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EUROPEAN MAGAZINE,

For MARCH

1794.

ence.

MEMOIRS OF THE RIGHT HONOURABLE WILLIAM

BURTON CONYNGHAM.

[ WITH A PORTRAIT. ] THE name of this Gentleman was digging, and clearing away the rubbish

He is de which concealed a great part of the seended from the very ancient family of Theatre of Saguntum, in Spain. The that name in Yorkshire. Mr.CoNYNG- novelty of this light gave rise to a reHam took the name wbich he now bears port among the people of that town, on the death of his uncic, LORD that Mr. Č. was digging for the gold CONYNGHAM, of the kingdom of Ire- bells, valued at one hundred thousand 1.d. He is one of the Lords of the pounds sterling, which tradition reTreasury in Ireland, a Member of the ported to have been concealed in this House of Commons, and a Privy Coun. place. The fable obtained credit fo fellor of that Kingdom, Vice President far, that thc Prime Minifter of the day and Treasurer of the Royal Irith thought it expedicnt to dispatch one Academy, Fellow of the Royal and of his Majesty's engineers from MaAntiquary Socictics of England, and driv, to inipect theic operations : the 2 Meinber of several Foreign Acade- workmen notwithftanding proceeded, mies. The abilities of Mr. Conyng- and discovered the treasures which liam have been particularly applied to Mr. C. fought for ; they consisted of onje&ts of national utility and conveni. a number of ancien: inserip:ions, bases

He often speaks in the Irish and capitals of columns, and a curious S. patc upon matters of trade and Roman alrar. Asioon as rawiny were is policy, and, as few men poffefs morc i:- taken of these, antique fragments, the iurmation on these subjeêts, he is always originals were pretented to the engineer, beard with the greatest attention. He as a reward for his trouble. Mr. Co18 a very excellent engineer. The road nyngham is known to the lovers of Thee leads to Dublin from the Phoenix Wriu, by the patronage tharlie has afPark bears his naine; an honour bestow- forded to an ingenious architect or his ed upon him for planning it, and the country, Nir. JAMES MURPHY, in his exeriion and talents he displayed in its defcription of the Royal Miovaftcry of fabrication. And also one of the finest Batalha, in Portugal, from the dedicaroads in Ireland extending upwards of tion of which elegini work our porfixty miles, from Rutland to Donnegal, trait of Mr. Conynghrain is taheu, by was planned by him; a work, which, for the permillion of Mr. Murpliv. It is aras, had been considered as impracti- with pleasure that, in theic times of cabic by all the gentlemen of that coun- fiction and of luxurv, we can present to try. But the fubject which mostly on- the public a character like this of lír. pages his liberal leisure,is antiquity. The Conyngham, a man of diftinguithed w.icētion of drawings relating to Irish runk in ll great fortune, 1 ho, facrificing churches, abbe; s, and calle, in his the enjoyments of retirement, and disa políeffiun, is cftccmed the most valuable daining the allurements of ditipation, extant; and there are but few objects confecrates his talents to the advantage, of antiquity in Spain or in Portugal of and the improvement of his country. which he has not drawings, as he Wc couid with that his example was traveled through these countries 20- more imitated in thcle kingdoms, and companied by three ingenious artists that abilities and wealth liki his were he employed for that purpose. One of applied to uses for which they were destese artists rclates, that thre:fcore signed by the order of Vature, and the workmin were employed by him, in directions of Providence.

22

THE

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THE WITCHES OF SHAKSPEARE. A Swe learn from one of to-day's

Next dition of the supposed difturbers of papers, that the Tragedy of Mac- coentry villages, who so much exerbelb will be revived at the New Theatre cised the fagacity of our Britilh Solo. jo Drury-lane, with such expensive mon, King James the First. ornaments as the liberal Manager of The dress of the Weird Sifters ought Covent Garden has alrely buitowed not to relemhle any that custom has on Hamlet, the following hints relative rendered familiar. The steeple crowned to the dress and conduct of the Witches hat, the neck-handkerchiet, the gown, may nor be improperly suggested in this the quilted petticoat, &c. should all be public vehicle of inttruction and enter- laid aside. Loose, duiky vesturcs, of tainment.

uncouth or indeterminate shape, may We are well aware of the general bc fubftituted for these mean habilia adherence of Managers to ancianie prac. menis. Nor have we yet been informed rices. By these Gentlemen precedents why Hecate thould wear mittens, a are too frequently adduced to countc. plaited cap with a towcry front to it, a nance detceted abiurdities, or apologize ruff

, a red stomacher, and a laccd apron; for oinitsions that are never meant to be for such were the paraphernalia of fupplied. Till the influence of the Messrs. BEARD and 'CHAMPNESS in priblic, therefore, is exerted, fuch de- that character, at a time when our ini. vixtions from propriery as have been mitabic GARRICK perfonated Macbeib. long endured, will continue to dilgrace The scenery also in thic fourth Aci zhe Stage in almost every drama that should be illuminated only by glimples requires a peculiar display of character, issuing from the cauldron, and fintly fccncry, and dress.

brightening up at intervals. Our Author The representation prefixed to Ho himfelf, in one of the choruffes to King linthead's narrative of Macbeth's en. llenry the Fifth, has described the pico' counter with the il'ciret Sitters, is ridi: yurcique effect of objects visible by the culousy inilconceived : But Shak. reflected light of nocturnal tires. speare's idea of these dangerous females

"Lothro' thcir paly flames was wholly different from that suggested

! Each battle fees the other's umber' hy the print before him. He, in con

face." formity to our ancient Chroniclcr's description, has given us terrific bags, Thus allo Milton, in his Il Penferofam in tead of the young well-dressed ladics

“ Where glowing cmbers thro' the in the wooden cut ; as the latter arc by “wonen in ftrauye and

“ Tcach light to counterfeit a gloom." furiy apparel, resembling creatures of au elder worke."

Across the mouth of the cavcry a thin On the modern Stage these imaginary bluish gauze should be extended. Thro' beings have lümetimes been drefied above this hazy medium the royal phantoms their rank, and fometimes beycath it. By would appear as shadows, and Tufficient the claflical Mr. COIMAX they were distinction be produced between the clevated into majestic lybils. Mr. fubftantial and unsubitantial beings on GARRICK Piwk them down into beg- the Stage. A vilion of ablent ladies garly Gammer Gurtons, with high- was thus naturally exhibited in the crowned nars on their heads, and broom- after-piece of Selinaand Azor, at Druryíticks in their hands. A morc fuitable lanc; and the l'uccess of the fame mihabit for them may casily be contrived, chanilm was abundantly justitied by the without running into either extreme; skilful representation of a fog, in a pan for a corubination of rags and vulgar tomime at Mr. Colman's Theatre in attributes, is incompatible with the 10- the Haynarket. femu agency of fuch powerful Belo But till, the force of the most cha. dames; willt a formal tatcliness of racteristic scenery will be alvorare, as gari does bit i!! accord with the in- long as the latches themiclves are relorious onlichici to which they occa- prefented by Comic Actors, who think sionally condcíceud. Sybiiline robes, their “ occupation's gone," unicts they therefore, are misplaced on a "killer are allowed to folicit luoghter from the of live ;” and yor the representatives loweti cialo of spectators. The judi. of creatures who have the clements at cious Mr. MUNDES, of Covent Gare cummand, would appear aborc the con- den, las lately thewn that l'osniai nav

arrear

room

no nicais

appear with much effect, independent with some ingredient of peculiar maof butfowery; and though the plca- lignity, judiciously felected it from the lant voice and countenance of Mr. vitals of an antique Jeru, the blafphemer QUICK, of the fame Theatre, are of a Being whole name would be too truly welcome in the Old Woman in irreverendly mentioned in a critique oa Rule a Wife and Have a Wifi, it may tage exhibition. be hoped that his good understand. Toluveralother pafages in preceding ing (for a good one it is) will hencefor dialogues between the titebus, a ludia ward reftrain him from intermeddling crous turn has also been annexed by cur with serious witchcraft, in which bis late performers; either because they excellencies only ferve to counteract his were firangers to the drift of the fentiAuthor's defigii. In short, the flatu- ments and allusions entrusted to their lence of Punch in the puppet-show of care, or were resolved, at all cvenis, the Wife Judgement of Solomon, is not to confult their own private interest as more out of place, than the lo:vard lu- Comedians, by debating Tragedy to dicrous contortions of three grinning, Farce. It is time, therefore, that petticoated, malc buffoons, during the fupernatural agents, who ride the air most sublime and awful process through. in whirlwinds, awake the dead, recal out the whole drama ot Macberb. the past, and anticipate the future,

It may be fubjoined, that after all the Nould bc rcfcued from the hands of tricks of grimace have been exhausted,the Mummers. We cannot conclude wichonly article among our Author's "poi. out repcaiing, that the fole ambition of fon d entrails" that decisively awakens there Zanics has hitherto beon to proe the risibility of the upper regions, is voke applaute from fools who chuckle the

in thc Galleries, and perhaps may club “ Lirer of b'ajpbeming Jewe."

their thilings at the Beaclits of Alors

who have engrafted mérriment on This materia magica both John and his scene that unites the folcmnities of infavourite Sufan conceive to have been cantation with the terrors of a Monarch a part of one of thosc itinerant Smouches who has just been taught that iis irre. by whom every man and inaid fervant in vocable crimes were perpetrated in the kingdom has been occafionally de- vain. frauded. llunce the roar of vindicrive Should the foregoing remarks be cxultation abovcoftairs, when the fup- overlooked by our augutt Managers, pored inteftine of an Ifraelite is thrown we may at least expert they wili 110 into the blaze. But it were needlets to longer dclude thc public by a falli de. demonstrate that fo mean, to unlcaton- Icription of this celebrated Play of able an image had never obtruded itfulf Shakipearc, but boldly advertise in on our Poet's imagination. Befides, their future Bills" This Evening will bialpbemy, from whatever month it pro- be pretented the Tragi-comedy ut Macceeds, is no topic for laughter. Shak- beih." fpeare, desirous to impregnate his charın

a

March 10, 1794.

TWO LETTERS FROM GENERAL WASHINGTON TO

LORD BUCHAN.

me.

LETTER I.

favourable mention had been made to Philadelphia, May 1, 1792. I was further induced to entrust My Lord,

the execution to Nir. Rofsinfon, from I

SIOULD have had the honour his having informed me that he had

of acknowledging Sooner the re- drawn others for your Lordthip, and ceipt of your letter of the 38th of knew thc fize which would belt suit your June laft, had I not concluded to coilcetinn. defer doing it tili I could annunce to ( 207c; with fenfibility and with you the transmillion of my portrait, faii-fato innihe fignificant prefent of the which has been juit finished by Mr. box which accompanied your l.ordRobinson (of New York), who lias alto ship's leiter. undertaken to forward it. TT 1300er la vividing ilic tribute duc from every of the execution of it dues no diicrcdit, lover of markind to the patriotic and I am told, to the artist ; of whoic kill hcroic virtues of which it is commemo.

• A box made of the oak that affordd dzelter to Wallacz after the battle of Falkirk.

rative, rative, I estimate as I ought the ad- always found the most prominent feaditional valle which it derives fro:n the ture in the administration of this counhand that fent it, and my obligation try; and I fatter myself that bothmg for the fentiments that iaducid the short of imperious neceility can occatranstor.

fion a breach with any of them. Under I will, however, ask that you will fuch a filtem, if we are allowed to exempt me from compliance with the pursuc ir, the agriculture and mechanirequuit rulating to its crentual duti olaits-the wealth and population of nation.

thicre States will increale with that die In an attempt to execute your with in grec of rapidity as to bathe ail calcula. this particular, I thould feciumarrui. tion, and inuit surpass any idea your ment tron) a jutt comparison of relative Loralinip can, hitherto, have enterprcientions, and thould icar u ruik in. tained on the occasion. To evince that justice by to marked a prefiropre. Our views (whether realized or not) are With fentiments of the trust eritem expanded, I take the liberty of lending and contideration, I remain your you the plan of a new city, fituated Lordihip's most obedient tcriali', about the centre of the union of these

G. WASHINGTON. Scales, which is designed for the perma LARL OF Bucian.

nent icat of the Government : and we

are at this moment dceply engaged, and LETTER II.

far advanced in extending the inland Philadelybia, Apii! ::, 1993. navigation of the river (Potomac) on

1993.

which it funds, and the branches My LORD,

thercof, through a tract of as rich THE favourable withes which your country for hundreds of miles as atiy in Loruihip has expreifid :or the properio the world. Nor is this a folitary inty of viis young and riting country, Itance of attom; of the kind, although cannot but be gratefully recuired by aid it is the only one which is near comits citizens, and every lover of iti one plction and in partial use. Several mean to the contribution of whicit,and other cry important ones are contiits happinels, is very judiciously pour menced, and little doubt is entertaioed trajtu in the following words of your that in ten years, it lift uudisturbed, letter, " to be little heard or in the we Thail open a communication by great world of politics.". Thele worils, water with all the lakes northward and I can ailure your Lordfhip, arc expreis westward of us, with which we hare five of my füntimen:s on this head; and territorial connexions; and an inland, I believe it is the fincere with ut united in a fulv years more, frim Rliodu liland Apcrica, to have nothing .o do with to Georgia inclusively, partiy by cuts the pulitical intrigues or the qualibies between the great bavs and founds, and of European nations; but on the con- partly between the rtlands and fand: trary, to exchange commodities, and banks, and the main, fruin Albemarie live in peace and amity wiih all the in. Suund to the River St. Mary's. To habitants of the carthi and this I am tiicic may

alto 5. added, the creation perluaded they will do, it rightfuily it of bridges over considerable rivers, and can be donc. To adminifter julticu to, the commencement of turnpike-soauss and receive it from every Power they as further indications of the improves are councéred with, wil, I hope, be ont in hand. PLASNWYDD, A COTTAGE NEAK LLANGOLLEN, DENBIGHSHIRE, THIS licauti ul little manfion and :19

New Bond Strece.” The Morto preappendages were ombeinthed and tried to them is from Petrarch, and decorated by the exquisite talic of the

may be thus translated : two cluzant Ladies wäc now refide in it, the Right Hon. LADY ELEANOR BUT- No palace here, or porch of lengthend LER, U Niss PoxSONBI, of the pile, kingoan et lrciand. The view of Pits Nor splendid theatre, the eyes veguile, Niin, niin which we prefent out But in their tica, amidit the iuri's Readers, a takea by the permillion bright dyes,

[rilc, of ille ingcoious Ariist, from the Amid it the mountains that abruptly frondites to A Collection of View's The fir, the all, their soleing made in the Nethleurhood of Llangollen tend,

[hcar'n atoond. and Luis, by Nir.]. George Woud of And icach the mind from cart tą

ACCSUNT

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