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Patrick of Ireland. The Portuguese Order, nor have had their patents red Orders of Chrift; and of Avis. The gistered in the Royal College of Arms, Swedish Orders of the Serapbim, of they cannot have the title of Sir pretbe Sword, of the Polar Star, and of fixed to their names in his Majesty's Vafa. Of the Danish Orders of the dominions ; Sir John Peter, therefore, White Elephant, of Dannebrog, and of is the only Holitein Knight in Great Fidelity. Of the White Eagle, and of Britain. Of the Order of Sincerity, or Saint Slanilaus, of Poland. Of the the Red Eagle, of Baruth. Of the Black Eagle, of Military Merit, and Chace, of Wartemberg. Of Saint Generosity, of Prussia. Of the Annun- Charles, and of Military Merit, in the ciation of Savoy, or Sardinia, and of fame Dukedom. Of Golden Lion, and Saint Maurice, of Savoy. Of St. of la Vertu Militaire, of Helle-Caffel. Fanuarius, of Naples; and of Saint Fer. Of Fidelity, of Baden Dourlach. Of dinand, and of Merit, of Sicily.

St. Mark, and of the Golden Stole, of Sect. V. includes Electoral and Venice. Archiepiscopal Orders, viz. The Order Sect. VII. Of the Orders for Ladies. of St. Henry, of Saxony. Of the Holy of the Starry Cross of Vienna, insti. Knight and Martyr 'St. George, of tuted in 1688, by the Empress-Confort Bavaria. Of St. Hubert, of the Dutchy of Leopold I. Emperor of Germany. of Juliers. Of the Order of the Palatine Of the Slaves to Virtue, by the Empress Lion. Of St. Rupert, of Salzburg: Eleonora, widow of the Emperor Fer

Sect. VI. Ducal and Princely Orders, dinand III. in 1662. Of St. Catha. viz. Of the Order of the Golden rine, by the renowned Empress of RufFleece. Of St. Stephen, of Tuscany. fa, Catharine II. Her Royal Highness Of the White Falcon, of Saxe-Weimar. Charlotte-Augutta, Princess-Royal of Of the Happy Alliance, of Saxe-Hill. Great Britain, and Duchess of Wurtemburghaulen. Of Saint Anne, of Holi berg, was created by the Empress a Hein. Four British subjects have been Lady of this Order, and wears the received into this Order; the first is, infignia. The Electoral Order of St. John Peter, thence called Sir John Elizabeth, instituted at Manheim, in Peter, formerly British Contul at 1766, by her Serene Highness Eliza. Ottend, of whom the perfonal account beth-Augusta, the Electress Palatine. given in pages 215, 216, and 217, is, to Section the VIIIth, and last, gives 2 the knowledge of the writer of this brief account of the Order of the Amareview, who refided many years ranth, instituted by the famous Chriit. Oltend, a misrepresentation in most of ina, Queen of Sweden, in 1653; and it the particulars; the Author, or Editor, is remarkable, that he conferred it on best knows with what view. The others Sir Bulffrode Whitlock, who was sent Amare, Major-General Thomas Roberts, bassador to her Majesty by Oliver CromCaptain David, and Captain William, well, Protector of the Commonwealth Roberts; all Officers of distinguished of England. The account of the cemerit, by their military services in his remonial, and the insignia, with which Majesty's forces, in the Ruflian army the volume closes, is entertaining; against the Turks, and in the Ame. but there is a small mistake in placing rican war ; but as these Gentlemen it amongst the Orders now existing in never obtained his Majesty's permislion Europe, as it does not appear that it to wear the diftinctive marks of their survived its Royal Foundress.



A Tour throughout South Wales and Monmouthshire; comprehending a

general Survey of the Picturesque Scenery, Remains of Antiquity, Hiitorical Events, Peculiar Manners, and Commercial Situations, of that interesting Portion of the British Empire. By J. T. Barber, F.S. A. Illustrated with a Map, and Twenty Views, engraved from Drawings by the Author. 8vo.

the Tourists who have visited and lively sensibility and just observation O", few have, within our knowledge, given a book at once creditable to his own much attention to the Southern Pro. talents, and calculated to gratify the vinces of the Principality; and we con. curiosity, amute the fancy, and conduce fess our obligations to the present to the information of his readers. Writer, for having, by an union of The volume does not merely narrate


A range

the incidents of a tour through a parti diversifed by a few patches of frubs, cular route, retraced on the Traveller's moss, and creeping lichens. return; but exhibits a general survey of rocks, equal in magnitude, but of of Southern Cambria; for respecting less precipitous ascent, clothed with the few parts which the Author bad not on dark, wild forest trees and underwood, opportunity of visiting, he bas selected forms the opposite boundary of the accounts from the best authorities. We river; attempering the menacing aspect obferve, indeed, occasional quotations of independent cliffs with the softer from Mr. Coxe's interesting work on features of sylvan hills," Monmouth thire; but the Author could On entering the Severn, our Tourist not well have chosen a better guide; was overtaken by a violent storm; but and he has not been sparing in the this scene of peril was greatly mitigated acknowledgment of his obligations. by the society of two young Welch

In company with a brother artist women of bewitching attractions: and (says he) I entered Bristol, with an perhaps from the sentations that they intention of commencing my Cam- excited may be traced the uncommon brian tour in the neighbourhood of warmth of every subsequent recurrence Chepstow; but an unthought-of attrac- (and they are pretty frequent) io Camtion induced us to relinquith this pro- brian charms:-At length having arject.

rived at Swansea, he describes the town, Returning from a ramble through castle, and manufactories; whence the town, by the quay, we were agree. Itrolling on the sands, lie becomes the ábly amused with a fleet of vessels that spectator of a very remarkable cuitom, was about to quit the river with the a female bathing party gambolling in ebbing tide; some of them were already birth-day attire. In his subsequent rainin full fail floating down the Itream, bles on the beach, he tells us, these and others getting under weigh. The liberal exhibitions of Cambrian beauty Spirited exertions of the seamen, and afforded many pleasing studies of un. the anxious movements of numerous sophisticated nature. fpectators, devoting their attention to The Tour then, taking a westward friends or freight, gave animation to direction, describes Caermartlien, the scene, which was rendered particu. Tenby, Pembroke, Haverfordwest, &c. Jarly cheerful by the delightful state of with the several picturesque exhibitions the morning. "On a sudden we were of nature and art which accompany that faluted with a duet of French-horns tract. from a small Noop in the river; a very Speaking of Manorbeer Caftle, between indifferent performance to be lure, yet Tenby and Pembroke, our Tourist it was pleasing. This loop was bound fays : to Swansea; and we learned that the The ponderous towers and massive wind was so directly favourable, that fragments of this castle denote its ori. the voyage would, in all probability, ginal strength and importance to have be completed the same afternoon. We been considerable; yet now, deprived were now strongly disposed for an of “ the pride, pomp, and circumaquatic excurfion; nor did the laugh- tance, of glorious war,” it exliibits a ing, broad faces of about a dozen scene so wild and defolate, as might Welch girls, passengers, alarm us from disclaim all intercourse with man: rank our purpose : so, by an exertion, we grafs clothes every projection : "the collected our portmanteaus and some thistle thakes its lonely head" from the refrehments in due time, and engaged windows, the fea-bird screams through in the voyage,

the hall, and adders creep where many “ I.eaving Bristol, and its romantic, a warrior ftalked. From our reverie but ruined, fuburb Clifton, we entered over this gloomy relic of feudal despot. upon the remarkable scenery of St. ilm, we were alarmed by a vivid Aash of Vincent's Rocks. A bolder pass than lightning, a loud clap of thunder fucis here formed I scarcely remember to ceeded, which, reverberating through have seen, even in the most mountain. the ruin, bad a most impresive effect : ous parts of Great Britain: on one the storm became violent, and seemed fide, a huge rock rises in naked majesty to shake the mouldering battlements perpendicularly from the river', to the of the ruin; * from their hills the height of some hundred feet; the im- groaning oak came down, the sea darkly mense surface is tinted with the various tumbled beneath the blast, and the hues of grey, red, and yellow, and roaring waves were climbing against


our rocks." A deluging, rain now fath of lightning illuminated the whole poured down, and drove us in search of ruin; and, from an aperture near its a thelter. The fragments of a spiral bale, we saw two men emerge; the one faircase offered a descent to a subterra. armed with a gun, the other with a neous part of the castle, and we entered spade :-I thought I had never seen the dark recess of a dungeon, whose two such murderous-looking fellows: mysterious gloom and earthy exhala- we shrunk to our concealment inttinct. tions might ftir up fancy to create ively; yet not without an apprehension things worse

that we had been seen. But our senfa“ Than fables yet have feign’d, or fear tions may be easier imagined than de. conceiv'd."

fcribed, when, within a few yards, one

of them was heard to say, " Why did I thought I heard a voice ; my friend you not bring your gun? I shuu’dn't thought so too: we listened, but soon wonder if one got away :" which was fmiled at the conjecture; it was proba. answered by, “ Only you make sure of bly the hoarse roar of the sea, or "eddy- one, and i'll engage to knock the ing winds :" but the damp air of the other's brains out." dungeon threw a chill over us, that “ Now knowing the worst, we dewas even worse than an exposure to termined on sallying out; if possible, the rain ; and we were returning, when to reach a little village that we had a repetition of the noise that we heard observed at no great distance; or, if before stopped us : we listened, and discovered, to endeavour upon cloting diftinctly heard more than one human in with the gunsman before he could voice; the words were undiftinguish. take aim. We sprung forward together, able, but ihe tone severe and menacing: and had r.ea ly reached the great en. all was again filent. My friend and I trance when the gun went off; and in looked at each other, but neither yen- the same moment I saw my friend tured to impart his thoughts. Con. extended among the fragments of the jecture, however, did not remain idle. ruin :-without stopping, I ruled on Was this a horde of those barbarous toward the ruffian, hoping to use my men that we had heard of as inhabiting stick with good effect before the piece these coasts, who, by setting up falle could be re-loaded; when, palling unlights, betray the unsuspecting mari. der the portal, down the crevice where ners on rocks and shoals, and then formerly the portcullis was suspended, plunder the wreck, often murdering a large fox darted, and passed before the crew who may attempt to defend A loud voice now exclaimed, their property? Or was it a gang of “ Dang it, you've missed hur;" and, smugglers? for such men were known with no less joy than astonishment, I to conceal their stores in unfrequented beheld my friend brandishing his fword ruins, and other wild seclufions. We behind me: we said nothing, but pushed were inclined to favour this latter opi- on together, and, suddenly turning an nion; but derived little satisfaction angle, met the villains face to face. from it, on conlidering that they were Again joy and astonishment ftruggled scarcely inferior to the former in fero. for pre-eminence :-they recoiled troin city; and that if they discovered us, us, and, dropping their weapons, with every thing was to be apprehended a loud yell darted out of light! from a brutal policy to preserve the “Such daftardly conduct may appear secret of their hiding-place.

irreconcileable with the ferocious de“Our reflexions were broken off by a sign of which we suspected them ; but further noise, and we plainly heard a cowardice is no itranger to cruelty; hoarse cautioning voice utter, “Only and the direct tenor of their expressions you mind, and we hall have 'em both." forbade a rising suggestion that they We again appealed to each other's intended us no harm. Gathering up countenances, but no confidence ap- the gun and spade as trophies of our peared in either; in filence, I threw viétory, and remounting our horses, out the tuck of my stick; my friend which remained as they were left, tied drew a sword from his; for we were so up in a nook, we proceeded to the far armed against attack. Again all was neighbouring village, or rather two or hushed ; and we ventured to raise our three cottages. By the way I learned, selves from the dungeon, in order to that upon the report of the gun my catch a glimpse of the people with friend fell in consequence of turning whom we had to deal; when a strong thort upon the flippery fragments of



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the ruin. On our approaching the our scanty fare, consisting of hard bar. village, a number of men, women, and ley-bread and falt-butter, with nauchildren, appeared crowding together feating ale, that even our keen appetites with great eagerness; and we were no rejected; all betokened poverty and fooner perceived, than an evident alarm wretchedness; while in the berl, which pervaded the clutter, in which was extended from one side of the room to included the two ruftans. However, the other, two children were sending the peaceable demeanour of the Tour- forth the most discordant yells; the ifts, and the superiority of numbers one suffering a violent touth-ache, and on the side of the natives, united in the other crying because it's brother procuring a parley ; when it evidently cried. After enduring this scene of appeared that a double misconception purgatory upwards of an hour, we were had taken place : the men in whose mewn to our bed : it was a recess built countenances we had read the prog- in an adjoining room, and furnished noitics of homicide, turned out to be with a bag of straw, which was kept in two honest young farmers, who had its place by a couple of boards cruling traced a couple of notorious robbers the niche. In the same room was anthat had long infested the neighbour other bed, where two more pledges of hood (a brace of foxes) to their retreat our landlord's tender pallion continued in the castle ruins. This account to torment us. Vexed with accumubrought with it a new application of lating plagues, we threw ourselves, the sentences that we had heard, and half-undrelled, on the bed; but our we were ashamed of our misconstruc- evil deltiny had yet more troubles in tion: but the men were not behind store ;--the sheets were wringing wet;, hand with us; for, as they frankly so that we had reason to expect, that on declared, from our sudden appearance, the morrow we should be laid up with they took us either for ghosts or devils. colds or fevers ; but this apprehension The gun and spade were now returned; was foon fuperfeded; for a legion of and, instead of a deadly encounter, an fleas attacked us at all points with such exchange of good withes took place, on persevering ferocity, that we were kept our leaving the villagers in the pursuit in motion the whole night; a number of our journey."

of rats also, by gamboling among oru Night drawing on, our Tourists, traw, while others were busy in grating after having repeatedly lost their way, a fally-port through the partition, held reached at length the straight road to us in the fidgets; and thus the danger Carew (called Carey); but of their of obstructed circulation was avoideda night's entertainment we shall let Mr. We had just left off curfing rustic Barber speak for himself.

accommodation, and the itch for traCold and comfortless,"we knocked velling which had led us to these at the inn door (for inn is the name of sufferings, when the door opened ; every ale-house in Wales); when, to no light appeared; but the sound of put a finihing stroke to the troubles of footiteps, foftly treading, paffed near this eventful day, we learned that they us. Suspecting foul play, we instantly had neither beds for us, nor itabling sprang up, and caught hold of a poor for our horses; but we had previously ragged girl, who acted as maid of the heard, that the village boasted two inns, inn, and was going to sleep with the and accordingly went to the other : a children in the other bed. similar information, however, awaited “ This kind of rural accommodation us here; with the additional intellis may appear very diverting in a narragence, that there was not a stable in tive; but to those accustomed to better the village, and only one spare bed, fare, it will be found a very serious which was at the other ale-houle: there evil. Indeed, from this specimen we was no alternative; we were constrained afterwards made it a rule to finith our to turn our tired and bungry horses day's journey at a good town; in into a field, and go back to the first confequence of which falutary resoluhouse.

tio except in one or two instances, Here our apartment served not we were never without a comfortable only “ for parlour and kitchen and lodging. This caution is very practi.. hall," but likewise for bed-room: every cable in South Wales, as the most inte. thing was in unison; the discoloured refung part of the country is well fure state of the walls and furniture; the nill.ed with accommodation,” care-worn looks of our host and hoftels; Following the coast, and describing VOL. XLIII, APRIL 1803.



the grand ruins of St. David's, Cardi. fuperior interest, and become a subo gan, and the scenery of the Tivy, the ject of settled attraction. Piercefield Tourist approaches Aberystwith, and Grounds, so juftly celebrated in the the northern confine of South Wales ; fame vicinity, are agreeably sketched; where the sublime grandeur of the and within a few miles further, the Mynach Falls, and the remarkable mouldering remains of Tintern Abbey subject of the Devil's Bridge, exhibit present a most folemn and impressive the whole force of the Author's de- picture. scriptive talents. Hafod, the admired Our Author pursues his journey along seat of Mr. Johnes, is also an object of the banks of the Wye to Monmouth; great interest in this neighbourhood. which town, with the several objects

From this vicinage of North Wales in its neighbourhood, is very pleasingly the tour takes a midland direction delineared. Abergavenny and its high back to Swansea ; but without en. encircling hills, and an interesting his gaging any very particular notice until torical and picturesque account of Lan. the approach to Llandilo, where a scene thony Abbey, conclude the survey of is described the most lovely that pic- Monmouthshire, which, though con. turesque enthuliasm could desire, or cise, is clear and comprehensive. poetic fervour imagine. Dinevawr, Now re-entering South Wales, the Castle, Grongar Hill, Golden Grove, route impendent on the banks of the and the charming vale of Towey, lively river Ulk leads to Brecon, and advance their collective_graces, and continues through Bualt and Rbayder. compose the landscape. The frowning Gowy,descriptive of the eastern frontier ruin of Caregcannon Castle, a party of the principality : whence returning of the natives fording a river, and some to Monmouth, the grand and varied philosophical reflections on the appae scenery of the Wye to Ross engages a rently indecent customs of the Welch, farewell interest, and the Tour con. are the principal subjects that we meet cludes at Gloucester. with in the continuance of the journey The extracts that we have already to Swansea.

made may serve as a specimen of our Proceeding eastward, so many objects Author's stile in narrative and descrip. press on the reader, that Mr. Barber tion: and the following view of the has evidently adopted a closer ftile of Welch individual character and state of writing than in the former part of his society (particularly referring to the work. Neath, Briton Ferry, Margam, Southern diftrict) will not discredit his St. Donatt's Castle, Pont-y-pridd, the judgment in the science of morals and scenery of the Tafle, with the interme. politics : diate subjects, fucceffively engage the “ Wales may be considered as exhi. attention; which is at length fixed on biting almoft the sole remnant of “the the stupendous ruin's of Caerphilly good old times” existing in Britain. Castle, Cardiff, and its vicinity, and the Separated from those caules of extrintic ecclesiastical decay of Llandaff.

splendor which domineer over other On entering Monmouthshire, the parts of our ifland,'the opulent land. Author pays a just and liberal compli- holders freely dispense the wealth of ment to a contemporary Writer ; and, their inheritance with unoftentatious traversing Tredegar Park and Newport, liberality. Indifferent to outward thew, arrives at Christ Church, where a prof. their firit cares evince a parental regard pect of uncommon extent and diversity to the poor on their domain., and the is very brilliantly described. The anti- maintenance of their forefathers' good quities of Caerleon; a biographical cheer. An interchange of good onces sketch of Lord Herbert of Cherbury; is alike conspicuous between them and and the neighbourhood of Uik, are the communalry; and it is n10 leis severally treated; and the fine ruin of pleasing to see the friendly folicitude Raglan Castle is described with a per- of the one, than the unaffetied relpeet fpicuity, warmth, and elegance, that and attachment of the other. cannot be overlooked by any reader “ The Welch are justly described to of taste. Caerwent, with its teflelated be the most robust and hardy inhabitpavement, and a rapid succession of ants of this kingdon; for, unener vated castle ruins, and remarkable views, by thote sedentary employments foitted occupy the narrative, until Chepstow's on less happy regions by luxury and ancient fortress, its majestic river, and avaricious policy, they boast the viromantic accompanymients, stamp a gorous frames of aboriginal Britons.


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