« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »
to analyse it in detail, and proceed to 11. Schollera of Schreber, and Helestate our observations, remarks, and cor- randra of Beauvais, are again united rections, in the order of matter, as we with Leptanthus, which is incorrect. have done in our review of the Flora of 12. Calamagrostis, an abominable Pursh. lo doing so, we are to lament Dame, composed of two others, Calamus that we must curtail them exceedingly and Agrostis, is adopted! but Ammyrsine, else we should surpass our usual limits ; wbich is exactly in the same predica. and we shall be compelled to confine our- ment, is not. It has been changed into selves as much as possible to the genera, Amagris, by Rafinesque, in the Priaeirather than the species, under investiga- ples of Somiology. tion.
13. Aulacanthus, of Elliott, a good 1. By Mr. Nuttall's account, the Tha- name, is shortened into Aulazia, without lja dealbata does not really belong to that the least necessity or propriety. gedus ; is really so, it may be called Ma- 14. The four genera separated from tacarya dealbala.
the extensive genus Panicum, are adopt2. Hippuris vulgaris? N. is the H. ed with propriety. Penniselum, Orthopolyphylla, Fl. of Louisianpa.
pogon, Cynodon, and Digitaria ; but why 3. Only two species of Callitriche are is not Ceresia adopted also why is Erienumerated, while there are, at least, se- anthus left as a sub-genus of Sacchaven American species known to us! The rum ? curious C. terrestre of Raf. is omitted. 15. Cralepsis, must be spelled Uralepis,
4. Veronica officinalis, and V. Serpyl- we had called this genus Diplocea ; but lifolia, are stated as naturalized ! which is Mr. Nuttall having published it first, we evidently wrong ; both plants have been give up our claim to it. found by us, in the deepest woods, and on 16. We feel positive that the Stipa parthe mountains of the interior.
viflora of the Missouri is not identical 5. The G.Leptandra was proposed in 1808 with the species from Barbary. by Rafinesque, under the name of Cal- 17. Holcus fragrans is the type of our listachya ; this name having been given to gepus Dinesia, with H. monticola of another genus of Australian plant, must Bigelow, which is omitted here, as well as he changed into Eustachya: the name of nearly all the species published by Dr. Leptandra might have been adopted, if it Bigelow. had applied ; but, as it means minute sta- 18. Sesleria dactyloides must form a mina, and they are not minute, it is quite peculiar genus by Mr. N's. own account, erroneons. We have seen the second it may be called Bulbilis. American species of this genus, which we 19. The species of the G. Uniola, with call Eustachya purpuren, and which was three stamina, must form our genus Tritoknown to Mr- Nuttall.
siola, or at any rate a sub-genus. 6. The Catalpium cordifolia, is cer- 20. Monocera, Elliot, is adopted; but tainly a native of the banks of Ohio, where there is already a genus of shell of the we have seen it; and robin bas found it same name, it must be changed-into Mojo Louisiana, at Atakapas.
nathere, which has the same meaning. 7. Monarda ciliata must form a new 21. Lepturus, R. Br., is in the same genus, which we call Blephilia, distin- predicament ; there is an old genus of quished by an unequal calyx.
insect of the same name: it must be 3. The species of Collinsonia, with four changed into Leptocercus, baving the stamina, form the genus Hypogon of the same meaning. Fl. Lud. unnoticed by Nuttall.
22. Elymus hystrix must be called 2. Lachnanthes of Elliot, ought to have Asperella echidnet, being a peculiar gebeen adopted instead of Dilatris.
nus and species, next to Asp. hystrix of 10. Why was Syena preferred to the Humboldt. previon sname Mayaca?
23. The Hordeum jubatum of North
America, is very distinct from the Smyrna 35. The two subgenera of Lysimachia, species. See the Flora of Missouri. must receive the names of Basiphia and
24. Lechea is very wrongly put in Tri- Nummularia. andria ; that genus belongs with Hudso- 36. Why is Pyxidanthera united again nia, to the natural family of Cistides. with Diapensia, while the propriety of
25. The Plantago gnaphalodes, N., the union is considered doubtful? was called by Bradbury Pl. dasyurus, and 37. The characters distinguishing the the Pl. Pusilla, N., is the PL bradbari of genera convolvulus and Ipomedreside in Pursh.
the capsule, and not in the stigma, as 26. Centaurella, of Michaux, is again supposed by Mess. Elliott and Nutall: introduced under that defective name, The American species of these genera without even mentioning that it was call. require a radical reform. We are ac ed (previously) by the good name of Bar: quainted with at least seven distinct getonia, Wild. :
nera blended in those two: the additional 27. Obnlaria is perhaps correctly showo ones arc, Calistegia, Hemidia, Ornithoste have stronger affinities with Gentiana perma, Stylisma, and Cylidium. than with Orobanche.
38. Ipomopsis is changed into Ipome28. Symplocarpus of Salisbury is adopt. ria, an equally absurd denomination: it ed; Rafinesque had hinted, since 1808, was called Brickellia, by Rafinesque. that it ought to form à peculiar genus, long ago. which be called Spathyema, and of which 39. Androcera, N., was called by us there is another species in Siberia; but Ceranthera, in our review of the Flora of as the name of Salisbury is better, it may Pursh, anterior to Nuttall's work. be retained. The same may be said of 40. Physalis soniniferum is a native of Coptis, Salisb., which was called Chryza the shores of Sicily, Candia, and Barbary, by Raf.
and by no means naturalized there. 29. The natural affinities of the genera 41. Nicotiana quadrivalvis is a pecuHamamelis, Comptonia, and Fothergillu, liar sub-genus or genus, which we call are properly stated by Mr. Nutall. Corylir.
30. The Ilex myrsinites of Pursli, is 42. Mr. N. gives credit to Mr. Rafi. now called Myginda myrtifolia by N., nesque for having discovered the Drosera but it belongs to neither gems: we filiformis, and described it first, instead of deem it quite a peculiar genus, and call Pursh, who bas pilfered from him the it Pachistimit.
plant and name. The Dr. lusitanica has 31. sier Canadensis, is not an ller, no affinity with it, and does not belong but our new genus Nemopanthus, belong- to this genus; which bas been proved by ing to the natural tribe of Rhamnoides. Brotero, in his Flora Lusitanica : be re
32. Lithospermum latifolium, Batschia fers it to Spergula. longiflora, and B. decumbens, N., must 43. Mr. N. has only six species of Viform a peculiar genus Cyphorima, distin- tis; we are acquainted with more than guished by having five protuberances at twenty species or sub-species. the mouth of the corolla, gibbose iuside, 44. Wby is the Ampelopsis upited to hollow outside.
Cissus, while the propriety of the re33. Onosmodium, a wrong name of Mi. union is obviously doubtful? chaux, is adopted: Osmodium was substi- 45. Viola bicolar? is distinct from tbc tuted, in 1808, by Raf. Sprengel has European species: it must be called I'. since given it the name of Purshia, which tunello. The 1". concolar belongs to the had already been applied to another genus. genus Hybanthus. 34. The species of Phacelia which
46. Ceanothus herbaceus, Raf., (C. pehave a double capsule, one within ano- renne, Pursh) is omitted. ther, and bearded Stamina, must form a 47. Celastrus bullalus grows in LonN. G. Endiplus.
siana. Sec Fl. Ludov.
A8. A genus has been dedicated to Crypla, Nutt., into Cryptinu : 'that genus Enslen in the Fl. Ludov. 1817; the ge- has no striking affinities with Elatine, nus Enslenia of Nutall must, therefore, but many essential ones with Claytoniu, be changed into Ampelamus, meaning and another new genus which we call sand-vine.
Leptrina. 49. Gentiana amarelloides has yellow 61. Floerkea has no real affinity with flowers, and grows in Kentucky, &c. It the Portulaceous, but belongs to one of is quite distinct from G. quinqueflora, the sections of the extensive tribe of (omitted or blended with it by Nutall,) Euphorbiaceous, or rather to a new family, which has blue flowers and grows in along with Galenia. Pennsylvania, &c.; we have seen both. 62. Helonias angustifolia, and, proba
50. The American species of G. Sani- bly, H. dubia and H. pumila, must forma cula, form the genus Triclinium of Fi. a peculiar genus: we call it Cyanotris. Ludov.
63. Triglochin palustre, and Tr. tri51. Ammi capillaceum must form a andrum, must evidently become a new peculiar genus, by Mr. Nuttall's own genus: we shall call it Tristemon. description: we have called it Plilim- 64. If Gyromia is distinct from Medeola, nium.
how much more our Clintoniu, the Dra52. Uraspermum, Nutt., is our Osmor. cena borealis of Aiton, from either Dra. hiza, a previous and better name, since cena or Sigillaria? there is already a genus Urospermum, of 65. Trillium stylosum, N., must evi. Decandolle.
dently form a sub-genus, or rather a ge 53. Atriplex arenaria was described nus. We call it Delostylis. previously by us.
66. The real Alisma plantago of 54. Rhus aromaticus is our Lobadium, Europe, does not grow in the United a peculiar genus.
States. The A. subcordata, Raf., A. 55. All the species of G. Hypericum, trivialis, Pursh, and A. parviflora, Pursh, with an unilocular capsule, belong to the are varieties of a peculiar American spegenus Sarothra, such as H. canadense, cies, for wbich the anterior name might H. parviflorum, &c.
be retained. 56. Mahonia, Nutt., is our Odostemon, 67. Lilium pudicum is neither a Lilium a previous and better name. The gar- nor a Tritillaria, but a peculiar genus. dener Macmahon did not deserve the We have called it Amblirion. dedication of a genus.
68. All the American species of G. 57. The three North American species aesculus belong to the G. pavia, or raof Pontederia belong to the genus Uni- ther Paviana. sema of Raf. Mr. N. has confirmed Mr. 69. Nutall has twenty-one species of R.'s discovery that their fruit is a one- Oenothera ; we know many more Amerisided utriculus, and that they form, there- can species of that fine genus. His new fore, the type of a new natural family. species must be compared with those of The name of Pontederia must be left to the Flora of Louisiana ; some of them those species which have a three celled may even belong to the N. G. Pleurancapsule.
dra and Onosuris of said work; and bis 58. Why is not the name of Lophiola 0. serrulata appears to be the type of aurea adopted, instead of Conostylis ame- another new genus, which we shall pame ricana, since it is not a Conostylis ? Meriolir.
59. Smilucina, derived from Smilar, 70. Vaccinnium hispidulum, Mx., or is our Sigillaria; and Polygonatum, de- Gaultheria serpyllifolia of Pursh, is now rived from Polygonum, our Axillaria: called Oxycoccus hispidulus by N. This no correct botanists will doubt that our perplexity evinces that we are right, names are preferable.
when we consider it as belonging to nei60. We have changed the bad name ther genus. We call it Glyciphylla
it differs especially from O.rycocus by its that received it; whoever shall not admit oxcite corolla.
this, can only act againt bis own convic71.' Why is not the genus Phyllodocetion of right, and must be influenced by mentioned and adopted ?
some secret motives. 72. Arbutus uva-ursi is a second spe- 83. The American species of G. Lyo cies of the genus Mairania of Necker, thrrim, belong to at least four distinct gedifferent from the European plant of the nera, Lythrum, Parsonsia, Decodon, and
Philerin. 73. Four species of G. Andromeda are 84. Only eleven species of G. Rosa are separated, to form a N. G. Lyonia; but mentioned; we are acquainted with double this name was given to å previous genus, that number at least, native of the United in 1803, by Rafinesque; we shall there- States. fore call it Xolisma. The A. calyculata 85. For Befaria, read Bejaria; for Cauappears to form another genus or sub- linia, Cxvolinia, &c. genus, which may be called Erolepta. 86. Helianthemum is identical with He
74. The genus Flypopithys of Dillen is lianthus, it was proposed to change it into rightly re-established; and it is shown Anthelis, in having the same meaning, by that it forms, along with Monotropa, Ple- Rafinesque, in Chloris Etnensis, 1813. rospora, and Schweinitzia, a small natu- 87. The first discoverer of the Taliniral family, next to the genera Pyrola, um teretifolium was Mr. Marshall, instead! Chimaphila, &c.
of Dr. Darlington, who detected it near 75. Why is not Lieophyllum of Per- Westchester, in Pennsylvania': Raf soon adopted?
nesque observed it there likewise in 1803, 76. Dionea is the type of a new natu- and-lie has made a peculiar genus of it in ral family, next to Monotropa, Drosera, 1808, by the name of Phemeranthus, the Aldrovanda, Roridula, Reseda, &c., have calyx and stigma being different from ing some affinities with all of them; but Talinium. scarcely any with Sarothra.
88. Podophyllum, Jeffersonia, Actea, 77. We doubt that the Cytisus rhom- Macrotrys, &c.'must form a new family, lifolius, P., belongs to the G. Thermop- Acleides next to Papaveraceous. ris, R. Br., (changed wrongly into Ther- 89. Nymphed, Nuphar, Sarracenia, &c. rin by N.) but we rather think it a new will form another new family. Nympheides genus, next to Virgilia ; if so, it might next to the foregoing, differing by a mulbe called Scolobus.
tilocular fruit. 78. Dianthus armerioides, Raf., is 90. Lewisia is only allied to Semperagain given as D. armeria.
vivum in habit; it belongs to the family of 79. The species of G. Silene, with Portulaceous. one celled capsule, must belong to the 91. Macrotrys, Raf. (Actea racemosa, old genus Otites.
L.) belongs no more to Cimicifuga, than 80. Stellaria elongata. N. belongs to Consolida, Tournef., to Delphidium ! our genus Bigelowia, unnoticed by Nut- 92. Calthaparnassifolia Raf. is adopt tall, and Arenaria pepleides forms our ed instead of C. ficaroides, Pursh, a postegenus Adenarium; it had been called rior name. It is noticed that Allium triformerly Stonckenya, but by the confusion forum and Asclepias viridiflora of Raf. which prevails at present in nomencla- and P. were first described by Rafinesque.' ture, that name has been applied to seve- 93. Gaissenia verna, Raf. is however ral genera, and cannot be retained here. named Trollius lacus, without reference
81. Cerastium glutinosim, N., is the to the first and better pame. C. sulans, Raf., a previous name.
94. Ranunculus fascicularis, and R. 82. Bartonia of Pursh and Nattall, saniculeformis of Muhlenberg and Bigehas been called by us Nuttalla, the same low, are omitted, although common from of Bartonia must be left to the first genus Boston to the Missisippi.
VOL. IV.-No. III.
• 95. The wrong name Cyamus, Salisb., is 105. Arabis thaliuna, N., got L., is our admitted instead of the good old name A. parviflora. Nelumbium! There is an anterior genus 106. Stanleyja N. had been called PoCyrmus among the Crustacea established dolobus by ns in Flora Missurica: the by Latreille. The wonderful N. codo- name was better. phylluin Fl. Lud. ; is unnoticed; we have 107. Atalanta, N., subgenus of Cleome, observed the real N. pentapetalus with is a real new genus, as well as our Polawhite flowers.
nysia, whose type in the Cl. dodecandra, 96. The American species of Styssopus, and of which no notice is taken. belong to a peculiar sub-genus or genus
108. Lobelia siphilitica, must form a. Vleckia, Raf. 1808.
sub-genus; it may be called Siphilaria; 97. Synandrá grandiflora, N., is our its characters are similar to those of the Torreya grandiflora, published before we Decemium and Legouzia, in the genera knew Mr. Nuttall's name, which may Hydrophyllum and Campanula. deserve the preference as more signifi
109. Malope malacoides of Carolina, cant, although not quite unexceptionable. must be different, in all probability, from But it is also the Lamium hispidulum of the Italian plant of the same name. Michaux, of which Nuttall was not aware,
110. Why is Cyrilla adopted, while since he has also enumerated this last Malacodendron and Franklinia are not ? name under the genus Lamiuň.
They are all equally good genera. 98. Zapania nodiflora of Europe and
111. Diclytra is mentioned, but not adAfrica, is different from ours ; they both mitted, because Corydalis fungosa conbelong, with some other species, to the nects it with other species; but that spegenus Berlolonia, Raf., differing from Za- cies is the type of an intermediate genus, pania by the calyx and corolla.
called long ago Adlumia, by Rafinesque, 99. Collinia, N. or rather, Colliniana,
in Med. Repository. was first discovered by Dr. Muller in
112. Triclisperma, Raf., Mirror Sc. is Pennsylvania, and he detected two spe
unnoticed, although its type Polygala cies, which Dr. Muhlenberg took for paucifolia is totally distinct from Polya Herpestis rotundifolia and H. cuneifolia. gala.
100. Why are Gerardia maritima and 113. Pisum maritimum, N., is not that Amaranthus pumilus, Raf., marked as new of L. ; it must be called P. dasigynum. species, while he is acknowledged as the Vicia cracea. N., is in the same predicadiscoverer and publisher of them? ment; we have called it V.craceoides. V.
101. Epifagus is an absurd name, half mitchelli is omitted. Greek and half Latin, with the name *114. Amphicarpa and Macbridea, of Fagus entire. It had been called Leptam. Elliott, are adopted : we had proposed nium by us long ago, in a monography of similar names before. the family of Orobancheous, where Gym-- 115. Wistaria, N., has been called nocaulis, N., was called Polyclonos, and Thyrsanthus, by Elliott; a much better the 0. uniflora, Thalesia uniflora.
Dr. Wistar being neither a bota102. Cakile Americana, N., is not a dist, nor a naturalist, did not deserve the new species ; it was described in 1814 by dedication of a genus. Dr. Bigelow, and called by the better 116. Marshallia, Wild., is adopted inDame of Edentula.
'stead of Trattenikia, Pers., andPersoonia, 103. Lepidium virginicum belongs to Mx., as being the anterior name. Why the genus Dileptium, Fl. Ludow. where not do so in all instances ? several other species are described. 117. Many sp. of G. Arlemisia belong
104. Why is Barbarea adopted, and to Absinthium, and Abrotanum, old genot Caprella of Ventenat ? Both genera nera of Tournefort, restablished by Ven. are equally good.