« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »
Will. Halle de Ore.
Joh. Hammes de Padyngho.
Abbatis de Ponte Roberti.
Prioris de Hasting.
Johan. Ledes, arm.
10 Joh. Apseley, arm.
This county had the same sheriff's with Surrey till the twelfth year of queen Elizabeth; and then, for the four years following, had these sheriffs peculiar to itself.
Arg. three hunters' horns stringed S.
Barry of six Arg. and G.; a canton Erm. 11 Hen. Goring, arm.
Arg. a chevron 'twixt three annulets G.
12 Edw. Carrell, arm.
Arg. three bars, and as many martlets in chief S.
Name and Arms.
12 Edw. Bishop, mil.
Then were the two counties reunited under one sheriff until the twelfth year of king Charles; when, being divided, these following were proper to Sussex alone.
13 Anth. Fowle, arm,
Arg. on a bend cotised G. three bezants.
19 Joh. Baker, arm.
20 Edw. Payne, arm.
G. a lion passant gardant betwixt three roses O.
14 Anth. Forster, arm. . Tronton.
22 Tho. Eversfield, arm.
S. on a chevron Arg. three scallop-shells of the field betwixt as many pheons O.
15 Edw. Apsley, arm. 16 Geo. Churchar, arm. 17 Egid. Garton, arm.
Arg. on a fess engrailed G. three roses Erm.
Erm. on a bend S. three mullets O. betwixt as many martlets S.
For my Vale to this county, I desire to be their remembrancer of the counsel which their countryman William earl of Arundel gave to his son, Henry Fitzallen, last earl of that surname, viz. "Never to trust their neighbours the French."* Indeed for the present they are at amity with us; but foreign friendship is ticklish, temporary, and lasteth no longer than it is advantaged with mutual interest. May never French land on this shore, to the loss of the English! But, if so sad an accident should happen, send then our Sussexians no worse success than their ancestors of Rye and Winchelsea had, 1378, in the reign of Richard the Second, when they embarked for Normandy:† for, in the night, they entered a town called Peter's Port, took all such prisoners who were able to pay ransom, and safely returned home without loss, and with much rich spoil; and amongst the rest they took down out of the steeple the
· Camden's Elizabeth, anno 1580.
+ Stow's Chronicle in this year.
bells, and brought them into England; bells which the French had taken formerly from these towns, and which did afterwards ring the more merrily, restored to their proper place, with addition of much wealth to pay for the cost of their recovery.
WORTHIES OF SUSSEX WHO HAVE FLOURISHED SINCE
Sir Joseph AYLOFFE, antiquary; born at Framfield 1708.
born at Buxted 1730.
William COLLINS, unfortunate poet, author of Odes, &c. "whose fame can never die ;" born at Chichester 1720;
Rev. J. DALLAWAY, antiquary and author; born 1763; died 1834.
FREWEN, OF FRUIN, accepted archbishop of York; born at Northiam; died 1664.
William HAY, M.P. remarkable for his personal deformity, and author of an essay on that subject; born at Lewes 1695. William HAYLEY, poet, friend and biographer of Cowper;
born at Chichester 1745; died 1820.
Dr. James HURDIS, learned divine and poet; born at Bishop
Hugh James ROSE, divine and principal of King's College, London, theological writer; born at Uckfield 1795; died at Florence 1839.
Charlotte SMITH, poetess and novelist; born at Bignor Park 1749; died 1806.
Independently of the History of Sussex, by the Rev. T. W. Horsfield, we have that of the Western Division of the County, containing the Rape of Chichester and of Arundel, by the Rev. J. Dallaway, which was brought out in 2 vols. 4to. in 1815; and in 830, appeared, in completion of the preceding, the Parochial Topography of the Rape of Bramber, by the Rev. E. Cartwright. To these may be added, the History of Brighthelmstone, by Dr. Relhan (1761); the Antiquities of Arundel, by C. Caraccioli (1766); Lee's History of Lewes and Brightelmstone (1795); Picture of Worthing, by the Rev. Dr. Evans (1805); Hay's History of Chichester (1804); Dr. Davis's Description of Bognor (1807); Stockdale's History of Hastings, &c. (1819); Shearsmith's Description of Worthing (1824); Moss's History of Hastings (1824); Horsfield's History of Lewes (1824); besides various Guides to Hastings, Brighton, Worthing, &c.—ED.
WARWICKSHIRE hath Leicester and Northampton-shires on the east, Oxford and Gloucester-shires on the south, Worcester on the west, and Staffordshire on the north thereof. In form, at the first view, in a map, it doth pretend to some circularness; but attaineth no exactness therein, as extending thirtythree miles from north to south, though from east to west not distanced above twenty-six.
One said no less truly than merrily, "It is the heart, but not the core, of England;" having nothing coarse or choaky therein. The woodland part thereof may want what the fieldon affords; so that Warwickshire is defective in neither. As for the pleasure thereof, an author is bold to say, that from Edgehill one may behold it another Eden,* as Lot did the Plain of Jordan ; but he might have put in, "It is not altogether so well watered."
Most large for bone, flesh, and wool, in this county, especially about Worm Leighton. In this shire the complaint of J. Rous continueth and increaseth, that sheep turn cannibals, eating up men, houses, and towns; their pastures make such depopulation.
But, on the other side, it is pleaded for these enclosures, that they make houses the fewer in this county, and the more in the kingdom. How come buildings in great towns every day to increase (so that commonly tenants are in before tenements are ended) but that the poor are generally maintained by clothing, the staple-trade of the nation?
Indeed corn doth visibly employ the poor in the place where it groweth, by ploughing, sowing, mowing, inning, threshing : but wool invisibly maintaineth people at many miles' distance, by carding, spinning, weaving, dressing, dyeing it. However, an expedient might be so used betwixt tillage and pasturage,
* J. Speed, in his Description of Warwickshire.
+ Genesis xiii. 10.
that Abel should not kill Cain, the shepherd undo the husbandman, but both subsist comfortably together.
It is the prince (oak being allowed the king) of English timber, growing plentifully in the woodland part of this county. I confess it far short in sovereigness against serpents of the Italian ash, if true what Pliny reporteth (making affidavit thereof on his own experience," Experti prodimus")* that a serpent, encircled with fire and boughs of ash, will, in this dilemma, put himself rather on the hazard of fire, than adventure on the fence of ashen boughs. It is also far inferior in toughness to the Spanish ash; and yet a stand of pikes made of English ash, and managed with Englishmen's arms, will do very well. But, to wave the warlike, and praise the peaceable use of the ash; it is excellent for plow-timber, besides many utensils within a family. Being cut down green, it burneth (a peculiar privilege of this wood) clear and bright, as if the sap thereof had a fire-feeding unctiousness therein. The fruit thereof is good in physic, whose keys are opening of obstructions arising from the spleen.
Much hereof is digged up at Bedworth, which (in my measuring) of all coal-mines north of Thames, is the most southward, adding much to their price and owners' profit. The making such mines destroyeth much, but when made preserveth more timber. I am sorry to hear that those black Indies, both in quantity and quality, fall short of their former fruitfulness; and I wish they may recover their lost credit, being confident the earth there will bleed profit as plentifully as any, had the miners but the good hap to hit the right vein thereof.
As for MANAFACTURES in this county, some broad cloths are made in Coventry, and ten might be made for one, if the mystery thereof were vigorously pursued.
Coventry, much beholding to the lady Godiva (who took order that her charity should not prejudice her modesty, when she purchased the privileges of this place) sheweth two fair churches close together. How clearly would they have shined, if set at competent distance! Whereas now, such their vicinity, that the Archangel eclipseth the Trinity.
SAINT MARY's in Warwick, a beautiful structure, owes its life to the monuments of the dead therein, most being earls of
Natural History, lib. xvi. cap. 13.