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PORTSMOUTH. The Portsmouth Journal remarks :- Although our city does not appear to have increased in population these last ten years, it is found by reference to the city books that the taxable property has increased from $1,500,000 in 1850, to $5,720,000 in 1860 ; being an increase of 30 per cent in ten years, notwithstanding the reduced valuation of ships.

The deposits in the Savings Bank bave increased in the same time from $422,000 to $1,034,000, being an increase of 150 per cent. These deposits are mostly made either by the citizens of Portsmouth or by those of the towns in the immediate vicinity, which come to our market and trade with us.

Lots for building are held from ten to twenty cents per foot, the latter price being over $8,000 per acre.

Taking these facts into consideration, we do not think there is any reason to complain of the last ten years' business. If our population has not increased, there are fewer to divide our wealth among.

1850.

1860.

Increase. Valuation of real estate....

$2,363,327 $2,800,570 $437,243 Valuation of personal estate..

2,142,276 2,920,008 778,632 Polls ...

1,600
1,992

392 It is a rather remarkable fact that while our census returns indicate our population without an advance since 1850, that the town books show the aggregate polls of that year to be exactly 1,600, while in 1860, they number 1,992. A portion of this increase may be attributed to the naturalization of foreigners who were residents but not voters previous to 1850. Not much of the increase of personal property arises from the Savings Bank deposits—more than half of which has been made by females and other individuals whose property has not been taken into account in the valuation.

NEW YORK ASSAY-OFFICE, The operations of the New York Assay-office have been, to the close of De cember, 1859, as follows:

DEPOSITS, ETC., AT THE UNITED STATES ASSAY-OFFICE, NEW YORK, TO DECEMBER 31, 1859. Gold bullion deposits

$99,256,633 42 Silver bullion deposits

$5,046,601 21 Silver parted from gold

787,901 98

5,834,503 19 Total bullion deposits......

$105,091,136 61 Fine gold bars returned for coins

$727,595 10 Fine gold bars paid to depositors..

68,702,835 48 Fine bars made by melter and refiner, viz. : Gold

$88,123,248 14 Silver ....

1,277,018 56

89,400,266 70 Bullion sent to the United States mint for coinage, viz. :Gold.....

$31,670,049 11 Silver..

5,025,483 69

$36,695,532 80

Total amount transported to and from Philadelphia
Cost of trausportation...

$73,391,065 60

46,746 50

FINANCES OF EUROPE AND AMERICA. The International Annual of Public Credits, published at Paris, contains the following table by J. E. Horn, a noted economist, showing the population, debt, and finances of the leading countries of Europe and America, or those which have a population of more than 1,000,000 :

Annual

Annual interest States. Popnlation. revenue.

Expenses.

on debt. North America

23,283,488 285,231,133 389,545,549 51,715,332 Austria ..

37,339,912 649,843,662 733,751,943 249,504,625 Baden

1,335,952 70,535,111 69,790,587 7,227,000 Bavaria.

4,616,750 93,134,512 93,033,592 28,003,320 Belgium..

4,623,089 149,188,790 138,710,436 38,483,224 Brazil..

7,778,000 140,291,000 120,291,000 21,471,000 Denmark.

3,437,576 74,465,011 70,884,122 18,035,511 Spain

15,518,500 492,009,440 490,716,154 168,867,293 France

36,205,792 1,825,854,379 1,824,957,778 316,020,808 Great Britain.

27,621,860 1,465,636,066 1,632,568,035 719,985,398 Greece

1,045,232 19,602,000 19,238,918 1,154,291 Hanover..

1,844,000 72,152,962 71,369,285 17,925,255 Italy....

25,600,090 510,000,000 510,000,000 125,000,000 Netherlands..

3,543,775 194,057,808 165,201,664 70,466,732 Portugal..

3,568,895 50,334,359 61,033,721 16,010,937 Prussia

17,740,000 485,266,935 455,266,935 49,889,297 Russia.

60,000,000 1,101,888,000 1,101,888,000 240,000,000 Saxony.

2,039,075 41,565,133 41,565,133 9,594,014 Sweden and Norway 5,072,820 176,049,772 170,581,080 27,310,509 Switzerland....

2,392,740 17,216,270 16,087,706 317,580 Turkey......

16,440,000 230,000,000 230,000,000 53,100,000 Wurtemburg..

1,690,898 30,207,388 30,297,388 5,724,000

Total........ 282,727,354 8,386,229,961 8,476,783,156 2,234,814,318 The whole are reduced to francs.

SAVINGS BANKS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE,

The Bank Commissioners' report states the number of savings institutions per last year's report, at 23; increase during the year, 3; present number, 26. Whole amount due depositors....

$4,860,024 86 Amount due depositors, per last year's report.... .

4,138,822 40 Making an increase during the year of....

$721,202 46 Whole amount of apparent surplus..

207,491 40 Amount of bad and doubtful assets.

25,904 75

Leaving a net surplus of......

$181,586 65 Whole amount loaned and invested out of the State........

1,661,791 98 Whole amount loaned and invested out of the State, as per last year's report....

1,188,957 15 Making an increase during the year of......

$472,834 83 There are three banks in the State with a capital of $200,000; six, $150,000; one, $141,000 ; two, $125,000; one, $120,000 ; seventeen, $100,000; three, $80,000 ; two, $75,000 ; four, $60,000, and twelve, $50,000. The whole amount of specie on hand is $253,496 35.

AUSTRIAN FINANCES, A German journal in a recent issue presents a statement of the Austrian gove ernment debt, and of its increase from time to time. It reckons that the State has at present : A consolidated debt of....

1,922,857,375 A foating debt of.....

345,214,156 Making a total of....

2,263,071,532

guilders

-as the amount of Austrian indebtedness at the beginning of the year 1860, bearing an annual interest of 99,465,947 G.

And this estimation of the public is even 63,000,000 below the estimate of the minister of finance.

The annexed table shows the amount of appual deficits :-

1848.... flor. 1849. 1850. 1851. 1852. 1853.... 1854...

Deficit accord

Deficit according to private

ing to private Official deficit. calculation,

Official deficit. calculation. 45,110,646 58,879,661 1855.... 138,899,297 186,135,017 121,905,805 139,936,224 1856.

62,353,667 111,180,771 54,864,862 90,589,725 1857.

42,533,868 101,663,650 62,223,630 104,399,971 | 1858.

36,481,861 44,205,054 53,447,331 79,624,518 56,253,635 86,515,965 Total..... 815,357,524 1,181,303,496 140,712,922 178,163,940

Meanwhile government had parted with many valuable properties. It sold in 1855, the Hungarian and Bohemian State Railroads, together with lands and mines, to a French company for the sum of 80,000,000 C. M. ; 1856, the Lombardo-Venetian road, with the exception of a portion from Verona to Southern Tyrol, to the Vienna Creditanstalt for 100,000,000 lire—33} millions; 1858, the last Southern State road to the same company for Fl. 100,000,000, the last 30,000,000 of which amount, however, are only to be paid when a revenue of 7 per cent on the capital shall have been earned. Add to these the sale of the Siebenburgen Aerarial Iron Mines, etc.; the contributions levied upon the Italians, and the indemnity of war which Sardinia had to pay after 1849, with 75,000,000 lires—28,571,000 florins—all of which has been used. The deficit of 1859 ought not to be estimated at less than 200,000,000 or 300,000,000.

CHILIAN MINT-NEW MINES,

Recent advices from Chili report that, by direction of the executive, the mint hereafter will coin one dollar gold pieces, and, as soon as practicable, 500,000 of silver coin of twenty, ten, and five cents value; the twenty cent pieces to weigh four grains, sixty centigrams; the ten cent pieces, two grains, thirty centigrams, and the five cent pieces, one grain, fifteen centigrams. A Valparaiso paper states that a month ago there were only three mines whose ores showed silver visibly; now there are no less than ten in that condition. The shares that for. merly sold for $2,500 are now valued at $3,500, and some cannot be obtained for $5,000. Fresh discoveries are made every day both of silver and copper mines. At the very foot of the Andes a silver mine has been discovered rival. ing in richness the very richest of Copiapo.

OHIO VALUATION. The State valuation of real property in Ohio shows an increase of seventyfive millions in six years, viz. :Total valuation 1853.....

$558,725,000 Total valuation 1859.

633,246,000 Hamilton County, in which Cincinnati is located, represents one-eighth of the whole property of the State. The counties having over ten millions are as follows:

1853.

1959. Butler...

$12,287,000 $13,824,000 Cuyahoga.

25,426,000

23,818,000 Franklin.

18,652,000

19,534,000 Greene...

8,410,000

10,770,000 Hamilton

78,636,000

81,620,000 Licking..

11,164,000 12,529,000 Montgomery

15,683,000

18,281,000 Muskingum...

12,207,000

12,350,000 Pickaway..

9,092,000

10,840,000 Ross....

11,004,000

12,077,000 Stark...

10,264,000 11,363,000 77 other counties.

335,900,000 406,110,000

Total...

$558,725,000

$633,246,000

BANKS OF ILLINOIS. The official returns give the following figures for the amounts of securities held for the circulation of the 81 banks that State :-

No. of banks. Securities. Circulation. January, 1858....

$6,164,017 $5,283,930 1859.

48 6,486,652 5,707,018 1860.

74 9,826,691 8,981,723 July, 1860.

81 10,678,999 9,610,084 This indicates a pretty rapid expansion at a time when crops were short.

45

BANKS OF MISSOURI. The following is a comparative official return of the banks of Missouri :January 1. July 1.

January 1. July 1. Capital, State.... $1,000,000 $1,086,300 Discounts. $4,992,245 $5,476,261

individual 8,082,951 9,592,743 Exchange. 9,759,021 9,545,779 Deposits .. 3,348,347 3,011,294 Bank notes. 1,046,915 1,534,099 Banks 1,200,011 979,463 Specie...

4,160,912 4,708,087 Circulation..... 7,884,885 7,820,760

BROOKLYN FINANCES. The Auditor and Controller reported that they had examined the accounts of the city treasurer, pursuant to the provisions of the charter. It appears by the statement submitted, that for the year ending June 30, 1860, the receipts of the general fund were $3,801,138 60, and of the special fund, $295,409 65. During the same period, the disbursements were, out of the general fund, $2,686,747 38 ; and out of the special fund, $142,882 84. The balances in the treasury July 1, 1860, were :-General fund, $1,114,391 22 ; special fund, $152,526 81.

STATISTICS OF TRADE AND COMMERCE.

TRADE OF THE NORTHWEST, The following from the Wisconsin Republican gives the EXPORTS OF MINNESOTA, NORTHERN IOWA, AND WESTERN WIECONSIN, CAREFULLY DERIVED

FROM ACTUAL SHIPMENTS, AT ALL THE UPPER MISSISSIPPI PORTS ABOVE DUNLEITI, ILL., FROM 2011 AUGUST, 1869, TO JULY 1518, 1860.

MINNESOTA. Towns.

Wheat. Oats. Other grain. Total. Stillwater... .bushels 4,600 10,000

14,600 Point Douglass.

12.000 14,000 2,000 23,000 St. Paul...

71,490 53,700 9,500 134,690 Pine Bend.

8,000 5,000 3 900 16,900 Nininger..

5,320 3,500 1,500 10,320 Hastings.

165,000 110,000 5,000 280,000 Red Wing

103,000 19,300

2,200

125,000 Waucota..

1,000

500 300 1,800 Lake City.

57,425 22,000 7,500 80,925 Reed's Landing

3,550 3,500 380 7,400 Wabashaw....

42,800 15,000 3,500 61,300 Minneiska

13,000 5,000 200 18,200 Mt. Vernon..

8,000 3,000 150 11,150 Winona....

441,000 219,000 18,000 678,000 Brownsville

120,000 55,000 3,000 178,000

[blocks in formation]

Total......

1,254,840 297,120 25,970 1,577,930 In addition to the above, there has been flour shipped as follows :-From Winona, 5,100 bbls. ; La Crosse, 6,500 ; McGregor, 7,000 ; Clayton, 17,000; Guttenburg, 10,000. It is estimated that there has been shipped, in addition to the above re.

port, from various small places on the Mississippi river ..... bush. 50,000 From Wisconsin out of the Chippewa..

200,000 From Minnesota out of the Minnesota.

70,000

Total..

320,000

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