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No. 150 e.
KESHENA, August 18, 1866. SIR: Another year calls upon me to acknowledge the progress made in my department of instruction, the sewing school,
The goods furnished by government not only increases the interest in my school, but also in the other two, as the children, when destitute of suitable clothing, are not regular in their attendance. The want of material for working has obliged me to discontinue my school during the summer. The number of articles made during the year are three hundred and seven, as follows: coats, 37 ; pants. 96; shirts, 42; dresses, 36; skirts, 39 ; gowns, 37 ; stockings, 8 pair; socks, 7 pair; mittens, 2 pair. Respectfully,
JANE DOUSWAN. Hon. M. L. MARTIN.
No. 150, f.
KESHENA, August 18, 1866. SIB : According to instructions, I present you the annual report of the school in my care. In taking a retrospective view of the progress of the school during the past year, I feel gratified and happy in assuring you of the gradual improvement of the scholars in all their respective studies. The total number of the pupils registered during the year is sixty-nine, of which thirty-eight are boys and thirty-one girls; the average attendance per day is thirty-four to forty-five. The branches taught are orthography, reading, writing, arithmetic, geography, and English grammar. Books used in the school are Sanders' New Series of Readers and New Speller, Willard's History of the United States, Ray's Arithmetic, part first, second, and third, Monteith's and McNally's National Geographical Series, Nos. 1, 2, 3, and 4,) Pinner's English Grammar, Spencerian System of Practical Penmanship, and P*yson, Dunton, and Scribner's. During the year death struck from our list two promising boys; one died of consumption, the other of fever. Both were Christians. Many of the scholars were afflicted with sore eyes, from which tome have not yet recovered. With these exceptions, I consider the general health of the school good, and in a prosperous condition Respectfully,
Teacher, Menomonee Reservation. M. L. Martin, Indian Agent.
No. 150 g.
KESHENA, September 10, 1866. SIR : I herewith submit my first annual report as Menomonee farmer. In compliance with your instructions, I have devoted some two weeks of my time in visiting every faim on the reserve, aod examining their crops, and ascertaining the quantity of land under cultivation. The following is the estimated number of acies cultivated, and the products :
Acres, Estimated bushels. Wheat
1, 360 Potatoes.
36 Turnips. Total....
7, 197 The potatoes and rye are not more than half a crop, and oats not more than a third of a crop; the wheat is very poor, and will hardly be a fourth of a crop. We had a light frost in August, which injured the corn and potato ciop some, and destroyed nearly all the vines. I find, as personal property, owned by Indians on the reserve, as follows: 112 ponies, 16 Cows, 8 heifers, 2 bulls, and 10 hogs. Respectfully yours,
PAUL PORTIER, Menomonee Farmer. Hon. M. L MARTIN,
United Sates Indian Agent, Green Bay, Wisconsin.
No. 150 h.
MENOMONEE RESERVATION, September 8, 1866. SIR : Herewith I submit my first annual report as miller on the Menomonee reservation. As I have only been here since the 1st of August, I have not had time to do much. The grist mill is in good running order, and I have ground 67) bushels, including all kinds of grain. You are aware that the saw-mill is quite old and decayed, having been put up more than twenty-one years ago, and for this reason I have not sawed soy lumber. It will be necessary to put up a new will before there can be any more lumber sawed on the Menomonee reserve. The mill is without millwright or carpenter tools. It will be necessary for me to have a kit of tools before I can do any building or repairing. Very respectfully yours,
HENRY TOURTILLOTT, Menomones Miller.
No. 150 i.
KESHENA, September 10, 1866. SIR: In accordance with instructions, I send you my annual rep as Menomonee blackgmith. Since my last annual report I have made 6 coulters for breaking ploughs, 4 rings and staples for ox yokes, 120 wedges for scythe spaths, 60 iron-tooth rakes, 26 tapping gauges, 40 trammel and chains, 7 half-round adzes, 150 pair sturgeon spears, 100 fire steels, 200 buckskin needles, 100 awls, 6 crook-knives, 4 tomahawks, 5 grubbing hoes, 4 grubbing axes, 10 small chains and hooks for hanging sugar kettles ; welded 10 axes ; shod 18 yoke oxen, 40 ponies, 1 span of horses. I also repaired 20 wagons. 15 ox chains, 15 grain cradles, 20 scythe spaths, 3 stoves, 150 guns, 50 sugar kettles, 100 traps, and iroued 7 pair of bob sleds. Very respectfully,
PAH-SHE-TO, his x mark. Hon. M. L. MARTIN,
United States Indien Agent, Green Bay, Wisconsin.
OFFICE INDIAN AFFAIRS, March 2, 1866. SIR: I am in receipt of your letters of the 230 December, 1865, February 6, and Febru. ary 23, 1866, all settiog forth the necessities and starving condition of the Stockbridge and Munsee Indians.
In your letter of the 23d ultimo you suggest the propriety of purchasing the necessary subsistence for these ludians, and paying for the same from funds which will be received for burned pine, which is being removed this winter.
This suggestion is approved; but as it does not appear that such funds are now available, I have this day taken steps to have the sum of oue thousand dollars remitted to you at Appleton, Wisconsin, from the appropriation “ Provisions for Indians," for wbich sum you will account under your bond.
You will use the funds so remitted, so far as may be necessary, in procuring subsistence for these Indians; and when funds are realized from the sale of the pine to which you al. lude, you will bring the same into your accounts under the head of " Provisions for Indians," to replace the funds used for this remittance.
As the subsistence for these Indians cannot be procured too soon, you will purchase the game in open market, securing the best terms attainable. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
D. N. COOLEY,
Commissioner MOSES M. Davis,
United States Indian Agent, Appleton, Wisconsin.
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,
Washington, D. C., April 9, 1866. SIR : Referring to your report of the 20th ultimo, in reference to the claim of the State of Wisconsin to certain lands in the Menumonee Indian reservation, I enclose herewith a
copy of a report from the Commissioner of the General Land Office of the 5th instant in reference to the same, from which it appears that the lands referred to were erroneously patented to the State as swamp lands.
A letter has been addressed to the Governor of Wisconsin (copy enclosed herewith) requestiog him to return the patent to this department, that the same may be cancelled as tar as the tracts embraced therein are within the said Indian reservation.
The right of the Indians to land embraced within a tract reservet for their exclusive use should be scrupulously respected, and nothing should be done to disturb their possession or to bring their title in question.
It is eminently desirable that the action of your bureau and of the General Land Office should not conflict, and that there should be no attempted disposal of such lands by that office. To this end early and authentic information from your records of the extent and limits of all Indian reservations should be communicated to the Commissioner, and proper entries made upon the books of the Land Office.
You will therefore cause such information, accompanied by diagrams, to be sent to him at once, and hereafter, upon land being so reserved, the Land Office should be promptly notified of the fact. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
JAS, HARLAN, Seoretary. Hon. D. N. COOLEY, Commissioner of Indian Affairs.
AGENCY FOR CHIPPEWAS OF MISSISSIPPI.
OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES INDIAN AGENT,
Chippewa Agenry, Minnesota, September 24, 1866. SIR : I have the honor to submit herewith my second annual report. The Indians of this agency as enrolled at the last payment number as follows, to wit : Mississippi (including Mille Lac) bands...
2,166 Pillager and Lake Winnebagoshish...
1,899 Red Lake and Pembina...
I have the satisfaction to inform you that they have been generally friendly and peaceable the past year. The winter was passed without any material suffering among thein, so far as came to my knowledge. Rabbits, which were very plenty, contributed materially to their means of living. The following statement will aid in forming some idea of the wholeFale slaughter of these animals. Their skins have not heretofore been considered of any value. Last winter one trading house off-red to pay four cents apiece for them, and the result of their experiment was that about fourteen thousand were purchased. It is probable that only a very small proportion of them were saved. Nearly all the Indians who were able made their usual hunting tours. For the estimated amount of furs taken, also for rice crops, &c., I refer you to my statistical report. There were, nevertheless, a good many women and children, and infirm Indians who had to be helped with rations of flour.
The season for sugar making was not as good as the average, yet they made generally from two to six “ mococks" to the family. The mococks (birch buckets) hold from sixty to eighty pounds sugar. Some made much more. One family at Leech Lake sold 1,800 pounds. The price ranged from eight to fifteen cents per pound, according to quality. That is the price when they sell. Many sell so closely (reserving only for present use) that they soon find themselves in need, and then purchase back at double the price for woich they sold, apparently without discovering that they have lost anything by the bargain.
FARMING AND CROPS. The Mississippi Indians are cultivating about their usual amount of ground. Their gardens range from half an acre to three acres. Their fum productions consist mostly of potatoes, some corn, with turnips, squ«shes, pumpkins, melon, and garden vegetables for summer use. Three teams were furnished them in the spring to assist in ploughing their gardens.
The prospect of an early removal of these Indians to their new reservations prevents any efforts to increase their farming operations.
At Leech lake and Winnepeg, eight government oxen and two horse teams were em ployed ploughing during the season. These bands cultivate about the same crops as the Mississippi Indians, with a large proportion of corn. They all depend largely upon their own At Red lake I had eight government oxen, which were kept busy during the ploughing
The farmer estimates at least one hundred and thirty acres ploughed Many more gardens are cultivated on all the reservations than the teams could plough. The Red Lake Indians gather less rice, but cultivate more corn than the other bands. I have recently visited Leech and Red lakes, and f und the crops looking well. At one place on the Red Lake shore, where the gardens are contiguous, we passed one continuous cornfield wbich we judged to be three miles in length. 'It was perfectly clean from weeds, and looked finely. A letter from Dr. Kennedy (physician at Red lake,) received at the time of my present writing, says " the Indians will have abundance of corn, potatoes, and squashes Another extract may also be of interest as relating to these Iudians. Their popies and cattle are made to shift for themselves in winter, which they do on the bushes in the neighborhood, and many of them in the spring are fat. The land in cultivation is all on the margin of the lake, and is of good quality, originally covered with a growth of sugar maple, basswood, &c , with undergrowth of hazel. The Indians are industrious, and for the advantages they possess are thrifty and comparatively comfortable.
The Pembina bands are too remote to receive much personal attention from the agent. They have no government employés, and their annuities are the prie:cipal help they receive. The Indians are at present mostly engaged in rice-making, of which there is a fair yield. Cranberries are also plenty, and as they find a ready sale at two dollars per bushel, (here,) they contribute something to their meagre comforts.
Whiskey brought into the country by the travellers continued to be a great curse to the Indians, and a perpetual source of annoyance to all who sincerely desire their improvement. As this is a chronic complaiut in all Indian reports. I will forbear to speak of its evils in detail, but suffice to say that at the United States district court, held at Winona and St. Paul in June last, Wm. J. Hern, E. Briggs, Wm. Fairbanks, Rodger Aitkins, and Simeon Weaver, comprising the principal whiskey dealers in Crow Wing, together with several of their "runners' and some other parties, were indicted for selling liquor to Indians. Some of these parties are under several previous indictments for the same offence. Their trials are set for October proximo. The moral effect of these indictments has been salutary upon the traders, so far as to make them more cautious in dealing out their fire water" t) in. dians, so that we have really had a respite of three months from beholding drunken In. dians. It would be cause of rejoicing if the above-named parties would so conduct them. selves that another year their names would deserve a better place in history.
NEW AGENCY, ETC. In pursuance of your instructions of March last, Special Agent H. W. Reed and myself, early in April, visited Leech Lake and the New Mississippi reservations, with a view to selecting the best place for the farms, and making improvements preparatory to the removal of the Mississippi Iodians to their new home, also to locate and submit plans for the new agency buildings. The result ot our examinations and couference was communicated to you in our joint report of April 19. I have never heard from your office in reference to said report. The understanding, however, was, if you desired any change from the plans proposed, you would so report immediately, otherwise I should proceed to prosecute the work according to said plans and estimates. I accordingly commenced the first day of May to prosecute the same. My letter of the 23d ultimo informed you of the progress of the work at that date. The steamboat has been completed, ready for receiving the machinery, which has been sent forward.
For the clearing recommended in our report, and also embraced in your jostructions of March 5, I advertised for proposals, which were duly received, and a contract entered into with A. D. Prescott, esq., (the lowest bidder, ) on the 5th of August, for clearing, stump. ing, grubbing, and breaking one hundred acres at $29 75 per acre. The contract and boud were duly forwarded to your office for approval, and I am still waiting your reply.
For the sanitary condition of the Indians, I refer you to the reports of Dr. A. Barnard, physician at agency, and Dr. V. P. Kennedy," pbysician at Red lake, which are here with submitted. Most respectfully, your obedient servant,
United Slates Indim Agral. Hon. D. N. COOLEY,
Commissioner Indian Affairs, Washington, D. C.
Dr. Kennedy's report is not yet come to hand will forward it as soon as received.
OFFICE OF UNITED STATES AGENT,
Chippewa Agency, Minnesota, September 24, 1866. SIR : The number of Indians whose sanitary condition is made the care of the physician resident at this place is about fur thousand. They are scattered over a large extent of territory ; the location of some of the bands being one hundred miles from the physiciuu's honse. It has been made a rule to visit, at least once a quarter, a large portion of them at their several home rendezvous, and their frequent calls at the agency and other accessible points have afforded opportunities for seeing nearly all of them.
The health of this people will compare favorably with that of the term preceeding, embraced in my report for 1865. Cases of acute disease have not been numerous, and for obvious reasons, only a few of these have been personally attended by me. Inflammatory affections of the chest and rheumatism during the winter and spring, and the ordinary bowel complaint in the warm season are the principal of tbis class.' Inflammation of the eye is endemic, caused chiefly by smoke aud filth, but readily yields to the usual remedies.
Complaints of a chronic character are those for which relief is most often sought, and it is this class of maladies which has received particular attention.
Venereal affections, rheumatic pains, injuries from strains, bruises, &c., but especially those forms of ubstinate and loathsome skin diseases derived froin the taint of scrofula and syphilis.
With the nomadic habits of this race, the business of the doctor is of course to some ex. tent a mere dispenser of drugs, to be used ofttimes as the judgment or caprice of the patient may suggest.
When there people shall have been gathered, and become fixed in homes on their reser. vations, means for the prevention and care of their physical ills, with others for their social, mental, and moral improvements, may be used with the prospect of a larger measure of success than has hitherto atteuded effects to this end.
Lake Winnebagohish Bands of Chippewas. M. Edwin CLARK.
CHIPPEWA AGENCY, April 19, 1866. Sir: Having examined the new reservations of the Mississippi Indians, and bad a full conference together upon the subject of our instructions, we have agreed as follows, viz :
1. To locate the new agency buildings upon the south side of Leech lake.
2. To erect, upon the site selected, buildings as follows, to wit : For agent, two story dwelling-house, 30x40 feet, with an L 18x20 feet, to cost.... $3,000 For physician, story-and-a-half house, 24x32 feet, with an L for otfice, 12x14 feet.. 1,700 For carpenter, story-and-a-half house, 24x32 feet
1,000 For blacksmith, story-and-a-half house, 24x32 feet...
1,000 For teacher, story-and-a-half house, 24x32 feet
1,000 For engineer, story-and-a-half house, 24 x 26 teet
1,000 For farmer, two-story house, 32x36 teet
1,500 For school house, one-story, 24x 40 feet.
700 For warehouse, two and a half stories, 24x40 feet..
1, 300 For carpenter shop, 24x32 feet.
500 For blacksmith shop, 24x32 feet..
500 For agent's office, 24x32..
1,000 Cisterns and out-houses
800 2,000 feet stockade, six-inch wall.
The walls of the buildings to be sawed timber, six inches in thickness, firmly pinned together; to be covered with good boards and shingle roofs ; euch of the dwelling houses to have good double floors, and to be divided into rooms of convenient size, as indicated in the accompanying plan, with all pecessary doors and windows ; to be lathed and plastered; Each of the dwellinus to have good cellars and cisterns. Agent's house to le clapboarded the doors to be made of clear pine, pannel style, and the windows of good material, and each to contain twelve lights of glass. The offices and school-house to have double floors,