose of compensating such loyal citizens of said recent States as may sustain damages or losses by reason of the said revolt, or by the provisions of this act, to be distributed and apportioned as Congress may hereafter provide.
Section 7 authorizes the superior court to hold terms, appoint a clerk, and establish rules of practice, and gives it the same general jurisdiction of causes as are cognizable by the circuit and district courts of the United States or the territorial courts, with right of appeal to the Supreme Court of the United States.
Section 8 provides that all loyal persons and all admitted by the council to the privileges of electors shall be qualified to serve as grand and petit jurors; provided that no person who has heretofore held office under the United States or any one of the States, or any lawyer or other person who has taken an oath to support the Constitution of the United States, or any professed minister of the Gospel in open rebellion against the national Government, or who has given aid and comfort to the enemies of the United States, shall act as juror, or be entitled to any privileges of election, or be eligible to any office.
Section 9 provides for the appointment and salary of a secretary, a marshal, and a district attorney, and for the salaries of the Governor, members of the council, and the judges.
Section 10 authorizes the President, by proclamation, to establish ports of entry and delivery, to appoint collectors and such other officers as are usual in such ports; such officers to have the same powers and discharge such duties as like officers in other ports of the United States, and prescribing their salaries.
Section 11 repeals any inconsistent legislation with the provisions of this act.
Same day—Mr. Ashley moved that the bill be recommitted to the Committee on Territories, and be printed.
Mr. Pendleton moved that the bill be laid upon the table; which was agreed to—yeas 65, nays 56:
Yeas—Messrs. Sydenham E. Aneona, Joseph Bailey, Charles J. Biddle, Francis P. Blair, jr., Jacob B. Blair. George II. Browne, William G. Browne, Charles B. Calvert, Samuel L. Casey, Andrew J. Clements, George T. Cobb, Schuyler Colfax, Erastus Corning, James A. Cravens, John W. Crisfield. John J. Crittenden, Charles Delano, Alexander S. Diven, George W. Dun lap, W.McKeeDunn, James E.English, George P. Fisher, Bradley F. Granger, Henry Grider, John A. Gurley, Edward Haight,Aaron Harding, Richard A. Harrison, William Kellogg, John W. Killinger, John Law, Jesse Lazear, Cornelius L. L. Leary, William E, Lehman, Robert McKnight, Robert Mallory, Henry May, John W. Menzies, James U. Morris, John T. Nixon, Warren P.
Noble, John W. No ell t Elijah H. Norton, George H Pendleton, Nehemiah Perry, Timothy G. Phelps, Albert G. Porter, Alexander H.Rice, William A. Richardson, William P. Sheffield, Samuel Shellabarger, George K. Shiel, John B, Steele, John L. 1ST. Stratum, Benjamin F. Thomas, Francis Thomas, Charles R. Train, William H. Wadsworth, Elijah Ward, Edwin H. Webster, Killian V. Whaley, William A. Wheeler, Chilton A. White, Charles A. Wicklifl'e, Benjamin Wood--G5.
Nays—Cyrus Aldrich, Isaac N. Arnold, James M. Ashley, Stephen Baker, Portus Baxter, Fernando C. Beaman, John A. Bingham, Samuel S. Blair, Harrison G. Blake, James Buffinton, James H. Campbell, Jacob P. Chamberlain, Ambrose W. Clark, Frederick A. Conkling. Koscoe Conkling, William P. Cutler, William Morris Davis, R. Holland Duell, Sidney Edgerton, Thomas M. Edwards, Thomas D. Eliot, Samuel C. Fessenden, Richard Franchot. Augustus Frank, James T. Hale, Samuel Hooper, Valentine B. Horton, John Hutchins, George W. Julian. William D. Kelley, Francis W. Kellogg, William E. Lansing, DwightLoomis, Owen Lovejoy, Edward McPherson, William Mitchell, James K. Moorhead, Anson P. Morrill, Justin S. Morrill, Frederick A. Pike, Theodore M. Pomeroy, John H. Rice, Albert G. Riddle, Edward H. Rollins, Aaron A. Sargent, Charles B. Sedgwick, A. Scott Sloan, Thaddeus Stevens, Rowland E.Trowbridge, RobertB. Van Valkenburgh, William Wall, Charles W.Walton, E. P. Walton, James F. Wilson, William Windom, Samuel T. Worcester—56.
Letter of President Grant to the Supplementary Civil Rights Meeting in Washington City.
Executive Mansion, Washington, D. C, Mmj 9,1812. Gentlemen: I am in receipt of your invitation extended to me to attend a mass meeting to be held for the purpose of aiding in securing civil rights for the colored citizens of our country. I regret that a previous engagement will detain me at the Executive Mansion this evening, and that I shall not be able to participate with you in person in your efforts to further the cause in which you are laboring. I beg to assure you, however, that I sympathize most cordially in any effort to secure for all our people, of whatever race, nativity, or color, the exercise of those rights to which every citizen should be entitled. I am, very respectfully,
U. S. Grant.
STATE PLATFORMS/ 1871.
Republican, June 38,-1871.
Resolved, That the Republicans of California, by their representatives in State convention assembled, avow their determination to maintain and perpetuate the principles of *heir
* Such only of the State platforms, and such portions of them, are given as seemed most important or interesting.
National Republican party; that we recur with pride and satisfaction to the many practical and substantial triumphs of those principles achieved during the past ten years; in the coercion by force of the rebellious States into obedience to the Federal Constitution and laws; in maintaining through a long, severe, and bloody struggle the authority of the General Government against powerful armies; in front of English and French interference on