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God saw,

To give light on the Earth !' and it was so.
And God made two great Lights, great for their use
To Man, the greater to have rule by day,
The less by night, altern; and made the Stars,
And set them in the firmament of Heaven
To illuminate the Earth, and rule the day

In their vicissitude, and rule the night,
And light from darkness to divide.
Surveying his great work, that it was good :
For, of celestial bodies, first the Sun
A mighty sphere he framed, unlightsome first,
Though of ethereal mould ; then formed the Moon
Globose, and every magnitude of Stars,
And sowed with stars the heaven thick as a field.
Of Light by far the greater part he took,
Transplanted from her cloudy shrine, and placed 360
In the Sun's orb, made porous to receive
And drink the liquid light, firm to retain
Her gathered beams, great palace now of Light.
Hither, as to their fountain, other stars
Repairing in their golden urns draw light,
And hence the morning planet gilds her horns ;
By tincture or reflection they augment
Their small peculiar, though, from human sight
So far remote, with diminution seen.
First in his east the glorious lamp was seen, 370
Regent of day, and all the horizon round
Invested with bright rays, jocund to run
His longitude through heaven's high road ; the grey
Dawn, and the Pleiades, before him danced,
Shedding sweet influence. Less bright the Moon,
But opposite in levelled west, was set,
His mirror, with full face borrowing her light
From him ; for other light she needed none
In that aspect, and still that distance keeps
Till night ; then in the east her turn she shines, 380


Revolved on heaven's great axle, and her reign
With thousand lesser lights dividual holds,
With thousand thousand stars, that then appeared
Spangling the hemisphere. Then first adorned
With their bright luminaries, that set and rose,
Glad evening and glad morn crowned the fourth Day

" And God said, “Let the waters generate
Reptile with spawn abundant, living soul ;
And let Fowl fly above the earth, with wings
Displayed on the open firmament of heaven !'

390 And God created the great whales, and each Soul living, each that crept, which plenteously The waters generated by their kinds, And every bird of wing after his kind, And saw that it was good, and blessed them, saying, · Be fruitful, multiply, and, in the seas, And lakes, and running streams, the waters fill ; And let the fowl be multiplied on the earth!' Forthwith the sounds and seas, each creek and bay, With fry innumerable swarm, and shoals

400 Of fish that, with their fins and shining scales, Glide under the green wave in sculls that oft Bank the mid-sea. Part, single or with mate, Graze the sea-weed, their pasture, and through groves Of coral stray, or, sporting with quick glance, Show to the sun their waved coats dropt with gold, Or, in their pearly shells at ease, attend Moist nutriment, or under rocks their food In jointed armour watch ; on smooth the seal And bended dolphins play : part, huge of bulk, 410 Wallowing unwieldy, enormous in their gait, Tempest the ocean. There leviathan, Hugest of living creatures, on the deep Stretched like a promontory, sleeps or swims, And seems a moving land, and at his gills Draws in, and at his trunk spouts out, a sea.

Meanwhile the tepid caves, and fens, and shores,
Their brood as numerous hatch from the


Bursting with kindly rupture, forth disclosed
Their callow young ; but feathered soon and fledge 420
They summed their pens, and, soaring the air sublime,
With clang despised the ground, under a cloud
In prospect. There the eagle and the stork
On cliffs and cedar-tops there eyries build.
Part loosely wing the region ; part, more wise,
In common, ranged in figure, wedge their way,
Intelligent of seasons, and set forth
Their aery caravan, high over seas
Flying, and over lands, with mutual wing
Easing their flight : so steers the prudent crane 430
Her annual voyage, borne on winds: the air
Floats as they pass, fanned with unnumbered plumes.
From branch to branch the smaller birds with song
Solaced the woods, and spread their painted wings,
Till even ; nor then the solemn nightingale
Ceased warbling, but all night tuned her soft lays.
Others, on silver lakes and rivers, bathed
Their downy breast ; the swan, with arched neck
Between her white wings mantling proudly, rows
Her state with oary feet; yet oft they quit

440 The dank, and, rising on stiff pennons, tower The mid aerial sky. Others on ground Walked firm—the crested cock, whose clarion sounds The silent hours, and the other, whose gay train Adorns him, coloured with the florid hue Of rainbows and starry eyes.

The waters thus With Fish replenished, and the air with Fowl, Evening and morn solemnized the fifth Day.

“ The sixth, and of Creation last, arose With evening harps and matin; when God said, 450 • Let the Earth bring forth soul living in her kind, Cattle, and creeping things, and beast of the arth,

Each in their kind !' The Earth obeyed, and, straight
Opening her fertile womb, teemed at a birth
Innumerous living creatures, perfect forms,
Limbed and full-grown. Out of the ground up rose,
As from his lair, the wild beast, where he wons
In forest wild, in thicket, brake, or den-
Among the trees in pairs they rose, they walked ;
The cattle in the fields and meadows green :

Those rare and solitary, these in flocks
Pasturing at once and in broad herds, upsprung.
The grassy clods now calved ; now half appeared
The tawny lion, pawing to get free
His hinder parts—then springs, as broke from bonds,
And rampant shakes his brinded mane ; the ounce,
The libbard, and the tiger, as the mole
Rising, the crumbled earth above them threw
In hillocks ; the swift stag from underground
Bore up his branching head ; scarce from his mould
Behemoth, biggest born of earth, upheaved

471 His vastness ; fleeced the flocks and bleating rose, As plants ; ambiguous between sea and land, The river-horse and scaly crocodile. At once came forth whatever creeps the ground, Insect or worm. Those waved their limber fans For wings, and smallest lineaments exact In all the liveries decked of summer's pride, With spots of gold and purple, azure and green ; These as a line their long dimension drew, Streaking the ground with sinuous trace : not all Minims of nature ; some of serpent kind, Wondrous in length and corpulence, involved Their snaky folds, and added wings. First crept The parsimonious emmet, provident Of future, in small room large heart enclosedPattern of just equality perhaps Hereafter,-joined in her popular tribes


Of commonalty. Swarming next appeared
The female bee, that feeds her husband drone

Deliciously, and builds her waxen cells
With honey stored. The rest are numberless,
And thou their natures know'st, and gav'st them

Needless to thee repeated ; nor unknown
The serpent, subtlest beast of all the field,
Of huge extent sometimes, with brazen eyes
And hairy mane terrific, though to thee
Not noxious, but obedient at thy call.

“Now Heaven in all her glory shone, and rolled Her motions, as the great First Mover's hand

500 First wheeled their course ; Earth, in her rich attire Consummate, lovely smiled ; Air, Water, Earth, By fowl, fish, beast, was flown, was swum, was walked, Frequent; and of the sixth Day yet remained. There wanted yet the master-work, the end Of all yet done--a creature who, not prone And brute as other creatures, but endued With sanctity of reason, might erect His stature, and upright with front serene Govern the rest, self-knowing, and from thence

510 Magnanimous to correspond with Heaven, But grateful to acknowledge whence his good Descends ; thither with heart, and voice, and eyes Directed in devotion, to adore And worship God Supreme, who made him chief Of all his works. Therefore the Omnipotent Eternal Father (for where is not He Present ?) thus to his Son audibly spake · Let us make now Man in our image, Man In our similitude, and let them rule

520 Over the fish and fowl of sea and air, Beast of the field, and over all the earth, And every creeping thing that creeps the ground !'

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