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All these his works so wonderous he ordain'd, With borrow'd light her countenance triform
Hath brought me from the quires of cherubim Hence fills and empties to enlighten th' Earth,
Alone thus wandering. Brightest seraph, tell And in her pale dominion checks the night.
In which of all these shining orbs hath Man That spot, to which I point, is Paradise,
His fixed seat, or fixed seat hath none,

Adam's abode; those lofty shades, his bower. But all these shining orbs his choice to dwell; Thy way thou canst not miss, me mine requires.", That I may find him, and with secret gaze

Thus said, he turn'd; and Satan, bowing low, Or open admiration him behold,

As to superior spirits is wont in Heaven, On whom the great Creator hath bestow'd Where honour due and reverence none neglects, Worlds, and on whom hath all these graces Took leave, and toward the coast of Earth bepour'd;


[cess, That both in him and all things, as is meet, Down from the ecliptic, sped with hop'd sucThe universal Maker we may praise;

Throws his steep flight in many an aery wheel; Who justly hath driven out his rebel foes Nor staid, till on Niphates' top he lights. To deepest Hell, and, to repair that loss, Created this new happy race of Men To serve him better: wise are all his ways.

So spake the false dissembler unperceiv'd ;
Por neither man nor angel can discern

Hypocrisy, the only evil that walks
Invisible, except to God alone, [Earth:

By his permissive will, through Heaven and
And oft, though wisdom wake, suspicion sleeps

At wisdom's gate, and to simplicity
Resigns her charge, while goodness thinks no ill Satan, now in prospect of Eden, and nigh the
Where no ill seems: which now for once be-

place where he must now attempt the bold enguild

terprise which he undertook alone against God Uriel, though regent of the Sun, and held

and Man, falls into many doubts with himself, The sharpest-sighted spirit of all in Heaven ; and many passions, fear, envy, and despair ; Who to the fraudulent impostor foul,

but at length confirms himself in evil, journeys In his uprightness, answer thus return'd.

on to Paradise,whose outward prospect and si“Fair angel, thy desire, which tends to know

tuation is described ; overleaps the bounds; The works of God, thereby to glorify

sits in the shape of a cormorant on the tree of The great Work-master, leads to no excess

life, as highest in the garden, to look about That reaches blame, but rather merits praise

him. The garden described ; Satan's first The more it seems excess, that led thee hither

sight of Adam and Eve; his wonder at their From thy empyreal mansion thus alone,

excellent form and happy state, but with resoTo witness with thine eyes what some perhaps,

lution to work their fall; overhears their disContented with report, hear only in Heaven :

course, thence gathers that the tree of know. For wonderful indeed are all his works,

ledge was forbidden them to eat of, under pePleasant to know, and worthiest to be all

nalty of death; and thereon intends to found Had in remembrance always with delight;

bis temptation, by seducing them to transgress: But what created mind can comprehend

then leaves them a while to know further of Their number, or the wisdom infinite

their state by soine other means. Meanwhile That brought them forth, but hid their causes

Uriel descending on a sunbeam warns Gabriel, deep?

who had in charge the gate of Paradise, that I saw when at his word the formless mass,

some evil spirit had escaped the deep, and This world's material mould, came to a heap: Confusion heard his voice, and wild uproar

passed at noon by his sphere in the shape of a

good angel down to Paradise, discovered after Stood ruld, stood vast infinitude confin'd;

by his furious gestures in the mount. Gabriel Till at his second bidding Darkness fleil, Light shone, and order from disorder sprung:

promises to find him ere morning. Night

coming on, Adain and Eve discourse of going Swift to their several quarters hasted then

to their rest : their bower described ; their The cumbrous elements, earth, flood, air, fire;

evening worship. Gabriel, drawing forth his And this etherial quintessence of Heaven

bands of night-watch to walk the round of Pa. Flew upward, spirited with varions forms, That rollid orbicular, and turn’d to stars

radise, appoints two strong angels to Adam's Numberless, as thou seest, and how they move;

bower, lest the evil spirit should be there doing Each had his place appointed, each his course ;

some harm to Adam or Eve, sleeping; there

they find him at the ear of Eve tempting herią The rest in circuit walls this universe.

a dream, and bring him, though unwilling, to Look downward on that globe, whose hither side With light from hence, though but reflected,

Gabriel ; by whom questioned, he scornfully shines;


answers; prepares resistance ; but, hindered That place is Earth, the seat of Man ; that

by a sign from Heaven, dies out of Para. His day, which else, as the other hemisphere,

dise, Night would invade ; but there the neighbouring (8o call that opposite fair star) her aid [Moon


FOR that warning voice, which he, who Timely interposes, and her monthly round Still ending, still renewing, through mid Heaven, Th’ Apocalypse, heard cry in Heaven aloud,

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Then when the Dragon, put to second rout,

Or from without, to all temptations arm'd. Came furious down to be reveng'd on men,

Hadst thou the same free will and power to stand! Woe to the inhabitants on Earth! that now,

Thou hadst : whom hast thou then or what to While time was, our first parents had been

accuse, warn'd

But Heaven's free love dealt equally to all ? The coming of their secret foe, and 'scap'd, Be then his lore accurs'd, since love or hate, Haply so 'scap'd his mortal snare : for now To me alike, it deals eternal woe. Satan, now first inflam'd with rage, came down, Nay, curs'd be thou ; since against his thy will The tempter ere the accuser of mankind, Chose freely what it now so justly rues. To wreak on innocent frail man his loss

Me miserable! which way shall I fly Of that first battle, and his fight to Hell : Infinite wrath, and infinite despair? Yet, not rejoicing in his speed, though bold Which way I fly is Hell; myself am Hell; Far off and fearless, nor with cause to boast, And, in the lowest deep, a lower deep Begins his dire attempt ; which nigh the birth

Still threatening to devour me opens wide, Now rolling boils in his tumultuous breast,

To which the Hell I suffer seems a Heaven, And like a devilish engine back recoils

0, then, at last relent: is there no place Upon himself; horrour and doubt distract (stir Left for repentance, none for pardon left? His troubled thoughts, and from the bottom None left but by submission ; and that word The Hell within him ; for within him Hell Disdain forbids me, and my dread of shame He brings, and round about him, nor from Hell Among the spirits beneath, whom I seduc'd One step, no more than from himself, can fly With other promises and other vaunts By change of place: now conscience wakes 'Than to submit, boasting I could subdue despair,

The Omnipotent. Ay me! they little know That slumber'd; wakes the bitter memory Now dearly 1 abide that boast so vain, Of what he was, what is, and what must be

Under what torments inwardly I groan, Worse; of worse deeds worse sufferings must

While they adore me on the throne of Hella ensue.

With diadem and sceptre high advanc'd,
Sometimes towards Eden, which now in his view

The lower still I fall, only supreme
Lay pleasant, his griev'd look he fixed sad ; In misery: such joy anıbition finds.
Sometimes towards Heaven, and the full-blazing But say I could repent, and could obtain,

By act of grace, my former state; how soon Which now sat high in his meridian tower : Would height recall high thoughts, how soon Then, much revolving, thus in sighs began.


[recant "O thou, that, with surpassing glory crown'd, What feign'd submission swore? Ease would Look'st from thy sole dominion like the God Vows made in pain, as violent and void. Of this new world ; at whose sight all the stars For never can true reconcilement grow, Hide their diminish'd heads; to thee I call,

Where wounds of deadly hate have pierc'd so But with no friendly voice, and add thy name, deep: O Sun! to tell thee how I hate thy beams,

Which would but lead me to a worse relapse That bring to my remembrance from what And heavier fall: so should I purchase dear state

Short intermission bought with double smart.
I fell, how glorious once above thy sphere ; This knows my punisher; therefore as far
Till pride and worse ambition threw me down From granting he, as I from begging peace:
Warring in Heaven against Heaven's matchless All hope excluded thus, behold, instead

Of us out-cast, exil'd, his new delight,
Ah wherefore! he deserv'd no such return Mankind created, and for him this world.
Prom me, whom he created what I was

So farewell hope, and with hope farewell fear,
In that bright eminence, and with his good Farewell remorse: all good to me is lost;
Upbraided none; nor was his service hard. Evil be thou my good: by thee at least
What could be less than to afford him praise, Divided empire with Heaven's King I hold,
The easiest recompense, and pay him thanks,

By thee, and more than half perhaps will reign; How duc ! yet all his good prov'd ill in me,

As Man ere long, and this new world, shall And wrought but malice; lifted up so high


(face I sdein'd subjection, and thought one step higher Thus while he spake, each passion dimm'd his Would set me highest, and in a moment quit Thrice chang'd with pale, ire, envy, and despair; The debt immense of endless gratitude,

Which marr'd his borrow'd visage, and betray'd So burthensome still paying, still to owe,

Him counterfeit, if any eye beheld. Forgetful what from him I still receiv'd,

For heavenly minds from such distempers foul And understood not that a grateful mind

Are ever clear. Whereof he soon aware, By owing owes not, but still pays, at once Each perturbation smooth'd with outward calm, Indebted and discharg'd; what burthen then ? Artificer of fraud ; and was the first O had his powerful destiny ordain'd

That practis'd falsehood under saintly show, Me some inferior angel, I had stood

Deep malice to conceal, couch'd with revenge : Then happy; no unbounded hope had rais'd Yet not enough had practis'd to deceive Ambition. Yet why not? some other power

Uriel once warn'd; whose eye pursued him down As great might have aspir'd, and me, though The way he went, and on the Assyrian mount mean,

Saw him disfigur'd, more than could befall Drawn to his part; but other powers as great Spirit of happy sort: bis gestures fierce Fell not, but stand unshaken, from within He mark'd and mad demeanour, then alone,

As he suppos’d, all unobserv'd, unseen.

Thence up he few, and on the tree of life, So on he fares, and to the border comes

The middle tree and highest there that grew, Of Eden, where delicious Paradise,

Sat like a cormorant ; yet not true life Now nearer, crowns with her enclosure green, Thereby regain'd, but sat devising death As with a rural mound, the champaign head To them who liv'd; nor on the virtue thought Of a steep wilderness,' whose hairy sides Of that life-giving plant, but only us'd With thicket overgrown, grotesque and wild, Por prospect, what well usd had been the pledge Access denied ; and over-head up grew

Of immortality. So little knows Insuperable height of loftiest shade,

Any, but God alone, to value right Cedar, and pine, and fir, and branching palm, The good before him, but perverts best things A syivan scene; and, as the ranks ascend To worst abusé, or to their nieanest use, Shade above shade, a woody theatre

Beneath him with new wonder now he views, Of stateliest view. Yet higher than their tops To all delight uf human sense expos'd, The verdurous wall of Paradise up sprä: In narrow room, Nature's whole wealth, yea Which to our general sire gave prospect large

more, Into his nether empire neighbouring round, A Heaven on Earth: for blissful Paradis: And higher than that wall a circling row

Of God the garden was, by him in the east Of goodliest trees, loaden with fairest fruit, Of Eden planted; Eden stretch'd her line Blossoms and fruits at once of golden huc, From Auran eastward to the royal towers Appear'd, with gay enamell'd colours mix'd : Of great Seleucia, built by Grecian kings, On which the Sun more glad impress'd his beams Or where the sons of Eden long before Than in fair evening cloud, or humid bow, Dwelt in Telassar: in this pleasant soil When God hath shower'd the earth ; so lovely His far more pleasant garden God ordaind; seem'd

Out of the fertile ground he caus'd to grow That landscape: and of pure, now purer air All trees of nullest kind for sight, smell, taste; Meets bis approach, and to the heart inspires And all amid them stoud the tree of life, Vernal delight and joy, able to drive

High eminent, blooming ambrosial fruit All sadness but despair : now gentle gales, Of vegetable gold; and next to life, Fanning their odoriferous wings, dispense Our death, the tree of knowledge, grew fast by, Native perfumes, and whisper whence they stole Knowledge of good, bought dear by knowing ill. Those balmy spoils. As when to them who sail Southward through Eden went a river large, Beyond the Cape of Hope, and now are past Nor chang'd his course, but through the shaggy Mozambic, off at sca north-east winds blow

bill Sabean odours from the spicy shore

Pass'd underneath ingulf'd; for God had thrown Of Araby the blest; with such delay

That mountain as bis garden-mould high rais'd Well pleas'd they slack their course, and many a Cpon the rapid current, which through veins league

Of porous earth with kindly thirst up-drawn, Cheer'd with the grateful smell old Ocean smiles: Rose a fresh fountain, and with many a rill So entertain'd those odorous sweets the fiend, Water'd the garden; thence united fell Who came their bape: though with them better Down the steep gladé, and met the nether flood, pleas'd

Which from his darksome passage now appears, Than Asmudëus with the fishy fume

And now, divided into four main streams, That drove him, though enamour'd, from the Runs diverse, wandering many a famous realın spouse

And country, whereof here needs no account; Of Tobit's son, and with a vengeance sent But rather to tell how, if Art could tell, From Media post to Egypt, there fast bound. how from that sapphire fount the crisped Now to the ascent of that steep savage hill

brooks, Satan bad journey'd on, pensive and slow; Rolling on orient pearl and sands of gold, But further way found none, so thick entwin'd, With mazy errour under pendent shades As one continued brake, the undergrowth Ran nectar, visiting each plant, and fed Of shrubs and tangling bushes had perplex'd Flowers worthy of Paradise, which not nice Art All path of man or beast that pass'd that way. In beds and curious knots, but Nature boon One gate there only was, and that look'd east Pour'd forth profuse on hill,and dale,and plain, On the other side : which when the arch-felon Both where the morning Sun first warınly smote

The open field, and where the unpierc'd shade Due entrance he disdain'd; and, in contempt, Imbrown'd the noontide bowers: thus was this At one slight bound high over-leap'd all bound

place Of hill or highest wall, and sheer within

A happy rural seat of various view; Lights on his feet. As when a prowling wolf, Groves whose rich trees wept odorous gums and Whom hunger drives to seek new haunt for prey,

balm, Watching where shepherds pen their flocks at eve Others wliose fruit, burnish'd with golden rind, In hurdled cotes amid the field secure,

Kung amiable, Hesperian fables true, Leaps o’er the fence with ease into the fold:

If true, here only, and of delicious taste : Or as a thief, bent to unhoard the cash

Betwixt them lawns, or level downs, and flocks Of some rich burgher, whose substantial doors, Grazing the tender herb, were interpos'd, Cross-barr'd and bolted fast, fear no assault, Or palmy hillock; or the flowery lap In at the window climbs, or o'er the tiles : Of some irriguous valley spread her store, So clomb this first grand thief into God's fold; Flowers of all hue, and without thorn the rose: So since into his church lew'd hirelings climb. Another side, umbrageous grots and caves


Of cool recess, o'er which the mantling vine Under a tuft of shade that on a green
Lays forth her purple grape, and gently creeps Stood whispering soft, by a fresh fountain side
Luxuriant ; mean while murmuring waters fall They sat them down; and, after no more toil
Down the slope hills, dispers'd, or in a lake, Of their sweet gardening labour than suffic'd
That to the fringed bank with myrtle crown'd To recommend cool Zephyr, and made ease
Her crystal mirror holds, unite their streams. More easy, wholesome thirst and appetite
The birds their quire apply; airs, vernal airs, More grateful, to their supper-fruits they fell,
Breathing the smell of field and grove, attune Nectarine fruits which the compliant boughs
The trembling leaves, while universal Pan, Yielded them, side-long as they sat recline
Knit with the Graces and the Hours in dance, On the soft downy bank damask'd with flowers :
Led on the eternal Spring. Not that fair field The savoury pulp they chew, and in the rind,
Of Enna, where Proserpine gathering flowers, Still as they thirsted, scoop the brimming
Herself a fairer flower by gloomy Dis

stream ; Was gather'd, which cost Ceres all that pain Nor gentle purpose, nor endearing smiles To seek her through the world; nor that sweet Wanted, nor youthful dalliance, as beseems grove

Fair couple, link'd in happy nuptial league, Of Dapbne by Orontes, and the inspir'd Alone as they. About them frisking play'd Castalian spring, might with this Paradise All beasts of the Earth, since wild, and of all chase Of Eden strive ; nor that Nyseian isle

In wood or wilderness, forest or den; Girt with the river Triton, where old Cham, Sporting the lion ramp'd, and in his paw Whom Gentiles Ammon call and Lybian Jove, Dandled the kid ; bears, tigers, ounces, pards, Hid Amalthea, and her florid son

Gamboll'd before them; the unwieldy elephant, Young Bacchus, from his stepdame Rhea's eye ; To make them mirth, us'd all his might, and Nor where Abassin kings their issue guard,

wreath'd Mount Amara, though this hy some suppos'd His lithe proboscis; close the serpent sly, True Paradise under the Ethiop line

Insinuating, wove with Gordian twine By Nilus' head, enclos'd with shining rock, His braided train, and of his fatal guile A whole day's journey high, but wide remote Gase proof unheeded; others on the grass From this Assyrian garden, where the fiend Conch'd, and now fill'd with pasture gazing sat, Sax, undelighted, all delight, all kind

Or bedward ruminating ; for the Sun, Of living creatures, new to sight, and strange. Declin'd, was hasting now with prone career Two of far nobler shape, erect and tall,

To the ocean isles, and in the ascending scale Godlike erect, with native honour clad

Of Heaven the stars that usher evening rose : In naked majesty seem'd lords of all:

When Satan still in gaze, as first he stood, And worthy scem'd; for in their looks divine Scarce thus at length fail'd speech recover'd The image of their glorious Maker shone,

sad. Truth, wisdom, sanctitude severe and pure, “O Hell! what do mine eyes with grief be(Severe, but in true filial freedom plac’d,)

hold! Whence true authority in men ; though both Into our room of bliss thus high advanc'd Not equal, as their sex not equal seem'd; Creatures of other mould, Earth-born perhaps, For contemplation he and valour formid; Not spirits, yet to heavenly spirits bright For softness she and sweet attractive grace ; Little inferior; whom my thoughts pursue He for God only, she for God in him:

With wonder, and could lore, so lively shines His fair large front and eye sublime declar'd In them divine resemblance, and such grace Absolute rule; and hyacinthine locks

The hand that form’d them on their shape hath Round from his parted forelock manly hung

pour’d. Clustering, but not beneath his shoulders broad; Ah! gentle pair, ye little think how nigh She, as a veil, down to the slender waist

Your change approaches, when all these delights Her unadorned golden tresses wore

Will vanish, and deliver ye to woe; Dishevell’d, but in wanton ringlets wav'd, More woe, the more your taste is now of joy ; As the vine curls her tendrils, which implied Happy, but for so happy ill secur'd Subjection, but requir'd with gentle sway, Long to continue, and this high seat your Heaven And by her yielded, by him best receiv'd, Ill fenc'd for Heaven to keep out such a fue Yielded with coy submission, modest pride, As now is enter'd; yet no purpos'd foe And sweet, reluctant, amorous delay.

To you, whom I could pity thus forlorn, Nor those mysterious parts were then conceald ; Though I unpitied : league with you I seek, Then was not guilty shame: dishonest shame And mutual amity, so strait, so close, Of Nature's works, honour dishonourable, That I with you must dwell, or you with me Sin-bred, how have ye troubled all mankind Henceforth; my dwelling haply may not please, With shows instead, mere shows of seeming Like this fair Paradise, your sense : yet such pure,

Accept your Maker's work ; he gare it me, And banish'd from man's life his happiest life, Which I as freely give: Hell shail unfold, Simplicity and spotless innocence !

'To entertain you two, her widest gates, So pass'd they naked on, nor shunn'd the sight And send forth all her kings; there will be room, Of God or angel; for they thought no ill : Not like these narrow limits, to receive So hand in hand they pass'd, the loveliest pair, Your numerous offspring ; if no betier place, That ever since in love's embraces met ; Thank him who puts me loth to this revenge Adam the goodliest man of men since born On you,who wrong me not, for him who wrong'd His sons, the fairest of her daughters Eve. And should I at your harmless innocence

Melt, as I do, yet public reason just,

Not distant far from thence a murmuring sound Honour and empire with revenge enlarg'd, Of waters issued from a cave, and spread By conquering this new world, compels me now Into a liquid plain, then stood unmov'd To do what else, though damo'd, I should abhor." Pure as the expanse of Heaven; I thither went

So spake the fiend, and with necessity, With unexperienc'd thought, and lajd me down The tyrant's plea, excus'd his devilish deeds. On the green bank, to look into the clear Then from his lofty stand on that high tree Smooth lake, that to me seem'd another sky. Down he alights among the sportful herd As I bent down to look, just opposite Of those four-footed kinds, himself now one, A shape within the watery gleam appear'd, Now other, as their shape serv'd best his end Bending to look on me : I started back, Nearer to view his prey, and, unespied, It started back; but pleas'd I soon return'd, To mark what of their state he more might Pleas'd it return'd as soon with answering looks learn,

Of sympathy and love: there I had fix'd By word or action mark'd: about them round Mine eyes till now, and pin'd with rain desire, A lion now he stalks with fiery glare;

Had not a voice thus warn'd me, What thou Then as a tiger, who by chance hath spied

seest, In some parlieu two gentle fawns at play, What there thou seest, fair creature, is thyself ; Straight couches close, then rising, changes oft With thee it came and goes : but follow me, His couchant watch, as one who chose his ground, and I will bring thee where no shadow stays Whence - rushing he might surest seize them Thy coming, and thy soft embraces, he both,

Whose image thou art; him thou shalt enjoy Grip'd in each paw : when Adam, first of men, Inseparably thine, to him shalt bear To first of women, Eve, thus moving speech, Multitudes like thyself, and thence be call'd Turn'd him, all ear to hear new utterance flow. Mother of human race. What could I do,

“Sole partner, and sole part, of all these joys, But follow straight, invisibly thus led ? Dearer thyself than all ; needs must the Power Till I espied thee, fair indeed and tall, That made us, and for us this ample world, Under a platane ; yet methought less fair, Be infinitely good, and of his good

Less winning soft, less amiably mild, As liberal and free as infinite;

Than that smooth watery image: back I turn'ds That rais'd us from the dust, and plac'd us here Thou following cryd'st aloud,

Return fair In all this happiness, who at his hand

Eve, Have nothing merited, nor can perform

Whom Ays't thou ? whom thou fly'st, of him Aught whereof he hath need; he who requires

thou art, From us no other service than to keep

His flesh, his bone ; to give thee being I lent This one, this easy charge, of all the trees Out of my side to thee, nearest my heart, In Paradise that bear delicious fruit

Substantial life, to have thee by my side Şo various, not to taste that only tree

Henceforth an individual solace dear; Of knowledge, planted by the tree of life; Part of my soul I seek thee, and thee claim So near grows death to life, whate'er death is,

My other half:' With that thy gentle hand Some dreadful thing no doubt ; for well thou Seiz'd mine: 1 yielded; and from that time see know'st

How beauty is excell’d by manly grace, God hath prononuc'd it death to taste that tree, And wisdom, which alone is truly fair.” The only sign of our obedience left,

So spake our general mother, and with eyes Among so many signs of power and rule Of conjugal attraction unreprov'd, Conferr'd upon us, and dominion given

And meek surrender, half-embracing lean'd Over all other creatures that possess

On our first father; half her swelling breast Earth, air, and sea. Then let us not think hard Naked met his, under the flowing gold One easy prohibition, who enjoy

Of her loose tresses hid : he in delight Free leave so large to all things else, and choice Both of her beauty, and submissive charms, Unlimited of manifold delights:

Smil'd with superior love, as Jupiter But let us ever praise him, and extol

On Juno smiles, when he impregns the clouds His bounty, following our delightful task, That shed May flowers; and press'd her matron To prune these growing plants, and tend these

lip flowers,

(sweet." | With kisses pure: aside the Devil turn'd Which were it toilsome, yet with thee were for envy; yet with jealous leer malign

To whom thas Eve replied. “O thou for whom Ey'd them askance, and to himself thus plain’d. And from whom I was form’d, flesh of thy flesh, “ Sight hateful, sight tormenting! thus these And without whom am to no end, my guide

two, And head! what thou hast said is just and right. Imparadis'd in one another's arms, For we to Him indeed all praises owe,

The happier Eden, shall enjoy their fill And daily thanks ; I chiefly, who enjoy

Of bliss on bliss; while I to Hell am thrust, So far the happier lot, enjoying thee

Where neither joy nor love, but fierce desire, Pre-eminent by so much odds, while thou

Among our other torments not the least, Like consort to thyself canst no where find. Still unfulfilld, with pain of longing pines. That day I oft remember, when from sleep Yet let me not forget what I have gain'd I first awak'd, and found myself repos'd

From their own mouths: all is not theirs, it Under a shade on flowers, much wondering where

seems ; And what I was, whence thither brought, and One fatal tree there stands, of knowledge call'd, how.

Forbidden them to taste; Knowledge forbidden?

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