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SEPT. 30,

22 USC 6901 note.

22 USC 6901 note.

22 USC 6901 note.

22 USC 6901 note.

SEC. 617. RELEASE OF PRISONERS AND ACCESS TO PRISONS.

The President and the Secretary, in meetings with representatives of the Government of the People's Republic of China, should

(1) request the immediate and unconditional release of all those held prisoner for expressing their political or religious views in Tibet;

(2) seek access for international humanitarian organizations to prisoners in Tibet to ensure that prisoners are not being mistreated and are receiving necessary medical care; and

(3) seek the immediate medical parole of Tibetan prisoners known to be in serious ill health. SEC. 618. ESTABLISHMENT OF A UNITED STATES BRANCH OFFICE IN

LHASA, TIBET. The Secretary should make best efforts to establish an office in Lhasa, Tibet, to monitor political, economic, and cultural developments in Tibet. SEC. 619. REQUIREMENT FOR TIBETAN LANGUAGE TRAINING.

The Secretary shall ensure that Tibetan language training is available to Foreign Service officers, and that every effort is made to ensure that a Tibetan-speaking Foreign Service officer is assigned to a United States post in the People's Republic of China responsible for monitoring developments in Tibet. SEC. 620. RELIGIOUS PERSECUTION IN TIBET.

(a) HIGH-LEVEL CONTACTS.—Pursuant to section 105 of the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998 (22 U.S.C. 6414), the United States Ambassador to the People's Republic of China should

(1) meet with the 11th Panchen Lama, who was taken from his home on May 17, 1995, and otherwise ascertain information concerning his whereabouts and well-being; and

(2) request that the Government of the People's Republic of China release the 11th Panchen Lama and allow him to pursue his religious studies without interference and according to tradition.

(b) PROMOTION OF INCREASED ADVOCACY.—Pursuant to section 108(a) of the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998 (22 U.S.C. 6417(a)), it is the sense of Congress that representatives of the United States Government in exchanges with officials of the Government of the People's Republic of China should call for and otherwise promote the cessation of all interference by the Government of the People's Republic of China or the Communist Party in the religious affairs of the Tibetan people. SEC. 621. UNITED STATES SPECIAL COORDINATOR FOR TIBETAN

ISSUES. (a) UNITED STATES SPECIAL COORDINATOR FOR TIBETAN ISSUES.—There shall be within the Department a United States Special Coordinator for Tibetan Issues in this section referred to as the “Special Coordinator").

(b) CONSULTATION.—The Secretary shall consult with the chairmen and ranking minority members of the appropriate congressional committees prior to the designation of the Special Coordinator.

22 USC 6901 note.

(c) CENTRAL OBJECTIVE.—The central objective of the Special Coordinator is to promote substantive dialogue between the Government of the People's Republic of China and the Dalai Lama or his representatives.

(d) DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES.—The Special Coordinator shall

(1) coordinate United States Government policies, programs, and projects concerning Tibet;

(2) vigorously promote the policy of seeking to protect the distinct religious, cultural, linguistic, and national identity of Tibet, and pressing for improved respect for human rights;

(3) maintain close contact with religious, cultural, and political leaders of the Tibetan people, including regular travel to Tibetan areas of the People's Republic of China, and to Tibetan refugee settlements in India and Nepal;

(4) consult with Congress on policies relevant to Tibet and the future and welfare of the Tibetan people;

(5) make efforts to establish contacts in the foreign ministries of other countries to pursue a negotiated solution for Tibet; and

(6) take all appropriate steps to ensure adequate resources, staff, and bureaucratic support to fulfill the duties and responsibilities of the Special Coordinator.

Subtitle C-East Timor Transition to

Independence Act of 2002

East Timor
Transition to
Independence Act
of 2002.

22 USC 2656 note.

22 USC 2656 note.

SEC. 631. SHORT TITLE.

This subtitle may be cited as the “East Timor Transition to
Independence Act of 2002”.
SEC. 632. BILATERAL ASSISTANCE.

(a) AUTHORITY.—The President, acting through the Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development, is authorized to

(1) support the development of civil society, including nongovernmental organizations in East Timor;

(2) promote the development of an independent news media:

(3) support job creation, including support for small business and microenterprise programs, environmental protection, sustainable development, development of East Timor's health care infrastructure, educational programs, and programs strengthening the role of women in society;

(4) promote reconciliation, conflict resolution, and prevention of further conflict with respect to East Timor, including establishing accountability for past gross human rights violations;

(5) support the voluntary and safe repatriation and reintegration of refugees into East Timor;

(6) support political party development, voter education, voter registration, and other activities in support of free and fair elections in East Timor; and

(7) promote the development of the rule of law. (b) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—

22 USC 2656 note.

22 USC 2656 note.

(1) IN GENERAL.- There is authorized to be appropriated to the President to carry out this section $25,000,000 for the fiscal year 2003.

(2) AVAILABILITY.-Amounts appropriated pursuant to the authorization of appropriations under paragraph (1) are author

ized to remain available until expended. SEC. 633. MULTILATERAL ASSISTANCE.

The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States executive director at each international financial institution to which the United States is a member to use the voice, vote, and influence of the United States to support economic and democratic development in East Timor. SEC. 634. TRADE AND INVESTMENT ASSISTANCE.

(a) OPIC.--The President should initiate negotiations with the Government of East Timor to enter into a new agreement authorizing the Overseas Private Investment Corporation to carry out programs with respect to East Timor in order to expand United States investment in East Timor, emphasizing partnerships with local East Timorese enterprises. (b) TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT AGENCY.—

(1) IN GENERAL.–The Director of the Trade and Development Agency is authorized to carry out projects in East Timor under section 661 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2421). (2) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—

(A) IN GENERAL.—There are authorized to be appropriated to the Trade and Development Agency to carry out this subsection $1,000,000 for fiscal year 2003.

(B) AVAILABILITY.—Amounts appropriated pursuant to the authorization of appropriations under subparagraph

(A) are authorized to remain available until expended. (c) EXPORT-IMPORT BANK.—The Export-Import Bank of the United States should expand its activities in connection with exports to East Timor to the extent such activities are requested and to the extent there is a reasonable assurance of repayment. SEC. 635. GENERALIZED SYSTEM OF PREFERENCES.

As soon as possible after the enactment of this Act, the United
States Trade Representative and the Commissioner of Customs
should send an assessment team to East Timor to compile a list
of duty-free eligible products so that the Government of East Timor
can begin the process of applying for General System of Preference
benefits.
SEC. 636. AUTHORITY FOR RADIO BROADCASTING.

The Broadcasting Board of Governors should broadcast to East
Timor in an appropriate language or languages.
SEC. 637. SECURITY ASSISTANCE FOR EAST TIMOR.
(a) STUDY AND REPORT.-

(1) STUDY.—The President shall conduct a study to determine

(A) the extent to which East Timor's security needs can be met by the transfer of excess defense articles under section 516 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961;

Records.
22 USC 2656
note.

22 USC 2656 note.

22 USC 2656 note.

President.

(B) the extent to which international military education and training (IMET) assistance will enhance professionalism of the armed forces of East Timor, provide training in human rights, and promote respect for human rights and humanitarian law; and

(C) the terms and conditions under which such defense articles or training, as appropriate, should be provided.

(2) REPORT.—Not later than 180 days after the date of Deadline. the enactment of this Act, the President shall transmit to the appropriate congressional committees a report that contains the findings of the study conducted under paragraph (1). (b) AUTHORIZATION OF ASSISTANCE.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Beginning on the date on which Congress Effective date. receives the report transmitted under subsection (a)(2), or the date on which Congress receives the certification transmitted under paragraph (2), whichever occurs later, the President is authorized

(A) to transfer excess defense articles under section 516 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 232lj) to East Timor in accordance with such section; and

(B) to provide military education and training under chapter 5 of part II of such Act (22 U.S.C. 2347 et seq.) for the armed forces of East Timor in accordance with such chapter.

(2) CERTIFICATION.—A certification described in this paragraph is a certification that

(A) East Timor has established an independent armed forces; and

(B) the assistance proposed to be provided pursuant to paragraph (1)

(i) is in the national security interests of the United States; and

(ii) will promote both human rights in East Timor
and the professionalization of the armed forces of East

Timor.
SEC. 638. REPORTING REQUIREMENT.

22 USC 2656

note. (a) IN GENERAL.-Not later than 180 days after the date of

Deadline. enactment of this Act, and every 12 months thereafter for the next five years, the Secretary shall prepare and transmit to the appropriate congressional committees a report that contains the information described in subsection (b).

(b) INFORMATION.—The report required by subsection (a) shall include

(1) developments in East Timor's political and economic situation in the period covered by the report, including an evaluation of any elections which have occurred in East Timor and the refugee reintegration process in East Timor;

(2) in the initial report, a 3-year plan for United States foreign assistance to East Timor in accordance with section 632, prepared by the Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development, which outlines the goals for United States foreign assistance to East Timor during the 3-year period;

(3) a description of the activities undertaken in East Timor by the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the Asian Development Bank, and other international financial

institutions, and an evaluation of the effectiveness of these activities;

(4) an assessment of the status of United States trade and investment relations with East Timor, including a detailed analysis of any trade and investment-related activity supported by the Overseas Private Investment Corporation, the ExportImport Bank of the United States, or the Trade and Development Agency during the period of time since the previous report;

(5) a comprehensive study and report on local agriculture in East Timor, emerging opportunities for producing, processing, and exporting indigenous agricultural products, and recommendations for appropriate technical assistance from the United States; and

(6) statistical data drawn from other sources on economic growth, health, education, and distribution of resources in East Timor.

Subtitle D-Clean Water for the Americas

Partnership

Clean Water for
the Americas
Partnership Act
of 2002.
22 USC 2151p
note.

22 USC 2151p note.

SEC. 641. SHORT TITLE.

This subtitle may be cited as the “Clean Water for the Americas
Partnership Act of 2002”.
SEC. 642. DEFINITIONS.
In this subtitle:

(1) JOINT PROJECT.—The term “joint project” means a project between a United States association or nonprofit entity and a Latin American or Caribbean association or nongovernmental organization.

(2) LATIN AMERICAN OR CARIBBEAN NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATION.—The term “Latin American or Caribbean nongovernmental organization” includes any institution of higher education, any private nonprofit entity involved in international education activities, or any research institute or other research organization, based in the region.

(3) REGION.—The term “region” refers to the region comprised of the member countries of the Organization of American States (other than the United States and Canada).

(4) UNITED STATES ASSOCIATION.—The term "United States association” means a business league described in section 501(c)(6) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 501(c)(6)), and exempt from taxation under section 501(a) of such Code (26 U.S.C. 501(a)).

(5) UNITED STATES NONPROFIT ENTITY.—The term “United States nonprofit entity” includes any institution of higher education (as defined in section 101(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001(a)), any private nonprofit entity involved in international education activities, or any research institute or other research organization, based in the United

States.
SEC. 643. ESTABLISHMENT OF PROGRAM.

The President is authorized to establish a program which shall be known as the "Clean Water for the Americas Partnership".

22 USC 2151p note.

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