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that fince no precise answer was given him, à L.C.1716


Heg. 1128. longer residence at the Porte was useless; and that he demanded permission to return to the emperor his master, a permission which had been granted him. One may judge, by this difference which the Turks make between the ministers of the emperor of Germany, when at war with him, and those of other powers, whom they retain in captivity, the consideration which they always have for a neighbour that they fear. This mania. festo concluded with a copy of the letter written by prince Eugene to the grand vizier, and an order to all the ballaws and other governors of the Ottoman empire to hold themselves in a state of defence, without however doing any thing that migho in the least prejudice the treaty of Carlowitz. The sulcan declared also that, though his troops were filing off towards Belgrade, and his. vefsels entering the Danube, he had no intention to attack the emperor of the West, but solely to defend the territories and subjects of the Ottoman empire.

The presumptuous Coumourgi longed to en- The twa gage prince Eugene ; and this great general, who commanded no more than eighty thousand men, could not be deterred from fighting, by the confideration of the superiority of number, the Turks being neither so well disciplined nor commanded as the Germans. Ali Coumourgi was perhaps the only one in his army who did not remember the battle of Zenta. When the


armies meet at Peterwaradin.

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J.C. 1716. talents and experience of prince Eugene were
Scried up to him, he would reply with fire in his

eyes : " I shall become a better general than he,
« at his expence.” The two armies having
marched straight against each other, the first act
of hoftility happened at Carlowitz, in the very
place where the peace had been so folemnly ra-
tified seventeen years before. Count Palfi, who
was ordered to go and reconnoitre the enemy, at
the head of three thousand horse, to know if they
had passed the Savc, fell in with at Carlowitz a
corps of seven thousand Turkish horsę sent on the
fame errand. The Austrian general, though very
inferior in number, made a good disposition and
an honorable retreat. The Turks were never
able to surround him; but they killed three hun-
dred of his men and made some prisoners. Prince
Eugene, who had not yet passed the Danube, or-
dered bridges of boats to be made with all dili-
gence. Notwithstanding the skirmishes of the
scouts of the Ottoman army, he paffed their river
in sight of them in less than two days; after which
his troops marched at their case to the camp that
he had intended for them on this side Peter-
waradin, behind the old intrenchments, which

had not been destroyed since the last war. The Defeat of next day, prince Eugene, who had always chosen

to give battle rather than to receive it, marched
against the Turks, the more willingly, as, in the
new ground which he was going to occupy, his
Jefc would be defended by deep morasses, and his

Peterwa. radin.

right by inaccessible hills, and the distance be- J.C. 1716.

Heg.1128. tween him and the enemy would be cut by gutIers and trenches. These battalions and squadrons well closed, who kept up a continual fire with the muzzles of their pieces almost close to the Ottomans, foon made these numerous and wavering troops give way, who offered at first only a crowd in disorder, by which means one-half of them were unable to make use of their arms, and who in a little time were dispersed, put to flight, and incapable of rallying, The Turkish soldiers, as the author of the life of prince Eugene justly observes, are terrible at the first onset, by the opinion which they have of their superiority over all other people; but they are no sooner broken, than their profound ignorance of tactics prevents their returning to the charge : then their superiority of number, become useless, .only offers more victims to the vanquisher. The Turks, commanded by generals without experience, opposed an inconsiderate valour to che science of prince Eugene and the German coolness. The grand vizier, and almost all the bashaws and agas who commanded under him, perished in this battle, and the troops abandoned the field when they no longer heard the voice of their commanders. The prince did not think fit to pursue this multitude in a country with which he was not sufficiently acquainted. The historians vary on the number of the dead; those, who make the loss most considerable, say that thirty thousand Turks


his prayer

about the command of the army.

J.C. 1716. were killed on the field of battle; those, who Heg. 1128.

have made it least, fay only ten thousand ; but all agree that a prodigious quantity of bombs, bullets, grenades, a hundred and fifty pair of colours and standards, and a hundred and fixty-four pieces of cannon or mortars, fell into the hands of the vanquisher. The booty of the soldiers, which was immense, is not counted; the grand vizier's tenc fell to prince Eugene ; it was of a surprising size and magnificence.

The prince entered it to offer


of thanks as soon as he was master of the field of battle. Difficulties

Meanwhile the Ottoman troops united again at Belgrade, all the different parties, being re

assembled, still formed an army sufficiently conIt is left siderable for those who loved the glory of their

nation to blush at fuch a general and precipitate Aight. The remaining officers assembled to agree on a commander in chief. The feraskier of Bofnia, called Lari Amed, was the only bashaw of three-tails who had escaped the sword of the German's. They unanimously voted him commander ; but this balhaw, who had been accustomed to stoop, not only to the grand vizier, but even to his creatures, either through incapacity or meanness of fpirit, said that he would obey the kiaia of the grand vizier, who had been intrusted with the secrets of the late prime minister and ought to know the intentions of the Porte. This kiaia was greatly feared: it was even furpected that the grand feignior, out of respect to




the memory of Coumourgi, would give the seals L.C. 1716.

. to him. All the chiefs seemed disposed to follow the example of the feraskier of Bosnia; but the defterdar, bolder than the rest, exclaimed, that it was without example and contrary to order for a feraskier-vizier and several bashaws of two-taila to obey a kiaia, who was not even a fangiac or a bashaw of one-tail; that iç was the most

powerful emperor alone who could work miracles, after the example of the Divinity; that, if he were to appoint a private janissary grand vizier, the whole empire would bow down to his work; but that the soldiers, by the same reason, had no '. right to destroy what the fovereign authority had made; that since there was a balhaw of threetails in the army, all those, who had 'till then been under him, ought to continue their obedience when the chief command devolved upon him. This observation was so just, that the kiaia himself declared he would obey Lari Amed.

Whilst they were yee deliberating, a report fpread that the Imperialists were going to lay siege to Temeswar. This town, which may be Temcfwan. considered as the key of upper Hungary, had a garrison of eighteen thousand inen, and was defended by good intrenchments and strong ramparts. Prince Eugene had lent a considerable detachment the day after the victory of Petere waradin to invest Temeswar, which che feraskies Lari Amed resolved to fuccour; and after having restored order to his army, he marched

Prince Eu.

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