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happy than the course adopted and per- in the crisis, that the voice of the Amerisisted in. And the Government should can people shall be unanimous in favor of have known that such conciliation was redressing the wrongs of our much-inthe way both to peace, and to the secur- jured and long-suffering claimants." In ing of our just rights and interests at the other words, this affair was to be so conhands of Mexico. But let this pass. ducted, that the hearts of the American Mexico refused to receive Mr. Slidell in people might be prepared for war." Fithe ordinary form as a Minister, resident nally, Mr. Buchanan says: “ In the near that Government, until he, or some. mean time, the President, in anticipation body else, had first been received as a of the final refusal of the Mexican GovCommissioner, to make terms with her in ernment to receive you, has ordered the regard to Annexation. Such a Commis- Army of Texas to advance and take posioner she professed herself willing to re- sition on the left bank of the Rio Grande ; ceive. Mr. Slidell insisted that she had and has directed that a strong fleet shall promised to receive a Minister, with full be immediately assembled in the Gulf of powers. This she denied ; and he was Mexico. He will thus be prepared to act rejected. Now, the very grounds on with vigor and promptitude the moment which she put this rejection--however that Congress shall give him the authority.” absurd, and however false--show con What becomes now, we ask in view clusively that she did not mean war by of this explicit declaration, of the prethis rejection. She meant to run the tence set up by the President, that his bazard of a war begun by us for such a order of the 13th of January, for the cause; but the manner of the rejection movement of the army from the Nuecer precluded the idea of its being taken as a to the Rio Grande, was prompted by some declaration of war on her part, or as lead- new and urgent necessity,“ 10 provide ing necessarily to such a declaration, or for the defence of that portion of our counto any acts of hostility. We are per- try!" Who does not now see that that fectly safe in saying, that the President order originated in another and a very did not so regard ii--by anticipation or different design? The rejection of Mr. otherwise.
Slidell was to be the signal for war—the The other alternative then remains, ostensible ground of which should be the namely: that be intended to consider, and unsatisfied claims of our citizens on the so far as depended on him, to make, the justice of Mexico. There were real obrejection of Mr. Slidell, taken in con- jects which were not disclosed. nection with the unsatisfactory state of hearts of our people were to be prepared our relations with Mexico, cause of war, for the war. Congress was to be apor rather the occasion of war with that pealed to for its authority, but not-as power; and that he directed the move- events have demonstrated until a hosment of our army to the Rio Grande, by tile incursion and military demonstrahis order of the 13th of January, as a tions, under Executive direction, carried hostile operation, or at least as calculated, through Mexican settlements and Mexiin its very nature, and by its necessary can military posts up to the gates of a effects and results, to leave no alter. Mexican city, more than one hundred native but war to either Government. niles beyond the remotest dwelling of We believe this to have been the exact any Texan citizen, and the remotest limstate of the case. Indeed the proof that its of Texan authority and jurisdiction, it was so is at hand, and is incontrovert- had made the war inevitable, and left ible.
Congress no alternative but to adopt and On the 20th of January Mr. Buchanan prosecute it. The President knew as addresses a dispatch to Mr. Slidell, writ- well as we could tell him, that the Rio ten after information had been received del Norte was the nominal boundary of of the probable” rejection of the Min. Texas only; that Texas could not make ister. In this dispatch the purpose of it her boundary by her declaration merethe President is fully disclosed. He tells ly; that the country on the east bank of Mr. Slidell, in case of his final rejection, that river for fifteen hundred miles, conthat " nothing will then remain for this stituting parts of four provinces or deGovernment, but to take the redress of partments of Mexico, with several cities the wrongs of its citizens into its own —Santa Fé among the number---was in. hands." “ The desire of the President habited exclusively by Mexicans, and is, that you (Mr. Slidell] should conduct was, as it had been continually, excluyourself with such wisdom and firmness sively under Mexican jurisdiction; that
the question of boundary, expressly re- has been willing should publicly appear. served in the Act of Annexation, related As soon as he was fairly settled in his solely to the country beyond the Nueces seat, his policy was fixed. Texas proper and in the direction of the Rio Grande was secured already, and without his aid. a question which it was one professed He must have more than ever belonged object of the Mission of Mr. Slidell, in- to Texas. There was the fine country of stituted by the President himself, to ad- the Rio Grande—that he would have at just with Mexico; that the jurisdiction all hazards; and his appetite was sharp of Texas, though exercised « beyond the for California also. Mexico owed our Nueces,” never extended to or near the citizens some millions, and she was unRio Grande; that though the country wise enough to sulk about Annexation, “ between” these two rivers had been and yet leave these debts unpaid. Here represented in the Congress and Conven- was a capital chance for a blow, and a tion of Texas, and is now included with. speculation. He could get her lands in in one of our Congressional districts, and consideration of the debts, and make war within our revenue system, yet that nei- upon her, if need be, to secure them, and ther Texan authority, nor the authority still throw the fault of the war on her. of the United States, had ever approached He could make her bear all and everywithin a hundred miles of the Rio Grande, thing—the loss of Texas—the loss of as until our power was carried there by the much more territory as we could grasp hostile march of an invading army. All and the blame and the cost of the war. this the President knew; and we believe The new territory acquired would pay for he acted with a full understanding—or all, and the country would sing pæans to at least a confident expectation of the the President, and compel him to serve consequences that have resulted, when them for another term.
Mexico was he issued his order for the march of that poor, distracted, in anarchy, and almost in army. The war is his, and he made it. ruins—what could she do to stay the hand
But we must bring this article to a of our power, to impede the march of our close. It is manifest to us that the object greatness? We were Anglo-Saxon Amewhich the President has all along pro- ricans; it was our “ destiny" to possess posed to himself to secure, out of our dif. and to rule this continent — we were ficulties with Mexico, has been the ac- bound to do it! We were a chosen peoquisition of territory. Fifteen hundred ple, and this was our allotted inheritance, miles of territory, from the mouth to the and we must drive out all other nations highest sources of the Rio Grande, on the before us ! left bank of that river, including several The President was ready to bring on towns and cities, and sixty thousand this war with Mexico in June, a year ago. Mexicans, with several of the richest Everything was said and done to seduce mines in all Mexico-so much, at least, General Taylor, even then, to prepare for was to be secured. And if Upper Cali- his march, and not to stop short of the fornia, with Monterey, and the fine har- Rio Grande. At first some degree of cau. bor of San Francisco, could be clutched tion was employed. He was to defend at the same time, no doubt the President Texas, as far as wherever Texans bad exhas thought that his administration would tended their possessions; and he was to be signalized as among the most glorious approach as near the Rio Grande as pru. in the annals of the aggrandized republic. dence would allow. But he was not 10 He has calculated largely on the supreme disturb any Mexican posts or Mexican affection which he thinks animates the settlements. Shortly after this, he was American people for their neighbor's pos- told, if a Mexican force should cross the sessions or what he supposes to be the Rio Grande, or attempt to cross it, this covetous desires, the rapacity, and the would be war; and Texas must be deambition of the “ Model Republic.” Wit- fendedman object which he would then ness the absurd and false claim set up to but secure by himself crossing the river the whole of Oregon-as high as fifty- and taking and holding possession of Mafour, forty-and his readiness to involve tamoras and “other places ” in the counus in war with England, to back this pre- try. No more cautions now about Mex. tension.
ican posts and settlements this side of the The President must allow us to do him Great River. Finally, he was told, with the the justice to say, that he has been more Rio Grande again distinctly set before bim: consistent with himself from the begin- “ You need not wait for directions from ning of this Mexican business, than he Washington, to carry out what you may.
proper to be done.” This was said to war with Mexico on his sole authority, General Taylor, after the President had even though Congress was then present become satistied that “no serious attempt at Washington—and finally, now, in unwould be made by Mexico to invade dertaking the conquest of Mexico, even, Texas." Still the wily soldier held back. if need be, to the gates of the Imperial Mexico would not invade Texas, and City, with an army to be composed of Taylor would not invade Mexico. What militia, to the amount of five-sixths of its was to be done? Says the President, numbers, when his utmost authority, un“ After our army and navy had remained der the Constitution, is to employ militia on the frontier and coasts of Mexico for “to repel invasions”-in all these things, many weeks, without any hostile move. and in others which might be named, he meni on her part, I deemed it important manifests a reckless disregard of Constito put an end, if possible, to this state of tutional restraints, and of his own sol. things.” Then the mission to Mexico emn oath, in which he leaves far behind was undertaken. It was undertaken in him, in the career of daring experiment order “to put an end to this state of and political gambling, the worst and things.” The President was impatient boldest of his predecessors. God help that Mexico would commence no hostile the country, while he remains at the head movement on her part. . That mission of it! came to an unhappy conclusion, and still We have intimated, in the commencewithout any prospect of a “ hostile move- ment of this article, what we thought the ment” on the part of Mexico. And then Administration ought to do—the initiative it was, and finally, “ to put an end to this steps it ought immediately to take-to state of things,” that the peremptory or restore peaceful relations with Mexico. der was given for the march of our army But we confess we have little to hope to the Rio Grande. Hence the war !-- from the Administration-except in the and he who runs may read how it was difficulties which will certainly environ begun, and for what objects it was under- every step of its further progress in its taken.
proposed career of conquest. Possibly We had intended, in conclusion, to re- Mexico, having done what she could, cur to the plans of the Administration for may soon succumb to our power. But prosecuting this war, in connection with beyond this, our hopes of peace rest the objects manifestly proposed to be se- mainly on the interested interposition of cured by it. And we had intended, also, other Powers of England or France, or to note some of the more glaring instances both—with their friendly offices, to mewhere the Constitution has been, and is, diate between us and Mexico. Without wantonly trampled upon in this business. such mediation, if prayers of ours could be But we must stop. Hardly has the Pres- heard in such high quarters, we would ident deemed it necessary to pay even a pray the Administration, for the honor of decent and cold respect to the remains of ihe country, for humanity's sake, to make that once venerated instrument. In every peace with Mexico. We pray God to step of his progress-in sending an army put thoughts of peace into their heartsinto Texas, and in authorizing a call for peace with justice and honor-peace militia from that country, while it was without conquest, or the wanton desire still a foreign and independent republic, of spoiling the enemy of his goods, his in directing the invasion of the proper possessions and his heritage. soil of Mexico, covered with Mexican
D. D. B. posts and settlements--in beginning a
HEARTS WE LOVE.
BY W. T. BACON.
They talk of homes amid the wild,
And fancy decks them forth
To beautify the earth;
E'er human heart did move,
In bappy hearts we love.
The sailor sails upon the sea,
His heart, bis home is there;
Comes in that spot and air;
And all its wonders prove,
Like that in hearts we love.
And one will find his home in fame,
Another in his gain,
And riot in the mean;
A joy, a thing to move ;
That lives in hearts we love.
And some have thought the martyr's crown,
So full of glories bright,
To thrill with wild delight;
A joy like that above,
That burns in hearts we love.
Others have thought the poet's fire
Unearthly pleasure has,
That doth in Heaven blaze;
Rapt is his soul above,
Found in the hearts we love.
When morning comes, we go abroad
Upon the vernal earth,
Is in its shouting mirth;
Its living pulses move,
The bliss of hearts we love.
The warrior dares the angry path
Where death.doomed surges swell,
He seeks-it pleases well;
O'er those life late did move,
Poured from the hearts we love.
Then give me one in which my own
Shall ever center'd be,
The richer man than he;
One joy like this to move
And lives in our own love.
“We are fond of talking of those who have given us pleasure, not that we have anything important to say, but because the subject is pleasing."--GOLDSMITH'S LIFE OF PARNELL
“Blest with a taste exact, yet unconfined,
A knowledge both of books and human kind.”—POPE. “Je parle au papier comme je parle au premier que je rencontre.”—MONTAIGNE, Chap. 1, Liv. 3d.
Hunt's temperament and genius have when quietly informed by the parson been strongly marked by the decided that he had never seen it. Crowds of characters of his parents. His father was carriages were to be seen at the door of a West Indian, a descendant of a long the church, and one of his congregation line of clergymen, and was educated at had an engraving made of him, and a Philadelphia, where, when difficulties lady of the name of Cooling left him by broke out between England and America, her will £500, as a return for the gratifihe sided zealously with the mother councation his sermons had afforded her. try, and became obnoxious to the citi. Unfortunately his polished manners and zens, who seized him with the intention accomplished mind, joined with a strong of giving him a coat of tar and feathers; inclination and keen relish for the festive but while proceeding on their way to ac- enjoyments of society, too often brought complish their design, their prisoner was him to the tables of the gay and the witstruck on the head so violently by a ty. He was blessed with various and stone, that he fell senseless, and his eye. pliant powers. He told a story capital. sight was so much impaired by the blow, ly, had seen much of life, which gave that he ever after was compelled to wear a shrewdness and point to his conversaglasses. He now thought it best to tion. Here he was in his element. Betleave for England, and on his arrival in ter for him if he had remained in BarbaLondon he was strenously advised to go does; there he could unreproved have on the stage by some actors who had quoted Horace, enjoyed “ the pleasant heard him recite, but instead of this he labyrinths of ever fresh discourse," and went into the church. When he spoke quaffed his wine. There is much matter his farewell oration on leaving College, of fact in the nature of John Bull, and two young ladies fell in love with him, in his island, “ where merchants most do one of whom he afterwards married. congregate,” the gay dashing divine was He is described as being fair and hand- incomprehensible to the shopkeepers, some, with delicate features, a small who knew not under what head to class aquiline nose and blue eyes. To a him, especially as he was poor. With graceful address he joined a remarkably ten thousand a year, he could have led fine voice, which he modulated with the same life unreproached and even adgreat effect. It was by reading that he mired. completed the conquest of his wife's heart, a graceful and noble method of
“But let a man of parts be wrong, courtship. He was ordained by the cele 'Tis triumph to the leaden throng. brated Lowth, then Bishop of London,
The fools shall cackle out reproof, and in a short time became so popular
The very ass shall raise his hoof;
And he who holds in his possession, that the Bishop sent for him and remon
The single virtue of discretion, strated against his preaching so many Who knows no overflow of spirit, charity sermons. His delivery was ad Whose want of passion is his merit, mirable, and one day Thomas Sheridan Whom wit and taste and judgment flies, came up to him in the vestry and com Shall shake his noddle and seem wise." plimented him on having profited so well from his treatise on reading the Liturgy. He became careless and inattentive to Fancy the astonishment of Sheridan his profession, “society became his glit
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