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distant summits scoring the level of the ocean breaks against white sandy the plain had done it. The suspicions beaches and fast steamers make the voiced by his interpreter had shown port of Tangier in three days. him that his errand was fruitless, and Back, then, went the Englishman to he resolved to return to Europe the lands where wines are cheap and 800n as he might safely do so without women are purchased with diamonds arousing suspicion of how much he instead of with cows; where God is suspected. There are still-Hamdullah! worshipped and alms are given with -Eastern countries in which it is un- much publicity and due credit; where wise to be wise; and these countries cheating is unfamiliar-its place
not always the farthest from usurped by pioneering and commercial Europe. Two more visits, each of enterprise and the ministering to the them marked by more cordial engage- wants, spiritual and temporal, of the ments than the last, were first paid to heathen; where, in short, all the vir. the old pacha; then, unobtrusively and
tues flourish and vice is utterly un. without taking his leave, he vanished known. Yet many & night, sleeping at daybreak one morning, with his ser- itfully in a barbarous climate, there vants and his tents, into that mirage- would come to his ears the soft musi. covered plain that swallows up cal cry of the Muezzin: many and disgorges a few at the Prayer is better than sleep! farther end of the stony tracks, where
The Corabili Magasine.
The eyes of many nations turn on thee,
But in the womb of chance what mischance Mes,
And call up storms with one united breath.
CONCERNING HOSTS AND HOSTESSES.*
“Society cannot exist much longer; two successors, whose portraits the there will soon be only gangs." So to Clerk of the Council has drawn, perhis friend, the late Mr. George Payne, sonally presided over the social arobserved Charles Greville. The remark rangements of their epoch. William was perfectly natural, on the lips of a IV, with all his absurdities and buf. man whose social ideas had been fooneries, his lack of kingly dignity, formed by the particular experiences and of many other virtues or graces, of the keen-eyed, sharp-tongued diar- exercised over the whole polite world ist. It is to some extent undesignedly of his time, over its fashions and illustrated in the fresh instalments of amusements, a supervision and supremSir Mountstuart Grant Duff's journals. acy as real as had been vested in his To Greville Society
narrow predecessor over those special sets province, bordering upon, if not actu- wherein, as Regent or King, he speally synonymous with, the Court, with cially amused himself. The political the Cabinet, with a few chosen repre- philosophers of Old Greece held rather sentatives of the privileged classes not narrow limits to be necessary, not only included in either of those bodies. Gre- to the unity, but to the very existence ville passed away in 1865; his pen had of their city or polity. That was been busy long after his presence had exactly the view of Greville as regards ceased to be familiar in Goodwood Society. Once make it comprehensive, Park or on Newmarket Heath. But really representative of nineteenth-centhe polite world he knew best was that tury life, then will be completed the of a generation long survived by him- disintegrating movement already beself. Like other shrewd lookers-on of gun in the removal of a social monhis own standing, he probably thought arch; the whole affair will fall to the only society worth having to have pieces; in the diarist's already quoted come to an end when the Reform Bill words, "there will be nothing but of 1832 became an Act, and its au- gangs." thors, parliamentary well-born Whigs, Greville lived just long enough to began to find social rivals in the witness the mingled truth and false. wealthier among those Radicals whom hood of his anticipations. A House of they had received as political allies. At Commons, only a little less artistothe time Greville first studied the fash- cratic than the House of Lords, was, ionable polity, whose typical citi- in the eyes of those with whom he conzen he was, it was seen by him to be sorted a socio-political outwork essen
highly-organized system, planned tial for preventing the irruption of baronly in the interests of a limited class, barians and all sorts of strange people or rather perhaps, of a narrow section into the select precinct. The Reform of that class. It had always possessed, Act of 1832 had given three-fifths of since Greville knew it, a visible, and the House of Commons to borough usually a crowned, head. George III Members; it had destroyed the nominadid not
actively control the tion boroughs, hitherto the strength of statesmanship of his times than his the aristocratic party. The English
popular chamber has always differed • Notes from a diary, 1886-8. By the Righ:
from the Spanish Cortes, and from all Hon. Sir. Mountstuart E. Grant Duff, G. C. S. l. Joba Murray.
other Representative Assemblies of
Europe, in its close union with the ter- linen-draper, afterwards "Railway ritorial system. That connection King Hudson,” is now the memorial; seemed fatally threatened by the crea- his still-standing house at Albert Gate tion of the £10 Suffrage. More hope- is to-day occupied by the French Amful observers believed that the Chan- bassador. At Mrs. Hudson's evening dos Clause, enfranchizing the tenant- parties Greville and his friends might farmers, would preserve the balance have seen further signs of the social between the two rival forces; Greville, revolution, in the presence not only of his fellow-turfites and clubmen, did the Waterloo Conqueror, but of Royal not. The new ruling-power they saw Dukes among the guests. As a fact, was what the political slang of those therefore, the social mixture that bedays called the shopocracy. Sir Robert gan to assert itself during the seasons, Peel, to whose final ascendancy in the about the close of the first half of the State the Toryism of Greville's time nineteenth century, may be looked had resigned itself, had already raised back to as an innocuous presage of the suspicions of his readiness to favor, in blend supposed by some to be the future legislation, the new power
unique characteristic of the present called into existence by the emancipa day. When he began the closing parts ting Act of 1832. All that had recently of his journal, Greville no doubt passed seemed to confirm the earlier thought his earlier prediction verified, apprehension, to which, in the manner and the gang system fairly established now described, the pessimists had in place of what was once Society. given utterance.
What Greville really meant by his How far, at a later day than the saying already quoted, and what may prophet cared to forecast has the be accepted as undoubtedly true, is prophecy approached to fulfilment? that, even in his time, Society was beAmong the numerical results of the coming, year by year, less exclusively Grey Reform Act was an increase of political, and that other interests than the English County Members from 82 those of State affairs promised to conto 143, and of English Borough Mem- stitute the principle of its divisions. bers from 324 to 403. At first the That Countess of Jersey, who as change of the Parliamentary personnel
Zenobia, figures in Disraeli's novel, apwas less visible than from these fig. peared to Greville the last survivor of ures might have been supposed. Even the Hostesses of the old régime. Her into the Victorian Age the classes, to
daughter, Lady Clementina Villiers, which had belonged the unreformed formed part of the success of the M.P.'s were those that supplied the
famous Berkeley Square entertainchoice of the ten-pounders. The West
ments; when that daughter died the Indian interest was, to some extent, parties themselves naturally ceased. represented at Westminster before, as
Since then, within living remembrance, well as after, 1832. No great change,
there have been few great “houses” indeed, could have been observed in specially affected to a single party in the social material of which the popu
the State, with mistresses making it lar House consisted, till the period of
their first business, by their social atrailway speculation of fortunes made tentions, to supply the cement consolone day to be lost the next; of those idating all parts and individuals of the developments, the name of the York connection
into compact whole.
Death has lately removed certain 1 See the official estimate in the Buckingham
ladies, some of whom had rendered Papers relating to William IV and Queen Victoria, vol. il., p. 26.
great service to their party, or whose
associations suggest the changes that When the rivalry between the follow. have taken place and that are yet go- ers of the younger Pitt and Charles ing forward in the socio-political sys- Fox was at its height, a Lady Salistem.
bury, rivalling on the Tory side the Few situations could seem more dis- Mrs. Crewe or the famous Duchess of couraging than that confronting the Devonshire of those days, bad, in her late Lady Salisbury when her house, drawing-rooms, been the social organafter Lord Beaconsfield's death, be- izer of political triumphs at the pollcame the social rallying centre of the ing-booths. Since that time the Whigs Conservative Party. The well-known long enjoyed nearly a monopoly of socorner mansion in St. James's Square cial ascendancy and successful enter. had, under successive Stanley dynas- tainment. ties, been periodically opened to the About the time of Lady Salisbury's average Conservative M.P. and his lamented death, passed away another wife. No Countess of Derby had made who had Alled a notable place among any show of rivalling the work of the hostesses of her day. The eques Lady Palmerston at Cambridge trienne who managed so perfectly her House, or-much later-that of Lady white Arabian thoroughbred in Rotten Waldegrave at Strawberry Hill. The Row enjoyed a fame which was Euro invitations were purely ceremonial, the pean between the Great Exhibition functions themselves were, in the old period and that which, following the word, merely crushes; the invitations Crimean War, brought so many famous were directed in the handwriting of foreigners on visits to England; it private secretaries or clerks; they were was the drawing-room of Mrs. Stuart said to be generally sent out with the Wortley, wherein opens the scene of whips. As a hostess Lady Salisbury at Disraell's “Endymion," introducing, once redeemed her receptions from whether designedly or by accident, in these reproaches; her parties in Arling his own Christian name, Sidney: Herton Street, or at Hatfield, were not only bert, who was afterwards Lord Pempretty or effective spectacular broke. When the Morning Chronicle, effects; their atmosphere was changed the parent of the Saturday Review, with a thoughtful kindliness for the had been their organ in the London guests of all degrees, that distinctly re- Press, Mrs. Wortley's drawing-room called the pervading genius of the was the chief meeting-place of the Peel. Palmerstonian precedents. So far back ites in London Society; long after the as Mr. Gladstone's days, Premiers had Peelite connection had become a tradibegun to ask to their State dinners, at tion, the Carlton Gardens Salon re the opening of the Session or on Royal tained a political interest and imporbirthdays, foremost representatives of tance all its own. After the death of science, letters and art. The spirit of the late Lady Stanley of Alderley, Mrs. this innovation was always visible at Wortley could be compared to none of the Salisbury gatherings, whose social her contemporaries in the effortless interest, long before they ceased, had art, which for years attracted to her become more bright and varied than
house statesmen whose names were anything seen since the Strawberry part of English History, as well as poliHill Saturdays to Mondays.
ticians just beginning to be favorably really a considerable achievement. regarded in Parliament by their chiefs.
? The Christian name alone occur in the text, but the context places the
identity beyond doubt. So, too, in Lothair (see the earlier edi.
tlons), the Monsignor Catesby bad appeared u Capel.
This was not, technically, a political curiosity or ambition of his womenhouse. It was the product of a time kind, and permitted them to read their when the whole genius of Society was names in the Morning Post next day statesmanship.
as among the fashionable company at Within the last two or three years Lady Paramount's overnight. Such new political drawing-rooms have been unsophisticated joys have long been opened, some of them but too prema- outgrown. The wife and daughters of turely to be closed. To persons who the Member for Dullborough, from the can recall the social London of the six- society papers and our London corties, the retrospect can disclose no ig. respondent's ingenious réchauffé in the ures more imposing in its social group- local Mercury, have heard more about ings than those of the then Lord Lans- the stateswomen on their side than, bedowne and the then Lord Stanbope. As fore 1868, they could have dreamed hosts for their respective parties, each was to be known. The chances also are of these kept together the Liberal and that the fine ladies of the Paramount Conservative society of the day. Both, household have become, through other of course, were a great deal more than agencies, familiar enough to the Dullpolitical entertainers. Lord Lans- borough matron and maidens. Busidowne and Lord Stanhope were each ness, or philanthropy, quite as effectu. of them literary patrons and forces felt ally as fancy fairs or bazaars of a few throughout the whole intellectual years since, are pretty sure, long since, world as well. Since Lord Stanhope's to have introduced these different pertime Conservatism waited till that of sons to each other. The new sociothe present Home Secretary for a political organizations of the period, fresh addition to its social resources. from Primrose Leagues to District Lady Ridley's drawing-room was the Boards and Soup or Blanket Commitscene of original and enduring party tees have produced a social fusion services, which happily connected, by that has placed the Dullborough dames a link of personal acquaintance, the on terms of intimacy with the wives older section of the Conservative rank and daughters of party leaders scarcely and file with the new recruits. Neglect less close than with those of the parof their rising promise is the common ish rector. It is scarcely too much to reproach against all political parties, say that save for an occasional visit their leaders and their hostesses. to the theatre, following a dinner at Twenty or thirty years ago there may some restaurant, which is the vogue of have been a good deal more in the the moment, a fête at the Botanical, or charge than has since then become the an illumination at South Kensington, case. That it has lost its point must
the people's representatives have be attributed largely to the results of ceased to bring their families to LonLady Ridley's social kindliness, tact don. The expense of a town house has and care.
almost entirely disappeared from the Whether, in our days, hostesses, on M.P.'s sessional outlay; he himself has either side, still retain much of the a room in Suffolk Street, Pall Mall, or political influence associated with an in the still more modest precinct of earlier dispensation may, indeed, be Buckingham Gate. Feminine pressure doubted. Cards for “At Homes" and may constrain him to sanction a trip to drums, as such things used to be London by those who bear his name. called, were welcomed by the pre- They are then deposited for a night or Household Suffrage M.P., because two in some corner of the Suffolk these enabled him to gratify the social Street pied à terre, at some lodging of