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characterises the Hindoos, and of that re. denomination of the four weeks precedvengeful malignity which is a leading ing the celebration of his birthday. la trait in the Malay character. Some are the Romish church this season of preparzeven powerful logicians, and take delight tion for Christmas is a time of penaxe in investigating new subjects, be they ever and devotion. It consists of four wenta so abstruse. Their learning is confined to or at least four Sundays, which commore the male sex, and the boys are taught by from the Sunday nearest to St. Andrews the priests. Females are denied educa- day, whether before or after it: ancienty tion, except in the higher classes. heir it was kept as a rigorous fast.* books are numerous, and written in a In the church of England it toD. flowing and elegant style, and much inge- mences at the same period. In 1925, S. nuity is manifested in the construction of Andrew's day being a fixed festivalen their stories.

the 30th of November, and happening ra The monarch is arbitrary. He is the a Wednesday, the nearest Sunday to r", sole lord and proprietor of life and pro- being the 27th of November, was the first perty in his dominions; his word is ab- Sunday in Advent; in 1826, St. Andrew's solute law. Every male above a certain day happening on a Thursday, the neurs** age is a soldier, the property of the sove- Sunday to it is on the 3d of Decknin, reign, and liable to be called into service and, therefore, the first Sunday in Alvert. at any moment.

The country presents a rich and beautiful appearance, and, if cultivated, would be one of the finest in the world.

Delv Annual Literature. Captain Cox says, “ wherever I have land

THB AMULET. ed, I have met with security and abundance, the houses and farmyards put me The literary character and his coin mind of the habitations of our little bellishment of the German , farmers in England.”

have occasioned an annual pub...!! of beautifully printed works for pres.r.:5

at this season. The Amulet, for 1", 3 There is a variety of other information of this order. Its purpose is to Ha! concerning this extraordinary race, in the religious instruction with literary amus. interesting memoir which may be obtain- ment. Messrs. W. L. Boules, NET ed at the rooms in Piccadilly. These Bowring, Montgomery, Bernard , were formerly occupied by « Bullock's Conder, Clare, T. C. Croker, Dr. Ari, Museum." Mr. Bullock, however, re- Mrs. Hofland, &c.; and, indeed, in :) tired to Mexico, to form a museum in that duals of various denominations, are cauta country for the instruction of its native tributors of sixty original essays s'! population; and Mr. George Lackington poems to this elegant volume, wiruso's purchased the premises in order to let embellished by highly finished entines such portions as individuals may require, from designs by Martin, Westall, Bicole, from time to time, for purposes of exhi- and other painters of talent. Mr. N:bition, or as rooms for the display and tin's two subjects are engraved by Linser sale of works in the fine arts, and other in his own peculiarly effective manne-. articles of refinement. Mr. Day's “ Exhi- Ilence, while the Amulet aims to inculpat bition of the Moses of the Vatican," and the fitness of Christian precepts, are the other casts from Michael Angelo, with beauty of the Christian character, it 2 numerous subjects in sculpture and paint- specimen of the progress of elegant literaing, of eminent talent, "remains under ture and fine art. the same roof with the Burmese carriage, to charm every eye that can be delighted by magnificent objects.

The Amulet contains a descriptive poethe wherein the meaning of the word erra

is exemplified; it commences on the Deli Advent.

page. This term denotes the coming of the Saviour. In ecclesiastical language it is the

* Butler on the Fasta,

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The Rustic FUNERAL.

À Poetical Sketch.

BY JOHN HOLLAND.

'Twas Christmas and the morning of that day,
When holy men agree to celebrate
The glorious advent of their common Lord,
The Christ of God, the Saviour of mankind !
I, as my wont, sped forth, at early dawn,
To join in that triumphant natal hymn,
By Christians offer'd in the house of prayer.
Full of these thoughts, and musing of the theme,
The high, the glorious theme of man's redemption,
As I pass'd onward through the village lane,
My eye was greeted, and my mind was struck,
By the approach of a strange cavalcade, -
If cavalcade that might be called, which here
Six folks composed—the living and the dead.
It was a rustic funeral, off betimes
To some remoter village. I have seen'
The fair or sumptuous, yea, the gorgeous rites,
The ceremonial, and the trappings proud,
With which the rich man goeth to the dust;
And I have seen the pauper's coffin borne
With quick and hurried step, without a friend
To follow-one to stand on the grave's brink,
To weep, to sigh, to steal one last sad look,
Then turn away for ever from the sight.
But ne'er did pompous funeral of the proud,
Nor pauper's coffin unattended borne,
Impress me like this picturesque array.
Upright and tall, the coffin-bearer, first
Rode, mounted on an old gray, shaggy ass;
A cloak of black hung from his shoulders down,
And to the hinder fetlocks of the beast
Depended, not unseemly: from his hat
A long crape streamer did the old man wear,
Which ever and anon play'd with the wind :
The wind, too, frequently blew back his cloak,
And then I saw the plain neat vaken coffin,
Which held, perchance, a child of ten years old.
Around the coffin, from beneath the lid,
Appeard the margin of a milk-white shroud,
All cut, and crimp'd, and pounc'd with eyelel-holes
As well became the last, last earthly robe
In which maternal love its object sees.
A couple follow'd, in whose looks I read
The recent traces of parental grief,
Which grief and agony had written there.
A junior train-a little boy and girl,
Next follow'd, in habiliments of black ;
And yet with faces, which methought bespoke
Somewhat of pride in being marshall’d thus,
No less than decorous and demure respect.
The train pass'd by: but onward as I sped,
I could not raze the picture from my mind;

Nor could I keep the unavailing wish
That I had own'd albeit but an hour,
Thy gifted pencil, Stothard !-rather still,
That mine had match'd thy more than graphic pen,
Descriptive Wordsworth! This at least I claim,
Feebly, full feebly to have sketch'd a scene,
Which, 'midst a thousand recollections stor’d
Of village sights, impress'd my pensive mind

With some emotions ne'er to be forgot.
Sheffield Park.

FLORAL DIRECTORY.
Variegated Stapelia. Stapelia variegata.
Dedicated to St. Stephen, the younger.

November 29. the public, that after the letters are place!

by the compositors, and enclosed in wle! St. Saturninus, Bp. A. D. 257. St. Rad- is called the form, little more remains in bod, Bp. A. D. 918.

man to do, than to attend upon, and

watch this unconscious agent in its opera CHRONOLOGY.

tions. The machine is then merely supInvention of Printing by Steam. plied with paper : itself places the form, The Times journal of Tuesday, Novem- inks it, adjusts the paper to the form er the 29th, 1814, was the first newspaper it forth to the hands of the attendant, a

newly inked, stamps the sheet, and gives printed by steam. To the editor of the Every-Day Book the application of ma

the same time withdrawing the form for chinery, through this power, to the pro

a fresh coat of ink, which itself again disduction of a newspaper seemed so preg

tributes, to meet the ensuing sheet Dox nant with advantages the world, that he advancing for impression; and the white purchased The Times of that morning, with such a velocity and simultaneousness

of these complicated acts is performed within an hour of its appearance, “ as a curiosity,” and here transcribes' from it of movement, that no less than eleven the words wherein it announced and de- hundred sheets are impressed in one boer. scribed the mode by which its fitness for of this kind, not the effect of chance, but

That the completion of an iuventus publication was on that day effected. The Times introduces the subject, methodically arranged in the mind if the

the result of mechanical combinatius through its “leading article," thus :

artist, should be attended with many ob “ LONDON, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 29, structions and much delay, may be ready 1814.

admitted. Our share in this event has, “Our journal of this day presents to indeed, only been the application of is: the public the practical result of the discovery, under an agreement with the greatest improvement connected with Patentees, to our own particolar business, printing, since the discovery of the art yet few can conceive-even with t's itself . The reader of this paragraph now

limited interest,—the various disasterholds in his hand, one of the many thou- ments and deep anxiety to which we have sand impressions of The Times newspa- for a long course of time been subjen

sind per, which were taken off last night by a

“ Of the person who made this dis mechanical apparatus. A system of ma- very we have but little to add. chinery almost organic has been devised ChrisTOPHER Wren's noblest monunu'! and arranged, which, while it relieves the is to be found in the building which ha human frame of its most laborious efforts erected; so is the best tribute of prune, in printing, far exceeds all human powers which we are capable of offering to the in rapidity and despatch. That the mag- inventor of the Printing Machine, comnitude of the invention may be justly prised in the preceding description, which appreciated by its effects, we shall inform we have feebly sketched, of the powers

and utility of his invention. It must suffice to say farther, that he is a Saxve

* The Amulet.

and Companions.

by birth; that his name is Kenig; and that the invention has been executed

November 30. under the direction of his friend and St. Andrew, Apostle. St. Narses, Bp. countryman Baver."

Sts. Sapor and
Isaac. Bps. Mahanes, Abraham, and

Simeon, A. D. 339.
On the 3d of December, 1824, The
Times commences a series of remarks,

St. Andrew
entitled, “ Invention of Printing by
Steam,” by observing thus. “Ten years

PATRON SAINT OF SCOTLAND.' elapsed on the 29th of last month, since

This saint is in the church of England this journal appeared for the first time calendar and the almanacs. He was one of printed by a mechanical apparatus ; and the apostles. It is affirmed that he was put to it has continued to be printed by the same

death in the year 69, at Patræ, in Achaia, method to the present day.” It speaks by having been scourged, and then fastof consequent advantages to the public, ened with cords to a cross, in which pofrom earlier publication, and better press

siticn he remained“ teaching and inwork, and says, “ This journal is un-structing the people all the time," until doubtedly the first work ever printed by his death, at the end of two days. It is a mechanical apparatus : we attempted the common opinion that the cross of St. on its introduction to do justice to the Andrew was in the form of the letter X, claims of the inventor Mr. Kanig, who styled a cross decussate, composed of two some years afterwards returned to his pieces of timber crossing each other obnative country, Germany, not benefited, liquely in the middle. That such crosses we fear, up to the full extent of his me

were sometimes used is certain, yet no rits, by his wonderful invention and his clear proofs are produced as to the form exertions in England." In refuting some of St. Andrew's cross. A part of what pretensions which infringed on Mr. Kæ

was said to have been this cross was nig's claim to consideration as the author carried to Brussels, by Philip the Good, of the invention, The Times states, that duke of Burgundy, and Brabant, who in “ before Mr. Kænig left this country, he honour of it, instituted the knights of the accomplished the last great improvement, golden fleece, who, for the badge of their -namely, the printing of the sheet on order, wear a figure of this cross, called both sides. In consequence of successive St. Andrew's cross, or the cross of Burimprovements, suggested and planned by gundy. The Scots honour St. Andrew Mr. Kænig the inventor, our machines as principal patron of their country, and now print 2,000 with more ease than their historians tell us, that a certain ab1,100 in their original state.” Hence, as bot called Regulus, brought thither from in 1814, 1,100 is represented to have Constantinople in 369, certain relics of been the number then thrown off within this apostle, which he deposited in a the hour, it follows that the number now church that he built in his honour, with printed every hour is 2,000. The Times a monastery called Abernethy, where adds, “ we cannot close this account now the city of St. Andrew stands. without giving our testimony not only io Many pilgrims resorted thither from fothe enlightened mind and ardent spirit of reign countries, and the Scottish monks Mr. Kænig, but also to his strict honour of that place were the first who were and pure integrity. Our intercourse with culdees. The Muscovites say, he preached him was constant, during the very critical among them, and claim him as the prinand trying period when he was bringing cipal titular saint of their empire. Peter his invention into practice at our office; the Great instituted the first order of so that we had no slight knowledge of his knighthood under his name. This is the manners and character: and the conse- order of the blue ribbon ; the order of quence has been, sincere friendship and the red ribbon, or of St. Alexander high regard for him ever since.'

Newski, was instituted by his widow and

to the throne, the empress

Catherine.*
FLORAL DIRECTORY.
Sphenogyne. Sphenogyne piliflora.

Naogeorgus, in the words of his trans-
Dedicated to St. Saturninus.

lator Barnaby Googe, says,

successor

* Butter

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To Andrew all the lovers and

do. When the bishop was informed of ühe lustie wooers come,

the message, he answered that she shuni Beleeving through his ayde, and go and confess herself to his “per

certaine ceremonies done, (While as to him they presentes bring,

tauncer,” who had power from him u and conjure all the night)

hear confessions. Thereupon she seat To have good lucke, and to obtaine

the bishop word, that she would not retheir chiefe and sweete delight.

veal the secrets of her confession to any but himself; therefore the bishop cor

manded her to be brought to him. Where 'In an account of the parish of Easling, upon, being in his presence, she told him, in Kent, it is related that, “ On St. An- that her father was a mighty king, wis drew's day, November 30, there is yearly a had purposed to give her to a prince i diversion called squirrel-hunting in this marriage, but that having devoted herself and the neighbouring parishes, when the to piety, she refused, and that her faite labourers and lower kind of people, as had constrained her so much, that sie sembling together, form a lawless rabble, must either have consented to bis wil, or and being accoutred with guns, poles, suffered divers torments; wherefore sbe clubs, and other such weapons, spend the chose to live in exile, and had ded se greatest part of the day in parading cretly away to the bishop, of whose boy through the woods and grounds, with life she had heard, and with whom she loud shoutings; and, under the pretence now prayed to live in secret contemplaof demolishing the squirrels, some few of tion," and eschewe the evyll perylles of which they kill, they destroy numbers of this prezent lyfe.” Then the bishop mashares, pheasants, partridges, and in short velled greatly, as well for the nobility of whatever comes in their way, breaking her descent, as for the beauty of ber pero down the hedges, and doing much other son, and said choose thee an house, and mischief, and in the evening betaking I wyll that thou dyne with me this themselves to the alehouses."*

daye;" and she answered that evil suspi

cion might come thereof, and the stuen" At Dudingston, distant from Edinburgh dour of his renown be thereby impared. a little more than a mile, many opu- To this the bishop replied, that there lent citizens resort in the summer months would be many others present, therefure to solace themselves over one of the there could be no such suspicion. Then ancient homely dishes of Scotland, for the devil dined with the bishop, wboxed which the place has been long celebrated, not know him, but admired him as a fair singed sheep's heads boiled or baked. The lady, to whom therefore the bishop paid frequent use of this solace in that village, so much attention, that the devil pere is supposed to have arisen from the prac- ceived his advantage, and began to 10tice of slaughtering the sheep fed on the crease in beauty more and more; and neighbouring hill for the market, remov- more and more the bishop marvelled at ing the carcases to town, and leaving the the exceeding loveliness before him, and head, &c. to be consumed in the place.f did homage thereto, and conceived greater Brand adds, that “ singed sheep's heads affection than a bishop should. Txen a are borne in the procession before the pilgrim smore at the bishop's gate, and Scots in London, on St. Andrew's day.” though he knocked hard they would not

open the door; then the pilgrim at time There is a marvellous pleasant story in gate knocked louder, and the bishop gie* the “ Golden Legend,” of a bishop that less charitable and more polite, and asked loved St. Andrew, and worshipped him the beautiful creature before him, whetite above all other saints, and remembered it was her pleasure that the pilgrim sheud him every day, and said prayers in ho- enter; and she desired that a queste nour of God and St. Andrew, insomuch should be put to the pilgrim, which, if that the devil spitefully determined to do he could answer, he should be received, him mischief. "Wherefore, on a certain and if he could not, he should alrede day, the devil transformed himself" in to without as not worthy to come in. And the fourme of a ryght fayre woman," and the company assented thereto, and the came to the bishop's palace, and desired bishop said, none of them were so . t3 in that “ fourme" to confess, as women propose the question as the lady, because

in fair speaking and wisdom, she sar+ Sir J. Sinclair's Statist. Acc. of Scotland. passed them all. Then she required that

* Hasted'. Kent.

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