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waters of Mobile or Pensacola bays.
munitions of war of the United States, for the Mexican gulf frontier ;
CHAP. CVII.-An Act to authorize the legislature of the state of Illinois to sell May 24, 1828.
the state of IlliStates of America, in Congress assembled, That the legislature of the nois authorized, state of Illinois shall be, and is hereby, authorized and empowered to &c., to cause to cause to be sold and conveyed in such manner, and on such terms and be sold, &c., a conditions, as said legislature shall by law direct, such part or parts of the part or parts of
the tract of land reserved and granted to said state, for the use and support land reserved of the salt works, known by the name of the Ohio Saline, in the county and granted to of Gallatin, in the said state, and to apply the proceeds of such sale to such the use of salt objects as the said legislature may by law hereafter direct: Provided, works. That the legislature shall not sell and convey more than thirty thousand Proviso. acres of the land reserved and granted for the use of the Saline aforesaid. 1832, ch. 1.
APPROVED, May 24, 1828.
said state for
STATUTE I. CHAP. CVIII.-An Act to aid the state of Ohio in extending the Miami canal May 24, 1828. from Dayton to Lake Erie, and to grant a quantily of land lo said state to aid in the construction of the canals authorized by law; and for making donations 1852, ch. 114, § 8. of land to certain persons in Arkansas territory. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
Act of June States of America, in Congress assembled, That there be, and is hereby, 137.
30, 1834, ch. granted to the state of Onio, for the purpose of aiding said state in ex- A quantity of tending the Miami canal from Dayton to Lake Erie, by the Maumee land to be route, a quantity of land, equal to one half of five sections in width, on
granted to the
state of Ohio, each side of said canal, between Dayton and the Maumee river, at the for the purpose mouth of the Auglaize, so far as the same shall be located through the of aiding said
state in extend. public land, and reserving each alternate section of the land unsold to the
ing the Miami United States, to be selected by the commissioner of the general land canal from Dayoffice, under the direction of the President of the United States; and ton to Lake which land, so reserved to the United States, shall not be sold for less
Erie by the than two dollars and fifty cents per acre. The said land, hereby granted to the state of Ohio, to be subject to the disposal of the legislature of said state, for the purpose aforesaid, and no other: Provided, That said Proviso. canal, when completed, shall be, and forever remain, a public highway, for the use of the government of the United States, free from any toll or other charge, whatever, for any property of the United States, or persons in their service, passing through the same: And provided, also, That the Proviso. extension of the said Miami canal shall be commenced within five years,
Act of March and completed within twenty years, or the state shall be bound to pay to 2, 1833, ch. 87. the United States the amount of any lands previously sold; and that the title to purchasers, under the state, shall be valid. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That so soon as the route of said
Duty of the canal shall be located, and agreed on by said state, it shall be the duty of governor when the governor thereof, or such other person or persons as may have been, said canal is or shall hereafter be, authorized to superintend the construction of said located. canal, to examine and ascertain the particular lands to which the said state will be entitled under the provisions of this act, and report the same to the Secretary of the Treasury of the United States. - Vol. IV.-39
2 c 2
Legislature Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the state of Ohio, under the to have
authority of the legislature thereof, after the selection shall have been power to sell, &c., after the so made, as aforesaid, shall have power to sell and convey the whole, or selection be
any part of said land, and to give a title, in fee simple, therefor to the made.
purchaser thereof. State of India Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the state of Indiana be, and ana authorized hereby is, authorized to convey and relinquish to the state of Ohio, upon to convey, &c., such terms as may be agreed upon by said states, all the right and interest Ohio, all the granted to the state of Indiana, to any lands within the limits of the state right, &c., of Ohio, by an act, entitled “ An act to grant a certain quantity of land granted to said state by an act
to the state of Indiana, for the purpose of aiding said state in opening a of March 2, canal, to connect the waters of Wabash river with those of Lake Erie," 1827, ch. 56.
approved on the second of March, one thousand eight hundred and twenAct of March 3, 1845, ch. 42. ty-seven; the state of Ohio to hold said land on the same conditions
upon which it was granted to the state of Indiana, by the act aforesaid. 500,000 acres Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That there be, and hereby is, grantof the lands
ed to the state of Ohio, five hundred thousand acres of the lands owned owned by the United States,
by the United States, within the said state, to be selected as hereinafter within said directed, for the purpose of aiding the state of Ohio in the payment of state, to be se
the debt, or the interest thereon, which has heretofore been, or which lected as hereinafter direct
may hereafter be, contracted by said state, in the construction of the ed, for the pur- canals within the same, undertaken under the authority of the laws of pose of aiding said state, now in force, or that may hereafter be enacted, for the extenthe state of
sion of canals now making; which land, when selected, shall be disposed Ohio in the payment of the of by the legislature of Ohio, for that purpose, and no other: Provided, debt, &c. The said canals, when completed or used, shall be, and for ever remain, Proviso.
public highways, for the use of the government of the United States,
free from any toll or charge whatever, for any property of the United Proviso. States, or persons in their service passing along the same: And provided
further, That the said canals, already commenced, shall be completed in Act of March 2, 1833, ch. 87. seven years from the approval of this act; otherwise the state of Olio
shall stand bound to pay over to the United States the amount which any lands, sold by her, within that time, may have brought; but the validity of the titles derived from the state by such sales, shall not be affected by
that failure. The selection Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That the selection of the land of the land
granted by the fifth section of this act, may be made under the authority, granted by 5th section of this
and by the direction of the governor of the state of Ohio, of any lands act to be made belonging to the United States within said state, which may at the time by the governor of selection be subject to entry at private sale, and within two years of Ohio.
from the approval of this act: Provided, That, in the selection of the Proviso.
lands hereby granted, no lands shall be comprehended which have been reserved for the use of the United States, as alternate sections, in the grants hitherto made, or which may be made during the present session
of Congress, of lands within the said state, for roads and canals : And Proviso. provided, That all lands so selected shall, by the governor of said state,
be reported to the office of the register of the district in which the land lies, and no lands shall be deemed to be so selected till such report be made, and the lands so selected shall be granted by the United States
to the state of Ohio. Act to take Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That this act shall take effect, Pro efect, provided vided, The legislature of Ohio, at the first session thereof, hereafter to the legislature of Ohio shall
commence, shall express the assent of the state to the sereral provisions express the as- and conditions hereof: and unless such expression of assent be made, sent of the state this act shall be wholly inoperative, except so far as to authorize the to the several provisions and
governor of Ohio to proceed in causing selections of said land to be made conditions previous to the said next session of the legislature. hereof, &c. Each head of a
Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That each head of a family, widow or single man, over the age of twenty-one years, actually settled on that
age of 21
part of the territory of Arkansas, which, by the first article of the treaty family, &c.,over between the United States and the Cherokee Indians west of the Mis
years, actually sissippi, ratified the twenty-third day of May, one thousand eight hun- settled,
which, dred and twenty-eight, has ceased to be a part of said territory, who shall by ist article remove from such settlement according to the provisions of that treaty, ween the
of treaty beshall be authorized to enter with the proper register of the land office in United States Arkansas, a quantity not exceeding two quarter sections of land, on any and the Cheroof the public lands in that territory, the sale of which is authorized by Mississippi, ralaw, and in conformity with the lines of the public surveys, at any time tified by treaty within two years from the passage of this act; and upon presenting the of May 23, 1828, certificate of such entry to the Secretary of the Treasury, a patent shall authorized to
enter with the be issued to such settler, or to his, her or their heirs, for the lands so en
proper register tered, as a donation from the United States, as an indemnity for the im- a quantity not provements and losses of such settler under the aforesaid treaty.
exceeding two Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That the register and receiver of of land.
quarter sections the land office, to which application may be made to enter such lands, Register, &c., shall be authorized to take the proper testimony of such actual settlement to take the proand subsequent removal, as in cases of pre-emptions heretofore granted of such actual
per testimony to actual settlers, for which a reasonable compensation shall be made to settlement and such registers and receivers, by the United States.
subsequent reAPPROVED, May 24, 1828.
CHAP. CIX.-An Act to revive and continue in force an act, entitled “ An Act to May 24, 1828. provide for persons who were disabled by known wounds received in the Revo
[Expired.) lutionary war.”
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Act of April States of America, in Congress assembled, That the act entitled “ An 10, 1806, ch.
25, continued act to provide for persons who were disabled by known wounds received in force for the in the revolutionary war,” passed on the tenth day of April, one thousand term of six eight hundred and six, and limited, as in said act declared, to the term of years. six years, and afterwards revived and continued in force for and during the term of six years, by an act, entitled “ An act to revive and con- Act of April tinue in force. An act to provide for persons who were disabled by known 25, 1812, ch.69. wounds received in the revolutionary war, and for other purposes, passed on the twenty-fifth of April, in the year one thousand eight hundred and twelve, and afterwards revived and continued in force for the term of one year, by an act, entitled “ An act to revive and continue in Act of May force an act, entitled . An act to provide for persons who were disabled by 15, 1820, ch. known wounds received in the revolutionary war,'” passed on the fifteenth day of May, in the year one thousand eight hundred and twenty, and further revived and continued in force for the term of six years, by an act, entitled “ An act to revive and continue in force an act, entitled 'An act to provide for persons who were disabled 4, 1822, ch. 6. by known wounds, received in the revolutionary war,'” passed on the fourth day of February, in the year one thousand eight hundred and twenty-two, shall be, and the said act is hereby, revived and continued in full force and effect for and during the term of six years from and after the passing of this act, and from thence unto the end of the next session of Congress : Provided, That any evidence which has been taken to support any claim of any person disabled in the revolutionary war, under the authority of the act of the fifteenth of May, one thou- Act of May sand eight hundred and twenty, reviving and continuing in force for one 15, 1820, ch. year.“ An act to provide for persons who were disabled by known wounds, received in the revolutionary war," shall be received and acted upon by the Secretary of War, in the same manner as if said act was still in force, and had not expired: And provided, also, That this act and any thing
Act of Feb.
contained in the act hereby revived and continued in force, shall not be
construed to repeal or make void the fourth section of an act, entitled Act of March “An act concerning invalid pensions," passed the third of March, one 3, 1819, ch. 99. thousand eight hundred and nineteen; and the said fourth section of the
said last-mentioned act shall be, and the same is hereby declared to be, and to continue to be in full force and effect, any thing in the said act
hereby revived and continued in force to the contrary notwithstanding. Right of any Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the right any person now has, person to re
or hereafter may acquire, to receive a pension in virtue of any law of ceive a pension, the United States, shall be construed to commence at the time of com. in virtue of any law of the pleting his testimony, pursuant to the act hereby revived and continued United States, in force. shall be con- Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the agents for the payment strued, &c.
Agents for of pensions to invalid pensioners of the United States, shall in future the payment of be required to give bonds, with two or more sureties, to be approved pensions re
by the Secretary of the Department of War, in such penalty as he shall quired to give bonds.
direct for the faithful discharge of the duties confided to them respectively.
APPROVED, May 24, 1828.
May 24, 1828.
Alabama. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Congress given States of America, in Congress assembled, That the assent of Congress bama of Jan. 10, be, and hereby is, granted to the operation of an act of the general as1827.
sembly of the state of Alabama, passed on the tenth day of January, one
thousand eight hundred and twenty-seven, entitled “ An act to incorpo Appendix No. rate the Cahawba Navigation Company."
APPROVED, May 24, 1828.
May 24, 1828. CAAP. CXI.-An Act in addition to an act, entitled “ An act concerning
discriminating duties of tonnage and impost," and to equalize the duties on Act of Jan.
Prussian vessels and their cargoes. (a) 7, 1824, ch. 4.
Where no Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United discriminating States of America, in Congress assembled, That, upon satisfactory evidence duties of tonnage or impost being given to the President of the United States, by the government of any are levied in foreign nation, that no discriminating duties of tonnage or impost are the ports of imposed or levied in the ports of the said nation, upon vessels wholly said nation, upon vessels,
belonging to citizens of the United States, or upon the produce, manu&c. of the U.S., factures, or merchandise, imported in the same from the United States, the President
or from any foreign country, the President is hereby authorized to issue to issue his pro- his proclamation,
declaring that the foreign discriminating duties of tonde claring, &c. nage and impost, within the United States, are, and shall be, suspended
and discontinued, so far as respects the vessels of the said foreign nation, and the produce, manufactures, or merchandise imported into the United States in the same, from the said foreign nation, or from any other foreign country: the said suspension to take effect from the time of such notification being giren to the President of the United States, and to continue so long as the reciprocal exemption o. vessels, belonging to citizens of the United States, and their cargoes, as aforesaid, shall be con
tinued, and no longer. (6) Duties col- Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That no other or higher rate of lected on vessels of Prus.
duties shall be imposed or collected on vessels of Prussia, or of her domisia, &c. nions, from whencesoever coming, nor on their cargoes, howsoever com(a) See notes to act of Jan. 7, 1824, ch. 4.
(b) Appendix, No. III.
posed, than are, or may be, payable on vessels of the United States, and their cargoes.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary of the Treasury All duties asbe, and he is hereby, authorized to return all duties which have been sessed since assessed since the fifteenth day of April, one thousand eight hundred Appil, 15; 1826,
on Prussian ves and twenty-six, on Prussian vessels, and their cargoes, beyond the amount sels, &c., bewhich would have been payable on vessels of the United States, and their yond the cargoes; and that the same allowances of drawback be made on mer
would have chandise exported in Prussian vessels as would be made on similar been payable, exportations in vessels of the United States.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That so much of this act as relates So much of to Prussian vessels and their cargoes, shall continue and be in force this act as re
. during the time that the equality for which it provides shall, in all re- sian vessels,&c. spects
, be reciprocated in the ports of Prussia, and her dominions; and to continue in if at any time hereafter, the said equality shall not be reciprocated in the force on certain
conditions, &c. ports of Prussia, and her dominions, the President may, and he is hereby, authorized to issue his proclamation, declaring that fact, and thereupon so much of this act as relates to Prussian vessels, and their cargoes, shall cease and determine.
APPROVED, May 24, 1828.
Chap. CXIII.-An Act altering the duties on wines imported into the United May 24, 1828,
After Jan. 1,
1829, duties States of America, in Congress assembled, That, from and after the first
now imposed day of January next, the duties now imposed on wines imported into on wines imthe United States, shall cease, and that, in lieu thereof, the following ported into
the United duties shall be levied and collected on all wines so imported; that is
States, altered. to say:
On the wines of France, Germany, Spain and the Mediterranean, when On wines of imported in casks, unless specially enumerated, fifteen cents per gallon; France, &c.
imported in except the red wines of France and Spain, when not imported in bottles, casks. which shall pay only ten cents per gallon. On wines of all countries, when imported in bottles or cases, unless On wines of
all countries specially enumerated; on wines of Sicily, and on all wines not enume
when imported rated, whether imported in bottles, cases or casks, thirty cents per gal- in bottles or lon, in addition to the duty now existing on the bottles when thus cases. imported.
On Sherry and Madeira wines, whether imported in bottles, cases or On Sherry casks, fifty cents per gallon, in addition to the duty on the bottles when and Madeira
wines, &c. so imported.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the duties imposed by this Duties imact on wine imported, shall be levied and collected on all wines remain- posed by this
act, on wines ing in the public ware-houses after the first of January, one thousand imported, &c. eight hundred and twenty-nine, in lieu of the duties existing when the same may have been imported.
A drawback Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That a drawback of the duties on wines
, imposed by this act, shall be allowed on exportation, and that all shall be allowexisting laws concerning the exportation of merchandise for the benefit ed on exportaof drawback, the collection of duties, and the recovery, distribution and tion, &c. remission of all penalties and forfeitures, shall be taken and deemed to be applicable to importations under this act.
APPROVED, May 24, 1828. (a) Discriminating duties :
Act of 1816, ch. 107, sec. 3. Act of Mar. 3, 1817, ch. 50. Act of 1818, ch. 110. Act of 1832, ch. 207. Act of 1832, ch. 227, sec. 10. Act of 1824, ch. 4. Act of 1828, ch. 111. Act of 1842, ch. 270, sec. 11.