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islands in the
captain John Harper, The loss on the occasion was 1814,
In the course of January and February, indeed, by Other
In order to cooperate with the british army under British the marquess of Wellington, which, on the 20th of dron February, had reached the banks of the Adour, a off the 'small squadron had been stationed off the mouth of
1814, the river, under the command of rear-admiral Charles
Vinicombe Penrose; who, to get nearer to the scene of operations, had embarked on board the 24-gun ship Porcupine, captain John Coode.
John Coode. On the morning of the 23d, which was as early as the ships and the boats collected for the service could arrive off the river, the latter were detached to endeavour to find a passage through the tremendous surf that beats over the bar. At this time the british troops were seen from the ships, crossing over to the north
side of the river, but greatly in want of the boats Passage
intended for their assistance. Thus stimulated, of the captain Dowell O'Reilly, of the 10-gun brig-sloop gerous Lyra, in a spanish-built boat selected as the most bar by safe for the purpose, and having with him the boats principal pilot, was the first to make the attempt to
cross the bar, but the boat overset. Captain O'Reilly, operate with however, and we believe the whole boat's crew
were so fortunate as to gain the shore. Lieutenant John Debenham, in a six-oared cutter, succeeded in reaching the beach; but, as it was scarcely possible that one boat in 50 could then have crossed, the other boats returned, to await the result of the next tide. The tide being at length at a proper height, and all the vessels well up for the attempt, several boats drew near the bar, but hauled off again, until at last lieutenant George Cheyne, of the 10-gun brig-sloop Woodlark, in a spanish boat, with five british seamen, crossed the surf and ran up the river. The next was a prize-boat, manned from a transport, closely followed by a gun-boat, commanded by
lieutenant John Chesshire, who was the first that Serious hoisted the british colours in the Adour. The loss on remainder of the boats and vessels followed in rapid casion. succession, “the zeal and science of the officers
triumphing over all the difficulties of the navigation;" but this arduous and most perilous undertaking was not accomplished without a heavy loss of life. Captain Elliot of the brig-sloop Martial, Mr. Henry Bloye, master's mate of the Lyra, and 11 seainen of
the Porcupine, Martial, and Lyra, drowned; three 1814, transport boats lost, number of men unknown; also pri
April. a spanish chasse-marée, the whole crew of which perished in an instant.
The british army afterwards crossed the Adour British and invested Bayonne; and, early in March, a the Gidetachment under marshal Beresford moved forward ronde. towards Bordeaux. On the 21st rear-admiral Penrose, with the 74-gun ship Egmont, to which he had now shifted his flag, anchored in the Gironde. On the 2d of April captain Coode of the Porcupine, who had ascended the Gironde above Pouillac, detached his boats under the orders of lieutenant Robert Graham Dunlop, in pursuit of a french flotilla which Boats was observed proceeding down from Blaye to of PorTallemont. On the approach of the boats, the flotilla take a ran on shore; and about 200 troops from Blaye lined the beach to protect the vessels; but lieutenant Dunlop, landing with a detachment of seamen and marines, drove the French with great loss into the woods, and remained until the tide allowed the greater part of the vessels to be brought off. One gun-brig, six gun-boats, one armed schooner, three chasse-marées, and an imperial barge, were captured; and one gun-brig, two gun-boats, and one chassemarée burned. This service was performed with the loss of two seamen missing, and 14 seamen and marines wounded.
On the evening of the 6th the 74-gun ship Centaur, Decaptain John Chambers White, anchored in the struco Gironde, in company with the Egmont; and prepa- french rations were immediately made for attacking the Zul Réc french_74-gun ship Régulus, three brig-corvettes, and other vessels lying near her, as well as the batteries that protected them; but at midnight the French set fire to the Régulus and her companions, and the whole were destroyed. Before the 9th the batteries of Pointe Coubre, Pointe Nègre, Royan, Sonlac, and Mèche were successively entered and destroyed by a detachment of seamen and marines
1814, under captain George Harris of the 38-gun frigate
The entry of the allies into Paris on the 31st of mina. March, and the preliminary treaty entered into peace,
between England and France on the 24th of April, put a temporary stop to the miseries of war in Europe. Louis XVIII. landed at Calais from Dover the same day; and on the 28th of April Napoléon embarked at Fréjus in Provence on board the british 38-gun frigate Undaunted, captain Thomas Ussher, who, on the 4th of May, landed his passenger in safety at Porto-Ferraro in the isle of Elba.
In the succeeding August the Scheldt fleet was Sichelfe divided in the following manner: 12 sail of the line
were allowed to be retained by France; three were restored to Holland, as having formerly belonged to her; and seven others were also given to her, to be held in trust, until the congress at Vienna should decide how they were to be disposed of. The ships, generally, were a good deal broken in the sheer, and, having been constructed of green wood, were in bad condition. The nine sail of the line, including two three-deckers on the stocks, were to be
LIGHT SQUADRONS AND SINGLE SHIPS. Iphi On the 20th of October, 1813, the two french génie 40-gun frigates Iphigénie and Alcmène, captains Alc: Jacques-Léon Emeric and Alexandre Ducrest de mène Villeneuve, sailed from Cherbourg on a six months'
cruise. The two frigates proceeded first off the Western Isles, and then to the coast of Africa ; where they captured two guineamen, laden with elephants" teeth, &c. After taking out the most valuable parts of the cargoes, captain Emeric burnt the ships. From Africa the Iphigénie and Alcmène
sailed to the Canary Isles, in the vicinity of which by ve- they took six other prizes. On the 16th of January, nerable at 7 A. M., when cruising off these islands, the two Cyane, french frigates fell in with the british 74-gun ship
Venerable, captain James Andrew Worth, bearing 1814. the flag of rear-admiral Philip Charles Durham, on his way to take the chief command at the LeewardIslands, 22-gun ship Cyane, captain Thomas Forrest, and prize-brig Jason, a french letter-of-marque captured 17 days before, and now, with two guns (having thrown 12 overboard in chase) and 22 men, in charge of lieutenant Thomas Moffat, belonging to the Venerable.
The two frigates, when first descried, were in the north-east; and the Cyane, the wind then blowing from the east-south-east, was ordered to reconnoitre them. Having shortened sail and hauled to the wind on the starboard tack, the Cyane, at 9 A. M., ascertained that they were enemies, and made a signal to that effect to the Venerable, who immediately went in chase. The chase continued throughout the day, so much to the advantage of the 74, that, at 6 h. 15 m. P. M., the Venerable arrived within hail of the Alcmène, the leewardmost frigate. After having hailed twice in vain, the Venerable Aleopened her guns as they would bear; when the mense french frigate immediately put her helm up, and, board under all sail, laid the british 74 on board, captain rable Villeneuve, as was understood, expecting that his anders
. commodore, in compliance with a previous agreement, would second him in the bold attempt. According to another statement, and which has more the air of probability, the object of the Alcmène in bearing up was to cross the 74's bows, and, by disabling her bowsprit and foremast, to deprive her of the means of pursuit. Whether captain Emeric had agreed to cooperate or not, the Iphigénie now hauled sharp up, and left the Alcmène to her fate. A very short struggle decided the business, and before 6 h. 25 m. the french colours were hauled down by the british boarders, headed by captain Worth. The conflict, although short, had been severe, especially to the Alcmène; who, out of a crew of 319 men and boys, lost two petty officers