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ified for the task, is intended to have the superintendence of the establishment. When it is ready, young persons of color, between ten and fourteen years of age, will be received and educated.
It is believed and expected that as soon as the seminary can be opened, a considerable number of free colored children will be placed there by their parents ; and that some, perhaps many, who are 'slaves will be sent by their owners. The conditions on which both descriptions will be received are, that they shall be so employed as to maintain themselves while acquiring the necessary improvements, till they arrive at a suitable age ; and shall be then sent to the colony at Liberia, and settled there with the usual allotment of land.
* The chief employment of the males while at the seminary will be agriculture. They will cultivate the farm or assist in its cultivation, and the produce will be appropriated to the support of the establishment. There will also be workshops established, for all the common handicraft trades, such as smiths, shoemakers, carpenters, and others of the first necessity, where all such boys as are found to possess a particular aptitude for any of these trades, will be employed in them under' suitable instructers, and the proceeds of their labor will be applied in the same manner. The girls will be kept in separate apartments, and employed under suitable female instructers, in all sorts of domestic industry, household occupations, household manufactures, and the various employments suitable for females of the laboring class. · Such parts of the product of their industry, as may not be wanted for the use of the establishment will be sold, and the proceeds applied in defraying its expenses.
"There will be a school, in which at proper hours all the young persons will be taught reading, writing, and the rudiments of arithmetic.
Means will be devised for carrying farther those boys who may display extraordinary capacity. All will be required to attend religious worship, and receive religious instruction, at proper times; for which purpose a clergyman and a place of worship will be provided.
The most efficient means will be adopted and enforced, for preventing all improper communications among these young people themselves, or with others beyond the pale of the seminary. To render these means effectual is one great object of establishing the seminary in a state where slavery exists, and where alone the proper authority for this and other indispensable purposes could be exercised. The children, when slaves, will be given to the institution as slaves, to be liberated when at a proper age for colonisation. When the children of free parents they will be bound till they arrive at a proper age. On these conditions alone will any of either class be received.
*As an encouragement to good conduct and industry, an account will be opened with each child when placed in the seminary ; in which it will be charged with its necessary expenses, including its board, clothing, and proportion of general expenses, such as rent, fuel, taxes, and superintendence, and credited with all its labor at fixed rates. The surplus will be invested in a savings bank, to accumulate for the benefit of the child, and to form a fund for its outfit on removing at a proper age to the colony. This is regarded by us as a very important object. Its details will be troublesome and laborious, but it will be attended to with the utmost strictness.
‘Such is the outline of the plan. The funds for purchasing a suitable farm, and commencing the operation were at one time believed to have been provided. A farm every way suited to the object had been selected, and a treaty commenced for its purchase with fair prospects of success.
But a disappointment in relation to the funds has taken place, which compels us to suspend all our proceedings till new resources can be found. I apprehend no other difficulty.. Young persons of color may, I am very fully persuaded, be very soon found, in any desirable numbers, to fill up the seminary, and furnish a constant supply. Many slave owners in this and other states will, I am assured, make contributions
young slaves, as soon as the establishment is ready for their reception. A still greater number of free blacks will be eager to send their children. It is intended at first to receive those of an unexceptionable character, without attention to age, in order to get the establishment into operation. When that object is accomplished, the regulation on the subject of age will be adhered to strictly.
No doubt is entertained, that in a short time this establishment may be made not only to sustain itself, but to leave a surplus for its enlargement and for other objects. It is
hoped and believed, that when brought into successful operation, it will serve as a pattern for numerous similar institutions, throughout the slave holding states, and in other suitable situations; to be established and sustained by the government, and supplied with pupils by purchases of young slaves, with the public funds. Thus, while the present and next succeeding generations are left to disappear gradually, in the ordinary course of nature, their progeny may be imperceptibly withdrawn from their degraded situation, fitted for a higher condition, and transplanted without a shock or convulsion, or too sudden a change in the state of society and of labor, to a soil and climate suited to their nature ; where they may find a country, and in becoming citizens and freemen, may confer incalculable benefits on the whole African race, and contribute as much, by a mutually beneficial commerce, to our wealth, strength, and prosperity, as they now do to that poverty and weakness, which are conspicuous in the parts of the United States which they inhabit.
Such, sir, is the outline of the undertaking, in which I wish to interest you and your enlightened and philanthropic friends in the east. Should you or they deem it worthy of further inquiry, I shall at all times be happy to answer any questions which you may propose, and to give you such information or hints as may be in my power.'
These general features of the scheme are in the main judicious and well devised. We have only to add, that we hope provision will be made for receiving into the school and instructing any recaptured Africans, that may chance to be rescued in this country ; as in the case, for instance, which occurred at Baltimore eighteen months ago. It is very important, also, to provide for receiving native children from Africa. It is a common thing for the chiefs and head men to desire their children to be instructed in reading, writing, and the arts of civilised life ; several have been sent to England for this purpose, and among the native chiefs now on the coast the number is not small of those, who can speak and write the English language fluently. In many cases the parents of the children would be able to pay the expense of their education. The whole concerns might be negotiated through the agent at the colony, with whom the natives would be acquainted, and in whom they would confide. The advantages of such instruction to the youth, who are afterwards to be the leading men of their tribes, are incalculable. And it is to be hoped, that it may soon be in the power of the Society to establish a similar school in the colony itself, where the natives may be accommodated at less expense.
And we would again intimate, what we suggested on a former occasion, that auxiliary societies, in addition to subscribing to a general fund, should be encouraged to select and send to the African school, proposed to be established in this country, any pupil whom they may choose, and become responsible for the expense of such individual while in the school. In this way, children of the best capacity and character will be likely to be brought together, a vastly greater number of persons will be interested in the success of the school, and the society itself be relieved from a large portion of the burden under which it must labor, if compelled to collect funds for the entire support of the establishment.
Some of our readers may perhaps be curious to know the fate of the eleven Africans, the particulars of whose rescue were described by us on a former occasion. They sailed from Baltimore in the packet ship Fidelity, and all arrived safely at Liberia, where they were given in charge to Dr Ayres, at that time agent of the colony. This gentleman returned with them to their own home, as related in the following extract from a letter written by him.
• It was ascertained that they had been taken in war near our settlement, and sold to King Shaker, of Gallenos, and by him sold to the captain of a Spanish vessel.' This vessel was plundered by captain Chase, of Baltimore, and boldly brought into that port, trusting to his influence with certain persons of high standing, to elude the authority of our laws. But by the interference of E. Tyson, deceased, there was an investigation, and the slaves were detained until I arrived in that city, and took charge of them as Agent of the Colonisation Society. Their case could not be decided before I sailed for Africa, but they were shortly after set at liberty, and sent in the African packet to our colony, and delivered to my care.
As they all preferred returning to their parents and families to remaining in our colony, they were permitted to do so.
When I went on board the vessel, though much emaciated and reduced almost to a skeleton, they immediately recognised me to be the person who had the year before rescued them from slavery. I had scarcely stepped my foot on deck before they were all round VOL. XX.NO. 46.
me, expressing by words and gestures the most heartfelt satisfaction for the favours they had received.
“When the vessel was getting under way, yielding to early impressions, by which they had been taught to consider a white face and treachery as inseparable, they concluded they were betrayed, and were again to return to America. They sprang below to get their bags, and were about to plunge into the ocean, and swim to the shore with their bundles. On being assured I was about to restore them to their native towns, some of which were nearly in sight, their confidence was restoied, and they contentedly went to work. When arrived at Sugary, our crew being sickly, I sent on shore for Charles Gomez, a native, who had been educated in England, to come off with his boat, and take the captives on shore. He came off, accompanied by several of the natives ; and here a most interesting interview took place between these long separated acquaint
"A circumstance attending this affair is truly characteristic of the African character. One of these captives had been taken by this Gomez two years before, in a war between him and the father of the captives, and afterwards sold to King Shaker. This captive was at first very shy of Gomez, and refused to go on shore with him, fearing the war was not yet over, and that he should be again sold to a slave vessel then lying in sight; but I assured him that he was in no danger ; that I knew the war to be over ; that Gomez was a particular friend of mine, and traded with me; and in the presence of both assured them, that should Gomez attempt to do him injustice, I would not fail to chastise him. These assurances entirely overcame his doubts, and when told that his father and the fathers of two others of them were then standing on the beach, not knowing that it was their sons, whom they had long supposed were doomed to perpetual slavery, were so shortly to be restored to their fond embraces, they all stept into the boat, and in a few minutes astonished their delighted parents on the shore. I was much pleased to see that Gomez appeared truly to enter into the feelings of those poor creatures at this time, although he had been the cause of all their sufferings ; but that it was considered by them as the fortune of war, and created no hostile feelings of revenge.'
Apprehensions have been expressed, that the colonists would be in danger from the Ashantee wars; but a very slender stock of knowledge of African geography would dissipate all such fears. The distance between the colony and the Ashantee country is several hundred miles, and the intermediate regions are peopled by numerous distinct tribes, who form an impassable barrier to any hostile incursion, even ad