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of the rebels, and chiefly within a deigned to warn you also, my vi. few months, in union with other ziers and agents, and invite you to powers. My royal majesty, by express sincerely your opinion on means of the Reis Effendi, gave al. this important affair; ordering at ways, at the fit time, suitable an. the same time that you must be swers; and the last and definite more cautious and attentive than one in the month of Zilchizzé,
other time, to resist, and just passed.
most prompt to meet every hostile But instead of
attack that may occur on the part of having found their fit place and these pagan powers; so that through due force and figure, beyond all the aid of the Most High, and the expectation, in these days, the grace of our prophet, we may be ministers of the powers of En. able, as I trust, to defend our in. gland, France, and Russia, abiding contestible reasons against the in this, my capital, advanced, in injustice of others. the name of their respective courts, Hereafter, you shall have paranother new declaration, still more ticular and detailed instructions on absurd, as well as most unjust, in the part of my royal majesty. which it is manifestly expressed Peace and health to all the faith. that they imperiously require the ful, and the opposite to the unfaith. independence and emancipation of ful. the insurgents, our rebel subjects;
Given the 2d of the month Safer, and that they iniquitously deter. inine, that my royal majesty and (12th Aug. old style,) 1827. our faithful mussulmans shall aban. don to the infidel Greeks, the pro. Proclamation of the Greek Govern. perty conquered for so many cen.
ment. turies by our ancestors, by arms, Burtzi, (the fort in the harbour of and by the shedding of so much Napoli,) 21st of Aug. N. S. 1827. blood; and that in case of opposi. The comunittee of government tion, they will take means to carry announces to all Greece--Anim. their purpose into execution, with. portant and decisive circumstance out obtaining my consent.
has now occurred, and the govern. My royal majesty, therefore, ment considers it as its imperative having examined the affair pro. duty to make it known. foundly and maturely, observing The conventions of the 24th of where their purpose tends, deter. June, (6th July,) concluded at mine on what is to be done, and London by the plenipotentiaries of conforming itself to the doctrines the three powers, England, France, of our holy religion, decides to and Russia, and which have been prefer, if it should so happen, to almost every where known, do not subject by means of arms, its most allow us to doubt that those great powerful throne to general and powers have resolved to put an entire ruin, (which God, as all end to our struggle by their power. powerful, avert,) than to consent to ful and persevering intervention. the absurd and iniquitous proposi- The Greek nation had already tions of those powers as most fatal. sought this intervention through
Hence, my royal majesty has its representatives in the third na.
tional assembly, which met first at portant interests of the Greek na. Epidaurus, and afterwards at Træ. tion are now discussed, and how gene ; and the resolution of the necessary it is that the govern. great Christian powers proves that ment should be in a situation calm. the Greeks did not hope in vain for ly to devote a great share of its at. their interference. Great, howe. tention to the developement of ver, as their desire for the termina. those important interests. tion of the war may be, the Greeks The town of Napoli, though the must not forget that their future late troubles have been appeased, fate depends in a great measure on is allowed to be the best place for themselves--that is to say,
attaining this great object. The their actions, which, in this decis agitation still remaining after such sive moment, must be guided by great disorders, and the fear of prudence, and accompanied by ac. new possible disagreements, would tive zeal.
engage almost the whole attention The Greeks are especially in of the government at Napoli. It need of perfect union among them. has, therefore, been resolved to selves, to prove to the world that remove it to Egina, where it will they are unjustly accused of being be able, as before, calmly to attend friends to confusion and anarchy. to the great interests of the nation, Their firm resolution to show and be in a favourable situation to themselves obedient to the laws, superintend and second the mili. united in one object, the welfare of tary operations, as they continue. the country, will make them worthy But while the government removes of the good will of all the Christian to Egina, it will not forget the ne. powers, and chiefly contribute to cessity of maintaining tranquillity the happy result of the powerful at Napoli, nor neglect the rights intervention.
and interests of that city, but take According to art. 4, of the con. the necessary measures before its vention, the three powers will first departure. of all require an armistice. The Greeks! the more the govern. Greeks certainly cannot oppose
ment feels the importance of prewhat they themselves asked at the sent circumstances, the more does time of the assembly at Epidaurus; it increase its zeal, and activity, but they must also reflect, that it and attention, to show itself worthy depends on themselves, that the of your confidence, but the more armistice shall be honourable and necessary is it also that
should advantageous to them. They must, be ready to support it. It there. therefore, redouble their energy, fore calls upon you to show sin. and show greater obedience and cere concord, perfect obedience, readiness than hitherto, that the and to act as becomes men who enemy may not reap advantage at are sensible of the blessings of their expense. The committee of liberty, and wish to enjoy them. government, considering this, will All the representatives of the peodo its utmost to support the ex. ple who are not present in the pert energy and readiness of the senate, must consider that now, Greeks.
more than ever, the legislative Greeks! The reading of the body has need of their presence, treaty will convince you what im- and the aid of their various know. ledge; and they must hasten to of the three powers having been fulfil the sacred duties which fruitless, the contracting powers Greece has imposed on them. will make use of the means which Every Greek, who by counsel or are in their power to require with actions can contribute to the sup. energy of the Porte to attend at port of the laws and the mainte. length to the proposals which have Dance of order, is bound to aid the been made to it for the good of government of the country in this humanity, and for the security of important task.
But should any the commerce of all nations. systematically turbulent individuals Though military operations by sea attempt at the present time to agi. and by land, says the protocol, tate the citizens, and thus prepare may perhaps become necessary to certain ruin for their country, they attain this object, every thing will may be assured that they will not be done in the spirit of the treaty escape the punishment which their of the 8th of July, and no one of wickedness merits, and the govern. the contracting powers shall have ment will employ with energy the the right, under any pretext, to measures which circumstances and seek an aggrandizement of territo. the laws command.
ry, or any other advantages whate. The government has not only ver. The expenses caused by the hope, but the certainty that the carrying the measures into execu. mediating powers will also co. tion, shall be subjected to a comoperate in enforcing the measures mon estimation, and the nature of which it may take for the mainte. the indemnities shall be stipulated. nance of internal order against such enemies of their country, and Protocol of the conference bedoubts not that the efforts of the
tween the Admirals of the allied Greeks, strengthened by their Concord and supported by the be. powers. nevolent sentiments of the powers, squadrons of the three powers which
The admirals commanding the will be crowned with a happy signed the treaty of London, having issue.
met before Navarino, for the purThe Committee of Government. Geo. MAUROMICHALI.
pose of concerting the means of John M. MILAITI.
effecting the object specified in the JANNULI Mako.
said treaty, viz. an armistice de
facto between the Turks and the The Secretary of State for the Greeks, have set forth in the present Interior and Police,
protocol the result of their confe. ANASTASIOS LONDO.
rence. The Secretary for Foreign Affairs, G. GALARIKI.
Considering that after the provi. sional suspension of hostilities, to
which Ibrahim Pacha consented in Protocol on the question of interven- his conference of the 25th of Sep.
tion between the Ministers of Rus. tember last, with the English and sia, France, and Englund, finally French admirals, acting likewise agreed upon in London on the in the name of the Russian admiral, 21st December, 1826.
the said pacha did, the very next All the efforts made to induce day, violate his engagement by causthe Porte to adopt the intervention ing his feet to come out, with a view
to its proceeding to another point in position with the squadrons in Nava. the Morea.
rino, in order to renew to Ibrahim Considering that since the return propositions which, entering into of that fleet to the Navarino, in con. the spirit of the treaty, were evident. sequence of a second requisition ly to the advantage of the Porte addressed to Ibrahim by Admiral itself. Codrington, who had met him near After having taken these three Patras, the troops of this pacha inodes into consideration, we have have not ceased carrying on a unanimously agreed, that this third species of warfare more destructive mode may, without effusion of blood, and exterminating than before, put. and without hostilities, but simply ting women and children to the by the imposing presence of the sword, burning the habitations, tear. squadrons, produce a determination ing up trees by the roots, in order leading to the third object. to complete the devastation of the We have in consequence adopted country.
it, and set it forth in the present Considering that, with a view of protocol. October 18, 1827. putting a stop to the atrocities which
Edward CODRINGTON, exceed all that has hitherto taken Vice admiral and commander in place, the means of persuasion and chief of his Britannic majesty's conciliation, the representations ships and vessels in the Meditermade to the Turkish chiefs, and ranean, the advice given to Mehemet Ali Louis, COUNT DE HEIDEN, and his son, have been treated as Rear admiral of his imperial majesty mockeries, whilst they might, with the emperor of all the Russias. one word, have suspended the Rear admiral H. DE RIGNY, course of so many barbarities. Commanding the squadron of his
Considering that there only re. most Christian majesty, mains to the commanders of the al. lied squadrons the choice between three modes of fulfilling the inten.
Asia, 24th October, 1827, tions of their respective courts,
in the port of Navarino, namely.
Before the united squadrons re. 1st. That continuing, throughout move from this theatre, on which the whole of the winter, a blockade, they have gained so complete a difficult, expensive, and perhaps use. victory, the vice admiral, comman. less, since a storm may disperse the der-in-chief, is desirous of making squadrons, and afford to Ibrahim
known to the whole of the officers, the facility of conveying his destroy seamen and marines, employed in ing army to different points of the them, the high sense which he has Morea and the islands.
of their gallant and steady conduct 2dly. The uniting the allied
on the 20th instant. squadron in Navarino itself, and suaded that there is no instance of securing by this permanent pre the fleet of any one country show. sence, the inaction of the Ottoman ing more complete union of spirit, fleets; but which mode alone leads
and of action, than - was exhibited to no termination, since the Porte by the squadrons of the allied pow. persists in not changing its system. ers together, in this I loody and de.
3dly. The proceeding to take a structive battle. He attributes to
He is per.
the bright example set by his gal- his most cordial thanks to his noble lant colleagues, the rear-admirals, colleagues, the two rear-admirals, the able and cordial support which for the able manner in which they the ships of the several squadrons directed the movements of their gave to each other during the heat squadrons, and to the captains, com. and consusion of the battle. Such manders, officers,
seamen and union of spirit, and of purpose ; royal marines, who so faithfully such coolness and bravery under obeyed their orders, and so bravely fire, and such consequent precision completed the destruction of their in the use of their guns, insured a opponents. victory over the well prepared ar
EDWARD CODRINGTON, rangements of geatly superior num.
Vice-Admiral. bers, and the whole Turkish and Egyptian fleets have paid the pe. Letter from the Admirals, to the nalty of their treacherous breach
Greek Government. of faith.
Port of Navarino, the The boasted Ibrahim Pacha pro.
25th October, 1827. mised not to quit Navarino, or op- Gentlemen-We learn, with pose the allied feet, and basely lively feelings of indignation, that, broke his word. The allied com.
while the ships of the allied powers manders promised to destroy the
have destroyed the Turkish fleet, Turkish and Egyptian fleets, if a which had refused submitting to an single gun was fired at either of armistice de facto, the Greek their flags ; and, with the assistance cruisers continue to infest the seas; of the brave men whom they have
and that the prize court, the only tri. had the satisfaction of command. bunal recognised by the Greek ing, they have performed their code, seeks by legal forms to justi. promise to the very letter. Out of
fy their excesses. a fleet composed of sixty* men of
Your provisional government apwar, there remained only one frigate and fifteen smaller vessels in allied squadrons are not agreed on
pear to think, that the chiefs of the a state ever to be again put to sea.
the measures to be adopted for Such a victory cannot be gained putting a stop to this system of law. without a great sacrifice of life ; less plunder.
less plunder. It deceives itself. and the commander-in-chief has to
We here declare to you, with one deplore the loss of many of the best voice, that we will not suffer your and bravest men which the fleet seeking, under false pretexts, to contained. The consolation is, that enlarge the theatre of war; that they died in the service of their is to say, the circle of piracies. country, and in the cause of suffer.
We will not suffer any expedi. ing humanity.
tion, any cruise, any blockade, to The commander-in-chief returns be made by the Greeks beyond the
limits of from Volo to Lepanto, in. * Mons. Bompard, a French officer cluding Salamina, Egina, Hydra, who retired from the service of Ibrahim Spezzia. Pacha, by direction of admira de Rigny,
We will not suffer the Greeks to reports the whole number to be eighty- incite insurrection at Scio, or in one, including the smaller ones.
Albania, thereby exposing the po