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St. Fintan, or Munnu, Abbot, in Ire John Barleycorn was a hero bold, land, A. D. 634.

Of noble enterprise,

For if you do but taste his blood,
The Season.

'Twill make your courage rise. After a harvest with a good barley

"Twvill make a man forget his woe, crop, a few minutes may be seasonably

'Twill heighten all his joy: amused by a pleasant ballad.

'Twill make the widow's heart to sing,

Tho' the tear were in her eye.
John Barleycorn.

Then let us toast John Barleycorn,
There went three kings into the east,

Each man a glass in hand; Three kings both great and high,

And may his great posterity
An' they ha' sworn a solemn oath

Ne'er fail in old Scotland! Burns.
John Barleycorn should die.
Tliey took a plough and plough'd him


Hairy Silphium. Silphium asterisco.
Put clods upon his head,

Dedicated to St. Ursula.
And they hae sworn a solemn oath
John Barleycorn was dead.

October 22.
But the cheerful spring came kindly on, St. Philip, Bp. of Heraclea, and others,
And show'rs began to fall;

A. D. 304.

Sts. Nunilo and Alodia, John Barleycorn got up again,

A. D. 840. St. Donatus, Bp. of FieAnd sore surpris'd them all.

soli, in Tuscany, A. D. 816. St. Mello, The sultry suns of summer came,

or Melanius, 4th Cent. St. Mark, Bp. And he grew thick and strong,

A. D. 156.
His head weel arm'd wi' pointed spears,
That no one should him wrong.

St. Mark, Bishop of Jerusalem.

The two first bishops of Jerusalem The sober autumn enter'd mild,

were “ the apostle St. James and his broWhen he grew wan and pale ;

ther St. Simeon; thirteen bishops who His bending joints and drooping head succeeded them were of the Jewish naShow'd he began to fail.

tion.” Upon an edict of the emperor His colour sicken'd more and more,

Adrian, prohibiting all Jews from coming He faded into age ;

to Jerusalem, Mark, being a Gentile And then his enemies began

Christian, was chosen bishop of the To show their deadly rage.

Christians in that city, and was their first

Gentile bishop: lle is said to have They've taen a weapon, long and sharp,

been martyred in 156.* And cut him by the knee; Then ty'd him fast upon a cart,

Tue Seasox. Like a rogue for forgerie.

They who think the affections are alThey laid him down upon his back,

ways in season, may not deem these lines

out of season. And cudgell’d him full sore; They hung him up before the storm,

TRIBUTE OF AFFECTION. And turn'd him o'er and o'er.

To a Mother. They filled up a darksome pit

In the sweet“ days of other years," With water to the brim,

When o'er my cradle first thy tears They heaved in John Barleycorn,

Were blended with maternal fears, There let him sink or swim.

And anxious doubts for me ;

How often rose my lisping prayer, They laid him out upon the floor,

That heav'n a mother's life would spare, To work him farther woe,

Who watch'd with such incessant care, And still as signs of life appear'd,

My helpless infancy. They toss'd him to and fro.

Those happy hours are past away, They wasted, o'er a scorching flame,

Yet fain i'd breathe an artless lay, The marrow of his bones ;

To greet my mother this blest day, But a miller us'd him worst of all,

For oh ! it gave thee birth; For he crush'a himn between two stones.

Hope whispers that it will be dear, And they bae ta’en his very heart's blood,

As seraph's music to thine ear, And drank it round and round;

That thou wilt hallow with a tear, And still the more and more they drank,

This tribute to thy worth. Their joy did more abound,



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And thy approving voice would be one." Whether one or two is of little
More sweet-more welcome far to me

consequence perhaps : their biographers Than greenest wreaths of minstrelsy, were miraculists. He of Cologne led Pluck'd from the muses' bowers;

an angelical life,” according to Butler, And round this lowly harp of mine,

who adds, that “his life wrote by ForI'd rather that a hand like thine,

tunatus is the best :” the latter bioOne simple garland should entwine, Than amaranthine flowers.

grapher achieved as great marvels with his

pen, as his namesake with his wishingMy childish griefs were hush'd to rest,

Those lips on mine fond kisses prest,
Those arms my feeble form carest,

When few a thought bestow'd-

Rushy Starwort. Aster junicus.
When sickness threw its venom'd dart,

Dedicated to St. Theodoret.
My pillow was thy aching heart-
Thy gentle looks could joy impart,
With angel love they glow'd.

October 24,

St. Proclus, Abp. of Constantinople, This world is but a troubled sea,

A. D. 447. St. Felix, A. D. 303. St.
And rude its billows seem to me;

Magloire, A. D. 575.
Yet my frail bark must shipwreck'd be,

St. Proclus.
Ere I forget such friend;
Or send an orison on high,

Besides his other perfections he was a
That begs not blessings from the sky,

queller of earthquakes. Butler instances That heav'n will hear a daughter's sigh, that“ Theophanes, and other Greek hisAnd long thy life defend.

torians, tell us that a child was taken up into the air, and heard angels singing the Trisagion, or triple doxology," which is

“in the preface of the mass ;" and that FLORAL DIRECTORY.

therefore St. Proclus“ taught the people Three-leaved Silphium. Silphium triso- to sing it:" he says that "it is at least liatum.

agreed, that on their singing it the earthDedicated to St. Nunilo.

quakes ceased.” Butler represents the style of this father to be “full of lively witty

turns, more proper to please and delight October 23.

than to move the heart.” Twenty of his St. Theodoret, A. D. 362. St. Romanus, 1630, whereof "the first, fifth, and sixth

homilies were published at Rome in Abp. of Rouen, A. D. 639. St. John Capistran, a. D. 1456.

are upon the blessed Virgin Mary, whose St. Ignatius,

title of Mother of God,” says Butler, Patriarch of Constantinople, a. D. 878. “ he justly extols.” He wrote upon mys

St. Severin, Abp. of Cologn, a. D. 400. terious theology and the church festivals,
Another St. Severin.

and was a great disputant.
St. Severin.
The annals of the saints are confused.
St. Severin, Abp. of Cologne, is famous

Zigzag Starwort. Aster flexuosus. in the history of the church : by him, his

Dedicated to St. Proclus.
own diocese, and that of Tongres, " was
purged from the venom of the Arian
heresy, about the year 390." He “knew

October 25.
by revelation the death and glory of St.
Martin at the time of his departure," and Sts. Crysanthus and Daria, 3rd Cent.
died about 400. So says Butler, who Sts. Crispin and Crispinian, A. D.
immediately begins with “ Another St. 287. St. Gaudentius of Brescia, A, D.
Severin or Surin, patron of Bourdeaux,” 420. St. Boniface I. Pope, A. D. 422.
said by some “to have come to Bour-
deaux from some part of the east ;” and

Crispin. by others, to have been “the same with The name of this saint is in the church the foregoing archbishop of Cologne.” It of England calendar and the almanacs; is difficult to make a distinction when we why Crispinian's is disjoined from it we find “two single gentlemen rolled into are not informed




St. Crispin and St. Crispinian PATRONS OF BEE GENTLE CRAFT.


“Our shoes were sow'd with merry notes,

And by our mirth expell’d all moan;
Like nightingales, from whose sweet throats
Most pleasant tunes are nightly blown:

The Gentle Craft is fittest then
For poor distressed gentlemen !"

St. Hugh's Song

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This representation of St. Crispin and and are told that they came from Rome St. Crispinian at their seat of work, is, to preach at Soissons, in France, “ towards faithfully copied from an old engraving the middle of the third century, and, in of the same size by H. David. Every imitation of St. Paul, worked with their body knows that they were shoemakers, hands in the night, making shoes, though and patrons of that “art, trade, mystery, they were said to have been nobly burn calling, or occupation," in praise whereof, and brothers." They converted many lo when properly exercised, too much cannot the Christian faith, till a complaint was be said. Now for a word or two concern- lodged against them before Rictius l'arus, ing these saints. To begin seriously, we “the most implacable enemy of the will recur to the tenth volume of the Christian name, who had been appoin“ Lives of the Saints,” by “the Rev. ed governor by the emperor Maximian Alban Butler," where, on the 504th Herculeus. Butler adds, that “ they page, we find St. Crispin and St. Cris- were victorious over this most inhuman pinian called “ two glorious martyrs," judge, by the patience and constancy

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with which they bore the most cruel tor- troops to attend at matins and mass : ments, and finished their course by the from thence he led them to the field. sword about the year 287.” In the sixth His archers, on whom rested his princentury a great church was built to their cipal hope, he placed in front; beside his honour at Soissons, and their shrine was bow and arrows, his battle-axe or sword, richly ornamented. These are all the each bore on his shoulder a long stake circumstances that Butler relates con- sharpened at both extremities, which he cerning these popular saints : most unac- was instructed to fix obliquely before countably he does not venture a single him in the ground, and thus oppose a miracle in behalf of the good name and rampart of pikes to the charge of the reputation of either.

French cavalry. Many of these archers

had stripped themselves naked ; the On Crispin's-day, in the year 1415, the others had bared their arms and breasts battle of Agincourt was fought between that they might exercise their limbs with the English, under king Henry V., and the more ease and execution: their wellFrench, under the constable d'Albret. earned reputation in former battles, and The French had “a force," says Hume, their savage appearance this day struck "which, if prudently conducted, was suf terror into their enemies. Henry himficient to trample down the English in self appeared on a grey palfrey in a helmet the open field." They had nearly a hun- of polished steel, surmounted by a crown dred thousand cavalry. The English sparkling with jewels, and wearing a force was only six thousand men at surcoat whereon were emblazoned in arms, and twenty-four thousand foot, gold the arms of England and France. mostly archers. The constable of France Followed by a train of led horses, ornahad selected a strong position in the fields mented with the most gorgeous trappings, in front of the village of Agincourt. Each he rode from banner to banner cheering lord had planted his banner on the spot and exhorting the men, The French which he intended to occupy during the were drawn up in the same order, but battle. The night was cold, dark, and with this fearful disparity in point of rainy, but numerous fires lighted the ho- number, that while the English files were rizon; while bursts of laughter and mer- but four, theirs were thirty deep. In riment were repeatedly beard from the their lines were military engines or cansoldiery, who spent their time in revelling non to cast stones into the midst of the and debate around their banners, discus- English. The French force relatively to sing the probable events of the next day, the Eng sh was as seven or six to one.

and fixing the ransom of the English king When pry gave the word, “ Banners B! and his barons. No one suspected the advance the men shouted and ran to

possibility of defeat, and yet no one could wards the enemy, until they were within be ignorant that they lay in the vicinity twenty paces, and then repeated the of the field of Cressy. In that fatal field, shout; this was echoed by a detachment and in the equally fatal field of Poictiers, which immediately issuing from its conthe French had been the assailants : the cealment in a meadow assailed the left French determined therefore, on the pre- flank of the French while the archers ran sent occasion, to leave that dangerous before their stakes, discharged their arrows, honour to the English. To the army of and then retired behind their rampart. Henry, wasted with disease, broken with To break this formidable body, a select fatigue, and weakened by the privations battalion of eight hundred men at arms of a march through a hostile country in had been appointed by the constable ; the presence of a superior force,--this was only seven score of these came into a night of hope and fear, of suspense and action; they were quickly slain, while the anxiety. They were men who bad others unable to face the incessant staked their lives on the event of the ap- shower of arrows, turned their vizors proaching battle, and spent the inter- aside, and lost the government of their vening moments in making their wills, horses, which, frantic with pain, plunged and in attending the exercises of religion. back in different directions into the close Henry sent his officers to examine the ranks. The archers seizing the opporground by moon-light, arranged the ope- tunity occasioned by this confusion, rations of the next day, ordered bands of slung their bows behind them, and music to play in succession during the bursting into the mass of the enemy, with night, and before sun-rise summoned his their sword and battle axes, killed the

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constable and principal commanders, and buried in the nearest churches, or conrouted the first division of the army. veyed to the tombs of their ancestors. Henry formed the archers again, and The rest, to the number of five thousand charged the second division for two hours eight hundred, were deposited in three in a bloody and doubtful contest, wherein long and deep pits dug in the field of Henry himself was brought on his knees batile. This vast cemetery was sur by the mace of one of eighteen French rounded by a strong enclosure of thorns knights who had bound themselves to kill and trees, which pointed out to succeed. or take him prisoner : he was rescued by ing generations the spot, where the resolehis guards, and this second division was tion of a few Englishmen triumphed over ultimately destroyed. The third shared the impetuous but ill-directed valour of the same fate, and resistance having their numerous enemies. Henry returned ceased, Henry traversed the field with to England by way of Dover : the crowd his barons, while the heralds examined the plunged into the waves to meet him; and arms and numbered the bodies of the the conqueror was carried in their arms slain. Among them were eight thousand from his vessel to the beach. The road knights and esquires, more than a hun- to London exhibited one triumphal prodred bannerets, seven counts, the three cession. The lords, commons, and clergy, dukes of Brabant, Bar, and Alençon, and the mayor, aldermen, and citizens, code the constable and admiral of France. The ducted him into the capital : tapestry, reloss of the conquerors amounted to no more presenting the deeds of his ancestors, ihan sixteen hundred nien, with the earl of lined the walls of the houses: pageants Suffolk and the duke of York, who pe- were erected in the streets : sweet wines rished fighting by the king's side, and had ran in the conduits: bands of children an end more honourable than his life. tastefully arrayed sang his praise : and Henry became master of fourteen thou. the whole population seemed intoxicated sand prisoners, the most distinguishedof with joy.- Lingard. whom were the dukes of Orleans and This memorable achievement on CrisBourbon, and the counts of Eu, Ven- pin's-day is immortalized by Shakspeare, dome, and Richmond. As many of the in a speech that he assigns to Henry V. slain as it was possible to recognise were before the battle.

This day is called the feast of Crispian :
He, thai outlives this day, and comes safe home,
Will stand a-tip-toe when this day is named,
And rouse him at the name of Crispian :
He, that shall live this day, and see old age,
Will yearly, on the vigil, feast his friends,
And say,–To-morrow is St. Crispian :
Then will he strip his sleeve, and show his scars.
Old men forget; yet shall not all forget,
But they'll remember, with advantages,
What feats they did that day: Then shall our names,
Familiar in their mouth as household words,
Harry the king, Bedford, and Exeter,
Warwick, and Talbot, Salisbury, and Glo'ster,-
Be in their flowing cups freshly remembered :
This story shall the good man teach his son :
And Crispin Crispian shall ne'er go by,
From this day to the ending of the world,
But we in it shall be remembered :
We few, we happy few, we band of brothers;
For he to-day that sheds his blood with me,
Shall be my brother; be he ne'er so vile,
This day shall gentle bis condition :
And gentlemen in England, now abed,
Shall think themselves accursed they were not here;
And hold their manhoods cheap, while any speaks
That fought with us upon St. Crispin's day.

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