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ther the syllogism itself was a univer- with fiery horses, and—” “ 'Pshaw,” sal, a particular, a plain, a complex, a said my mother, interrupting me, don't conjunctive or a compound syllogism, and me, I beg of you; what is a balit is far beyond my learning to deter- loon, I should like to know, but a chamine; but this I can say with confi riot in the clouds; the only difference dence, that never was prediction so fal- is, that the one has horses, and the other lacious, or argument so unsound; for, hasn't.” There was no replying to an as to gold—alack, alack, I have never argument so illogically put; and I repossessed any ;-as to genius—it is true,

mained in a state of hopeless anxiety, at school I was called a genius by way

until “ heaven soon granted what my of derision ;-and finally, as to rising

sire denied.” The Emperor of the in the world. I have gradually sunk,

French entered Moscow, and which even from that humble rank in which gave me the means of gratifying my my parents had reared me, until I am

desire. How Buonaparte's entering hourly exclaiming in despair,

Moscow could influence my ascent in a

balloon, when I was residing in a vilFallen, fallen, fallen, fallen; lage in Wales, may be no very easy Fallen from my low estate.

matter to conceive; but such is evi

dently the fact, and can be proved, seBut that the dream, although falsely in cundum artem, e. g. Napoleon enters terpreted, had a relation to myself,

will Moscow, which destroys his army; clearly appear from the sequel of my which enables the allies to over-run history. From the earliest age at which France; which leads to a peace; wlich I could form or express a consistent and peace enables the English, and myself continuous desire, the earnest and eager amongst them, to visit Paris; and the wish of my heart was to enjoy an as presence of which English induces a cent in a balloon. This idea was pre French aeronaut to propose an ascent sent to me night and day. When my

for their amusement; and which proposchoolmaster used to say that my

head sal enables me, being present, to offer was an empty ball, directly did I think myself as his companion de voyage; and of a balloon. When the ushers declared which offer, in consideration of a few my scull to be full of nothing but wind, dozen napoleons, the said aerostatic phiimmediately did I picture to myself a losopher is induced to accept :—and thus balloon inflated with gas: did they vo have I made out most clearly, that my ciferate that I was always in the clouds, going up in a balloon was the natural I palpitated at the idea of an ascent into result of Napoleon le grand entering the ærial regions. Never did my pa

Moscow at the head of his army: and rents trace this strong organic desire to fortunate would it have been for manbear any analogy to the glorious ascent kind, if all weighty matters, and knotty of the bubble, which appeared in the points in law, physic, politics and dividream. Unfortunately for me, in the nity had been established by as good elation of my classical knowlerlge, I had

and consistent a chain of reasoning. read to my parents my school-lesson The wily Frenchman calculated that, from Ovid—the “ Mors Phaetontis," as an Englishıman, I must have plenty and when, at the age of eighteen, I ear of money; and seeing my great anxiety nestly solicited them to let me accom upon the subject, he wrought me to such pany an aeronaut in his ascent from a pitch of eagerness, by artfully interSt. James's Park, my poor old mother, posing difficulties and delays, that at with tears in her eyes, would say, “ my length I was totally in his power; and child, who was that there man you read he exacted from me an enormous sum, of in your French history, who would for allowing me to be seated in his car be obstinate and drive his father's coach, during the intended invasion of the and was upset and dashed to pieces!" kingdom of the birds. Now, thought “ That, my dear mother, was Phaeton." I, my mother's dream is realized. The “ Well, my son, you will be exactly like bubble will ascend,---gold is the motive Phaeton, if you go driving about the of the aeronaut,---and I shall be a rising clouds in a balloon; can't you sit quiet character.

D. E. W, by the fire-side as we do ?” “ But, my dear mother, Phaeton drove in a chariot

(To be continued.)

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No. IV.


* I cannot give you a more exact description of its figure, than by resembling it

to that of a pine-tree, for it shot up a great height in the form of a trunk, which extended itself at the top into a sort of branches;

it appeared sometimes bright and sometimes dark and spotted, as it was more impregpated with earth and cinders.

A black and dreadful cloud, bursting with an igneous serpentine vapour, darted out a long train of fire resembling flashes of lightning, but much larger."

PLINY THE YOUNGER TO Cornelius Tacitus.

Levinus Lemnius, in his Treatise of to my already sarcastic countenance. Complexions, relates that a young no As for all the rest, the luxuriant raven bleman of the court of Charles V. being locks, the ruddy cheek, the fair brigh condemned to die, during the night eye, and the light step of youth,—they succeeding the passing of his sentence, were gone:-as irrevocably gone, as if was changed from the bloom of youth I had for ages been the prisoner of the to the extremest haggardness of old grave! My hair had either fallen off or age; so that his most intimate relatives turned to å“ sable silver;" my cheek, knew not the handsome courtier in the sunken and extended, had changed to decrepid, wasted, and hoary-headed a pale and fadeless brown; my eyes, figure which stood before them. Such although perchance more piercing than were the effects of fear anticipating dis- before, had retired deep into their solution: but we are told by that verit- sockets, and shone only with a wan able historian, Eckstormius, of one who, sepulchral brightness; and my light having been lost in some of the haunted springing step was altered into a slow caverns of the Harz Forest, was so tor and silent pace, while my arms were mented by the spirits and demons of crossed, and my dejected looks were that place, as to come out from thence fixed upon the ground. Oh! in very grey and aged, although but a few days truth, the description, which a modern before he had entered in the prime of poet has given of a wandering and unmanhood: such were the effects of look- happy Palmer, was as perfectly my reing upon sights and creatures, above semblance, as if at this period of my the powers of human nature. I can life I had furnished the picture. readily conceive the truth of these histories, although they may appear to

“ His eye look'd haggard wild; many to be composed of that kind of Poor wretch! the mother that him bare, romantic incident, which common minds

If she had been in presence there imagine to border upon falsehood; for

In his wan face, and sun-burned hair,

She had not known her child. the sights which I had witnessed had so altered me, that even my most in

Danger, long travel, want and woe

Soon change the form that best we knowtimate friends could scarcely have dis

For deadly fear can time outgo, covered the young and handsome Ray;

And blanch at once the hair; mond Mortlake, in the wan emaciated figure which I now presented. The

Nor does old age a wrinkle trace characters of an impetuous and some

More deeply than despair.” what supercilious youth, which my face bore when I first left Zetland, were the Under these unhappy circumstances, only traits of feature that remained to a milder sky and a more cheerful scene me; for the dreadful visions, which I than those which either my own counlooked upon, had fixed that glance of try of Zetland, or the bleak atmosphere wildness and impetuosity; and the spi- of the Brocken mountain could furnish, rits, with whom I had so fortuitously became every day more and more esassociated, had imparted somewhat of sential; and the climate of Italy, while their own malignantly-smiling looks it seemed to promise the reviviscency

of my decayed frame, seemed also to calm serenity of an Italian sky, somehold out to me the gratification of a what shrouded from its day glories, fourth of my romantic wishes, the de- brought me again into that musing sire to descend into the crater of a melancholy which had formerly conburping mountain, and to behold that tinually remained about me, the encrater pouring forth its dreadful con gagements of the following day, litetents to the upper air. It seemed, as rary, picturesque, or elegant as they the Scottish covenanters of the seven might chance to be, and above all, thie teenth century used frequently to de- delightful and refined society I enjoyed clare of their own internal feelings “to at the Casino di Lermia, soon banished be borne in upon my soul” that I should my calm sorrow, and I became as ennot pass away from time to eternity, thusiastic in joy. During the many until I had seen all that my wayward years which I spent with the Conte, he imagination led me to desire; and I grew perfectly well acquainted with thorefore yielded without hesitation to the history of my former life, and the that advice, which pointed to Italy as my extravagant wishes which I had formed. next residence, conscious that in follow- It then seemed as it were, that he aring it, I at once consulted my own de- dently desired to retain me with him, sires and fulfilled my future destiny. until I should have witnessed the wonHitherto the rapidity, with which the ders of Mount Vesuvius, at the foot of gratification of one wish had succeeded which his casino was situate.

“What, to another, had left me but little time he would say, when I attempted to ex. free from that violent excitement of press my thanks for his hospitality, and mind which I have described in my persuade him to permit my departure; last paper, or for noting down the very “what, shall you who have seen the most extraordinary scenes which I had wit- astonishing sights in three elements, and nessed; but now, years elapsed before in three different nations, depart from I enjoyed the completion of my next ad a fourth unsatisfied? No, Signor Rayventure. It is true, that during this mond; no, Caro Mio, it may not be. period I met with many lesser circum. You are far from being a common chastances of great interest, but one of racter, and your curiosity is far from the chief objects of my remaining life being a common curosity. Italy will was long delayed and protracted. The yet add another wonder to your catadistant and laborious journey over land logue, and believe me it would be a from Hanover to Torre del Greco, in foul stain upon the House of Lermia, the Gulph of Naples, I endured rather not to be proud of entertaining so intethan delighted in; and it was with resting a stranger." great satisfaction that I found myself With these and similar words, did in a handsome casino belonging to the my amiable friend detain me with him Conte di Lermia in that town, to whom from month to month and from year I had been furnished with letters of in to year; but though in that time I troduction, from my friends both in made many a visit to Vesuvius, yet France and Germany.

A romantic my mind was always impressed with man is never an undefined character; the belief that a more remarkable one for if he be of a reserved temper of was yet to come. For some time premind, he will carry it to a great ex vious to the terrific and devastating treme; and if he be of an enthusiastic eruption of Vesuvius in 1791, the disposition, he will endeavour to impart mountain was continually expected to a portion of his warmth of feeling to burst into flame; for it acts as its all with whom he may associate. It own record, by the different courses is entirely according to the power of of lava which appear upon its sides, the passing circumstances, what spirit for it foretells its own seasons of in- he shall asume: he is the chancellor of flammation, by a thousand circummetaphysical faction, the truest baro stances, which they who are accustommeter of the impressions of the soul. ed to watch its motions know well how All this, which I have drawn from the to interpret. It was early in June most perfect and repeated experience, 1794, that I determined to make anowas often manifested to me, whilst I ther tour up Vesuvius; as for some remained under the hospitable roof of time previous, all these signs which Lorenzo di Lermia. If perchance, in usually precede a tremendous explothe seasons of night and solitude, the sion, 'had been particularly evident.

The waters had decreased in the Wells forgotten for ever. In ardent and enof Torre del Greco; the sun and moon thusiastic minds, although the feeling had appeared of an unusually red co of superstition act violently upon such lour; the earth had uttered thundering flexile materials, it will produce many sounds, and emitted slight volumes of an amiable action, many a chivalric exsmoke; and the mountain itself, ali ploit, and give to the mind many a though it had been peculiarly calm and grand imaginative scene, or draw from clear

for some time before, had yet oc it many a wild yet original idea ; it will casionally sent up small tree-shaped excite such an one to hazard all the elouds of smoke, and was now enrapt dangers of all the elements where it in thick vapour for some distance be commands him to proceed, and to turn neath its crater. It was upon the even away from all that love could suggest, ing before I ascended Vesuvius, that I beauty display, riches bestow, or amwas seated enjoying the beautiful moon bition offer, where it directs him to light in the veranda of the Casino di refrain. The language of superstition Lermia, surrounded by the Conte and too is one of her principal spells; it is Contessa, with several other persons of never weak nor inelegant, but it is aldistinction and literature, when the ways lofty, imperious, mystic, and subconversation turned upon


lime. It is that, as well as her actions, tive power of various feelings or pas. which

gives her such power over mansions on the mind of man. Some de kind, since they listen to her as to a clared the passions of friendship, love, most potent deity, whose voice is thunor gratitude, to be the strongest; others der, and whose word is fate. You may asserted that ambition was more power- indeed be assured, that however unwil'ful; and a third class supposed, that ling we may be to acknowledge it to each of these was inferior to the influ- others, or however desirous we may be ence of wealth., For my own part,

to conceal it from ourselves, that suthough I have experienced all these ex perstition is ever in our thoughts: I cepting the last, (which I praise Heaven doubt if Italy could furnish a more pois totally unknown to me), I consider lished and enlightened society than that none of them is equal to the sway that which I am now addressing; but of superstition. “ It is," said I, when eyen here, if circumstances called this speaking in defence and illustration of feeling into action, depend upon it that my own argument, “it is a feeling superstition would be found in the which is so perfectly natural to man, hearts of us all.” that it would be found in him whether As I concluded this speech, much of he were brought up in the wildest soli. which was excited rather by experience tude, or in savage life, or in the most of myself than of the world in

general, refined society. The philosopher thinks we heard the strings of a guitar struck he destroys it by reason; but it is not under the veranda, and presently there so, he only deadens it, and a thousand advanced towards us a man of an aged minute, but decisive circumstances appearance, in a

common peasant's would prove its existence in his breast. dress. His hair, which was still flowWe have it, although we may not being and curled, was of a silvery continually aware of it, yet almost every whiteness; and his face, which had incident of life calls it into action; and, doubtless been peculiarly handsome in if we were minutely to analyse our feel- his youth, had not yet lost all its preings upon any given subject, we should tensions to beauty. "Servitore, Gentilcertainly find some tincture of it: some nomini," said the old man in a clear catching at slight matters, which we and musical voice, “ will it please you imagine make for our wishes, or are to listen to Old Ricciardetto il Rimare, likely to overthrow them : some search the Improvistore of Torre del Greco ? ing for omens of success, or tokens of What subject shall I take for my verses, failure. Nor is all this a curse to man noble Conte?" kind, since it causes them to be atten Nay, I care not,” said di Lermia, tive to every occurrence, by which and then half smiling, he said, “Signor means truth is often developed; and to Raymond, there cannot be a more oriremember actions long since passed, by ginal one than yourself; and besides, which coincidences are often brought it will try old Ricciardetto's improvisaforward to illustrate the most material torial skill, for he can scarcely have points, that might otherwise have been heard of such a romantic being before ;


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