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of one Bruton, a broom-man, by his wife, sentence from burning to leheading. who sold kitchen-stuff in Kent-street, Mrs. Gauni, a widow, near Wapping, whom God so blessed, that the father who was a Baptist, and spent her time in became very rich, and was a very honest acts of charity, was tried on a charge of man; and this daughter was a jolly, having hid one Burton, who, hearing friendly woman. There were at the wed- that the king had said that he would ding the lord mayor, the sheriff, several sooner pardon rebels than those who haraldermen, and persons of quality ; above boured them, accused his benefactress of all sir George Jefferies, newly made lord having saved his life. She was burned at cnier 'ustice of England, who, with Mr. the stake. The excellent William Penn, stice Withings, danced with the bride, the Quaker, saw her die, and related the ma were exceeding merry! These great manner of her death to Burnet. She laid men spent the rest of the afternoon, till the straw about her for her burning €seven at night, in drinking healths, speedily, and behaved herself so heroic taking tobacco, and talking much beneath ally, that all melted into tears. Six men the gravity of judges that had but a day were hanged at Tyburn, on the like or two before condemned Mr. Algernon charge, without trial. At length, the Sidney, who was executed the 7th of Dec. bloody and barbarous executions were 1683, on Tower-hill, on the single witness so numerous, that they spread horror of that monster of a man, lord Howard throughout the nation. England was an of Escrick, and some sheets of paper acaldema : the country, for sixty miles taken in Mr. Sidney's study, pretended together, from Bristol to Exeter, had a to be written by him, but not fully proved.” new and terrible sort of sign.posts or James II. found Jefferies a fit instrument gibbets, bearing the heads and limbs of for his arbitrarypurposes. After the defeat its butchered inhabigants. Every soul of the duke of Monmouth in the west, was sunk in anguish and terror, sighing he employed the most sanguinary mis- by day and by night for deliverance, but creants, and Jefferies among the rest, to shut out of all hope, till the arrival of the wreak his vengeance on the deluded prince of Orange, on whom the two people. Bishop Burnet says, that Jef- houses of parliament bestowed the crown. feries's behaviour was brutally disgusting, Jefferies had attained under James II. 10 beyond any thing that was ever heard of the high office of lord chancellor. in a civilized nation; "he was perpetually either drunk or in a rage, liker a 1794. Died Charles Pratt, earl Camfury than the zeal of a judge.” He re. den, born in 1713. As chief justice of quired the prisoners to plead guilty, on the common pleas, he was distinguished pretence of showing them favour; but he for having discharged the celebrated John afterwards showed them no mercy, hanging Wilkes from the tower. By that decision, many immediately. He hanged in several general warrants were pronounced illegal; places about six hundred persons. The and for so great a service to his country, king had a daily account of Jefferies' lord Camden received the approbation proceedings, which he took pleasure to of his fellow citizens ; they conferred on relate in the drawing-room to foreign mi- him the freedom of their cities, and nisters, and at his table he called it Jef- placed his picture in their corporationferies's campaign. Upon Jefferies' return, halls. He was equally distinguished for he created him a peer of England, by the opposing the opinion of prerogative lawtitle of earl of Flint. During ihese yers in matters of libel. At his death be “ bloody assizes," the lady Lisle, a noble was lord president of the council. Firm woman of exemplary character, whose of purpose, and mild in manners, he was husband had been murdered by the Stuart a wise and amiable man. It is pleasantly party, was tried for entertaining two genrelated of him, that while chief justice, tlemen of the duke of Monmouth's army; being upon a visit to lord Dacre,at Alveley, and though the jury twice brought her in in Essex, he walked out with a gentle not guilty, Jefferies sent them out again man, a very absent man, to a hill, at no and again, until, upon his threatening to great distance from the house, upon the altaipt them of treason, they pronounced top of which stood the stocks of the vilher guilty. Jefferies, before he tried this lage. The chief justice sat down upon lady, goi the king to promise that he them; and after a while, having a mind tould not pardon her, and the only fa- to know what the punishment was, he
she obtained was the change of her asked his companion to open them and put him in This being done, his friend line and finishing of that which 'is here Look a book from his pocket, sauntered exhibited prove it the productiva of a on, and so completely forgot the judge master hand. and his situation, that he returned to lord “ “ The maid servant must be considered Dacre's. In the mean time, the chief jus- as young, or else she has married the tice being tired of the stocks, tried in vain butcher, the butler, or her cousin, or has to release himself. Seeing a countryman otherwise settled into a character distinct pass by, he endeavoured to move him to from her original one, so as to become let him out, but obtained nothing by his what is properly called the domestic. motion. “No, no, old gentleman,” said The maid servant, in her apparel, is the countryman, you was not set there either slovenly or fine by turns, and dirty for nothing ;" and left him, until he was always; or she is at all times snug and released by a servant of the house des. neat, and dressed according to her stapatched in quest of him. Some time tion. In the latter case, her ordinary after he presided at a trial in which a dress is black stockings, a stuff gown, a charge was brought against a magistrate cap, and neck-handkerchief pinned corfor false imprisonment, and for setting in ner-wise behind. If you want a pin, she the stocks. The counsel for the magis- just feels about her, and has always one trate, in his reply, made light of the to give you. On Sundays and holidays, whole charge, and more especially setting and perhaps of afternoons, she changes in the stocks, which he said every body her black stockings for white, puts on a knew was no punishment at all. The gown of a better texture and fine pattern, chief justice rose, and leaning over the sets her cap and her curls jauntily, and bench, said, in a half-whisper, “ Brother, lays aside the neck-handkerchief for a have you ever been in the stocks ?" high body, which, by the way, is not half “ Really, my lord, never.”—“ Then I so pretty. There is something very warm have," said the judge," and I assure and latent in the handkerchief,--someyou, brother, it is no such trifle as you thing easy, vital, and genial. A woman in represent.”
a high-bodied gown, made to fit her like 1802. Dr. Erasmus Darwin died. He a case, is by no means more modest, and was born at Newark in Nottinghamshire, figure at the head of a ship. We could
is much less templing. She looks like a in 1732, and attained to eminence as a physician and a botanist. His decease almost see her chucked out of doors into a was sudden. Riding in his carriage, he cart with as little remorse as a couple of found himself mortally seized, pulled the sugar-loaves. The tucker is much better, check-string, and desired his servant to as well as the handkerchief; and is to the help him to a cottage by the road-side. other, what the young lady is to the serOn entering, they found a woman within, vant. The one always reminds us of the whom the doctor addressed thus, “ Did Sparkler in the Guardian; the other of you ever see a man die ?"_“ No, sir.” – Fanny in ‘Joseph Andrews. But to re" Then now you may." The terrified turn :-The general furniture of her ordiwoman ran out at the door, and in a few nary room, the kitchen, is not so much minutes Darwin was no more. He stre- her own as her master's and mistress's, nuously opposed the use of ardent spirits, and need not be described ; but in a from conviction that they induced dreaddrawer of the dresser of the table, in ful maladies, especially gout, dropsy, and company with a duster and a pair of insanity; hence his patients were never spuffers, may be found some of her profreed from his importunities, and the few perty, such as a brass thimble, a pair of who had courage to persevere benefited scissars, a thread-case, a piece of wax by his advice.
candle much wrinkled with the thread,
an odd volume of ‘Pamela,' and perTHE MAID SERVANT.
haps a sixpenny play, such as “George Holidays being looked forward to with Barnwell,' or Mrs. Behn's Oroonoko. unmixed delight by all whose opportu. There is a piece of looking-glass also in nities of enjoying them are dependent the window. The rest of her furniture is upon others, a sketch of character at such in the garret, where you may find a good a season may amuse those whose inclin. looking-glass on the table; and in the ation is not sufficiently strong to study window a Bible, a comb, and a piece of the original, and just enough to feel plea- soap. Here stands also, under stout lock sure in looking at the picture. The out- and key, the mighty mystery—the box,
containing among other things her clothes, round about with his patties, and dabs iwo or three song-books, consisting of the little piece on it to make up, with a nineteen for the penny; sundry tragedies graceful jerk. Thus pass the mornings at a half-penny the sheet: the Whole Na- between working, and singing, and gig. ture of Dreams laid open,' together with gling, and grumbling, and being flattered. the “ Fortune-teller,' and the Account of If she takes any pleasure unconnected the Ghost of Mrs. Veal;' the story of the with her office before the afternoon, it is beautiful Zoa who was cast away on a when she runs up the area-steps, or to the desert island, showing how,' &c. : some door to hear and purchase a new song, or half-crowns in a purse, including pieces to see a troop of soldiers go by; or when of country money, with the good countess she happens to thrust her head out of a of Coventry on one of them riding naked chamber window at the same time with a on the horse; a silver penny wrapped servant at the next house, when a diaup in cotton by itself; a crcoked six. logue infallibly ensues, stimulated by the pence, given her before she came to town, imaginary obstacles between. If the and the giver of which has either forgotten maid-servant is wise, the best part of her her or been forgotten by her, she is not work is done by dinner time; and nothing sure which ; two little enamel boxes, with else is necessary to give perfect zest to Jooking-glass in the lids, one of them a the meal. She tells us what she thinks fairing, the other “a trifle from Margate;' of it, when she calls it a bit o' dinner.' and lastly, various letters, square and There is the same sort of eloquence in her ragged, and directed in all sorts of spell- other phrase, “a cup o' tea;' but the old ing, chiefly with little letters for capitals. ones, and the washerwomea, beat her at One of them, written by a girl who went that. After tea in great houses, she goes to a day school with her, is directed with the other servants to bot cockles, or
miss.-In her manners, the maid ser. What-are-my-thoughts like, and tells Mr. vant sometimes imitates her young mis- John to have done then;' or if there is tress; she puts her hair in papers, culti- a ball given that night, they throw open vates a shape, and occasionally contrives all the doors, and make use of the music to be ont of spirits. But her own cha- up stairs to dance by. In smaller houses, racter and condition overcome all sophis- she receives the visit of her aforesaid tications of this sort; her shape, fortified cousin; and sits down alone, or with a by the mop and scrubbing-brush, will fellow maid servant, to work; talks of her make its way; and exercise keeps her young master, or mistress, Mr. Ivins healthy and cheerful. From the same (Evans): or else she calls to mind her own cause her temper is good; though she friends in the country, where she thinks gets into little heats when a stranger is the cows and all that' beautiful, now over saucy, or when she is told not to go she is away. Meanwhile, if she is lazy, so heavily down stairs, or when some she snuffs the candle with her sciesars; unthinking person goes up her wet stairs or if she has eaten more heartily than with dirty shoes-or when she is called usual, she sighs double the usual number away often from dinner; neither does she of times, and thinks that tender hearts much like to be seen scrubbing the street. were born to be unhappy. Such being door-steps of a morning; and sometimes the maid-servant's life in doors, she she catches herself saying, 'drat that scorns, when abroad, to be any thing but butcher, but immediately adds, God a creature of sheer enjoyment. The forgive me.' The tradesmen indeed, maid-servant, the sailor, and the school. with their compliments and arch looks, boy, are the three beings that enjoy a seldom give her cause to complain. The holiday beyond all the rest of the world : milkman bespeaks her good humour for and all for the same reason, because the day with.—Come, pretty maids.' their inexperier.ce, peculiarity of lite, and Then follow the butcher, the baker, the habit of being with persons or circumoilman, &c. all with their several smirks stances or thoughts above them, sive and little loiterings; and when she goes them all, in their way, a cast of the to the shops herself, it is for her the romantic. The most active of moneygrocer pulls down his string from its getters is a vegetable compared with them. roller with more than ordinary whirl, and The maid-serrant when she first goes to tosses, as it were, his parcel into a tie,- Vauxball, thinks she is in heaven. A for her, the cheesemonger weighs his theatre is all pleasure to her, whatever is botter with half a glance, cherishes it going forward, whether the play, or the
therefore subjomed. If authentic, it is, painting. The bed-chamber had merely in some degree, an interesting memorial. a large mattrass spread on the floor, with Mr. Editor,
two stuffed cotton quilts and a pillowIn sailing through the Grecian Archi- the common bed throughout Greece. La pelago, on board one of his majesty's the sitting room we observed a marble vessels, in the year 1812, we put into the recess, formerly, the old man told us, harbour of Mitylene, in the island of that filled with books and papers, which were name. The beauty of this place, and the then in a large seaman's chest in the certain supply of cattle and vegetables closet : it was open, but we did not think always to be had there, induce many Bri- ourselves justified in examining the contish vessels to visit it, both men of war tents. On the tablet of the recess lay and merchantmen; and though it lies Voltaire's, Shakspeare's, Boileau's, and rather out of the track for ships bound to Rousseau's works, complete; Volney's Smyrna, its bounties amply repay for the “Ruins of Empires ;" Zimmerman, in the deviation of a voyage. We landed, as German language; Klopstock's “Messiah;" usual, at the bottom of the bay, and Kotzebue's novels; Schiller's play of the whilst the men were employed in water- “Robbers;” Milton's “Paradise Lost," an ing, and the purser bargaining for cattle Italian edition, printed at Parma in 1810; with the natives, the clergyman and myself several small pamphlets from the Greek took a ramble to a cave, called Homer's press at Constantinople, much torn, School, and other places, where we had Most of these books were filled with been before. On the brow of Mount Ida marginal notes, written with a pencil, in (a small monticole so named) we met Italian and Latin. The“ Messiah” was with and engaged a young Greek as our literally scribbled all over, and marked guide, who told us he had come from with slips of paper, on which also were Scio with an English lord, who left the remarks. island four days previous to our arrival, The old man said, “ the lord had been in his felucca. « He engaged me as a reading these books the evening before pilot," said the Greek, “ and would have he sailed, and forgot to place them with taken me with him, but I did not choose the others; but,” said he," there they to quit Mitylene, where I am likely to get inust lie until his return; for he is so married. lle was an odd, but a very particular, that were I to move one thing good man. The cottage over the hill, without orders, he would frown upon me facing the river, belongs to him, and he for a week together: he is otherwise very has left an old man in charge of it; he good. I once did him a service, and I gave Dominick, the wine trader, six hun- have the produce of this farm for the dred zechipes for it, (about 2501. English tronble of taking care of it, excep! twenty currency,) and has resided there about four- zechines, which I pay to an aged Armeteen months, though not constantly; for nian, who resides in a small cottage in, he sails in his felucca very often to the the wood, and whom the lord brought different islands."
here from Adrianople; I don't know for This account excited our curiosity very what reason.” much, and we lost no time in hastening The appearance of the house externally 10 the house where our countryman had was pleasing. The portico in front was resided. We were kindly received by an fifty paces long and fourteen broad, and old man, who conducted us over the man- the tuted marble pillars with black plinths sion. It consisted of four apartments on and fret-work cornices, (as it is now custo the ground floor: an entrance hall, a mary in Grecian architecture,) were considrawing-room, a sitting parlour, and a derably higher than the roof. The roof, surbed room, with a spacious closet annexed. rounded by a light stone balustrade, was They were all simply decorated : plain covered by a fine Turkey carpel, beneath green-stained walls, marble tables on an awning of strong coarse linen. Most either side, a large myrtle in the centre, of the house-tops are thus furnished, as and a small fountain beneath, which could upon them the Greeks pass their evenings be made to play through the branches by in smoking, drinking light wines, such as moving a spring fixed in the side of a “ lachryma Christi," eating fruit, and ensmall bronze Venus in a leaning posture; joying the evening breeze. a large couch or sopha completed the On the left hand, as we entered the furniture. In the hall stood half a dozen house, a small streamlet glided away; English cane chairs, and an empty book- grapes, oranges, and limes were clustercase : there were no mirrors, por a single ing together on its borders, and under the