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By their rebellion, from the book of life.
Nor had they yet, among the sons of Eve, [earth,
Got them new names : till, wandering o'er the
Through God's high sufferance, for the trial of
By falsities and lies, the greatest part [man,
Of mankind they corrupted, to forsake

God their Creator, and the invisible
3,70 Glory of Him that made them ; to transform

Oft to the image of a brute, adorn'd
With gay religions, full of pomp and gold,
And devils to adore for Deities :
Then were they known to men, by various names,
And various idols, through the Heathen world..
Say, Muse, their names then known, who first, who
Roused from the slumber, on that fiery couch, [last,
At their great Emperor's call, as next in worth,

Came singly, where he stood on the bare strand, 380 While the promiscuous crowd stood yet aloof.

The chief were those, who, from the pit of Hell,
Roaming to seek their prey on earth, durst fix
Their seats, long after next the seat of God,
Their altars by his altar; (gods adored
Among the nations round ;) and durst abide
Jehovah thundering out of Sion, throned
Between the Cherubim: yea, often placed
Within his sanctuary itself, their shrines,

Abominations; and, with cursed things, 399 His holy rites and solemn feasts profaned;

And with their darkness durst affront his light.
First Moloch, horrid king, besmear'd with blood
Of human sacrifice, and parents' tears ;
Though, for the noise of drums and timbrels loud,
Their children's cries unheard, that pass'd through
To his grim idol. Him the Ammonite [fire
Worshipp'd in Rabba and her watery plain,
In Argob and in Basan, to the stream

Of utmost Arnon. Nor content with such 400 Audacious neighbourhood, the wisest heart

Of Solomon he led, by fraud, to build
His temple, right against the temple of God
On that opprobrious hill; and made his grove
The pleasant valley of Hinnom; Tophet thence
And black Gehenna call'd, the type of Hell.
Next Chemos, the obscene, dread of Moab's sons,
From Aroer to Nebo, and the wild
Of southmost Abarim ; in Hesebon
And Horonaim, Seon's realm, beyond



The flowery dale of Sibma, clad with vines,
And Eleälé to the Asphaltic pool :
Peor his other name, when he enticed
Israel, in Sittim, on their march from Nile,
To do him wanton rites, which cost them woe.
Yet thence his lustful orgies he enlarged,
Even to that hill of scandal, by the grove
Of Moloch, homicide; lust hard by hate :
Till good Josiah drove them thence to Hell.

With these came they, who, from the bordering 424 Of old Euphrates, to the brook that parts [flood

Egypt from Syrian ground, had general names
Of Baälim and Ashtaroth; those male,
These feminine: for Spirits, when they please,
Can either sex assume, or both; so soft
And uncompounded is their essence pure :
Not tied or manacled with joint or limb,
Nor founded on the brittle strength of bones,
Like cumbrous flesh ; but, in what shape they

Dilated or condensed, bright or obscure, [choose, 436 Can execute their airy purposes,

And works of love or enmity fulfil.
For those the race of Israel oft forsook
Their living Strength, and unfrequented left
His righteous altar, bowing lowly down
To bestial gods : for which their heads, as low
Bow'd down in battle, sunk before the spear
Of despicable foes. With these in troop
Came Astoreth, whom the Phænicians call'd

Astarté, queen of Heaven, with crescent horns : 440 To whose bright image nightly by the moon,

Sidonian virgins paid their vows and songs:
In Sion also not unsung, where stood
Her temple, on the offensive mountain, built
By that uxorious king, whose heart, though large,
Beguiled by fair idolatresses, fell
To idols foul. Thammuz came next behind,
Whose annual wound, in Lebanon, allured
The Syrian damsels to lament his fate,

In amorous ditties, all a summer's day; 650 While smooth Adonis from his native rock,

Ran purple to the sea, supposed with blood
Of Thammuz yearly wounded: the love-tale
Infected Sion's daughters, with like heat;
Whose wanton passions, in the sacred porch,
Ezekiel saw, when, by the vision led,
His eye survey'd the dark idolatries

Of alienated Judah. Next came one
Who mourn'd in earnest, when the captive ark

Maim'd his brute image, head and hands lopt off, 460 In his own temple, on the groundsil-edge,

Where he fell flat, and shamed his worshippers :
Dagon his name, sea-monster, upward man
And downward fish : yet had his temple, high
Rear'd in Azotus, dreaded through the coast
Of Palestine, in Gath and Ascalon,
And Accaron and Gaza's frontier bounds.
Him follow'd Rimmon, whose delightful seat
Was fair Damascus, on the fertile banks

Of Abbana and Pharphar, lucid streams. 44 0 He also against the house of God was bold :

A léper once he lost, and gain’d a king,
Ahaz, his sottish conqueror, whom he drew
God's altar to disparage, and displace
For one of Syrian mode; whereon to burn
His odious offerings, and adore the gods,
Whom he had vanquish'd. After these appear’d
A crew, who, under names of old renown,
Osiris, Isis, Orus, and their train,

With monstrous shapes and sorceries, abused 480 Fanatic Egypt and her priests, to seek

Their wandering gods, disguised in brutish forms,
Rather than human. Nor did Israel 'scape
The infection, when their borrow'd gold composed
The calf in Oreb; and the rebelking
Doubled that sin in Béthel and in Dan,
Likening his Maker to the grazed ox;
Jehovah, who, in one night, when he pass'd
From Egypt marching, equalled, with one stroke,
Both her first-born, and all her bleating gods.
Belial came last, than whom a Spirit more lewd
Fell not from Heaven, or more gross, to love
Vice for itself; to him no temple stood,
Or altar smoked; yet who more oft, than he,
In temples and at altars, when the priest
Turns atheist, as did Eli's sons, who fill'd
With lust and violence the house of God?
In courts and palaces he also reigns,
And in luxurious cities, where the noise

Of riot ascends, above their loftiest towers, NO And injury and outrage : and when night

Darkens the streets, then wander forth the sons
Of Belial, flown with insolence and wine.
Witness the streets of Sodom, and that night

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