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governable? the rich more insolent, or the poor more disorderly? Would it make worse parents or children, husbands or wives, masters or sérvants, friends or neighbours ? Or (disjunctive) would it not make men more virtuous, and consequently more happy, in every-situation?

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RULE IX. A question spoken a second time (the answer not having been given, or not heard, or if heard, not remembered or understood) terminates with the inflection the reverse of that which would be used on first asking the question :

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Is the weather fåvourable?

In asking the question the first time, it would terminate with the suspensive slide, according to Rule V.; but on repeating it under the circumstances specified in the present rule, it would be considered as the quotation of a question, being equivalent to

I asked, Is the weather favourable ? and therefore, by becoming an assertion, it . would end with the conclusive slide :

· Is the weather fàvourable ?

See Exception 2. Rule V.

2. Which is the letter?- Where is the man?

These questions, being asked the first time, would terminate with the conclusive slide ; but on being repeated under the circumstances supposed in the rule, the suspensive slide would alone be heard, applied strongly to the interrogative pronoun or adverb:

Whích-is-the-letter ?-Whére-is-the-man?


For directions respecting the best mode of reading interrogatory sentences of considerable length, Walker's Elements of Elocution, p. 131, may be consulted with advantage.


RULE X. The inflection at a note of exclamation is the same as it would be, if the member or sentence were read without emotion, and other points were substituted. The only difference is, that the note of exclamation requires the inflection to be given with greater force :

1. How many disappointments have, in their consequences, saved a man from rùin !

If this sentence is read without passion, it will admit a period at the end, and conclude with the conclusive slide. The note of admiration requires the same, but delivered with greater force.

2. Whither shall I turn? Wretch that I am! to what place shall I betake myself? Shall I go to the cápitol? Alas! it is filled with my brother's blood ! or (disjunct.) shall I retire to my house ? yet there I behold my mother plunged in misery, weeping and despairing!

If this passage is pronounced without emotion, the note of exclamation after · Wretch that I am,' and after alas,' might be turned into a comma, each of those members being considered as forming incomplete sense, and concluding with the rising inflection. The same inflection, more forcibly expressed, will be proper at the note of exclamation. Again: --after 'blood, and after "despairing,' a period might be introduced, and the conclusive slide applied. The only difference required by the note of exclamation would be a stronger expression of the same inflection.

3. When the note of exclamation is subjoined to single words or short phrases, it is necessary to supply the ellipsis, in order to ascertain the intended meaning and the requisite inflection :

Whát! might Rome then have been taken, if those men who were at your gates had not wanted courage for the attempt?—Rome taken while I" was consul !

The exclamatory What!' is equivalent to the interrogative. What ?' mentioned as an exception to Rule VI., and therefore would require the suspensive inflection. Its meaning is some thing like 'Whát-do-you-say ? expressed in a high and indignant tone. Again,— Rome taken while I was consul!' i. e. “Is it possible that Rome should be taken while I' was consul ?' As this interrogative sentence would end with the suspensive slide, the equivalent exclamatory sentence must end with the same.

RULE XI. A negative sentence or member of a sentence, opposed to an affirmative sentence or member of a sentence, expressed or implied, ends with the suspensive slide *:

1. The region beyond the grave is not a sólitary land. There your fathers are, and thither every other friend shall follow you in due season.

* A negative sentence appears to be the former part of an antithetic sentence, the latter part of which is either expressed or implied, or is placed by inversion at the beginning


2. The fated flash not always falls upon the head of gúilt.

3. We must not act cóntrary, but according to the law.

4. You were paid to fight, and not to ráil.

Exception. A negative sentence, not opposed · to an affirmative one, expressed or implied, ends with the conclusive slide :

Thou shalt not steal.

· RULE XII. Supplicatory sentences are best terminated with a rising inflection, except when contradistinction is expressed or implied * :

Píty me! hear my supplications.

EXCEPTION 1. Where contradistinction is expressed :

Restore, restore Eurydice to life:
Oh take the husband, or return the wife.


What a Carthaginian, what the daughter of Asdrubal has to apprehend from a Roman, you yourself may

* Give-me-some bread ;—this would be the position of the inflections in expresing a command ; but.Give-me-some bread,' would be the usual arrangement, when the words are employed in a supplication. This distinction appears to exist independently of any difference in the loudness or in the force of utterance.

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