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teachers being present. The Directors' As- persons were in attendance on the afternoon sociation held a meeting on Thursday which in question. The second annual session of was interesting and profitable. But the the Directors' Association was held in the great majority of the directors do not seem court house, on Wednesday of Institute to feel the need of these meetings and dis- week. This, too, was largely attended, and cussions. The “hard times” affected the the exercises were very interesting. The Institute in some degree, but on the whole Institute lecture course included the Boston it was a great success. The instructors were Ideal Mandolin and Guitar Club, Will Carleearnest men and did excellent work.

ton, Col. Geo. W. Bain, and the New York FAYETTE-Supt. Porter : The' majority of Stars. school directors have complied with the law JUNIATA-Supt. Marshall : Pursuant to in regard to approaches to water-closets, but arrangements made at the County Institute, I am sorry to report negligence on the part a Local Institute was held at Thompsonof some Boards in this very important mat- town, December 29 and 30. During the ter. Wherever I find the seven-foot tight month I visited the schools of Beale, Turfence unbuilt, I call the attention of the bett, Milford and Walker townships. These Board to the legal responsibility resting upon schools have made marked progress since them. Where there is sufficient ground, I my first visit. I have also visited those always recommend building two closets, on of Port Royal and Patterson, the teachopposite corners of the lot.

ers of which are experienced and know how FOREST-Supt. Kerr : Our County Insti- to teach. It has been my aim to spend a tute was a great success this year. The at- half day in each school, that I may note the tendance of teachers and spectators was

kind of work done. I have tried to impress larger than at any previous Institute I have upon the pupils the two requisites-individheld. I think the Institute, in all its fea- ual effort and thoroughness. New and suittures, grows in interest each year.

able book-cases have been placed in the FULTON-Supt. Chestnut: Our County school-rooms of Beale township ; also in two Institute was well attended by the general of the rooms of Milford township. public as well as by the teachers, of whom LAWRENCE-Supt. Watson : Our County all but two were present. The teachers did Institute was one of the best, both in ata great amount of the work. To my mind tendance and interest, ever beld in the the work done by teachers is the most prac- county. Dr. Schaeffer visited us on Friday, tical for our schools. The attendance of the and talked to our teachers in the afternoon directors at the Association was more than and lectured to a crowded house in the evetwice as large as at any similar meeting ning. Our schools are doing excellent heretofore. A second meeting will be held work. We have eight new rooms open this on the third Tuesday of March. It will be year. composed of one or more delegates from each LEBANON-Supt. Snoke: I have visited Board in the county. All pronounce the all the schools once, and those of Cornwall, Institute a working success. Local insti- West Lebanon, Independent, North Corn. tutes are held each week in one or other of wall, North Annville and Union districts the districts, and are of great practical value. the second time. Visiting the schools more Few of the schools give what they should than once enables the Superintendent to for the cost. We hope to better this condi- note their progress. I am glad to say that, tion by imparting some enthusiasm to our with few exceptions, the schools twice teachers.

visited have made perceptible progress. Up GREENE-Supt. Stewart: In illustrating to date our attendance has not been better the progress made by our schools, a citizen, during the last five years. Successful instiat a recent local institute, said that thirty- tutes have been held during the month in five years ago, in that township, there were Millcreek, Londonderry, Union, and South but six school-houses, and a blackboard was Lebanon, and the two Annville districts. a thing unheard of. Now there are thirteen There are yet a few teachers, who either do schools, with fairly good blackboards in all. not believe in these gatherings, or are indif. It is to be noted that in the township re- ferent to the best interests of our schools. ferred to the population was almost as great Let no teacher, unless he has a reasonable thirty-five years ago as now, and the schools excuse, absent himself from the Local Innow are as large as they should be to be well stitute. taught.

LEHIGH-Supt. Rupp : During the month INDIANA-Supt. Hammers : The County I held three Local Institutes--one at Centre Institute, according to the unanimous ver- Valley, one at Macungie, and one at Egypt. dict of teachers, press and people, was a de- At Centre Valley and Macungie I was ascided success. Among the instructors were sisted by Dr. S. A. Baer, and at Egypt, by State Supt. N. C. Schaeffer, Dr. D. J. Waller, Prof. A. C. Rothermel and Dr. Little. They Dr. Albert E. Maltby, Supt. Jas. M. Cough- were all well attended except the one at lin, Prof. E. O. Excell and Prof. J. W. Van Egypt, which happened to be held on a very de Venter. Library Hall, the place of meet- disagreeable day. With a few exceptions ing, was crowded at every session ; and on the teachers manifest much interest in these Thursday afternoon many failed to gain ad- meetings; some make themselves very prommission. It is estimated that nearly 1,800 inent by their absence. They are usually the ones that ought to derive the benefit of in several districts ; several schools had to these Institutes. Free text-books have in- be closed for a week or two. creased the attendance in some of the dis- NORTHUMBERLAND—Supt. Shipman: The tricts. Many of our young teachers have County Institute was held this month. already made arrangements to take a course There were more teachers enrolled than at at a Normal School after the close of the any previous meeting. We endeavored to present term. West Fountain Hill, formerly make it a real Teachers' Institute, and in a part of Salisbury township, was recently, addition to the regular instructors, a number by a decree of Court, formed into a borough, of our own teachers did valuable and acceptmaking the twenty-fifth school district for able work. For a part of each day the InLehigh county. It will have to maintain at stitute did section work. This was the first least four schools. A School Board has been attempt in this line in Northumberland elected and qualified, but the schools will county, and we believe that this method remain under the control of the Salisbury reaches the needs of the teachers better than directors to the end of the present school any other. Wednesday was Directors' day, year.

and nearly every district in the county was LUZERNE-Supt. Harrison : Lehman has represented, some districts having every remodeled two of its houses, making them director present. Among the topics disas good as new. I have found the attend- cussed were the following: “What changes ance good in nearly all the districts. Prep- to make in country school-houses to improve arations are being made to hold a number ventilation?” “Necessity of window shades of Local Institutes in the near future.

or blinds and other features, with a view to MIFFLIN — Supt. Cooper : I have now beautify the room and render it home-like ;" visited all the schools in the county except “Arbor Day, and what action shall we take two in Decatur, which were closed on ac- to make the work uniform ?” All the borcount of sickness when I was in the town- oughs in the county having borough Supership. Logan and Derry districts will hold intendents were well represented in the their first Local Institute in January. I find Institute. that a number of our directors read The PERRY-Supt. Arnold : Our County InstiPennsylvania School Journal with interest, tute was quite successful, and created much and speak of its merits. I believe that a enthusiasm among the teachers. Public incopy for every Director in the county would terest was aroused and the sessions were be public money well invested. The Jour- well attended by visitors. Our instructors nal contains the very things that we all were : Dr. G. M. Philips, Dr. G. W. Hull, need to know.

Miss Anna Buckbee, Prof. Geo. B. Hynson, MONROE — Supt. Serfass: The annual Prof. W. W. Deatrick, Prof. C. J. Swift, Teachers' Institute was held in Strouds- Prof. Henry Busse and Prof. G. W. Wagenburg. Of the 140 teachers employed, 134 seller. Evening entertainments were : Dr. were in attendance. The following were the E. D. Warfield, “What's in a Name?” Dr. instructors : Prof. E. L. Kemp, Prin. Geo. L. I. Handy, "The Road to Victory;" the P. Bible, Ex-Supt. J. W. Paul, Mrs. H. E. New York Ideal Concert Company; Hon. Monroe, Dr. A. R. Horne, Deputy Supt. R. G. Horr, “ The Labor Problem.' ThursHouck, Revs. S. F. Laury and A. C. Wach- day was Directors' day; about thirty-five ter, Judge Storm, and Director Mirey; also directors were present. They were addressed six of the teachers occupied each one period by Drs. Hull and Philips, and addresses on the programme. The instruction was were also made by several of the directors. sound and practical, the attention on the The teachers took an active part in the Inpart of the teachers undivided, the popular stitute. About thirty papers or discussions interest marked, the general attendance be- were prepared by the teachers. Local Instiyond the capacity of the court house, the tutes will be held during January and order perfect, and the Institute of '93 a suc- February at Ickesburg, Liverpool, Blain, cess. I prepared and supplied the teachers Millerstown, Newport, Duncannon and Lanwith blank monthly reports. Those re- disburg. turned for the first month revealed the fact Pike-Supt. Sawyer : Two lyceums have that in this county language, or elementary been organized in Westfall township, each grammar, and history, have been and are too with a fair membership. One is connected much neglected. I have been strongly urg- with the graded school in Matamoras, and ing the study of these branches, and later the other with the Mill Rift school. They reports make a better showing. The cause are doing good work. of this neglect is mainly due to parental in- SCHUYLKILL—Supt. Weiss : Our recent difference. There are still some who think County Institute was very satisfactory in that the whole problem of man's education the interest and attendance of teachers, and can be solved by the "three R's."

in the character of work done by instructors. NORTHAMPTON-Supt. Hoch : Two Local Seven hundred and one teachers were in atInstitutes were held during this month-one tendance. The day instructors were Dr. N. at Bath and one at Nazareth. The pro- C. Schaeffer, Hon. Henry Houck, Drs. G. grammes were good and the discussions Hancher, E. 0. Lyte, G. M. Philips, A. profitable. Owing to sickness among the R. Horne, Geo. W. Hull, Mrs. H. E. Monchildren, the attendance was not very good roe, Miss Carrie E. Myers, Profs. C. C.

Boyer and F. H. Green. Evening lectures teachers in service. The instruction was by Hon. A. M. Hammers and Hon. W. H. J. practical as well as progressive, and we trust Ham ; musical entertainments by Miss good seed has been sown on good ground." Emma C. Thursby, New York Male Quar- One of the encouraging features of the Institette and Franz Wilzeek Concert Company. tute was the very large attendance of citiResolutions were adopted endorsing local zens at the day sessions. On Wednesday institutes, approving free text-books, and seventy-three directors met and organized urging upon the directors the policy of by electing Hon. Harvey Haines, President, using the increased State appropriation in and Allen Seitz, Secretary. The session was buying school apparatus, lengthening the a very interesting one. "The questions that school term, and increasing the teachers' elicited the liveliest discussion were : "How salaries.

and to what extent can country schools be SNYDER-Supt. Bowersox: W. C. No. 515, graded ?”. “Proper use and care of free textP. O. S. A., of Middleburgh, raised flags on books and supplies ?". “How to prevent the the Paxtonville and Moyer's school-houses. spread of contagious disease in our schools ?" Prof. Herman and Prothonotary Schock In the afternoon an able address was demade the presentation speeches, which were livered by Deputy Supt. John Q. Stewart. attentively listened to by a large and ap- ASHLAND-Supt. Estler : New material preciative audience. The addresses of ac- was added to the school history of Ashland, ceptance were made by the County Superin- November 30, Thanksgiving Day. The J. tendent. The County Institute was a grand 0. of A. M. raised a seventy-foot liberty success in every particular. All the teachers pole near a new school building about being were in attendance except three, one of completed. After a parade, participated in whom was sick. Many districts are en- by a large number of organizations, a handcouraging their teachers to hold evening some fifteen-foot flag was presented to the lyceums; and I am glad to note that much district in the name of Carpenter Council, J. interest is taken in these meetings by 0. of A. M. by the Hon. Chas. N. Brumm, patrons, directors, and teachers. La grippe and accepted for the school district by the has caused much loss to our schools-a Rev. Chas. N. Barnard, a member of the number of which had to be closed for want School Board. Our new four-room building of pupils. It is gradually disappearing. was occupied January 2d. Dimensions of

SOMERSET-Supt. Berkey: The County each room, 33x32 feet ; windows on three Institute was attended by all but six teach- sides ; ceilings paneled ; four-foot slate ers, and by about seventy-five directors. So blackboards on all available space; water, popular have our Institutes become that towel-racks, umbrella stands, cloak closets, hundreds of people were unable to gain ad- book and apparatus desks in each room ; mittance to the hall because of the crowds. single and double furniture for the pupils. The best of order was maintained and much The building is heated and ventilated by good, we think, was accomplished.

the Fuller & Warren system. Cellars are WARREN-Supt. Putnam : The Glade cemented and contain Dr. Ross' sanitary Directors have just completed an addition closets. The building is a model of neatto their central school building. They now ness, and cost complete $10,000. have ten rooms and an assembly hall. The BRADDOCK-Supt. Keefer : The attendbuilding is heated and ventilated by the ance during the month was very good. Smead system, aud is one of the best ap- During the week ending November 10, we pointed in the county. The school has had an attendance of 1003 out of an enrolldoubled in six years, and the work done is ment of 1044. We had 863 pupils that were excellent. The County Institute was held neither absent nor tardy during the week. at Warren. The attendance was very satis- I think free text-books have greatly infactory. All but six teachers were present ; creased the enrollment. of these all but two had satisfactory ex- CHESTER-Supt. Foster : Friday, Decem

The exercises were calculated to aid ber 22d, was donation day in all our schools. teachers in the direction in which they need The children brought large supplies of prohelp. The lecturers and instructors were visions, which were turned over to the Union well liked, both by the teachers and the Benevolent Society of this city and distribpeople of the town. The court house was uted among the poor. crowded at each session, and the evening lec- COLUMBIA-Supt. Hoffman: The Superintures were well attended. The value of tendent and 36 teachers attended the County these meetings seems to lie in their ten- Institute held in Lancaster. It is the unani. dency to “wake up” sleepy teachers as well mous opinion of our teachers that it was the as to impart instruction. The directors' most profitable session held for some years. session was well attended and much interest Prof. Wm. B. Hall has been elected superwas manifested. The new school laws were visor of vocal music in our schools. discussed, and the sentiment seemed to be Corry - Supt. Colegrove: Appropriate to carry them out, in spirit as well as letter. exercises were held in the several buildings More prospective teachers were enrolled on the day preceding Thanksgiving, and ofthan ever before.

ferings, consisting of groceries, provisions, YORK-Supt. Gardner : Our County Insti- clothing, etc., were brought by the pupils, tute had an enrollment of 525 out of the 530 | aggregating several wagon loads, which




were turned over to the King's Daughters to benefit to be derived from the Institute, and be distributed among the deserving poor. consequently would hold a Local City Insti

HAZLETON — Supt. Harman: The new tute on Wednesday, Thursday and Friday High School building, recently dedicated, of the week before Christmas. is modern in all its appointments. Smead- NEWPORT TWP., (Luzerne Co.)—Supt. Wills system of heating and ventilation, Dewey : Three evening schools were opened single desks, electric bells and speaking in November, and so large was the attendtubes, gas and electric lights, light rooms, ance that it became necessary to increase wide halls, auditorium with adjoining class- the number of teachers. There are now rooms, plenty of blackboard surface, com- seven of these schools in operation, with a modious cloak-rooms and teachers' closets, good attendance. The average daily attenddirectors' room and superintendent's office, ance has been considerably lowered on acfire-proof vault, library, store-room, etc. count of sickness. The entire basement is laid in solid cement SHAMOKIN — Supt. Harpel : Sickness and contains a large, well lighted room, among the children affected the attendance that can be used for an industrial school, in our primary grades very much. The while the third story is now an immense County Institute was held at Sunbury. playroom, but can be utilized for a gymna- Most of our teachers were in attendance. sium. The exterior is finished with pressed The programme was one of the best ever enbrick and Hummelstown brown-stone. The joyed by the teachers of this county. The entire cost will be $50,000. Hazleton turned division of the Institute into sections was a out en masse to the dedicatory exercises. On new feature, and proved very interesting Thanksgiving Day the addresses of Dr. and profitable. Supt. Shipman is to be conBuehrle and Mr. Troutman were full of the gratulated upon the successful work of the best educational thought and of congratula- week's convention. tions to the progressive Board of Controllers TAMAQUA-Supt. Ditchburn: Our teachers who planned and executed such liberal all attended the County Institute. The exthings for our boys and girls. We have ercises were interesting and instructive, and now most delightful, comfortable and con- I believe they came away more determined venient quarters for our High School, and we than ever to do good work in the schoolought to do better work than ever before.

Our County Institute is improving The entire system feels the stimulus given every year. to it by the completion and dedication of WILLIAMSPORT-Supt. Transeau: It has this handsome building, and the citizens are been customary for years for our pupils to giving the heartiest encouragement to every remember charitable institutions and the effort that is being made for the advance- poor on the day preceding Thanksgiving ment of the public schools of the city. Day. This year contributions were made

MAHANOY City.-Supt. Miller: Eleven by all the schools of the city to the Williamsevening schools are in operation in this dis- port Hospital, Home for the Friendless, and trict. The total enrollment has reached 504, the City Mission. The pupils of one buildthe average attendance more than 400. ing contributed more than forty dollars' Most of the teachers employed show excel- worth of provisions in the form of groceries, lent judgment in the management of their vegetables, fruit, etc., besides four or five schools, and we have every reason to hope dollars in cash. At several of the buildings for good results from these schools. All these donations amounted to two or three pupils are supplied with books and other wagon loads, and it was a pleasure to see necessary materials.

the joy and good-will depicted on the counHAZLE Twp., (Luzerne Co.)—Supt. Mul- tenances of our boys and girls as they hall: A new two-room building was com- brought their gifts and laid them on the pleted at Hazleton Mines this month. Our table or in the boxes. Many of our poor night schools are now in operation through. had reason to rejoice on account of the genout the district. I am sorry I cannot add erosity of the pupils of our public schools. that they are in successful operation. They " It is more blessed to give than to not receive that support and encourage- The event of the month was the annual Inment which they deserve. Evening schools stitute, held in the High School building. are expensive, both in the way of extra Our teachers attended all the sessions ; the supplies of books and teachers' salaries, and instruction was of a practical character, in it is but fair that this additional expense that respect excelling, I believe, all the six should be met by hearty co-operation on the preceding Institutes. It is a difficult matter part of those whom they are designed to in a city where so many different entertainbenefit.

ments are going on, to get the people, or New Castle-Supt. Shearer : The teach- rather patrons of the schools, to attend the ers of the city petitioned the School Board sessions of the Institute. On this account, that they be allowed to teach one week the number of spectators was small. It is longer, and be excused from attending the to be regretted that the public does not take County Institute at New Wilmington. The more interest in the proceedings of these Board granted the petition. The City Super- meetings, for very often the addresses and intendent informed the Board that he was lectures are instructive to parents as well as not willing to have the teachers lose all the to teachers.

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