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O dark, dark, dark, amid the blazcrof noon, ici so Irrecoverably dark, total eclipse . q Tera ni is sda Without all hope of day!": "...

'rgj T O first created Beam, and thou great Word, doc? Let there be light, and light was over all; Why am I thus bereav'd thy prime decree ? 17:485 The sun to me is dark; 10: I

IT And silent as the moon,

:

ijuA When she deserts the night Hid in her vacant interlunar cave. Since light so neceffary is to life, And almost life itself, if it be true

That

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sr 87. And filent as the moon, &c] And filent as the moon, There cannot be a better note on When she deserts the night this passage than what Mr. War Hid in her vacant interlunar cave, burton has written on this verse

89. Hid in her vacant interlunar of Shakespeår 2 Henry VI. A& I.

cave.] Silens luna is the moon Sc. 8.

at or near the change, and in conDeep night, dark night, the fi- junction with the fun. Plin. 1: Lib. lent of the night.

16. c. 39. The iạterlunar cave is

here called vacant, quia lana ibi The filent of the night is a classical expression, and means an interlu

vacat opere et minifterio fuo, be

cause the moon is idle, and useless, nar night amica filentia lunæ.

and makes no return of light. i!! So Pliny, Inter omnes verò con

Meadowcourt. venit, utilifimè in coitu ejus fterni, Alluding, I suppose, to the fame quem diem alii interlunii, alii flen- notion, which he has adopted from tis lunæ appellant. Lib. 16. cap: 39. Hefiod in his Paradise Loit. VI. 4. In imitation of this language, Mil

There is a cave con says,

Within the mount of God, faft The fun to me is dark,

by his throne,

Where

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Fhat light is in the soul, a druh pitao doba
She all in every part; why was the fight 30-r1
To such a tender ball as th'

eye confin'd,

, sh So obvious and so easy to be quencha?

95
And not as feeling through all parts diffus’d,
That she might look at will through every pore?
Then had I not been thus exil'd from light,
As in the land of darkness yet in light, ni's
To live a life half dead, a living death, , si T 100
And bury’d; but O yet more miserable! s, i bil
Myself, my sepulchre, a moving grave, 115002
Bury'd, yet not exempt

Tule bi: A

Ву Where light and darkness in per- living death,] The fame thought petual round

occurs in the following passage of Lodge and diflodge by turns. Euripides, Supp. 966. See the note on this place. Thyer.

Kai yw ATAIS, ATENG 110.90. Since light. fa neceffary is to

Inegoxw dus woraro, -700 life, &c.] This intermixing of

Ουτ' εν τοις φθιμώοις, his philosophy very much weakens

Ουτ' εν ζωσιν αειθμκμψη, the force and pathos of Samson's

Χωρις δη τινα των ιχυσα μου, complaint, which in the main is

,

polve excellent, but I think not altogether fo fine as the poet's lamenta. So also in Sophocles, Antig. 1283. tion of his own blindnefs at the

τας γαρ

ήδονας beginning of the third book of the 'Oray geld

WEIY ayd pas, 8 TI. Paradise Loft ; fo much better does

Inpe ega every body write from his own

Ζην τετον, αλλ' εμψυχον ηγfeeling and experience, than when

jual vexegy Thyer. he imagines only. what another would say upon the same occasion. 102. Myself, my fepulchre, a move 100. To live a life balf dead, & ing grave,] This thought is not

very

By privilege of death and burial
From worst of other evils, pains and wrongs,
But made hereby obnoxious more
To all the miseries of life,
Life in captivity
Among inhuman foes.
But who are these? for with joint pace I hear
The tread of many feet steering this way;
Perhaps my enemies who come to stare
At my affliction, and perhaps t' infult,
Their daily practice to afflict me more.

CHORU S.
This, this is he; softly a while, - 1415
Let us not break in

od 1 0 O change beyond report, thought, or belief! !? See how he lies at random, carelesly diffus dui With languish'd head unpropt,

5w bra

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upon him;

very unlike that of Gorgias Le- A common man would have said ontinus, who called vulturs living bearing this way.

Warburton. Jepulcbres, UteSteatoxol tapol, for which he incurred the in-' 118. See homo he lies at random, dignation of Longinus ;, whether carelesly diffusd,] This beaatijustly or no I shall not say. fol application of the word diffus'd

Fortin. Milton has borrow'd from the

Latins. So Ovid ex Ponto. IH. - steering this way ; ] If III. 7. this be the right reading, the meta Publica me requies curarum fom. phor is extremely hard and abrupt. nus habebat,

Fufaque

111.

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Is one past hope, abandon'd,

120 And by himself given over ; In slavith habit, ill-fitted weeds D'er-worn and soil'd; Or do my eyes misrepresent? Can this be he, That heroic, that renown'd,

125 Irresistible Samson? whom unarm'd No strength of man, or fiercest wild beat could with

stand; Who tore the lion, as the lion tears the kid, Ran on imbattel'd armies clad in iron, Lin! And weaponless himself,

130 Made arms ridiculous, useless the forgery pill?

Of brazen shield and spear, the hammer'd cuirass,
Chaly'bean temper'd steel, and frock of mail,
Adamantean proof;
But fafest he who stood aloof,

When Fusfaque erant toto languida Chalybban with the third fyllable -1.611 membra toro. Thyer. long according to Heinfias's read

ing of that verse of Ovid. Faft. IV. 133. Chaly'bean temper'd feel, ] 405. That is, the best temper'd steel by Æs erat in pretio : Chalybeïa the Chalybes, who were famous

maffa latebat: among the Ancients for their iron works. Virg. Georg. I. 58.

but Milton makes it Thort by the At Chalybes nudi ferrum

same poetical liberty, with which

he had before used Ægean for The adjective should be pronounc'd Ægtan, and Thyéfiran for i byesféan.

136. When

135

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When insupportably his foot advanc'd,
In scorn of their proud arms and warlike tools,
Spørn’d them to death by troops. The bold Ascalonite
Fled from his lion ramp, old warriors turn'd
Their plated backs under his heel;

140
Or grov’ling soild their crested helmets in the dust. :-)
Then with what trivial weapon came to hand,
The jaw of a dead ass; his sword of bone,

. A thoufand fore-skins fell, the flow'r of Palestine, 144 In Ramath-lechi famous to this day.

[bore Then by main force pulld up, and on his shoulders The

gates of Azza, poft, and mafly bar, Up to the hill by Hebron, seat of giants old, -k.

No

136. When infupportably his foot be call away the jaw-bone out of his

advancd, ] For this nervous band, and called that place Ramathexpreflion Milton was probably in- lechi, that is, the lifting up of the debted to the following lines of jaw-bone, or cafting away of the jare! Spenser. Faery Queen, B. 1. Cant.7. bone, as it is render'd in the margin St. 11.

of our bibles de dwa batritiba That when the knight he fpy'd,

147. The gates of Azza,] If the he 'gan advance

poet did not think the allitteration, With huge force, and insupport.,

too great, he poflibly would have wrote

. able main.

The gates of Gazania 138. The bold Ascalonite ] The inhabitant of Afcalon, one of the So he does within fix lines of the five principal cities of the Phili- end of this play, fines, mention'd 1 Sam. VI. 17.

whence Gaza mourns. 145. In Ramath-lechi famous to ibis day : ) Judges XV. 17. - I can't help remarking the greata

difference

Thyer

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