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No. 18.-Captain Kelly to J. W. Croker, Esq. (Extract.) H. M. S. Pheasant, Sierra Leone River, 4th Jan. 1822.
I have the honour to report, for the information of my Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, that in consequence of a communication from Governor Sir Charles M'Carthy, that intelligence had reached him of a Portuguese Schooner being in the Rio Pongas taking in Slaves, I directed Lieutenant Knight, of the Snapper, to proceed on the 19th ultimo with that Brig and the Thistle, taking with him the Boats of this Ship and Myrmidon, for the entrance of that River; there to anchor the Brigs, and then push up, with all the Boats under his personal direction, and examine every creek and usual place of Slavedealing in it; and if he should there find any Vessels acting in contravention to existing Treaties or orders, to bring them to this place for adjudication.
On the 28th the Expedition returned, and Lieutenant Knight reports that, after a thorough search, he only found I Vessel, viz. the Spanish Schooner Rosalia, from The Havannah, with a Cargo of rum and tobacco; part of which was landed at Ormond's Town, who, together with a British Subject, by the name of Lightburne, residing in the River, had undertaken to furnish him with 200 Slaves in exchange; but as they were not embarked, and in short could not be found, no steps could be taken for the detention of the Vessel.
I am happy to report that, from all the information Lieutenant Knight could obtain, only one Vessel (containing 100 Slaves) had left that River for more than 6 months
In order to prevent if possible the escape of the Schooner now there, I have ordered the Thistle to Cruize before the mouths of it, to interrupt her should she attempt to put to Sea with Slaves on board. J. W. Croker, Esq.
B. M. KELLY.
No. 19.- Captain Kelly to J. W. Croker, Esq. SIR, H. M. S. Pheasant, Sierra Leone River, 16th Jan. 1822.
I have the honour to report, for the information of my Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, the arrival at this anchorage of His Majesty's Gun-Brig Thistle, from the service on which I had ordered her, as communicated to you in my Letter of the 4th instant, bringing with her the Spanish Schooner Rosalia, captured in the Rio Pongas, with 60 Slaves on board, the same Vessel as was boarded by the Boats of the Squadron under the orders of Lieutenant Knight, of the Snapper, on the 24th ultimo.
I beg leave to inclose a Copy of Lieutenant Hagau's Letter, detailing the particulars of her Capture, the result of the prompt and decisive measures adopted by that Officer.
As I am directed by my orders to be near this anchorage on the arrival of the succeeding Commodore, which Sir George Collier communicated to me as likely to have taken place in November last, and which has necessarily of late withdrawn my attention from those places to leeward of the St. Ann's Shoals, as far as Cape Palmas; it is with peculiar satisfaction I have to communicate, that from all the Reports brought by Canoe Men, wbich are frequently coming from thence, I have not learned that there has been any arrival of Slave-vessels on these parts of the Coast since those French ones reported iu my Letter of the 3d ultimo.
I am, &c. J. W. Croker, Esq.
B. MARWOOD KELLY.
(Inclosure.)—Lieutenant Hagan to Captain Kelly. SIR,
H. M. B. Thistle, off Rio Pongas, 13th Jan. 1822. I HAVE the honour to report, that in obedience to your orders I arrived off this River to watch the Spanish Slave-vessel lately examined in it; and having anchored off the sand Bar, I proceeded up in the Boats to ascertain if she still remained.
I found she had dropped down some miles, and appeared to be making rapid progress in her equipment, and having learnt that many of her Slaves were in irons on shore ready for embarkation, I considered it my duty to effect is possible their release.
For this purpose I called a Meeting of the Traders and Chiefs, I represented to them that the British had made large sacrifices to the Spanish and other Governments to induce them to abolish the Trade in Slaves, and that, in consequence, Treaties the most solemn and bind. ing had been made, not only for that purpose, but to give to the Ships of War of either Power a mutual right of Police over the Vessels of their respective Subjects, and that by virtue of that Power I claimed, on the part of their Britavnick and Catholick Majesties, a release of the Slaves then ready for embarkation in the Schooner.
I have much pleasure in stating, that measures were promptly adopted, and they, with the consent of the Acting Commander, Francisco, caused 60 to be embarked, when she was taken possession of; she proves to be the Rosalia, the property of Don Joseph Sole, of The Havannah: sailed from thence under the command of Francisco de Hornes, who, with 7 of the Crew, fell a sacrifice to the Climate during her stay of 5 weeks in the River.
I shall proceed without loss of time with the Schooner to Sierra Leone, which I hope will meet with your approbation.
I am, &c. Captain Kelly.
R. HAGAN. (B.) INSTRUCTIONS TO NAVAL OFFICERS.
LIST OF PAPERS.
1821. Page 1. John Barrow, Esq. to Commodore Sir G.R.Collier.Admiralty Office.. 24th May 219 2. The Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty to Commodore Sir Robert Mends...... Admiralty Office . .31st Oct. 220
1822. 3. John Barrow, Esq. to Captain Phillips........ Admiralty Office. .15th Mar. 223 4. Instructions to the Commanders of all such of
His Majesty's Ships and Vessels as have been ordered, from the 6th of February, 1821, to the 21st of March, 1822, to proceed to either of the following Stations : viz. Jamaica, Leeward Islands, South America, Cape of Good Hope, and East Indies...
No. 1.-John Barrow, Esq. to Commodore Sir George R. Collier. SIR,
Admiralty Office, 24th May, 1821. I am commanded by my Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty to transmit to you a Copy of a Letter from Lord Castlereagh, conveying to their Lordships His Majesty's pleasure, that the Commanders of His Majesty's Vessels employed in the suppression of the Slave-trade, should be instructed to use their best endeavours to co-operate, as far as may be in their power, with such Ships of The United States of America as may be placed on the Coast of Africa for the same purpose; with a Copy of a Letter which I have received from Mr. Planta, stating more particularly the meaning attached by his Lordship to the expression “ to co-operate,” as used in the first-mentioned Letter; and I am to signify to you their Lordships' direction, that you govern yourself according to the tenor of these Letters, and that you make the same known to the Commanders of His Majesty's Vessels under your Orders.
I am, &c. Commodore Sir G. R. Collier,
JOHN BARROW. or the Senior Officer on the coast of Africa. (Inclosure A.)-Viscount Castlereugh to the Lords of the Admiralty. My LORDS,
Foreign Office, 13th March, 1821. It appearing by a Dispatch recently received from Mr. Stratford Canning, His Majesty's Minister in The United States, that, with a view to the more effectual prevention of the Slave-trade on the Coast of Africa, the American Government are anxious to give Instructions to their Vessels cruizing upon that Coast, as similar as circumstances will allow, to those under which our Vessels are at present acting; I have to acquaint your Lordships that I have transmitted Copies of these Instructions to Mr. Canning for the above purpose, and that it is His Majesty's pleasure that an Additional Instruction be forth with addressed to the respective Commanders of His Majesty's Vessels employed in the suppression of the Slave-trade, to use their best endeavours to co-operate, as far as may be in their power, with such Americ can Ships as may be placed on the Coast of Africa for the same purpose.
I have, &c. The Lords Comm”. of the Admiralty.
(Inclosure B.)—Joseph Planta, Jun. Esq. to John Barrow, Esq. SIR,
Foreign Office, 12th May, 1821. In reply to your Letter of the 6th ultimo, requesting, by direction of the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, to be acquainted with the precise meaning which His Majesty's Government may be pleased to affix to the term “ to co-operate,” in the Instructions proposed to be sent to the Vessels now cruising upon the coast of Africa, for the prevention of the Slave-trade, in the event of their meeting with any Cruizers of The United States having the same object; I am directed by Lord Londonderry to state to you, for the information of their Lordships, that the meaning which his Lordship attached to that expression was, that the American Government having refused to enter into any more intimate concert with the British Government for the suppression of the illicit Slave-trade upon the coast of Africa, British Vessels should, notwithstanding, be instructed to give such general assistance to any Ships of War of The United States as might appear on the Coast of Africa, towards the attainment of this common object, as was consistent with the existing Treaties and Rights of both Nations, and with the friendly relations and perfect amity subsisting between them.
I am, &c. John Barrow, Esq.
JOSEPH PLANTA, JUN.
No. 2.- The Lords Commissimers of the Admiralty to Commodore
Sir Robert Mends. (Extract.)
Admiralty Office, 31st October, 1821. You are hereby required and directed to put to Sea in the Ship you command, as soon as she shall be in every respect ready, and to proceed with all convenient expedition to the Coast of Africa, where you are to employ yourself in affording such countenance and assistance to the British Settlements, and such protection to the British Commerce, as may be found requisite, and in preventing to the utmost of your power, any illicit traffick in Slaves by His Majesty's Subjects, or by the Subjects of the Kings of Spain, Portugal, and The Netherlands, with whom Treaties, as hereinafter-mentioned, have been concluded by this Country respecting that traffick; taking under your Orders, and employing upon the said Services, the Sloops and Gun-brigs named in the margin,* which are now on the African Station, and whose Commanders are directed by the Orders which we herewith inclose to you to place themselves under your command.
* Pheasant, Myrmidon, Morriana, Snopper (G. B.), Thistle
You are to proceed in the first instance to Sierra Leonė, where you, are to communicate with the Governor, and to confer with him as to the best mode of effecting the objects you have in view.
You will assign such Stations and give such Instructions to the Vessels under your Orders as you may judge most proper, with a view to the effectual fulfilment of those objects; and for which purpose several Bays and Creeks, particularly in the Bights of Benio and Biafra, must be diligently watched and frequently examined, to ensure, as far as practicable, by the force under your orders, the seizure of such Vessels as may be liable thereto, under the several Acts and Treaties for putting a stop to the trading in Slaves.
We herewith transmit to you Copies or Abstracts of the several Acts of Parliament, relating to British Subjects engaged in Traffick in Slaves, by which you are to be governed with regard to such British Subjects as you may discover to be engaged in the said traffick, and to use every means in your power to carry into full effect the said Acts.
With regard to Vessels belonging to the Subjects of the Kings of Spain, Portugal, and The Netherlands, we transmit to you herewith the following Documents, viz.
Copies of the Treaties or Conventions concluded between His Majesty and those Sovereigus, for the prevention of an illicit traffick in Slaves by their respective Subjects.
Acts of Parliament which have been passed to give effect to those Treaties :
And Instructions signed by us, authorizing you, in conformity with the Treaties, to search Vessels bearing the Flags of the said Nations respectively.
You are to be strictly governed by these Documents in your conduct towards the Vessels in question; and you will take care that the Commanders of the Vessels under your Orders also strictly attend to the same.
You will observe in the Treaty with Spain, that the period for which that Nation reserved to herself the right of trading in Slaves to the South of the Equator is now expired ; and consequently all Spanish Ships which shall in future be found trafficking in Slaves in any part of the Coasts of Africa, whether North or South of the Equator, will be liable to be dealt with for condemnation, as directed by the said Treaty.
And you are to understand, that any Ships of the three beforementioned Nations, which may be captured for illicit trafficking in Slaves, are to be sent for adjudication to the following Places, as may be most convenient according to the situation in which the Capture may be made, viz. Ships of any of the three Nations to Sierra Leone ; or Portuguese Ships to Rio de Janeiro; Spanish Ships to The Havannah; and Dutch Ships to Surinam; Courts having been established at those