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L.C. 1692. teauneuf opposed these dangerous antagonists with & 1104. the gold of Lewis XIV. Luckily for his designs,

the Turkish ambassadors who had been retained four years at the court of Vienna, were returned from thence, on account of the hope which they had given Leopold of serving him at Adrianople, where the court still resided. "Mauro Cordato, either through zeal for the nation which, by making him ambassador, had honored him more than any Greek had ever yet been since the foundation of the empire, or gratitude to the king of France, confirmed what he had written from Vienna, Turposchi bashaw, persuaded that the Germans would at last be constrained to folicit a disadvantageous peace, made preparations for the following campaign. As he was sensible of his want of talents to command an army, he intrusted the fortune of the empire to the seraskier Bujulki, recommending him to keep on the defensive, to avoid coming to action, and to fuccour the places which the Germans should be desirous of attacking. And indeed this general prevented the enemy from paffing the Save. Perhaps he had but little merit in this defence, which was no way bloody, Leopold's troops not being at all desirous of coming to action. General Heuser took Waradin, which he had blocked up fourteen months: Nothing considerable was done any where this year ; the whole season was passed in observations between the Poles and the Turks. The Venetians being masters of the


Morea, made vain efforts to recover the isle of J.C. 1692.

Hieg.1103, Candia; after having the trenches open fifty days & 1104. before Canea, they were obliged to re-embark.

The grand vizier; who only wished to gain time, was always inclined to peace; fo much so, that he consulted the mufti to know if it would be contrary to justice to deliver Tekli to the emperor Leopold, who seemed to demand. this.facrifice as a preliminary of the treaty. The chief of the law, who was very ambitious and jealous of the authority of the grand vizier, feized this occasion to ruin him. He vehemently opposed this treachery; painting it to the grand feignior in its true coJours; and as in a short time he had assumed more power over the mind of his master than all the rest who approached him, he easily prevailed on Achmet to change his minister. The grand vizier Turposchi was deposed. It is but justice to The grant

vizier, who say in his praise, that on leaving his place without withes to any property, he asked for his fubsistence a timar peace, is which was worth about ten purses. The sultan He refuses was willing to give him three, which would make able timar. all together forty purses. Turposchi constantly refused thein, intreating his master not to lavish the substance of the state on those who no longer served it, when there was not sufficient for all those who were really useful. Bujulki Mustapha, who had commanded the

J.C. 1693. troops in Hungary the preceding campaign, re

Heg. 1104, ceived the seals of the empire. The grand seignior and all the Muffulmen conceived the greatest


& 1105

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two twins.

Mahomet IV.

2.C. 1693. hopes for the prosperity of their arms, because a

& 1105, sultaness was just brought to bed of two twin Bujulki princes. This event, very common in nature, is made happened for the first time in the Ottoman fa

mily. All the ulema were inclined to consider it Birth of as a certain presage of some great victory. The

rejoicings lasted several days with a pomp and vivacity that had been seldom seen. As the rejoicings of the Turks are generally carried to excess, they insulted the English and Dutch ambasfadors in the streets of Adrianople, who, they

knew, had been endeavouring to make up a Death of peace. - The death of Mahomet IV. which hap

pened in the mean time, no way interrupted their course. This prince had justly merited, during a long reign, the oblivion in which he was buried, even before his death. But it is likewise remarked, that the veneration of the Mussulmen for the race of their sovereigns is always directed wholly to the reigning prince, and that the extreme folitude to which the rest are condemned quite eradicates them from the remembrance of

the people. History of

Whilst the new grand vizier was assembling his prophet

troops in the plains of Adrianople, and reviewing them, there arrived succours which he had not expected, but which offered themselves to him at tog dear a rate.

An emir effendi, called Misri, who was mollac of the town of Bursa, a poet, enthusiast, and cheat, all at the same time, having assembled, by means of his fanatical preaching, four thou


the falte


fand profelytes, to whom he promised the glory 1.C.1693. of this world, the infallible presage of that of & 1105. Paradise, resolved to conduct them to Adrianople, to offer them to the grand feignior as the only foldiers worthy, by the purity of their manners and the warmth of their zeal, to fight the Giaurs, the enemies of the Ottoman empire. The march of these fanatics was as prejudicial to the places through which they paffed, as distressing for themfelves; for their prophet not having prepared provisions for them, and being unable to furnish them with any pay, they were obliged to steal food in the name of the Lord of Hosts, who had put only sticks into their hands, with which they knocked those on the head who durst resist them. Sometimes they were not the strongeft; and as they were forbidden to take any thing but meat, and even no more of that than they wanted for the moment, they were often reduced to the greatest misery ; so much so, that, of more than four thousand men who left Bursa, only three thousand arrived at Adrianople, God having rejected the rest, as Misiri faid, and caused them to fall by the sword, or through hunger, which had destroyed them by the way. The prophet and his followers were received at Adrianople with an eager curiosity; and he and his principal disciples foon filled the pulpits of the different mosques. The people focked to hear the government railed at, as likewise the morals and doctrine of the ulema. According to these mar


How reprefled.

J.C. 1693. tial misfionaries, the sins of the great men were Heg. 1104, & 1105. the cause of the calamities of the empire. In

stead of treacherous viziers and bashaws, and these janissaries blackened with crimes, it was necessary to have commanders and soldiers both righteous and brave,:, then the Giaurs would fall by thousands before the servants of God. The three thousand profelytes, who had already suffered so much, joined to the small number that should be found worthy of seconding them, were to avenge the Ottoman empire, and restore it its ancient splendor, provided those were punished who had drawn on it the wrath of Heaven. At length these fanatics excited the people to open rebellion. They wanted to put their prophet in the place both of the vizier and mufti. The chief of the religion and the prime minister perceived the danger of attempting to punish these enthusiasts publicly, whom the people heard with so much attention. They feared the effects of persecution, which, in general, stirs up the fire that it would extinguish. As they had emissaries who gave them an exact account of every thing that Misri advanced in his discourses, they artfuliy took advantage of what he said one day, that all the Muffulmen were obliged to obey their emperor, lince the Ottoman blood was on the throne by divine right. A few minutes after this declaration, the bostangi pachi, with some of his men, entered the mosque where Misri was preaching, and commanded him, in the name of the empe


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