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1. Quantity of Registered Gold and Silver extracted from the mines of America, from the year 1492 to 1803.

A. SPANISH COLONIES.

Piastres. The kingdom of New Spain has furnished the mint of Mexico, between 1690 and 1803, according to the register already given, with - - - - 1,853,452,000 The mines of Tasco, Zultepec, Pachuca, and Tlapujahua, were almost the only ones which were worked immediately after the destruction of the city of Tenochtitlan in 1521, and from that memorable period till 1548. As the quantity of gold and silver coined in the beginning of the 18th century, did not exceed five millions of piastres per annum, I reckon from the conquest by Herman Cortez, till 1548, for the total produce of Mexico - - 40,500,000

Carried over 1,393,952,000 Piastres.

Brought over 1,393,955^000

In 148 the mines of Zacatecas

began to be worked, and the

mines of Guanaxuato in 1558;

and nearly at the same period

amalgamation was invented by

Medina. We may reckon from

1548 till 1600, at least two

millions, and from 1600 till

1690, three millions per annum 374,000,000

The mines of Potosi, supplied from

their discovery in 1545, till

the year 1803, 1095{ millions

of piastres, or 128,882,000

marcs; namely from 1545 to

1556, nearly 127,500,000 From 1559 to 1789, according

to the registers of the treasury

already given 788,258,500 Add on account of the value of

the peso de minas, from 1556

to 1600 134,000,000

Produce of Potosi, from 1789 to

1803 - - 46,000,000

Carried over 2,863,710,500

Brought over ----

The mines of Pasco or Yauri- cocha, discovered in 1630, yielded up to 1803, nearly 300 millions of piastres, or 35,300,000 marcs, namely from 1630 to 1792, at 200,000 marcs per annum - - -

From 1792 to 1801, according to the registers - - - -

Produce of the Cerro de Yauricocha, from 1801 till 1803

The mines of Gualgayoc, discovered in 1771, yielded from 1773, nearly 170,000 marcs of of silver, per annum - -

Prom 1774 till 1802, for the mines of Gualgayoc, Guamachuco de Couchucos - -

Add for 1803

I estimate the produce of the mines of Huantajaya, Porco, and other less considerable Peruvian mines, from the 16th century till 1803, at 150,000 or 200,000 marcs of silver per annum

Piastres. 2,863,710,500

- 274,400,000 21,501,600 8,400,000

4,300,000

185,339,900 504,000350,000,000

Carried over 3,703,156,000 Piastres.

Brought over ----- 3,703,156,000 Choco was peopled in 1539; the province of Antioquia, then inhabited by cannibals, was conquered in 1541. The alluvious mines of Sonora and Chili began only very late to be worked. If we reckon 12,000 marcs of gold for the total produce of the Spanish Colonies, not including the kingdom of New Spain, we may add 332,000,000

Registered Gold and Silver of "J

the Spanish Colonies, from > 4,035,156,000 1492 to 1803 - - - - )

B. PORTUGUESE COLONIES.

Rayna 1 supposes for the first sixty years, a produce the double of the present. He admits, that according to the registers of the fleets, since the discovery of the mines of Brazil, till 1555, there has come into Europe, in gold, the value of 480,000,000

Carried over 480,000,000

Brought over - < - - 480,000,000 From 1756 to 1803, reckoning only an annual produce of

32,000 marcs - - .- - 204,544,000

Registered gold of the Portuguese Colonies, from the dis- > 684,544,000 covery of Brazil, till 1803 )

II. Gold and Silver not registered, extracted from the mines of the New Continent, from 1492 to 1803.

A. SPANISH COLONIES.

1 reckon for New Spain, where

the furtive extraction was very

considerable till the middle

of the eighteenth century, a seventh ------- 260,000,000

For Potosi, the fourth of the

total produce, on account of

the enormous contraband at

the beginning of working the

mines - - - 274,000,000 Pasco, Gualgayoc, and the rest

of Peru, where the silver flows

by the river Amazons, towards

Brazil, 200,000,000

Carried over 734,000,300

VOL. HI.

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