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knowledgment he very evidently thews one can afterwards make by study." he was persuaded, that no man can This would be eminently truc, applied be a Poet, unless he received at his to Poetry; and though it ought, por. birth from hcaven, by fome happy in haps, to be received in a qualified sense Avence or impreffion, that fpirit of in regard of learning in general, yer it Poetry which art and study can never is certain, that a great part of what gocs give. The celebrated Sir William by that name confifts in such things as Temple takes a ttep yet further, and a wise man," to ufc Seneca's words, afferts concerning learning in the gross, “ if he knew them would labour to that "the leali grain of wit one is born forget,” with, is worth all the improvements
X, Y. Z.
DR O S Ş I ANA,
PERHAPS NOT GENERALLY KNOWN,
16 Then let him with his foe agree,
" And save the land from miley; "I Do not know how it is, but I
“ Or to his lips the Orange juice never knew a mo:teit man make his
“ Shall poilin's fatal ills produce." way at Conrt," laid that Prince one day to Mr. Sedley. " Please your Majeity,
The diary of this misguided Prince, and whole fault is that?" was the repiv.
many other curious MSS. relative to the In a Journal kept by one of James's history of Britain, were in the library of Courtiers, there are these curious circum,
the Scots College of Paris. It is to be fiances :
hoped that they have been preferved froin “ OCTOBER 23, 1688.
1:e fury and ravages of the present lavages Jacques Second grandement inquiet of Europe, if indeed it is not doing elien fit placer une Girouetie dans un lieu ou
too much honour to give them that ap. illa fuifle voir de les apartements la voie." pellation. Some one was saying the oilier " OCTOBER 30, 1688.
day, before a ce.ebrated writer, “that “ Jacques dijoit à M. Barillon, Am
the mosfern French were a compound of
- Pray, baGadeur de France (inoi present), Voila the Monkey and the Tyger."dunc la vent declaię Papitte ; & puis :Şir, what have these poor animals ever ajouta en baisant la voix, “ 'Vous savez done to defeive the comparison?" was the que depuis trois jours j'ai fait exposer le reply. faint sacreixent."
CARDINAL DE BERULLE.
This pious man died, as the late es6 DECEMBER 17, 1688. " Jacques trouve apropos de s'en aller cellent Mr. Grainger did, as he was un second tuis :
cclebrating the Sacrament. Th: Cardinal Qui terret pius ille timer, fors ista fell down dead upon the iteps of the altar
at the moment of contecration, as lie was tyranais."
" How hard a fata a tyrant bears, pronouncing, the words,“ lianc igitur " More than hintelt is fear'd he fears."
oblationen.'' This occafioned the fol. “ 0.1 cite a chaque initant la prophetie
lowing diitich: k Nostradamus, ecrite sur l'année 1566. Capra lub extremis nequeo dum facra “ Celui qui la princip.uié
facerdos " Tiendra par granite cruauté
Perficere, at faltein vittima perficiam. " A la fin verra grande phalange
In vain the rev'rend Pontiff uies “ Poster coup de feu, tres dangereux. To terminate the facrifice; ** Par accord pourra faire mieux
Himself within the holy walls “ Autrement, boira suc d'Orange." The heav'n-devoted victim falls.
Card. Beruile caine over with Hen. “ He who the British empire's reins sietta Maria, Queen of Charles the First, " By furce and cruelty maintains, to England, to the Court of which he "Shall in li's turn each horror feel, endeared himself by the fanctity of his "" The blalting fire, th' avenging Iteele. morals, and the extremne propriety of his
behaviour. · He had really, like the pre- By speeches of this kind he foon found kent Patriarch of our Church in age 35 hiinself at the head of upwards of forty well as in learning and piety, the nolo thousand men, who seized upon the per. Episcopari, in the extremeił purity of in. sons and estates of the nobility, rich tention; for when his sovereign, Louis citizens and clergy, bruke into their the Thirteenth of France, pressed him houses and libraries, and burnt every book to take the Bishopric of Leon, he refused; that they could find in them except the and on that Monarch's telling him that Bible. Their cry was, “ Repent ye all ! he thould employ the solicitation of a mortify yourselves and be baptised, that nsore powerful advocate than himself the anger of God may not fail upon you." (ineaning the Pope), to prevail upon him The fyítem of equality in point of rank, to accept of it, he said, " that if inis and inost probably in point of property, Majesty continued to prets him, he mould did not last long, for John and certain be obliged to quit his kingdom.” He of his associates became governors of founded the venerable Order of the Fathers their followers, under the name of the of the Oratory in France, and was 3 Twelve Apostles. They found, however, man of such eminent goodness, that the even this kind of governinent too democraPope Leo XIih taid of him when he law tical, for they elected one of the twelve, by him at Rome as a simple friar, name John Becold, for their Monarch, Pere Berulle n'est pas un homme, c'est who exerciled ihe most oppressive tyranny un ange."
that has, perhaps, been ever recorded in
history. His reign was, however, a very JOHN OF LEYDEX,
hori one, for he died upon the fcatfuld not The Citizens of France have done very many months afterwaru ; lo true is it what Sittle indeed in murying three wives Shakijear fays, a-piece, in comparison wish the followers
-Headttrong liberty is lash'd with woe. of this celebrated demagogue, in their There's notbing limate under Heaven's fyítem of polygamy.
Each inan permitted to h.:ve as many wives as he Buthath his hound-flerlei. John, who ly occupation was a The ingenious and clegant Mr. Greville tavlor, contented himself with seventeen says extremely well in his Maxis, only. Jolin, like the modern French, «' Whatever natural right inen muy
have had his fyftem of Equality, which he to freedom and independency, it is manent prescribed in his disciples at Munster in that fome men have a natural ascendancy 1524. “ We are,” said he," ali brothers, over others." and we have one common father in Adam; how then does this inequality in rank
PASCAL. and in riches happen, that tyranny has The modern French feein to bave ima. introduced between the great and our gined themiselves much wiler than this felt:s! Have not we then a right to an learned and acute countryman of their's: equality of property, which in its own He says, “ La puilla.ce des Rois ett fondée nature' is constituted to be partaken of, sur la raison, & !ur la fuibielle du peuple." without distinction, equally amongst all According to him, his prelent countryranks of inankind ? Restore to us then, men in their adoration of realon, O, ye rich! you avaricious usurpers ! Insaniri docent ratione. all the property that you hive unjustly They tell the world to worship reason, detained from us, and kept to yourselves. That is, rank facrilege and treason. It is not only as men, but as Chriftians, In his “ Thoughts written about the shat we have a right to this division. Year 1650,” he says, “Qui auroit ea At the first establishment of Chriftianity, l'amitie du Roi d'Angleiene (Charles did not the Apostles divide amongit the Premier), du Roi de Pologne Casimir faitliful that wanted it, all the money Cing), & de la Reine de Suede (Chrif that was brought to them, and laid at tina), auroit il cru pouvoir manquer de their feet? The Omnipotent hinself re retraite & d'azyle au monde ?" How ap. quires of us, and of all mankind, that plicable is this to some late Revolutions in the tyranny of the Rulers Mould be de- Europe, and what a lesson for niea to see froyed, that we should demand our liberty
-quam fragili loco word in hand, that we should refute to Starent füperbi. -Senec." pay all taxes, and put the goods of ll por “Jamais on ne fait le mal li pleinement 1oris in common. It is to my feet, like & tigaiement," says this acute writer, "que to those of the Apostles of old, that every quant on le lait par un faux principe de thing rich and valuabic flwuld be brought. conscience.” How well this oblovation
applies to all religious and political per. fecutions! The leaders in general know added to the knowledge of the Greek but-too well what they are doing, the rest and Latin languages that of the Hebrew, follow them tele baisé, as sheep do the the Arabic, the Spanish, the German, the head of the flock. Pascal's prayers are
French, and the Italian. A buffoonith extremely pious and eloquent, and remind professional brother of his uferi occasionally US very much of those of the late Dr. to quote a Greek sentence to him, as Johnson. Pascal's filter, Madame du one of Galen's or of Hippocrates's. Perner, tells us, in that very interesting This used to fet poor Letherland, who life of him porefixed to lis Thoughits, that was extremely conversant with the Greek a! the age of twelve years, by the mere Physicians, a looking throughout their dint of his genius, he had inverted the works, and when his fooliniy-facetious thirty-second first propofitions of Euclid. friend saw him vext, he would tell him His father, for fear his son should become that it was in Aretæus, perliaps. Dr. too fond of mathematics, to the exclusion Lether land, different from many of his of all other knowledge, had kept out brethren, uled 10 lay, “ that the most of his light all mathematical books and degrading part of physic was the taking problems.--Of the terms of that science the fee, the heing paid like a carpenter for his fifter says he was so ignorant, even work done ; fometimes, perhaps, undone." after he had inverted these propolitions, A. celebrated physician of Bath had that that he used to call a circle a round, and a opinion of the utility, the necessity, and Tine a bar.
the dignity of it, that one day, after having
prescribed for himself in an illnels without MILTON
effe&t, he took a guinea out of his pocket in one of his sonnets has some lines which with his left hand, and put it into his may well apply to the French Republic :
right, saying, “ I have given niyself a Å barbarous noile environs me, fecI think now I fall prescribe better.** Of owls and cuckoos, asses, apes, and dogs. The same Physician, on an attendance They bawa for freedom in their fenfelels upon Dr.--, Provost of Eton, who had mood,
the pally in his hands, during the ab. And still revolt, when truth would set sence of his female relation, who genethem free;
sally was with the patient when the Doctor Licence they mean, when they cry liberty, came, was detired by the Provolt" to for who loves that must first be wise and put his hand into his breeches pocket, good
and take out one of those thining pieces But from that mark how far they rove we
of metal that have such attractions for fee,
Physicians, as well as for other persons." For all this waste of wealtb and lojs of " Why, my worthy friend," eplied the blood!
Doctor, “ will not this be like picking A celebrated English lawyer was at
your pocket ?"
Very "ke it, indeed? Paris two or three years ago, and was de. my good Doctor," was the reply. fired to assist at one of their Committet's for the eitablishment of the Trial by Jury in the English manner. He found wrote at one time one hundred and eighty them to grossly ignorant of the first prin- lives for Houbraken's “ Illustrious Heads ciples of that bulwark of our excellent of Englithmen." The bookseller faid, Constitution, that he laid to an acquain
u that the Doctor was a dead hand at tance of his belonging to the Committee, a life.” The heads in this collectivn were " My dear Sir, your countrymen are not
not always taken from the moít approved ter fit for the trial by Jury."' “ My good pictures, and that of the celebrated john friend, my countrymen are noi yet fit Hampden is an ideal head Very indiffe. for liberty;" was the reply. A celebrated rent copies were sent over to Houbraken Italian poet said of the present French, in Holland, who rerned them with his ** Liberiy is to them what love is to a engraving. He pielenied the proprietors much; they are incapable of enjoying with a plate of his own heal, which is 11;" Aristotle, in his Politics, says, “ibat ore of the finelt in ; he collection. Pero they only who have been governed are tit rault's “ Illustrious Frenchmen" is a 10 govern ;, and when all will govern, as work of more accuracy respeeling the in modern France, without having lerved likenelles, and the biographicai pure is an apprenticeship to it, what good can be more full, and better written thin the expected from lo ignorant and unprinci. Englih ore. pled a pantocracy ??? YOL. XXV,
Τ Η Ε
A N D
For JANUARY 1794.
Biographia Britannica ; second edition ; with Corrections, Enlargements, and the
Addition of new Lives. By Andrew Kippis, P. P. F: K. S, and S. A.
Vol. V. !!. 115. 6d. Folio: Robinsons, &c, TE importance of this work, whe: free from, errors, it were absurd to ex:
ther considered with respect to the pect; but from a pretty attentive peru, intrinsic value of biographical science, sal of the present volume, we are ena: or as being a substantial monument of bled to say that thefe are few, and of a national worth and learning, has been trisial nature, and that it is upon the ļong felt and ack nowledged. If we
whole a most valuable accellion' to our consider the magnitude of the undertak: biographical stock. From the merit of ing, the difficulty of collecting the scat. the former rolumes, and froin the exfered fragments, the dısjettă membra, tensive reading, chaste judgment, and of wliich Tuch a work must necessarily acknowledged candour of the Editor, be composed; the miss of information we were les to form cxpcétations which which it is expected to contain, and the have not been disappointed; and alardent curiosity which it is expected to though it is not in our power, from the gratify; we thall not be of the number nature of our plan, to indulge in copious who complain that its progress is tardy, cxtračts from a work of this nature, and its completion doubtful. In reviv. yet we truit wç thall impart fome fatil ing the memory of departed cscsllence, fuition to our readers from a sketch of our Editor has a duty to perform which its contents, others on whom the obligatiou lay lica The lives in this volume amount to viest, have neglected. He has to consult minely-four, of whicb no lefs than FIFTY living authorities; to listen to tradition arc neiv; and about forty of the old which is often suspicious, a: heit various ones are greatly improved by the addiand discordant, and which it requires tion of new remarks and anccdotcs. great judginontro compare and render The new lives are those of, Richard confiftent. The relatives of learned Dawes, critic; Thomas Day, poetical, men are se!dom Icarned, foldem sentible politial and miscellancous writer; L 3of their, incrit, or able to recollcét what viel de Foe, misecllancous writer; Dr. would do thein honour. Contempora. Patrick Delany, divine; Mrs. Delany, ries have perished with them, and it is uncommonly ingenious lady; Thomas not without infinite labour and atiduous Demplter, civilian and ccclcíiastical attention, that memorials can be pro. hiliorian; John Dennis, poet, political cured which are fie for the public cyc, writer and critic; John Theophilus Yet amiut the difficulties which on Deraguliers, Jisine and experimental cumber this ti'ork, after the lapse of a philosopher, John Digby, Earl of Thore interval, we are presented with Brittoli farsfinanGeorge Digby, another voluine of the Biographia Bri- do, dog John James Dillenius, boiannica, in no respect inferior to any ganit;' Wentworth Dillon, Earl of pf the former, either in the varic:y of Roterman, poci; John Disney, inamatter, the copiousness of original com giliratc and divine; I'lumphrey Ditton, punication, or the critical skill of ise ar mathematician ; William Dobson, rangements. That such a work Mould be printer; Dr. Doddřidgc, dirinci
Robert Dodfley, poetical, dramatie and the Rev. Francis Henry Egerton, tal and miscellaneous writer; John Prebendary of Durham, Dolben, prelatt; Gawin Douglas, prc.
We shall now take a hasty survey of late and poet; William Drummond, a few of the new lives. poet ; Andrew Colice Ducarel, anti That of Richard Dawes, the Greek quary;
James Duchal; divine ; Stephen critic, is principally compiled from BurDuck, poet; Richard Dukc, divine and gefs's preface to the second edition of poet; William Dunibar, poet; Daniel Dawes's Miscellanea Critica, with the Duncan, physician ; William Duncan, help of other communications. Dawes's profeffor, and learned writer ; William life is valuable to scholars, as exhibiting Duncombe, poetical and miscellancous a man who, with great learning, and no writer; John Duncombe; divine, poeti- small degree of fame, was a continual cal and miscellaneous writer; John sufferer from the untowardliness of his Duns Scotus, scholastic divine ; David temper. Durell; divine : John Dyer, poet; The life of Thomas Day is ably writ. John Eachard, divine and miscellane- fen by Dr. Kippis, partly from his own bus writer ; Lawrence Eachard, divine knowledge, and partly from materials and hiftorian; John Edwards, divine ; furnished by Mrs. Day and Mr. Thomas Edwards, critic and poctical Lowndes of the Temple. Mr. Day writer ; George Edwards, naturalist; poffefed the çirtues of an independent Thomas Edwards, divine; Thomas Ipirit; and a pure and active beneroEgerton, Viscount Brackley, lord high lence, in an eminent degree; and there chancellot and statesman; Anthony are none of his publications which do Ellis, prelate ; William Elfiob; divine not reficet honour on his talents. He and antiquary; Elizabeth Elitob, antiá dicd, by a fall from his horse, in the full quary ; Thomas Emlyn, divine ; John vigour of his genius, when much might Scotus Erigena, scholastic divine ; St. have been expected from him. Charles Errumond, miscellaneous wri. The article of Daniel de Foe derives ter ; Edward Fairfax, poct; Sir Richard considerable atlistance from the life pub. Fanshaw, ambassadis and poet; Hugh lished lately by Mr. Chalmers. Valuable Farmer, disinc; Thomas Farnaby, notes are here added, with such extracts grammarian ; Sir John Fastolff,warrior, from his works as are necessary to eluci. whole life concludes the volume. date his character and ascertain his me.
All of these cannot be supposed of rits, both which are ably vindicated equal importance; the chief in point from the aspersions thrown out against of interesting history, and various in- them. Dr. Kippis observes, that the er marion, are those of Day, De Foc, rapidity with which De Foc wrote, is Delany, the Digbys, Disney,Doddridge, not a little surprizing. The Doctor was Duncans, Egerton, Evremond, Far. informed by Dr. Campbell, that“De Foe mer, and Fafiolft. The life of Dr. once wrote two twelve-penny pamphlets Daddridge was published separately; in one day, and pamphlets had not then and for its length in the present volume attained the ample" margin, and the Dr. Kippis ofers apology, which, al- loole printing, of modern times." Dr. though not ncccffers, few will read K. is of opinion that Richardfon was without approbation.
formed on the model of De Foe. “Ria The contributors to the work whose chardson seems to have learned froin namis appear in the preface, are, Mrs. him that mode of delineating characters, Day; tl'ilitam Lowndes, Fiq. Gcorgand carrying on dialogues, and that miKcate, EA, C. Dewes, Elq. Rev. Mr. nute discrimination of the circumstances Stedman, vicar of St. Chad's, Shrews- of events in which De Foc eminently bury; John English Dolben, É fq. Mrs. excelled.-A careful perusal of the Duncombe of cancerburyi Anthony Family Initructor,' and the ReliHighman, Flg. Dr. Gerard, professor gious Courtthip;' would particularly of civinity, King's college, Aberdeen; tend to thew the resemblance betwech Dr. Edwards cf Cambridge; Rev. Dc Foe and Richardson.” Piter Emans; Mr. Park of Piccadilly; The life of Dr. Delany, the intimate Dr. Difrey ; Mr. Neuvion, of New frien?, and afterwards the vindicator of Ond Sisvet; Dr. John Duncan, Dian Swift, is.copious and interesting. retos of South Warmborough; Ed. The lovers of anicdote will not be disfund Turnor, jun. Lifq. of Panton, pleased with the following instance of Lincolnshire; Richard Gough, Elg. 1: Delmy's characteristic absence of