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ror Achmet, to come to that prince immediately 1.C.1693. in a pleasure house out of town, where he was & 1405. desirous of conferring with him. The prophet thought as, he had been just preaching on obedience, he ought to give the example. Flattered with the honor which the emperor intended him, he began to think that his preaching had had fome effect. But he had no fooner entered his highness's carriage, which was brought to the mosque door for him, than the officers had him conducted a great way out of town, assuring him, that he would never return to Adrianople again, and that if he did not endeavour to disperse his proselytes, he would certainly be put to death in secret. Misri had not the courage necessary for che head of a feat, at least he contradicted himself at the approach of danger; for the prophet never presumed to appear again, though a violent storm, which the same day beat down several tents in the camp, and even several houses in the town, passed for a prodigy in favor of his mission, This supposed miracle staggered feeble minds; so much so, that the emperor wrote with his own hand that he would see Misri and confer with him. The prophei, who remembered the me, nances of the vizier and mufti, preferred an obscure, contemned life, to the glory and danger of apostleship.

About the same time, a dreadful fire broke out Fire at in Constantinople, which the superstitious might

tinople. again take for a fgn of God's wrathi A violent

D

wind

Constan

VOL. IV.

J.C. 1693. wind carried vortices of flames into wooden Heg.1104, & 1105. houses, which, being neither deep nor high, were

set on fire in an instant. The Turks have neither fufficient order nor industry to guard against this too frequent calamity. Sir Paul Ricaut reports that in less than two days one quarter of the city was in a blaze. It is to be presumed that this historian exaggerates, as no other writer, nor the dispatches from the French ambassador, make any mention of this disaster. But, as we have already remarked, a fire at Constantinople is of much less consequence than it would be elsewhere, as the houses not being of much value, and wood being very common in European

Turkey, the disaster is soon repaired. 1.C. 1693. The efforts of the English and Dutch ambafHeg.1105

sadors to make up a peace, and the usual NowCampaign late and of ness of the Turks, prevented the campaign from portance. being opened 'till the middle of July. The

grand vizier, having learned that the duke of Croi had besieged Belgrade, haftened to the fuccour of that important place. The Austrians not being so numerous as the enemy, repassed the Save precipitately; but their rear guard was beaten and their baggage pillaged. The war was scarcely any thing on the frontiers of Poland: In Dalmatia the Venetians invested a small place, of which the Turks obliged them to raise the siege. Bujulki Mustapha, who had faved Belgrade, returned to Adrianople, believing himself intitled to the thanks of his master and the esteem

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of the nation ; he entered the town, surrounded 1.C.1693.

Heg.1105, with a military pomp greatly resembling a triumph; but he had an enemy waiting for him there whom he little expected, and whose blows it was difficult to parry. This was Fatima the favorite sultaness, whom her quality of mother of the two twin princes rendered absolute over the heart of her husband. Fatima had never seen the grand vizier, and consequently could not have been personally offended by him; but, to oblige the mufti and the kisar agasi, she resolved to be his ruin. Though the chief of the law had procured Bujulki che seals, he had been foon difsatisfied with his work, because, instead of a phantom of a vizier, as he had meant to give the națion, and under whose naine he had expected to govern, he had found Bujulki an absolute, martial minister, determined to govern the state and command the army himself. The care of the revenues of the royal mosques, intrusted to the killar agafi, gives that officer great intercourse with the mufți. When they have the prudence mutually to assist one another, their power is very great, as the sultanesses, always superstitious and in many respects dependant on the kisar agalia naturally enter into the intrigues of these two favorites, whom they consider almost as their marters. The sultaness Fašima, who was particularly fond of the mufti, because she thought she was indebted to his prayers for having brought two princes into the world at the same time, faithfully VOL. IV. D 2

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1.C. 1693. related to the grand feignior what the kisar agali u told her from the chief of the law against his mi

niter. Sometimes he was a traitor who wanted to puc another prince upon the throne ; at other times a sanguinary man who had the subjects of the empire punished on flight suspicions; and then again a careless fellow who neglected the affairs of the state that he might amuse himself in hunting and shooting. Indolent, weak men always liften with more attention to scandal than praise. The emperor easily believed every thing that came from the mouth of his beloved sultaness. One day they heard in the seraglio the noise of fowlers pursuing birds, which proved to be the grand vizier and some other officers; the fultanefs took care not to lose this occasion to renew

her complaints. The grand

The deposition of the vizier was resolved on and executed fo suddenly, that, deposed during the on his return froin shooting, he found the chiau

pachi in his palace, charged with demanding the seals of him. The English ambassador, who had juft entered on a negotiation of peace with this minister, wrote to London, on the occasion of the fall of Bujulki : “ The ministers are changed fo

often in this court, that an ambassador can

scarcely treat twice with the fame person ; this " alone would be sufficient to overturn the best “ established government in the world. Chance, “ here, makes the generals and officers of the “ divan; it is very difficult to know if they will “ be capable or not of the employment given

vizier is

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" them, and if they should be so, they are left 1.C. 1694. too little time to be able to turn it to advan- & 1106.

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Tarabolus Ali bashaw, who succeeded Bujulki, had no thoughts of peace. Those, who had gotten him the place, had made that a condition of The French his elevation. Mr. Dechateauneuf, the French lends vele ambassador, had not only employed che liberalities fels to proof Lewis XIV. to keep up this warlike disposition ftantinople. in the divan, but provisioned Constantinople by causing the corn and other necessaries to be trans, ported in French bottoms; for the Venetians, who kept the sea, had almost entirely destroyed the commerce of the Turks. This succour quieted the people, whom the dread of a famine had stirred up; preparation was then made for taking the field; but the operations were as now this

year as the preceding one. The grand vizier fent a feras- main in kier into Hungary.. The two armies remained in during the

campaiga. observation during the whole campaign. The king and republic of Poland had dispatched a minister to Constantinople, who, notwithstanding the support of the French ambassador, was sent back without having been heard ; the Poles were revenged for it by beating an army of fifty thousand men, Turks and Tartars, which was escorcing provisions and ammunition to Kaminieck. The Ve. netians were still more fortunate; for being masters of the sea, they made a descent on the isle of Scio and took the capital without much resistance. They took likewise two towns in Dalmatia.

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