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ou, as in our ; th, as in thin ; Th, as in this; n, nearly like ng. ated between the Ganges and the Jumna. This tract is above 500 m. long, and, on an average, about 55 m. broad.
Dodge, a co. in the S. E. part of Wisconsin. Pop. 67.
Dóle, a t. of France, in the dep. of Jura, on the r. Doubs and the canal which connects the Rhone with the Rhine. It has a college and several other scientific and literary institutions. Lat. 47° 7' N., Lon. 5° 28' E. Pop. in 1832, 7,304. (Þ. C.)
DOLGELLY, dol-geth'-le, the largest t. of Merionethshire, in Wales. Lat. 52° 44' N., Lon. 3° 51' W. Pop. of the parish, 3,695.
Dou/-LART, a small gulf, situated in the N. extreinity of Holland, at the mouth of the r. Ems.
DOMINGO, SAINT. See Hayti. DOMINICA, dom'-in-eel-ka, or, more usually, dom'-in-eek', one of the W. India Islands belonging to the English. It is intersected by the parallel of 15° 18' N. Lat., and the meridian of 61° 28' W. Lon., and is 28 m. long,
The area is computed at 260 sq. m. Pop. in 1833, 18,660. (P. C.)
Don, (Anc. san'ais; Tartar Dool-nå; Calmuck Ton-gool',) a r. of European Russia, which rises from a small lake in the government of Toola, in about 54° N. Lat., and, flowing in a general southerly course, empties itself into the N. E. extremity of the Sea of Azoph, by several mouths. Its whole length is estimated at 900 m.
Don'-Cosl-sẠCKS. The territory of the Don-Cossacks is a free country, which acknowledges the Russian sovereign as its chief, but is not reduced to the condition of a province, or organized as a governinent, like other parts of the empire. It lies between 46° 5' and 51° 12' N. Lat., and 37° 23' and 44° 42' E. Lon. Agriculture, c tile-breeding, the fisheries, and the cultivation of the vine, constitute t e principal occupation of the Don-Cossacks. Their mode of life is in general very simple and frugal, and the enjoyment of civil freedor has given them an independence of mind, which places them far higier in the social scale than the abject Russian. They are proverbial y hospitable and cheerful, but violent when excited, and, although they consider the plunder of their enemy lawful in war, theft is almost unknown among thein. Pop. 529,083. (P. C.) New Tcherkask is their capital. Lat. 47° 24' N., Lon. 39° 57' E. Pop. between 11,000 and 12,000. (P. C.)
DONAGHADEE, don'-2-nå-deel, a t. of Ireland, in the co. of Down, on the coast of the Irish Channel, where packets are established for the conveyance of the mails to and from Port Patrick, in Scotland, which is 21 m. distant. Lat. 54° 38' N., Lon. 5° 34' W. Pop. in 1831, 2,986.
Donc'-46-TER, (Lat. Dalnum ; Saxon Dona Ceaster,) a handsome t. of England, in the W. Riding of Yorkshire, on the Don, a branch of the Aire, 32 m. S. by W. of York. Pop. 10,455.
Don'-E-GẢI/, a co. in the prov. of Ulster, occupying the N. W. extremity of Ireland. Pop. in 1831, 289,149.(P. C.)
Fate, får, fåll, fåt; mi, m't; plne or pine, pln; nò, not; oo, as in good;
Lat. 54° 39' N., Lon. 8° 6' W. Don'-GO-LẠ, a prov. of Upper Nubia, extending along the banks of the Nile, from about 18° to 19° 30' N. Lat. (P.C.) Its length is about 150 m.; its breadth may be considered as extending no farther than the strip of productive land on each side of the river, which is from 1m. to 3 m. wide; beyond this is the desert. The principal town is Mar-ag!gų or New Dongola, in Lat. 19° 9 N. Old Dongola is farther S.; it was formerly a considerable town, but is now almost deserted.
Dorl-chĘS-TER, (called by the Romans Durnovaria and Durinum; Saxon Dornceaster, probably a corruption of Durini Castra, i. e. the “ Station of Durinum,") a t. of England, cap. of Dorsetshire, 112 m. S. by W. from London. Lat. 50° 43' N., Lon. 2° 26' W. Pop., including an area of 3 sq. m., 3,249.
DORCHESTER, a co. in the S. E. part of Md., bordering on the Chesa. peake Bay and state of Del. Pop. 18,843. Co. t. Cambridge.
DOR-DOGNE', (Fr, pron. dor'-doñ,) a r. in the S. of France, which rises in the dep. of Puy de Dôme, and, flowing in a general westerly direction, unites with the Garonne, at Bourg (boor), about 15 m. below Bordeaux, to form the Gironde. Its whole length is nea rly 250 m., for more than 130 of which it is navigable.
DORDOGNE, a dep. in the S. W. part of France, deriving its name from the above river, by which it is intersected. Pop. 487,502. (B.) Capital, Périgueux.
DORDRECHT, dort/-rékt, or Dort, an ancient city of S. Holland, on an i. formed by the Meuse, 12 m. S. E. of Rotterdam. It was the birthplace of Gerard Vossius and the brothers Dewit. Lat. 51° 49' N., Lon. 4° 40E. Pop. estimated at 17,000. (B.)
DORNOCH, dor/-nok, a small t. in the N. of Scotland, in the co. of Sutherland, on a frith of the same name. Lat. 57° 52' N., Lon. 4 2 W.
DORPAT, dor/-påt, or DÖRPT, a t. in the Russian government of Livonia, the cap. of a circle of the same name, on the Great Embach (em/-bår), which is navigable from this place to its entrance into the Peïpus. It has several institutions, among which may be cited its flourishing university, attended by about 580 students, and possessing a library of near 60,000 vols. Lat. 58° 22' N., Lon. 26° 43' E. Pop. in 1833, 10,802. (P. C.)
Dor!-SET-SHIRE, a co. in the S. of England, bordering on the English Channel. Pop. 175,043.
Doual or Douay, doo-8', an ancient fortress and commercial t. of France, in the dep. of Nord, on the r. Scarpe, a branch of the Scheldt, and on a canal, by which it communicates with the principal places of the dep. and of the Low Countries. It has an académie universitaire, a royal college, and several other institutions for education. Lat. 50° 21' N., Lon. 3° 4' E. Pop. 19,000. (B.)
Doubs, doobz, a r. in the E. of France, which rises in the dep. to
ou, as in our; th, as in thin; Th, as in this; n, nearly like ng. which it gives its name, and, after a very circuitous course of about 210 m., falls into the Saône, at Verdun.
DOUBS, a dep. in the E. part of France, on the above r., and bordering on Switzerland. Pop. 276,274. (B.) Capital, Besançon.
Doug'-LAB, a seaport, and the largest t. in the Isle of Man, on the S.E. coast. Lat. 51° 10' N., Lon. 4° 26' W. Pop. 8,647.
Douro, dool-ro, (Port. pron. dôl-RO; Sp. Duero, doo-1l-ro; the Dul. rius of the ancient Romans;) one of the principal rivers of the Spanish peninsula, which rises in the N. part of the prov. of Soria, in Old Castile, and flowing, for the most part
, in a westerly direction, passes through Portugal, and empties itself into the Atlantic, in about 41° 10' N. Lat. Its whole course is nearly 500 m.
Do'-VER (Lat. Du/bris ; Saxon, Dwyr; Fr. Douvres, doovr); a t. of England, and one of the Cinque Ports, situated in the co. of Kent, 72 m. E S. E. of London. From its proximity to the continent, Dover has loog been the usual port of embarkation or landing, for persons going to, or coming from France. (See Calais.) Lat. 51° 8' N., Lon. 1° 19° E. Pop. 13,872.
Dover, the cap. of Strafford co., N. H., on the Cocheco r., an affluent of the Piscataqua, 12 m. N. N. W. of Portsmouth. Lat. 43° 13' N., Lon. 70° 54' W. Pop. 6,458.
DOVER, the cap. of the state of Delaware, on Jones's Creek, about 9 m. from its entrance into Delaware Bay. Lat. 39° 10' N., Lon. 75° 30 W. Pop. 3,790.
DOVER, STRAIT OF. See ENGLISH CHANNEL.
Dol-vre-FJ-ELD' (Norw. Daavrefield, do'-vrç-fyeld/), a ridge of mountains in Norway, situated between 62° and 63° N. Lat. Commencing on or near the boundary between Norway and Sweden, it runs sonthwesterly, and, along with another chain, divides Norway into North and South. The name is derived from DAAVRE (dol-vreh), a small village, near 62° N. Lat., and 9° 20' E. Lon., and field or fjeld, a "mounta in ridge." The appellation of DOVREFIELD is often incorrectly applied to the whole chain of mountains which divide Norway from Sweden. The highest peak of these mountains, the Skagstöls Tind, has an elevation of about 8,400 ft. above the level of the sea.
DOWLATABAD, doul-la-lə-båd', a strongly fortified t. of Hindostan, in the prov. of Aurungabad.' The fort consists of an enormous insulated mass of granite, standing a mile and a half from any hill, and rising to the height of 500 it. The passage into the fort is cut out of the solid rock, and can be entered by only one person at a time, in a stooping posture. From this entrance, the passage, still cut through the rock, is winding and very narrow, and is obstructed by several doorg. Altogether, the place is so strong, that a very small number of persons within, might bid defiance to a numerous army. Lat. 19° 54' N., Lon. 75° 5' E.
Down, a co. in the N. E. part of Ireland, bordering on the sea. Pop. in 1831, 352,012. (P. C.)
Fate, får, fall, fåt; mé, mét; pine or pine, pin; nd, not; öð, as in good;
DowN-PAT'-RICK, a t. of Ireland, the cap. of the above co., 72 m. N. by E. of Dublin. Lat. 54° 19' N., Lon. 5° 43' W. Pop. in 1831, 4,784.
DRAGUIGNAN, dra-gheen -yản', a t. of France, cap. of the dep. of Var, about 60 m. E. N. E. of Marseilles. Lat. 43° 32' N., Lon. 6° 30' E Pop. 10,000. (B.)
Drammen, drảm'-men, a seaport t. of Norway, situated on a broad and impetuous r. of the same name, which discharges its waters into the Gulf of Christiania. It has an extensive trade in timber, and a greater number of vessels enter its port than any other in Norway. (B.) Lat. 59° 44' N., Lon. 10° 12 E. Pop. about 6,000. (P. C.)
Drave (Lat. Dra/vus; Ger. Drau, drou ; Slavonian, Drava, drål-vă); a r. of the Austrian empire, which rises in the eastern part of Tyrol, and, flowing south-easterly, falls into the Danube, about 13 m. below Eszek, in Croatia. Its whole length is near 400 m.
DRENTHE, dren'-teh, a small prov. in the E. part of Holland, bordering on the kingdom of Hanover.
DRES-Dựn, the cap. of the kingdom of Saxony, and one of the handsomest towns of Europe, is situated on both sides of the Elbe, about 225 m. N. N. W. of Vienna, in the midst of a rich and delightful country. It is divided into three parts; on the left bank of the Elbe is Dresden Proper, or the Old Town (Alt-stadt), and Fredericstown (Frie. derichs-stadt), separated from it by the Weiseritz (wil-zer-its), a small stream which flows into the Elbe at this place: the New Town (Neustadt), stands on the right bank of the river, wbich is here 480 ft. wide. Among the remarkable buildings which Dresden contains, may be meotioned the new Catholic church, which is regarded as the finest edifice in the place, and one of the handsomest churches in Germany. Dresden is distinguished by the number and character of its institutions for the promotion of the arts, sciences, and literature. The gallery of paintings, in this city, is one of the most extensive and most costly in the world; and the Royal Public Library contains more than 220,000 vols. There is also a college of medicine and surgery, founded in 1816; an academy of painting and architecture; a superb collection of precious stones, pearls, works in jewelry, &c., which is valued at nearly a million sterling; and a collection of ancient and modern wea. pons, &c. Lat. 51° 3' N., Lon. 13° 43' E. Pop. estimated at above 70,000. (B.)
Dreux, druh, (Anc. Durocas/ses, afterwards Dro'cæ,) a t. of France, in the dep. of Eure and Loire, 41 m. W. by S. from Paris. Lat. 48% 43' N., Lon. 1° 21' E. Pop. in 1832, 5,166. (P. C.)
Drin, dreen, or Drino, dreel-no, a r. of Albania, which flows into a gulf of the same name, on the S. E. coast of the Adriatic, in Lat. 41° 42 N. Its length is about 150 m.
DROGHEDA, drðhl-he-dạ, a seaport t. near the E. coast of Ireland, in the prov. of Leinster, situated on the Boyne, about 30 m. N. of Dublin. The town, with its liberties, forms what is called the county of the town of Drogheda. It was formerly a place of considerable importance, and many of the Irish parliaments were held here, particularly during the
ou, as in our ; th, as in thin; th, as in this; s, near.y like ng. 15th century. The pop. of the co., which contains an area of above sq. m., was, in 1831, 17,365. (P. C.)
DROHOBICZ, drol-ho-bich', or Dro'-HO-VITSCH', a flourishing t. of Austrian Galicia, with extensive salt-works. Lat. 49° 22' N., Lon. 23° 35' E Pop. in 1326, 11,290. (B.)
DroitWICH, droit'-ich, a small t. of England, in Worcestershire, 6 m. N. N. E. of Worcester, important on account of its salt springs. A canal, 6 m. in length, connects it with the Severn.
DRÔME, a dep. in the S. E. part of France, bordering on the Rhone, and intersected by a small stream of the same name. Pop. 305,499. (B.) Capital, Valence.
DRONTHEIM, dront-im, (Norw. Troniem, trol-ne-êm, and Trondhiem or Trondjem, trond/-yem,) a city of Norway, formerly cap. of a prov. of the same name, and once the residence of the Norwegian kings, on the bay of Trondhiem, by which it is almost surrounded. The houses are chiefly built of wood. Drontheim has a college, a royal academy of sciences, a public library, &c. Lat. 63° 26' N., Lon. 10° 23' E. Pop. 12,000. (B.)
DRU'Çeş (Arab. D-rooz/), a people who inhabit the chain of Libanus, in Syria, being under the government of their own chiefs, and possessing a religion peculiar to themselves. Their vernacular tongue is Arabic. Little is known of their religion, as many of its doctrines and rites are kept profoundly secret. Should any one of the Druses reveal the mysteries of his religion, he would incur the penalty of death. All agree in representing these people as industrious, brave, and hospitable.
DUB'-LIN, a co. of Ireland, in the prov. of Leinster, and bordering on the sea. Pop. in 1831, exclusive of the city, 176,012.
Dublin, (Anc. Ebla/na), the chief city of Ireland, forming, by itself, & county, called the county of the city of Dublin. It is situated on both sides of the r. Liffey, at its entrance into the Bay of Dublin. This town may be ranked among the handsomest in the United Kingdom, both as regards the character of its buildings and its situation, which is in a high degree picturesque. Among the various scientific and literary institutions of Dublin, may be mentioned the University, which is one of the most richly endowed in Europe ; the number of students on the books in 1838, was about 2,000: the School of Natural Sciences, in
which six different professors give gratuitous lectures on various scienintific subjects: and the Royal Hibernian Society of painting, sculpture, Iit and architecture. There are few cities in which charitable institutions
are more numerous, or better supported, than in Dublin. Besides the
various establishments for the relief of the sick and indigent, there are LIR 199 charitable schools, in 34 of which the scholars are lodged, boarded,
clothed, &c. Dublin is the seat of an archbishopric both of the church
of Rome and of England. Lat. of the Observatory 53° 23' 13" N., Lon. 5 80 20 30 W. Pop. 204,155. (P. C.)
Dubro, doob-no, a t. of European Russia, in Volhynia, the cap. of a