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There has also been paid from the general fund for the instruction of the deaf and dumb, $ 31,000.00; and to the institution for the blind, $ 18,252.89; making the whole sum paid during the year for the purposes of education, $436,233.99. To the Common School Fund belong about 301,759 acres of land, and to the Literature Fund about 10,880 acres.

Common Schools. — Of the funds devoted to education as above, what is exclusively the Common School Fund may be stated as follows:Productive capital of the School Fund as above,

$2,211,475.14 Amount froin United States Deposit Fund, which would produce $ 165,000,

the sum annually appropriated therefrom, for the support of Common Schools, at six per cent. interest,

2,750,000.00 The principal which will produce, annually, $25,000, — the sum reserved by the constitution to be added to the capital of the School Fund,

416,666.67 Making a total of

$5,378,141.81 The annual interest on this sum, at six per cent., is $ 322,688.50. The balance of the income of the United States Deposit Fund is appropriated to the support of Colleges, Academies, the Normal School, Indian Schools, Teachers' Institutes, &c. The income of the Literary Fund must, by the constitution, be applied to the support of Acaderies.

The whole amount of public money received from all sources by the Commissioners of cities, and town Superintendents, during the year ending July 1, 1848, was $ 858,594.84. Apportioned for teachers' wages, $ 657,331.09; for libraries, $ 91,485.92. Leaving balance unapportioned, of $ 109,777.85. The amount paid on rate bills for teachers' wages, besides public money, was $ 466,674.85.

Statistics of the Common Schools for the Year ending July 1, 1848. — Number of whole districts in the 873 towns and 12 cities of the State, 8,070. Number of parts of districts, 5,462. Returns were received from 8,006 whole districts, and from 5,315 parts of districts. Average length of schools in all the districts, 8 months. Volumes in district libraries, 1,333,843. 775,723 children were taught during the year. 718,123 were returned between 5 and 16 years of age. 193,625 pupils attended school less than 3 months ; 194,182 attended 2 and less than 4 months; 154,673, 4 and less than 6; 104,016, 6 and less than 8; 50,853, 8 and less than 10; 25,028, 10 and less than 12 ; and 17,805 attended school for 12 months. There are about 11,000 colored children between 5 and 16 in the State, and 4,741 in the colored schools. $ 16,926.63 of public money was appropriated to these schools. 75,000 children are probably taught annually in private schools. There are besides schools for the instruction of Indian children in the several reservations. 641 Indian children are reported between 5 and 16 years, and 500 as having attended school. 16 teachers' institutes were held, which had 1,096 pupils. There is also a Normal School, supported by the State. Free schools are established in a portion of the State containing one fifth of the entire population.

FINANCES. Debt of the State. - The general fund and railroad debt, at the close of the fiscal year ending September 30, 1848, was $5,989,693.32; and the canal debt at the same period was $ 16,713,619.91. Making an aggregate of $ 22,703,343.23, -. on which accrues, annually, $ 1,253,584 interest. There is also a contingent debt, consisting of State stock and comptroller's bonds of $ 1,233,905.60, upon which the State does not pay interest. This will make the total indebtedness of the State $ 23,937,248.83.

The property of the State, in addition to the educational funds mentioned above, consists of the works of internal improvement, which, at their cost valuation, (i. e. the amount expended upon them to date,) are worth $ 31,763,467.86. But the whole amount of tolls derived from them during the year is $3,033,570.20, which gave, after deducting expenses, the net income of $2,348.219.52. This is 6 per cent. interest upon $39,136,992.00, which may be taken as the worth of the works to the State. The amount of debt incurred for their construction, and yet unpaid, is, as stated above, $ 16,713,649.91. The taxable propo erty of New York, in 1843, was $ 652,283,171, being $ 526,624,853 of real estate, and

$ 125,663,318 of personal estate. The State and county taxos were $ 3,985,733.18; the town taxes, $ 1,309,720.05. Total taxation, $5,295,458.23, — making the rate of State, county, and town taxes, 8.11 mills on a $1.00 valuation. The highest rate was 17.8 mills on $ 1.00, and in Albany County ; the lowest 2.4 mills, and in Putnam County.

General Fund, - on which are charged the ordinary expenses of government. Receipts on account of General Fund, for the year ending Sept. 30, 1848, $ 818,155.28 Expenditures on account of General Fund, for the same period,

885,248.00 Deficiency in revenue of General Fund,

37,092.72 Add surplus of General Fund, last year,

111,665.93 Payments in last fiscal year exceeded the receipts,



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Chief Sources of Income.

Principal Items of Expenditure. Auction duty, . $ 103,901.35 Executive, .

$ 34,575.73 Salt duty, 43,347.67 Judiciary,

107,955.89 Register and clerk sees, 1,005.67 Commissioners of the code,

5,700.00 Fees of Secretary's office,

1,950 98

on Practice and Peddlers' licenses, 2,290.00 Pleadings,

6,478.58 Foreign insurance companies, 4,810.14 Legislature,

151,702.83 Interest on arrears of county taxes, 12,095.10 State printing,

64.935 21 Treasury deposits, 4,292.77 Deaf and dumb,

31,000.00 Surplus revenue of canals, annual


18,252.89 appropriation, 200,000.00 Agricultural societies,

417.00 State tax, 238,303.74 Onondaga Salt Springs,

25,520.21 Sales of land, 4,824.27 State Prisons,

38,400.39 Miscellaneous and temporary re

State Library,

8,734.91 ceipts, . 20,965.14 Hospital, New York,

22,500.00 House of Refuge for Western New York,

26,615.34 Foreign poor,


Miscellaneous and temporary, 20,774.51 Bank Fund. — This fund is made up by annual contributions from the incorporated safety fund banks, of one half of one per cent. on their respective capitals, and was by law appropriated to the payment of the debts of such banks liable to contribute the same, as should become insolvent. The fund has been exhausted, and $ 900,828.47 of six per cent. stock has been issued, to meet the wants of the fund, — which stock, except $ 91,662.96, now in the treasury, or invested, is to be provided for out of the future contributions, by the banks, to the fund. Since 1829, the banks have contributed to this fund $ 1,876,063.76, and the whole circulation redeemed for insolvent banks is $1,548,558.33, leaving a surplus of $ 327,505 43, which, with the stock that has been issued, has been used up in paying other liabilities of insolvent banks than those created for their circulation. The notes of every insolvent safety fund bank which has failed have been redeemed. There are now 78 of these incorporated hanks in operation, and two branches, whose aggregate capital amounts to $ 29,638,860.

Free Banks. — The Free Bank Fund consists of bonds and mortgages, and stocks deposited with the Comptroller, and moneys received on the same and held by him, for the re. demption of the circulating notes issued by banks and individual bankers, under the general banking law. The whole number of associations is 53; of individual banks, 51 : in all, 104, whose aggregate circulation, Dec. 1, 1848, was $ 9,993,762, and whose whole amount of securities deposited was $ 10,640,182.45.

Bloomingdale Asylum for the Insane. Charles H. Nichols, M. D., Physician and Superintendent. At the beginning of the year, there were 145 patients in the asylum; 133 (73 males and 65 females) were admitted, making the number of cases at the asylum during the year, 283. Of the 138 admitted, 11 were cases of delirium tremens and habitual


intemperance, and I was a readmission, making 127 cases of insanity proper. Of these, 55 resided in New York, and 16 in New Jersey. Their age on admission was, under 20 years, 11 ; 20 to 30, 37; 30 to 40, 35; 40 to 50, 25; 50 to 60, 8; 60 to 70, 7; 70 to 80,2; unknown, 1. 44 were single ; 72 married ; 10 were widowed. 139 cases have been discharged; 53 were cured, 18 much improved, 37 improved, 31 unimproved. 25 patients, 13 males and 12 females, died during the year, being an unusually large number. There is a school connected with the men's department, in which the ordinary English branches are taught. The asylum has a library, and newspapers and monthly and quarterly reviews are taken for the patients. Courses of lectures upon natural philosophy, chemistry, animal physiology, &c., illustrated by diagrams, are given in the winter. A new building, 75 feet long and 14 wide, has been erected in the principal airing court of the men's department, inclosing a new bowling-alley and shuffle-board. This will be especially useful in winter, when out-of-door exercise is much of the time impracticable.

New York Hospital. - At the beginning of the year, there were in the hospital 313 patients; admitted during the year, 3,236 ; total, 3,579. Of this number, there have been cured, 2,507 ; relieved, 144; discharged at their own request, 145; discharged as improper objects, 40; eloped or dismissed, 92; died, 372; remaining at the end of the year, 279. 1,056 patients were received gratuitously during the year. Including those already in the hospital, the whole number received and treated gratuitously during the year was 1,572. The receipts during the year, including the State annuity ($ 12,500), were $ 39,370.53. The expenditures during the same period were $ 45,103.02, being a deficiency of $5,732.49.


Government for the Year ending January, 1850. Daniel HAINES, of Sussex Co., Governor (term of office Salary. expires January, 1851),

$ 1,600 Ch. G. McChesney, of Trenton, Secretary of State,

Fees. John Mairs, of Trenton, Treasurer,

1,000 Theodore F. King, of Perth Amboy, Superintendent of Public Schools. Ephraim Marsh, of Morris Co., Pres. of the Senate, $ 4.00 a day.

Edward Whelpley, of Morris Co., Speaker of the Assembly, 4.00 a day. - Philip J. Gray, of Camden Co., Clerk of the Senate, 3.50 a day. Alex. M. Cumming,

Clerk of the Assembly, 3.50 a day. JUDICIARY.

Court of Errors and Appeals. This court is composed of the Chancellor, the Judges of the Supreme Court, and six other judges appointed by the Governor, with the consent of the Senate, who hold office for six years, one judge vacating his seat each year in rotation. The court holds stated terms at Trenton, on the third Tuesdays of January, April, July, and October.

Term expires. Andrew Sinnickson, of Cumberland Co., Judge,

1850 James Speer, of Passaic Co.,

1851 Joseph Porter, of Gloucester Co.,


1853 Ferdinand S. Schenck, of Somerset Co., Robert H. McCarter, of Sussex Co.,

1854 Garret D. Wall, of Burlington,


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Court of Chancery.
The Chancellor is appointed by the Governor, with the consent of the
Senate, for seven years. This court holds four terms annually at Trenton,
on the third Tuesdays in March, June, September, and December.

Term expires. Salary.
Oliver S. Halsted, of Newark, Chancellor, 1852 $ 1,800 and fees
Samuel R. Gummere, of Trenton, Clerk, 1850

Fees. Supreme Court. The judges are appointed by the Governor, with the consent of the Senate, for seven years. This court holds four terms each year at Trenton, on the first Tuesdays in January, April, July, and October; and the judges of this court hold Circuit Courts and Courts of Oyer and Terminer four times a year in each county, except the counties of Atlantic and Cape May, in which only two terms are held. Courts of Common Pleas are held four times a year in each county, by judges appointed by the Legislature for five years, who receive fees, but no salary, and the number of whom is limited to five in each county.

Term expires. Salary. Henry W. Greene, of Trenton, Chief Justice, 1853 $1,500 and fees. Elias B. D. Ogden, of Paterson, Associate Justice, 1855 1,400 and fees. James S. Nevius, of N. Brunswick,


1,400 and fees. Jos. F. Randolph, of N. Brunswick,

1852 1,400 and fees. Thos. P. Carpenter, of Woodbury,

1852 1,400 and fees. Abraham Browning, of Camden, Attorney-General, 1850 80 and fees. James Wilson, of Trenton, Clerk,


Fees. A. O. Zabriskie,



FINANCES. Balance on hand, January, 1848,

$ 12,314.78 Whole amount received in 1848,


$ 129,525.02 Whole amount expended,

117,701.89 Balance in Treasury, January 1, 1849,

$ 10,823.13 Prin. Items of Expenditure to Jan. 1, 1849. Chief Sources of Income to Jan. 1, 1849. Building, furnishing, and expenses

Transit duties on railroads and caof Lunatic Asylum, $ 42,378.71 nals, .

$ 65,615.84 Support of deaf and dumb and blind, 4,717.78 Dividends on stock of railroads and Salaries of Executive and Judiciary, 15,050.53 canals,

24,000.00 State Prison, . 9,478.14 Taxes on railroad stock,

5,250.00 Transportation of prisoners and costs, 7,191.24 Interest on bonds of Camden and Legislature, 17,556.05 Amboy Railroad,

1,530.00 Court of Errors and Appeals, 2,202.90 State tax,

15,402.00 Printing, 5,380.98 Incidental,

4,412.40 Pensions, . 2,139.76

$116,210.24 Various incidental expenses,


Balance on hand, January 1, 1848, 12,314.78 $ 117,701.89

$ 128,525.02 On hand, January 1, 1849,

10,823.13 $ 128,525.02

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The whole amount of the absolute debt of the State is

$ 62,595.82 Annual interest of absolute debt,

3,755.74 The value of the productive property owned by the State, in 1849, was 222,397.53 The value of the State property not now productive, consisting of the Surplus Revenue lent to the counties without interest,

764,670.60 Whole amount of School Fund owned by the State,

$ 380,448.33 Of this, there is unavailable the sum of

11,169.85 Total available School Fund,

369,278.48 State Lunatic Asylum, Trenton. — H. A. Buttolph, M. D., Superintendent.—The asylum was opened for the admission of patients May 15, 1848, although the building was not then entirely completed. Up to December 31, 1848, there had been admitted 86 patients (47 males, 39 females), and of these 3 were discharged cured (1 male and 2 females). The building is now completed, is warmed by steam, lighted by gas, and is thoroughly ventilated. Terms. Board per week for those supported at public charge, $3; for those supported by friends, $3 and upwards, according to the nature of the case and their ability to pay. A bond is required, in the penal sum of $ 500, to pay all charges for board, &c., and also to pay not exceeding $ 50 for such damages to the property of the asylum as may be done by the patient.

State Prison, Trenton. — J. B. Saddis, Keeper. - Number of prisoners Dec. 31, 1847, 153. Received during the year, 108. Total, 261. Discharged during the year, by expiration of sentence, 71; by pardon, 12; by death, 2 (one by suicide); in all, 85. Remaining in prison, 176. White, - males 114, females 9; colored, - males 52, females 1. 4 were committed for manslaughter, 3 for murder in the second degree, 3 for rape, 5 for forgery, 17 for burglary, 48 for larceny, 39 for violent assaults, and 4 for burning. 88 were natives of New Jersey, 20 of New York, 20 of Pennsylvania, and 33 were foreigners.

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Government for the Year 1850. William F.Johnston, of Armstrong Co., Governor, (term of office Salary. expires on the 3d Tuesday of January, 1852,)

$ 3,000 Towsend Haines, of Chester Co., Sec. of State f. Sup. Com. Schools, 1,700 Alexander Russel, of Bedford Co., Deputy Secretary of State, 1,000 Gideon J. Ball, of Erie Co.,

State Treasurer,

1,400 J. N. Purviance, of Butler Co., Auditor-General,

1,400 John Laporte, of Bradford Co., Surveyor-General,

1,200 Thomas J.Rehrer, of Berks Co., Deputy Surveyor-General, 1,000 Wm. H. Irwine, of Bedford Co., Adjutant-General,

300 George F. Darsie, of Alleghany Co., Speaker of the Senate, Wm. F. Packer,

Speuker of the House.
James M. Power, of Alleghany Co.,
Morris Longstreth, of Montgomery Co., \ Canal Commissioners.
Israel Paynter,

of Philadelphia Co.,


Supreme Court. John B. Gibson, of Carlisle,

Chief Justice,

$ 3,666.67 Molton C. Rogers, of Lancaster, Associate Justice, 2,400.00

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