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May 1841.

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All communications for the Editor of the Citizen must, in future, be addressed to the care of Mr. MACHEN, 8, D'OLIER-STREET, who has been appointed our sole publisher.

Advertisements and Books for Review to be forwarded to the same.

Contributions intended for insertion in the succeeding Number must be forwarded on or before the 7th instant.

As the Editor of the Citizen is at present in England, many answers to Correspondents are necessarily deferred till his return.

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A COUNTRY which is in a state of transition | once a thing of absolute indifference to us, is an attractive subject, for a man ambitious solicits and obtains our attention and regard. to write a book. There is in a country so Of necessity, those who live next door, have circumstanced such a variety of contrasts,- peculiarly numerous and abiding motives for the lingering old and the unshapen new are enquiry into each other's welfare. Example so picturesquely brought into juxtaposition, is contagions, and opinion spreads its wave-and the entire system of things is neces- circles around, irrespective of the bird lines sarily so replete with anomalies of one kind that define national individuality. Thus or other, that if a man possess but a mode- Germany, differing though she does rate share of observation, and ordinary de- many vital elements from France, sensitively scriptive powers, he can hardly fail to pro- feels the vibration of every murmuring in duce a very amusing, if not a very instruc- that volcanic land;—with long drawn breath, tive book. No man appears to understand Italy listens at her prison door, to hear if the worth of such facilities and materials any sounds of hope come from the shores of better than M. De Feuillide; and being the Danube or the Rhine;—and isolated, as obviously desirous to execute something we seem to be in Ireland from the rest of likely to be popular in his own country, he the world, few amongst us are unconscious of certainly made no bad selection, when, duly the external—but no longer in its ancient equipped with all the approved appliances sense—foreign influence, that irresistibly of literary travel, he directed his steps bears upon our political state,upon the towards Ireland.

temperature of our press and public opinion. A real anxiety to become better acquaint-Which of us has forgotten the quickening of ed with the social and political condition of the pulse that was felt during the last days these kingdoms, has strongly manifested of July, 1830, when the events that hurled itself of recent years, among our continental the Bourbons from their twice re-founded neighbours; and it is probable that a feeling throne, were authenticated? Who doubts so natural will increase rather than diminish. the influence that quickening of the popular The likelihood, moreover, of its growing circulation had, in hastening the total change more ininutely inquisitive, and more elo- that was almost within a few months afterquently communicative, regarding all that wards secured, in the Scotch and English may yield it gratification, appears equally representation ? And who disbelieves that, obvious. The tendencies of society are were events of equal magnitude to occur in every where towards mutual knowledge Germany to-morrow, the sympathy of a vast among nations. Countries that relatively majority of our own people would be as existed in times past, but as points of theo- intensely called into action as they then retical geography, have already become were ;-let us hope with better effect. Day neighbours; occasional curiosity has changed by day this feeling of approach into mutual into permanent sympathy or aversion; and presence is becoming more vivid; day by the fate of those, who, save in the dim spe- day it more behoves the statesmen of each culum of world-wide philanthropy, was country, to master the by-gone history, and

* L'IRLANDE, PAR M, DE FEUILLIDE ;-Paris : chez Dufey : 1840. VOL. III. NO. XX.


the actual condition of its neighbours. No evil, they witnessed during their sojournings longer can such knowledge be dispensed here. with; no longer is it even enough that a As might have been expected, Ireland few leading men should possess it. States- the suflering member of the family,—the men are fast becoming less impersonations standing blunder of British rule,--the just, of opinion, than obedient reflectors, set in and, as far as regards the past, ineflacable elevated places, to reveal with promptitude stain on British character,— Ireland has and fidelity all that is taking place around, - been held up to the residue of the world as all those events, whether coinparatively far a lesson of example and of warning. Flipoff or near, that tend to modify and shape pant tourists, it is true, have fallen occasionally opinion. They appear thus to know rather into ludicrous mistakes about the causes of sooner than the multitude beneath them, many things they have seen; how else could what is passing in the foreign or domestic they fare, when from mail coach summit, or world; but if the matters be of moment, it after dinner chit chat, they ventured to draw is not unlikely that those other cabinet min-their inspirations ? To see rags and to be

ters, the daily journalists, have anticipated wail them is easy enough, for a good hearted their information; or if not, their own re- stranger among a pauperised people; but if sponsibility compels them to divulge all that a remedy be in question,—if a specific is 10 is of any vital interest to be known. Siate be broached,—it is of primary importance to craft is rapidly passing from the possession know what the rags are made of,—whether or pretence of peculiar knowledge, to they be rags of idleness, or of ignorance, or superior capacity for applying promptly, and, of oppression,—or, as some not unwisely as it were, by an intuitive anticipation of the have supposed, of all of these together. popular will, the knowledge which all must Such enquiries,—he who docs Ireland in five obtain. As for exclusive information, it is weeks, and gives his results to the world in nearly passed away from our remembrance; two volumes octavo,—has of course no time and secrecy, that in the elder days of diplo- to make. Poor man, he cannot make five macy was the hereditary privilege of half a weeks go farther than he does. He gets up dozen families, the cabalistic wand of Euro- early, rides and walks through all weather, pean power, which feared no molestation or keeps his eyes vigorously wide open, talks interference, save from cypher-reading trea- much to every one, asks every body all sorts chery, has well-nigh forgot its cunning; so of questions, visits every remarkable object, stringent is the statute of limitations which and jots down voluminously. And "feeling every representative government has enacted; upon his return home, that much of what and under which, the official, who con now he has seen and heard must be interesting to prevent a secret from nipping the shell for the public,” he resolves incontinently to several days together, is looked on as a give the curious world the whole benefit of marvellous man.

his guesses, good and bad, at the truth, From this state of things has sprung, concerning “ that most interesting country.” amongst many other phenomena, the swarm Nor, in spite of all his mistakes is the book of political tourists, who, if not all gathering of such a man without its use : far from it. wisdom, are at least busy and buzzing in all The drawing of attention to a dangerous degrees of latitude and longitude. From no spot, though the first lights planted there country perhaps, have so many indefatigable flicker and are but short-lived, is no ordinary purveyors to popular appetite gone forth, as good. 'Tis for the vain, the blind, the from England." Every region of the elder doomed, to scorn imperfect guidance, and and the junior world is now periodically to prefer their old base way of staggering on traversed and reported on, by English and in darkness. In ulter darkness have the Scotch men. Indeed the exception is the rulers of Ireland in times past, stupidly stagman who, having wandered, refuses to print gered on, unconscious of the dangers there; and publish, for the stay at home curiosity unable to discern, that if Ireland's inisery be of his countrymen, all he hath jotted down: not healed, and the fountain of her woes for that, having been to any out of the way dried up, the moral law, by which the fate comer of earth, he hath failed to jot down, of kindred nations has by Providence been is no longer credible.

linked together, forewarns Great Britain that In return, Frenchmen, Germans, and in the embrace of Ireland's beggary, she Americans have more recently entered the may herself be made to totter on the dizzy field; and, much to the displeasure and summit of that height of empire, whereou discomfort of certain old fashioned opinion- she hath so long sat preeminent 'mid her ists of Britain, have very unceremoniously imperial peers. avowed what of weakness, of oddity, and of

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