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Mr. Seward to Mr. Pike...
Mr. Murphy to Mr. Seward, (extract)..
Same to same, (with an accompaniment).
Same to same, (with an accompaniment).
Same to same
Dir. Pike to Mr. Seward, (extracts).
Same to same, (extract)....
Same to same, (extracts)
Mr. Seward to Mr. Pike.....
Mr. Pike to Mr. Seward, (extract, with accompaniments)...
Mr. Seward to Mr. Pike.....
Mr. Pike to Mr. Seward, (extracts).
Mr. Seward to Mr. Pike...
Same to same
Mr. Pike to Mr. Seward, (extract)..
Mr. Seward to Mr. Pike...
Same to same
Mr. Pike to Mr. Seward.....
Same to same, (extract)....
Same to same, (with an accompaniment) --
Mr. Seward to Mr. Pike.
Mr. Pike to Mr. Seward, (extract).
Eame to same, (extract)..
Mr. Seward to Mr. Pike..
Mr. Pike to Mr. Seward, (extracts, with an accompaniment)...
Mr. Seward to Mr. Pike..
Same to same
Mr. Pike to Mr. Seward.,
Mr. Seward to Mr. Pike.....
Mr. Pike to Mr. Seward, (extracts)...
Same to same, (with an accompaniment)
Mr. Scward to Mr. Pike.....
Mr. Pike to Mr. Seward.....
Mr. Seward to Mr. Pike.....
Same to same.......
Mr. Pike to Mr. Scward, (extract, with an accompaniment).
Mr. Seward to Mr. Pike...
Same to same......
Same to same.

May 16, 1861. 341
April 2, 1861.

343
April 10, 1861. 343
April 30, 1861. 346
May 27, 1861. 349
June
8, 1861.

349 June 12, 1861. 350 June 14, 1861. 352 June 14, 1861. 353 June 16, 1861. 353 July 1, 1861.

355 July 4, 1861.

355 July

8, 1861. 356 July 8, 1861. 356 July 12, 1861. 357 July 26, 1861. 357. Aug. 15, 1861. 357 Aug. 18,1861. 358 Aug. 28, 1861. 359 Sept.

4, 1861. 360 Sept. 5, 1861. 362 Sept. 11, 1861.

362 Sept. 18, 1861.

365 Sept. 23, 1861. 365 Sept. 25, 1861. 365 Sept. 28, 1861. 374 Oct.

4, 1861. 374 Oct. 9, 1861.

375 Oct. 10, 1861.

376 Oct. 12, 1861.

376 Oct. 16, 1861.

378 Oct. 17, 1861. 380 Oct. 23, 1861. 383 Oct. 30, 1861.

384 Nov.

2,1861. 384 Nov. 6,1861.

385 Nov. 11, 1861. 386 Nov. 11, 1861. 386 Nov. 23, 1861. 387

TURKEY

Mr. Brown to Mr. Seward, (extract)
Same to same, (extract)..
Same to same, (with an accompaniment).......
Same to same, (extract, with accompaniments)...
Mr. Seward to Mr. Morris ...

May 29, 1861.
June 11, 1861.
June 12, 1861.
July 17, 1861.
Aug. 28, 1861.

Page. 389 389 390 391 392

395 395

SWEDEN.
Mr. Angel to Mr. Seward, (extract).....
Same to same, (extract, with an accompaniment)...
Same to same, (extract)-..
Same to same, (extract)...
Mr. Haldeman to Mr. Seward, (extract)-.
Same to same, (extract)....
Mr. Seward to Mr. Haldeman..
Same to same.
Mr. Haldeman to Mr. Seward, (extracts).....
Mr. Seward to Mr. Haldeman...
Same to same......
Same to same, (extract)-
Same to same, (extract)..

May 22, 1861.
May 30, 1061.
June 4, 1861.
June 10, 1861.
June 14, 1861.
July

4, 1861.
July 8, 1861.
July 25, 1861.
July 28, 1861.
July 30, 1861.
Aug. 19, 1861.
Aug. 19, 1861.
Sept.

7, 1861.

396 396 397 397 398 398 399 399 400 400 401

403 403 405 406

PORTUGAL
Mr. Morgan to Mr. Seward, (extract)..
Same to same, (with an accompaniment)..
Mr. Harvey to Mr. Seward
Same to same, (extract, with an accompaniment). ....
Same to same, (with accompaniments).
Mr. Seward to Mr. Harvey
Same to same....
Same to same..
Same to same.....
Mr. Harvey to Mr. Seward, (with an accompaniment)....

408

April 6, 1861.
May 29, 1861.
July 25, 1861.
July 28, 1861.
July 30, 1861.
July 30, 1861.
Aug. 17, 1861.
Aug. 21, 1861.
Aug 24, 1861.
Aug. 25, 1861.

409 411 411 412 412

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VENEZUELA.

Mr. Turpin to Mr. Seward, (extract)....

Page. ... July 27,1861. 427

CHILI.
Mr. Bigler to Mr. Seward, (extract, with an accompaniment) ..... Aug.

2, 1861. Same to same, (extract, with an accompaniment)...

Aug. 17, 1861. Same to same, (extract, with an accompaniment)........

Sept.

2, 1861.

429 430 431

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CORRESPONDENCE.

Mr. Black (Secretary of State) to all the ministers of the United States.

CIRCULAR.

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, February 28, 1861. SIR: You are, of course, aware that the election of last November resulted in the choice of Mr. Abraham Lincoln; that he was the candidate of the republican or anti-slavery party; that the preceding discussion had been confined almost entirely to topics connected, directly or indirectly, with the subject of negro slavery; that every northern State cast its whole electoral vote (except three in New Jersey) for Mr. Lincoln, while in the whole south the popular sentiment against him was almost absolutely universal. Some of the southern States, immediately after the election, took measures for separating themselves from the Union, and others soon followed their example. Conventions have been called in South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas, and those conventions, in all except the last-named State, have passed ordinances declaring their secession from the federal government. A congress, composed of representatives from the six first-named States, has been assembled for some time at Montgomery, Alabama. By this body a provisional constitution has been framed for what it styles the “Confederated States of America."

It is not improbable that 'persons claiming to represent the States which hare thus attempted to throw off their federal obligations will seek a recognition of their independence by the Emperor of Russia. In the event of such an effort being made, you are expected by the President to use such means as may in your judgment be proper and necessary to prevent its success.

The reasons set forth in the President's message at the opening of the present session of Congress, in support of his opinion that the States have no constitutional power to secede from the Union, are still unanswered, and are believed to be unanswerable. The grounds upon which they have attempted to justify the revolutionary act of severing the bonds which connect them with their sister States are regarded as wholly insufficient. This government has not relinquished its constitutional jurisdiction within the territory of those States, and does not desire to do so.

It must be very evident that it is the right of this government to ask of all foreign powers that the latter shall take no steps which may tend to encourage the revolutionary movement of the seceding States, or increase the danger of disaffection in those which still remain loyal. The President feels assured that the government of the Emperor will not do anything in these affairs inconsistent with the friendship which this government has always heretofore experienced from bim and his ancestors. If the independence of the "Confederated States" should be acknowledged by the great powers of Europe it would tend to disturb the friendly relations, diplomatic and commercial, now existing between those powers and the United

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