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taken their places npon the couches, re- ; stands well how to dress eggs that have been signed their sandals to the attendant slaves, already sat upon.'. The Perusian, then for and dipped their hands in silver bowls of the first time remarked that its shell was not water. There is a slight pause, and the natural, but made of dough, and that a fat figfirst course enters. It is some time since pecker Wis hidden in the yolk, which was
strongly scasoned with pepper." we dined at Devonshire House, but we fancy that the following specimen of family The first course of the cæna follows afplate would be very difficult to match. We must look for its companions among
ter a brief interval, — the old college chests of Corpus or Trinity, “ A circle of small dishes covered with such of which our recondite friend, the excel- meats as were to be met with only at the talent tutor of Caius, has recently issued bles of plebeians, was ranged around a elip of such admirable copies :
natural turf, on which lay a honeycomb. A
slave carried round the bread in a silver bas“In the centre of the plateau ornamented ket, and the guests were preparing, though with tortoise-shell, stood an ass of bronze, on with evident vexation, to help themselves to either side of which hung silver panniers, chick-peas and small fish, wben, at a sign from alled with white and black olives, preserved Lentulus, two slaves hurried forward and took by the art of the cook until this period of the off the upper part of the tray, under which a year; on the back of the beast gat a Silenus, number of dishes, presenting a rich selection from whose skin the most delicious garum flow- ordainties, were concealed. There were ring ed 'pon the sumen beneath. Near this, on two doves and field-fares, capons and ducks, mulsilver gridirons, lay delicately dressed sausages, lets of three pounds weight, and turbot: and beneath which Syrian plums, mixed with the in the centre a tatted hare, which, by means seed of the pomegranate, presented the ap- of artificial wings, the structor had ingeniouspearance of glowing coals. Around stood ly changed into a pegasus. The company, on silver dishes, containing asparagus, lactuca, the lectus summus, was agreably surprised, radiches, and other productions of the garden, and applauded the host with clapping of hands, in addition to lacerta flavored both with mint and the scissor immediately approached, and and rue, and with Byzantine muria, and with great solemnity and almost in musical dressed snails and oysters, whilst fresh ones time; began to carve. On the disappearance in abundance were hånded round. The com- of the first course, much conversation was kept pany expressed their admiration of their host's up, but no long interval was allowed for talkfanciful invention, and then proceeded to help ing: Four slaves soon entered to the sound themselves 10 what each, according to his of horns, bearing the second course, which taste, considered the best incentive of an appe- consisted of a huge boar, surrounded by eight tite. At the same time slaves carried round, sucking pigs, made of sweet paste by ihe exin golden goblets, the mulsum, composed of perienced baker, and surprisingly like real Hymettian honey and Falernian wines. They ones. On the lusks of the boar hung liule were still occupied in tasting the several deli- baskets, woven with palm-twigs, and containcacies, when a second and smaller tray was ing Syrian and Theban dates. Another scisbrought in, and placed in a vacant spot within sor, resembling a jäger, in full costume, now the first, to which it did not yield in point of approached the table, and with an immense singularity. In an elegant basket sat a hen, in- knife, commenced cutting up the boar, progeniously carved out of wood, with outspread pounced by Lentulus to be a genuine Umbrian. wings, ae if she were brooding. Straightway In the mean time the boys handed the dates, and entered two slaves, who began searching in gave to each guest one of the pigs as apophothe chaff which filled the basket, and, taking rela. On a given signal, the slaves removed the out some eggs, distributed them amongst the dish, and brought another containing peacocks, guests. Friends," said Lentulus, smiling, pheasants, the livers of geese, and rare fish. . they are pea-hen’s eggs, which have been At lengih this course also was removed, the put under ihe hen; my only fear is that she slaves wiped the table, and cleared away with may have sat too long upon them, but let us besoms of palm-lwigs the fragments that had try them. A slave then gave to each guest fallen on the floor, strewing it at the same time a silver cochleare, which was, however, found with sawdust dyed with minium and pleasantalmost too large and heavy for the purpose, sınelling saffron. Wh:Ist this was being done, and each proceeded to break an egg with the eyes of the guests were suddenly attracted the point of it. Most of the party were upwards by a noise overhead; the ceiling already acquainted with the jokes of Lentulus, opened, and a large silver hoop, on which were but not so the Perusians. Truly niy egg ointment-bottles of silver and alabaster, silver has already become a hen!' cried one of them garlands with beautifully chiselled leaves and in disgust, and about to throw it away. “Ex- circlets and other trifles, to be shared among the amine a little more closely,' said Pomponius, guests as apophoreta, descended upon the lawith a laugh, in which the guests at the ble. In the meantiine the dessert had been upper sofa, who were better acquainted with served wherein the new baker, whom Lentulus the matter, joined; 'our friend's cook under had purchased for 100,000 sesterces, gave a
specimen of his skill. In addition to innumera- being 121. 6s. per pound. Perhaps the Chible articles of pastry, there were artificial mus
nese are the only modern nation whose cooksels, field-fares filled with dried grapes and almonds, and many other things of the same ery would furnish a fair parallel; to say kind. In the middle stood a well-modelled nothing of their edible birds'-nests, for Vertumnus, who held in his apron a great va- which exorbitant sums are given, a little riety of fruits. Around lay sweet quinces, plate of roasted ice costs al Pekin about stuck full of almonds, and having the appear- forty shillings. The oysters were imported ance of sea-urchins, with melons cut into vari- from England, and an educated Apicius ous shapes. Whilst the party was praising distinguished iminediately a true native from the fancy of the baker, a slave handed round tooth-picks, made of the leaves of the mastich- an alien or foreigner; just as the same pracpistachio, and Lentulus invited the guests to tised lip would assign the proper birthplace assist themselves to the confectionary and fruits
- whether Umbrian, Lucanian, or Tuscan with which the god was loaded. The Peru- -of the majestic boar. The boar of the sians, who were particularly astonished hy the Roman table was our venison, and was regifts of Vertuninus at such a season, stretched garded in the same light as those noble across the table and seized the inviting apples haunches which county M. P.'s distribute and
grapes, but drew back in affright, when, as they touched them, a stream of saffron, dis among the neighboring manor-houses. The charged from the fruit, besprinkled them. The present of a boar to a gentleman in lodgings merriment became general, when several of was often more flattering than convenient. the guests attempted cautiously to help them- Becker refers to Martial for an account of selves to the mysterious fruit, and each time a the expense of serving up this important red stream shoi forth.”—Pp. 127-140. dish. Martial, who was great among the
Fudge family of Rome, sometimes received This is at once one of the liveliest and a basket of this sort from the Lansdownes most instructive accounts of a Roman ban- of the Aventine. Of course the boar was quet, which it has ever been our fortune to the dish of a dinner. The heart turned to read. It has of course none of the fiction it as to the final object of the day's exisof Smollett, being a careful compilation of tence. It was proper that such a luminary particulars from Latin authors; a curious should be encircled by his attendant stars. specimen of mosaic gastronomy, in which Accordingly, the eight sucking pigs, comeach piece bears the mark of the manufac- posed of paste, had a very charming appeartory from which it was taken. Petronius, ance. Occasionally, these piglings were made Martial, and Plautus, are among the chief in a different way. Becker compares those authorities. But the most diligent dis- mentioned in Petronius to the rye-bread of crimination and industry cannot preserve Westphalia, very hard, and capable of bea description of Roman festivity altogether ing sent to a great distance. free from the appearance of exaggeration. The fitting up of the table scarcely corOne of the tempting dishes of the supper responded with the luxuries piled upon it. which Pliny had prepared for his friend s. The Romans had no word for table-cloth in Clarus, consisted of three snails; a famous the language. Even Augustus could not delicacy of the Latin table, and sometimes please the eye of Virgil with a beautiful patraised by the skilful breeder to so marvel- tern in damask. The interposition of a lous a size, that a single shell is said to have purple duster between the various pauses of been capable of holding ten quarts. Cer- the repast, afforded a very poor substitute. tainly Lord Spenser's prize ox is a more In fact, the linen department seems to hare agreeable spectacle than Hirpinus's prize been supplied on the same principle that snail.
regulates an establishment at Stockwell or The culinary economy of Gallus may Chelsea-every guest brought his own napadmit of some slight illustrations which kin; and why not his fork and silver spoon? Becker has himself occasionally supplied in The absence of knives was simply owing to his notes ; these we shall embody and ex- taste-they had them ; but only the carver pand. The garum was a popular sauce, thought it worth while to employ them. In supposed to correspond with the modern the mode of serving a dinner we notice one caviare, being, like it, the produce of a sea- peculiarity that might be imitated with adfish. Every reader of Horace knows the vantage; the dishes were not brought in fame of the mullus. The price of particu- singly, but a complete course was placed on larly fine fish of this species would have the table in trays, which were frequently astonished the Mansion House ; one weigh-remarkable for the splendor and costliness ing six pounds brought 741. in solid money, of the workmanship and materials. The
dishes varied from clay to silver, adorned particole de' corpi molto grate." It is easy with engravings, and the most delicate cu- to conceive how exquisitely this faint yet riosities of the chaser. The Roman side- rich twilight harmonized with the delicate board surpassed any article of that kind in colors of costume, “ct pictum croceo velaan English dining-room, its slab being men acantho ;' and how the glowing counformed of marble or silver, on which the tenance of Julus inust have shone into the most magnificent pieces of family plate voluptuous eyes of Dido pressing the child were conspicuously displayed. Thus Vir- to her heart!* And, perhaps, by regardgil,
ing it in relation to the general character
and decoration of their domestic interiors, “Ingens argentum mensis, cælataque in auro Fortia facta patrum, series longissima rerum.”
we shall see additional reasons for believing
the custom of wearing garlands at festive The sweet-smelling saw-dust, swept by a entertainments to have been a graceful charpalm-twig besom, is nevertheless very plea acteristic of Roman manners. Very little, santly replaced among ourselves by the soft however, is known of their composition or and yielding Turkey carpet. The rush- distribution; and we shall only observe floor of our magnificent nobles in the six- that a Latin exquisite, with a festoon of teenth century will be recollected. The flowers round his neck, might afford to same mixture of squalor and luxury may be smile at a Young Englander from the Albatraced in the Roman manner of lighting:- ny in a white stock and steel buckle; and The use of the oil-lamp was universal, and assuredly the poorest citizen, with his head every grace of invention was exhausted to bare, would have had great difficulty in reshape and decorate the lamp, at the same straining the action of his risible nerves at moment that the ascending vapor was de- the glossy pyramid of a four-and-nine ! facing the beauty of the ceiling. The sim- The description of a Roman dinner-parple and obvious precaution of " glass cyl-ty would not be complete without a speciinders to consume the smoke," seems never men of the conversation; we quote, thereto have occurred to a Roman upholder.- fore, two little stories which remind the They were made of bronze, marble, gold, reader of some of the strange narratives in silver, and terra cotta. “ As the orifice for our fairy-history and popular demonology: pouring in the oil was small, special, boat. The straw doll left in the place of the child like vessels, infundibula, having in front a bears the true sign of the good people of small hole only, were used. Instruments own meadow-rings. We may add, were also used for snuffing the wicks, and though every scholar remembers the fact, were fastened by a chain to the lamp; small that one of the letters of Pliny contains the pincers for raising the wick have also been rudiments of all the famous ghost-stories of found at Pompeii in great numbers. When modern times, from the Cock Lane specia figure stood upon the lamp, it sometimes held its instrument by a chain in its hand."
* Becker gives us a very good specimen of lightThe picturesque of light, if we may so
ing in one of the saloons of Gallus,—"The speak, was admirably understood and real- lamps had been long shining in the marble panels ized by the Romans. Mr. Rogers has of the walls of the triclinium, where Earinos, with pointed out the exquisite arrangement of assistants, was making preparations under the dithe lights in the banquet-hall of the Cartha- rection of the tricliniarch, fit the nocturnal com
missatio. Upon the polished tables between the ginian queen. The poet makes the lustre tapestried couches stood an elegant bronze canfall from the ceiling,
delabrum, in the form of a stem of a tree, from
the wintry and almost leafless branches of which “ Dependent lychni laquearibus aureis, four two-flamed lamps, emulating each other in Incensi, et noctem flammis funalia vincunt."
beauty of shape, were suspended. Other lamps
hung by chains from the ceiling, which was richly The use of wax candles, as in this pas- gilt and ingeniously inlaid with ivory, in order sage, obviated the unpleasantness of the oil- to expel the darkness of night from all parts of the fed lamp. In a similar manner, the “starry saloon. A number of costly goblets and larger
vessels were arranged on two silver sideboards, lamps” of Milton from the arched roof and on one of them a slave was just placing ano“ yielded light as from a sky.” The most ther vessel filled with snow, together wiih its learned criticism of painting has established colum, and on the other was the steaming caldathe truth of this ancient rule of poetic art, rium, containing water kept constantly boiling by and hence the remark of the profound Dá coals in its inner cylinder, in case any of the
guests should prefer the calda, the drink of winter, Vinci,-" Il lume grande, ed alto, e non
to the snow-drink, for which he might think the troppo potente, sarà quello, che renderà le season not sufficiently advanced.”
men to the last appearance in Whitechapel and it was long before I recovered myself. churchyard. Nor should it be forgotten My friend was astonished at my visiting her at that these tales are taken by Becker from such an unusual hour. 'Had you only come the amusing history of Petronius. The sooner,' said she, “you might have assisted us,
for a wolf has been breaking into the villa and professor accounts for the comparative pau- destroying several sheep; but he did not city of fabulous stories among the Romans escape with impunity, for my slave has pierced by their inclusion in the mythology. The him ihrough with a spear. I shuddered, and English legend of a fairy would have been did not obtain any sleep during that nightthe Latin prodigy of a god. The reader As soon as it was day 1 hastened homewards, will please to remember that the following and saw, on reaching the place where the anecdote is told by Bassus at that most stain of blood; but found the warrior lying in
clothes had lain, nothing more than a large thrilling instant, when the Roman jäger is bed at home, and a surgeon bandaging his waving his long knife over the hissing boar. neck. I then became aware that he was one Some one had alluded to the possibility of of those whom we call versipelles, and could a Circean transformation in that respected never afterwards cat bread in his company.' animal; others laughed. The days for me- This was the man's story. Say what you tamorphosis, they exclaimed, were past :- will, such things often happen. The company
laughed at and jeered the narrator, who en6 6 Laugh as you will,' said Bussus, 'it still deavored by, philosophical arguments to de. cannot be denied. Only the other day, one
fend his credulity. At length the second Pewho was formerly a slave to a man in humble rusian, who sat in the lowest place, said, 'Bascircumstances at Capua, but has now become sus may not be so very wrong after all; for a rich freedman, related 10 me a circumstance some time since I bought a slave who had forwhich he had' himself experienced; it is merly lived at Miletus, and who told me a enough to make one's hair stand on end. I wonderful story in the following words. In the not displeasing to you, I will communicate it.' house where I served, a boy-beautiful as a The company, parily from curiosity, and partly ble, and all were standing mourning round the
statue-had died. His mother was inconsolawishing for a laugh against Bassus, begged bed, when the striga were heard shrieking him to tell the story, and he thus began: round the house. There was in the fainily a • When I was a slave,' related my informant, 'I happened, by the dispensation of the gods, Cappadocian, a tall daring
fellow, who had to conceive a liking for an inn-keeper's wife once overcome a mad ox. This man, having not from an unworthy passion, but because she seized a sword, ran out of doors, with his lei never denied me what I asked for, and any cut one of the hags in two. We heard their
hand cautiously concealed in his mantle, and thing I saved and gave into her charge I was sure not to be cheated of. Her husband had shrieks, although we saw nothing; but the a small villa at the filth milestone, and, as it Cappadocian staggered backwards upon a chanced, fell sick there and died. In misfortune. couch, and his whole body became as blue as thought I, we know our friends, and therefore if he had been beaten, for he had been touched considered how I could get to my friend at the by the hands of the witches. He closed the villa. My master was by accident absent from house-door again ; but when the mother reCapua, but a stranger-a warrior-was stop
turned to her dead child, she saw with horror ping in our house ; of him I made a confidant, that the strige bad already taken away the begging that he would accompany me in the body, and left a straw doll in its place ! » night to the villa, and he consented to do so. We waited for the time of the cock-crowing,
We are here, though reluctantly, comand then stole off; the moon was shining, and pelled to conclude our observations on Galit was as clear as mid-day. About hall-way, lus; but we should be unjust to Becker's by the side of the road, was a group of sepul- very industrious and careful translator, if chral monuments, at which iny companion we closed this subject without some notice stopped on some pretence or other; but I went of his claims to our thanks and good cpinon, singing a song and gazing at the stars. ion. In introducing these learned tales of At lengih I looked round, and saw my com- Charicles and Gallus to English readers, panion standing in the road. He took off his clothes and laid them down, then went round Mr. Metcalfe has done much more than we them in a circle, spat three times upon them, usually expect or receive from one who unand immediately became a wolf. He next be- dertakes the version of a book into another gan to howl, and then dashed into the thicket. language. He has not only translated, but Åt first I did not know what to do, but at rearranged his original. The physiognomy length approached for the purpose of taking of German works in general, as many of the clothes with me; but, behold! they had become stone. Horror-stricken, I drew my
our readers will readily admit, is not of the sword, and continued slashing it about in the most attractive character. In researches air until I reached the villa. I entered the into antiquity, this repulsiveness of feature house breathless, the sweat dropped from me, is particularly remarkable. Mr. Metcalfe's
first step, therefore, was to change the ap
From the Edinburgh Review. pearance of these Greek and Roman stories.
DANIEL DE FOE. Each scene, as it came from the pen of Becker, was separated from its successor 1. The Novels and Miscellancous Works of by elaborate notes and curious disquisitions;
Daniel De Foe; with a Biographical Meand, accordingly, resembled a pleasant gar
moir of the Author, Literary Prefaces to den broken up into fragments, by thorn
the various pieces, and illustrative Notes ; hedges with a deep ditch on either side. including all contained in the Edition atTo fill up the ditch and cut down the hedge
tributed to the late Sir Walter Scott, was obviously the first thing to be accom
with considerable additions. 20 vols. plished. The improvement was happily
8vo. Oxford : 1842. effected. The notes were transferred to 2. The Works of Daniel De Foe; with a the foot of the page, and the disquisitions
Memoir of his Life and Writings. By found an appropriate home in the appendix.
William Hazlitt, Jun. 3 vols. royal In this manner the stream of the story was
8vo. London : 1843. suffered to flow in a clear and uninterrupted
It is with De Foe dead, as it was with current, through the classic scenery that De Foe living. He stands apart from the covered its banks. Some slight abbrevia- circle of the reigning wits of his time. tion of the author's unwearied research was Along with their names, his name is not also judged to be expedient. Minor illus. called over. What in this respect was the trations have been omitted, abstruse inqui- fashion formerly, is the fashion still; and ries avoided, and many profuse references whether sought for in the Histories of Smolindicated instead of being quoted. The lett or of Lord Mahon, his niche is vacant. result of these efforts has been very satisfac- He is to be found, if at all, aloof from his tory.
Mr. Metcalfe has followed the foot- great contemporaries. His life to be fairly steps of the Professor with the modesty of a written, should be written as the ' Life and gentleinan and the ease of a scholar. We Strange Surprising Adventures of Daniel should hope that the welcome of Charicles De Foe; who lived above Seventy Years all and Gallus will encourage him to turn alone, in the Island of Great Britain.' over some new leaf in the golden volume of He was born much about the time of Athenian or Latin fiction. We know not that year of grace, 1661, when Mr. Pepys any page in which there is more space for and his wife, walking in Whitehall Gardens, the rich illumination and ornamental writ- saw 'the finest smocks and linen petticoats ing of erudition and taste. “An early ac- of my Lady Castlemaine, laced with rich lace quaintance with the classics," is the elegant at the bottom,' that ever they saw : 'it did remark of Bishop Hurd, “is what may be me good to look at them,' adds the worthy called the good-breeding of poetry, as it man. There was but little in those days to gives a certain gracefulness to the mind that do any body good. The people, drunk contracted it in youth.” This good breed with the orgies of the Restoration, rejoiced
. ing we consider Mr. Metcalfe's translations in the gay dissoluteness of the court. To of Becker to supply in a very interesting be a bad Englishman and a worse Christian, manner.
was to be a good Protestant and a loyal subject. Sheldon governed the Church, and Clarendon the State; the Bishop having no better charity than to bring a Presbyterian preacher into contempt, and the Chancellor
no better wisdom than to reduce him to Great Russian Railway.—'The largest tract beggary. While Sheldon entertained his of railway ever contemplated in Europe is that dinner-table with caricatures of a dissentfrom St. Petersburgh to Odessa-extending over ing minister's sermon, 'till,' says one of his an uninterrupted line of 1,600 miles. It will con- guests, “it made us all burst;' Clarendon nect the Baltic and the Black, and consequently was drawing up that Act of Uniformity, by the Caspian, seas-traversing three different zones of temperature; and a person may thus leave the which, in one day, he threw out three thouRussian capital in the depth of winter, and ar- sand ministers from the benefices they held. rive, on the same rail, at Odessa, in warm, nay This was in 1662 ; and the beginning of hot, weather. It is, however, the beginning of that system of religious persecution, under what may be termed an overland route-connecting, in fine, the Russian metropolis and Ispahan. which, with God's blessing, the better part The Emperor Nicholas takes great interest in this of the English character reawakened, and gigantic plan.- Advertiser.
the hardy virtues of Dissent struck root and Vol. VI.-No. 1V. 30