« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »
34 Reflections on an unforgiving and revengeful Spirit. Sect. 95. fore might he cast us into the Prison of Hell, till we paid the uttermoft
Farthing. And were we to fall at his Feet, with a Promise of paying him Ver. 26.
all on his patient Forbearance, it must be the Language of gross Ignorance, or of presumptuous Folly ; when addressed to a Being, who knows our Poverty, and knows that, in Consequence of it, we are utterly in
capable of making him any Amends. But he magnifies his Grace in the Ver. 27. kind Offers of a free Forgiveness : And shall we who receive it, and hold
our Lives, and all our Hope by it, take our Brethren by the Throat, beVer. 28. cause they owe us a few Pence? or shall we carry along with us deep
continued Resentment, glowing like a hidden Fire in our Bosoms? GOD
forbid ! For surely if we do so, out of our own Mouth fall we be condemned, Ver. 34. while we acknowledge the Justice of the Sentence here passed against this
Christ himself has made the Application: So all my Heavenly Father deal with you, if you do not forgive your Brethren : And he has instructed us elsewhere, to ask Forgiveness only as we grant it. (Mat. vi. 14, 15.) Let us then from this Moment discharge our Hearts of every Sentiment of Rancour and Revenge, nor ever allow a Word, or even a Wijh, that. savours of it. And as ever we hope our Addresses to the Throne of Divine Mercy should meet with a favourable Audience, let us lift up holy Hands, without Wrath, as well as without Doubting. (1 Tim. ii. 8.)
Dæmons in his Name, because he was not of their Com-
MARK IX. 38.
l lating to Humility, and Self-Denial, the Apostle - saying, Master, we faw Mark IX.
one Yohn, (whether defirous of diverting him from a Subject, which he could not hear pursued without fome Consciousness of having deferved Blame, or thinking it might receive some farther Illustration by his Remarks upon the Case that he should mention,) interrupted our Lord (a), and
answered (a) Interrupted our Lord.] I have inserted this Story apart here, that the Thread of the preceding Discourse might not be broken ; that the 93d Section might not be lengthened. beyond due Bounds; and that I might have Room to illustrate and improve this Paflage, which, tho’ short, has both its Difficulty, and its Use.
A Stranger atting in the Name of CHRIST, is not to be forbid. 35 one casting out Devils in thy answered him, when he had just been urging a Sect. 96. Name, and he followeth not Readiness to receive one of the least of his Ser- m us: and we forbad him, [be.
i cause he followeth not' with vants in his Name, (Mark ix. 37. pag. 20.) by us.] [LUKĖ IX. 49.] Saying, Master, while we were in our late Pro
gress, we Jaw one casting out Dæmons in thy
the rest of thy Disciples.
40 For he that is not a- speak Evil of me. And be that Regard ever so 40 gainst us, is on our Part. (LUKE IX. -50.]
Ft. imperfect, I would not discourage such Persons
now: For with respect to them, and in a Case
fied, tho' he have not my immediate and express
(6) Calling out Demons in thy Name.] Probably this was a Cafe, something resembling that of the Sons of Sceva : ( Ats xix. 13-16.) And God might see Reason now, to grant that Efficacy to their Adjurations, which he afterwards denied, when the Evidences of the Gospel were proposed so much more diftin&tly and fully, after the Descent of the Spirit. Dr. Clarke supposes, that he was one of John the Baptif's Disciples.
(c) Whosoever is not against us, is for us. Our Lord had formerly said, (Mat. xii. 30.) He that is not with me, is against me; thereby giving his Hearers a just and necessary Admonition, that on the whole, the War between him and Satan admitted of no Neutrality, and that those who were indifferent to him, would finally be treated as his Enemies. (See Seet. 61. Vol. i. pag. 375.) But here, in another View, he very consistently uses a different and seemingly opposite Proverb, the Counterpart of the former, directing his Followers to judge of Men's Characters in the most candid Manner, and charitably to hope, that they who did not oppose his Cause, wished well to it; a Conduct peculiarly reasonable, when his Caule lay under so many Discouragements. Probably many who now concealed their Regard to him, were afterwards animated couragiously to profess it, tho' at the greatest Hazard. I cannot, with Mr. Baxter, think an express Declaration in his Favour, to have been more necessary in the former Case, than now ; but it is most obvious, that Christ requires us, to be more rigorous in judging ourselves, than he allows us to be in judging each other.
Reflections on an envious and censorious Temper. Sect. 96. Token of Esteem and Affection to me, be it ever drink, in my Name, because m so inconsiderable ; for, as I formerly told you, ye belong to Christ, verily I
say unto you, He shall not A. (Mat. x. 42. Vol. i. pag. 472.) whoever Mall pre- joke his Reward.
fent you with a Cup of cold Water only in my Name,
IMPROV E M E N T.
Markix. 38. I T is sad, that the Spirit which remains in so many Christians, and in
I this Instance appeared even in the beloved Saint Yohn, should (as the Apostle James expresses it,) lust unto Envy : (7 am. iv. 5.) How ill does that Spirit become a Disciple, and much more a Minister, of the benevolent Yesus! The Apostle Paul had learnt, and taught a better Temperj, when he rejoiced that Christ was preached, even by those who were his personal Enemies. (Phil. i. 18.) To seek our own Glory, is not Glory; (Prov. xxv. 27.) and to confine Religion to them that follow us, is a
Narrowness of Spirit which we should avoid and abhor. Ver. 39, 40. Christ here gives us a lovely Example of Candor and Moderation : He
was willing to put the best Construction on dubious Cases, and to treat those as Friends, who were not avowed and declared Enemies. Perhaps in this Instance, it might be a Means of overcoming a Remainder of Prejudice, and perfecting what was wanting in the Faith and Obedience of the Persons in Question; at least it suited the present State of Things, in which Men are to be judged of by their Professions and Actions, as their Hearts cannot immediately and certainly be known.
But let us judge ourselves with greater Severity, remembering there is. an approaching Day, in which the Secrets of all Hearts will be made manifeji ; in which those, who have indeed been Neuters in the War between Christ and Satan, will be treated as Enemies ; and those other Words will be fulfilled, He that is not with me, is against me; and be that gathereth
not with me, scattereth abroad. (Mat. xii. 20. and Luke xi. 23.) Ver. 41. In that Day, may the Sincerity of our Hearts be discovered ; and then
we may rejoice in this repeated Assurance, that the least of our Services shall be kindly remembered, and abundantly rewarded according to the Riches of Divine Bounty and Grace.
Christ chuses Seventy Disciples,
SE C T. XCVII.
ftru&tions, like those he had before given to the Twelve
LUKE X. 1. AFTER these Things, FTER these Things the Lord Jesus, intending Sect. 97. - the Lord appointed 11 when the approaching Feast of Tabernacles other Seventy also, and sent them Two and Two before was over (a), to make one Journey more over the Luke A. Io. his Face, into every City Country, in the last Half Year he was to spend and Place, whither he him on Earth, fixed upon Seventy others of his Disciples self would come.
also, besides the Twelve Apostles so frequently,
five lesser Circuits.
great, dressed to the Apostles ; and he said therefore to.
(a) When the approaching Feast of Tabernacles was over. It seems to me much more. reasonable to suppose, that Christ fent out the Seventy before the Feast of Tabernacles, than after it ; confidering how little Time he had, between that, and the Peast of Dedication, in which Interval he dispatched his last Circuit in Galilee. To take from those three Months, all the Period to be allowed for their Journey and Return, seems inconvenient. But it is astonishing, that Mr. Le Clerc, and fume others, thould suppose, that these Instructions were given to them in Christ's Journey to the above-mentioned Feast : For, not to mention the Iinpuflibilicy, of holding a Discourse with such a Number of People on the Road, about an Afair of such Importance; it is expressly said, 7ohn. vii, 10. that he went up to the Feast of Tabernacles privately; which is uiterly inconsistent with his being attended with such a Train as Seveniy, or (according to that Author,) Eighty-two Persons.; for Le Clerc sup-poles, the Twelve were also with him. I shall elsewhere give my Reasons, why I suppose the Siory of the Samaritans refusing him Entertainment, (tho’ recorded Luke ix. 51, - 35.) to have happened later than this. At present I would only observe, that the Ex: preffion, after these Things, in the Beginning of this Chapter, may either refer to the. Stories immediately preceding, in the Close of the former, from ver. 57, to the End, or to the. general Series of Events recorded above, tho' (as I think the Evangelift himself strongly intimates,) one little History be transposed. See Sect. 127. Note (d).
(b) He said therefore to them.] Luke is the only Evangelist, who has given us this Account: of Christ's fending out the Seventy; and it is the less to be wondered at, that he mould do it: To particularly, if the antient Tradition be true, which Origen and Epiphanius have men. tioned, that he was himself one of the Number. See Dr. Whitby's Preface to Luke, where
35.) her these Things, the Close more, tho” (as I thi
in. che te Beginning A prerencament (cho"receber cons, why're fup
And fends them out with large Instructions. Sect. 97. 37, 38. Vol. i. pag. 453.) The Harvest is indeed great, but the Labourers are great, and many Souls are to be gathered in, but few : Pray ye therefore the
Lord of the Harvest, that · the faithful Labourers are as yet v few; pray ye he would send forth Labour.
therefore the Lord of the Harvest, that he would, ers into his Harvet.
hazardous, that they are naturally averse to it (c).
Mini hold, I send you forth as
ī Lambs among Wolves. ftry, as indeed you will need it all; for behold,
I send you forth as so many defenceless Lambs, in 4 the
ravenous and cruel Wolves. Yet as 4 Carry neither Purse, you go under the singular Care of Divine Provi- nor Scrip: nor Shoes ; and
salute no Man by the Way. dence, carry not with you any Purse of Money, nor even a Scrip for your Provisions, nor any more Shoes than you have now on your Feet; nor stay so much as to salute any Man, as you pass by him on the Way (d); but let it evidently appear to all who see you, that your Thoughts are full
of the great Errand on which you go.. . And in all the Stages of your journey, carry 5 And into whatsoever along with you those benevolent Affections, which Houle ye enter, first say,
Peace be to this House: are to well suited to the Design of your Mission : Into whatever House therefore you shall happen to come, at your first Entrance say, Peace be upon
this House, and pray that Prosperity and Happi6 ness may attend the whole family. And if 6 And if the Son of Peace any Son and Heir of Peace, or any truly good be there, your Peace thall
reft Man, who is worthy of such Blessings, be there
ca. 742 75:n of these any Manceneral, not any m
he has thewn this to be highly probable, and no Way inconsistent with what Luke has said at the Beginning of his Gospel.
(c) That he would urge more Eabourers, &c.] As both Luke here, and Matthew in a parallel Passage, (Mat. ix. 38. pag. 453.) use the Word exbadan, which literally signifies to thrust out, I was willing to express the Force of it, in the Version, as well as the Paraphrafe.
So many of the Expressions used in this Discourse, are to be found in that to the Twelve, Sect. 74, 75. that it is generally sufficient to refer to the Paraphrase and Notes there, for the Explication of them here.
(d) Nor stay to falute any Man, as you pass by him on the Way.1 Our Lord did not intend by this, to forbid his Disciples in general, nor even any of his Ministers, a decent Use of the customary Tokens of civil Respect to others, any more than he forbids the Use of Shoes and Purses : Only while they were employed on this particular Message, he required the Forbearance of them, that every one who saw them pass by, might perceive that their Minds were full of the most important Business, and that they were earnestly intent on the immediate Dispatch of it. (Compare 2 Kings iv. 29.) This was the more necessary, as they were so much ftraitened for Time. See Note (a).