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me with a fresh subject : and thus I went on, been long shut to kindness, but the sentiment till I had got together about a dozen of them. was not dead in me: it revived at the first enCertainly, nothing on earth was ever so deplor- couraging word ; and the gratitude I felt for it, able : such as they were, however, they were was the first pleasing sensation which I had talked of in my little circle, and I was some- ventured to entertain for many dreary months. times invited to repeat them, even out of it. I Together with gratitude, hope, and other pasnever committed a line to paper for two reasons; sions still more enlivening, took place of that first, because I had no paper; and secondly- uncomfortable gloominess which so lately posperhaps I might be excused from going fur- sessed me: I returned to my companions, and ther; but in truth I was afraid, as my master by every winning art in my power, strove to had already threatened me, for inadvertently make them forget my former repulsive ways. hitching the name of one of his customers into a In this I was not unsuccessful; I recovered rhyme.
their good will, and by degrees grew to be The repetitions of which I speak were always somewhat of a favourite. attended with applause, and sometimes with My master still murmured, for the business of favours more substantial : little collections were the shop went on no better than before : I comnow and then made, and I have received six- forted myself, however, with the reflection that pence in an evening. To one who had long my apprenticeship was drawing to a conclusion, lived in the absolute want of money, such a re
when I determined to renounce the employment source seemed a Peruvian mine: I furnished for ever, and io open a private school. myself by degrees with paper, &c., and what In this humble and obscure state, poor bewas of more importance, with books of geome- yond the common lot, yet flattering my ambitry, and of the higher branches of algebra, tion with day-dreams, which, perhaps, would which I cautiously concealed. Poetry, even at never have been realized, I was found in the this time, was no amusement of mine : it was twentieth year of my age by Mr. William subservient to other purposes; and I only had Cookesley, a name never to be pronounced by recourse to it, when I wanted money for my ma- me without veneration. The lamentable dogthematical pursuits.
gerel which I have already mentioned, and But the clouds were gathering fast. My which had passed from mouth to mouth among master's anger was raised to a terrible pitch, by people of my own degree, had by some accident my indifference to his concerns, and still more or other reached his ear, and given him a cuby the reports which were daily brought to him riosity to inquire after the author. of my presumptuous attempts at versification. It was my good fortune to interest his beI was required to give up my papers, and when nevolence. My little history was not untincturI refused, my garret was searched, and my ed with melancholy, and I laid it fairly before little hoard of books discovered and removed, him: his first care was to console ; his second, and all future repetitions prohibited in the which he cherished to the last moment of his strictest manner.
existence, was to relieve and support me. This was a very severe stroke, and I felt it Mr. Cookesley was not rich: his eminence most sensibly; it was followed by another se- in his profession, which was ihat of a surgeor, verer still ; a stroke which crushed the hopes [ procured him, indeed, much employment; but had so long and so fondly cherished, and re- in a country town, men of science are not the signed me
to despair. Mr. Hugh most liberally rewarded: he had, besides, a very Smerdon, on whose succession I had calculated, numerous family, which left him little for the died, and was succeeded by a person not much purposes of gerieral benevolence : that little, older than myself, and certainly not so well however, was cheerfully bestowed, and his acqualified for the situation.
tivity and zeal were always at hand to supply I look back on that part of my life which im- the deficiencies of his fortune. mediately followed this event, with little satis- On examining into the nature of my literary faction ; it was a period of gloom, and savage attainments, he found them absolutely nothing: unsociability : by degrees I sunk into a kind of be heard, however, with equal surprise and coporeal torpor; or, if roused into activity by pleasure, that amidst the grossest ignorance of the spirit of youth, wasted the exertion in sple- books, I had made a very considerable progress r.etic and vexatious tricks, which alienated the in the mathematics. He engaged me to enter few acquaintances whom compassion bad yet into the details of this affair ; and when he left me.
So I crept on in silent aiscontent, learned that I had made it in circumstances of unfriended and unpitied ; indignant at the pre- peculiar discouragement, he became sent, careless of the future, an object at once of warmly interested in my favour, as he now saw apprehensiou and dislike.
a possibility of serving me. From this state of abjectness I was raised by The plan that occurred to him was naturally a young woman of my own class. She was a that which had so often suggested itself to me. neighbour; and whenever I took my solitary There were indeed several obstacles to be overwalk, with my Wolfius in my pocket, she usu- come; I had eighteen months yet to serve ; my aily came to the door, and by a smile, or a short handwriting was bad, and my language very inquestion, put in the friendliest manner, endea- correct; but nothing could slacken the zeal of voured to solicit my attention. My heart had this excellent man; he procured a few of my
poor attempts at rhyme, dispersed them amongst I became capable, however, of reading Latin bis friends and acquaintance, and when my and Greek with some degree of facility, that name was become somewhat familiar to them, gentleman employed all my leisure hours in set on foot a subscription for my relief. I still translations from the classics ; and indeed I preserve the original paper ; its title was not scarcely know a single school-book, of which I very magnificent, though it exceeded the most did not render some portion into English verse. sanguine wishes of my heart: it ran thus, “A Among others, Juvenal engaged my attention, Subscription for purchasing the remainder of or rather my master's, and I translated the tenth the time of William Gifford, and for enabling Satire for a holyday task.
Mr. Smerdon was him to improve himself in Writing and English much pleased with this, (I was not undelighted Grammar." Few contributed more than five with it myself,) and as I was now become fond snillings, and none went beyond ten-and-six of the author, he easily persuaded me to propence: enough, however, was collected to free ceed with him; and I translated in succession me from my apprenticeship, * and to maintain the third, the fourth, the twelfth, and, I think, me for a few months, during which I assiduously the eighth Satires. As I had no end in view attended the Rev. Thomas Smerdon.
but that of giving a temporary satisfaction to At the expiration of this period, it was found my benefactors, I thought little more of these, that my progress (for 1 will speak the truth in than of many other things of the same nature, modesty) had been more considerable than my which I wroie from time to time, and of which patrons expected : I had also written in the in- I never copied a single line. terim several little pieces of poetry, less rugged, On my removing to Exeter College, however, I suppose, than my former ones, and certainly my friend, ever attentive to my concerns, advised with fewer anomalies of language. My precep- me to copy my translation of the tenth Satire, tor, too, spoke favourably of me; and my bene- and present it, on my arrival, to the Rev. Dr. factor, who was now become my father and my Stinton, (afterwards Rector,) to whom Mr. Tayfriend, had little difficulty in persuading my pa- lor had given me an introductory letter: I did trons to renew their donations, and to continue so, and it was kindly received. Thus encoume at school for another year. Such liberality raged, I took up the first and second Satires, (I was not lost upon me; I grew anxious to make mention them in the order they were translated,) the best return in my power, and I redoubled when my friend, who had sedulously watched my diligence. Now, that I am sunk into indo- my progress, first started the idea of going lence, I look back with some degree of scep- through the whole, and publishing it by subticism to the exertions of that period.
scription, as a scheme for increasing my means In two years and two months from the day of of subsistence. To this I readily acceded, and my emancipation, I was pronounced by Mr. finished the thirteenth, eleventh, and fifteenth Smerdon, fit for the University. The plan of Satires: the remainder were the work of a opening a writing school had been abandoned much later period. almost from the first; and Mr. Cookesley look- When I had got thus far, we thought it a fit ed round for some one who had interest enough time to mention our design; it was very geneto procure me some little office at Oxford. This rally approved of by my friends; and on the person, who was soon found, was Thomas Tay- first of January, 1781,' the subscription was lor, Esq. of Denbury, a gentleman to whom I opened by Mr. Cookesley at Ashburton, and by had already been indebted for much liberal and myself at Exeter College. friendly support. He procured me the place of So bold an undertaking so precipitately anBib. Lect. at Exeter College ; and this, with nounced, will give the reader, I fear, a higher such occasional assistance from the country as opinion of my conceit than of my talents; neiMr. Cookesley undertook to provide, was thought ther the one nor the other, however, had the sufficient to enable me to live, at least, till I had smallest concern with the business, which origitaken a degree.
nated solely in ignorance: I wrote verses with During my attendance on Mr. Smerdon I had great facility, and I was simple enough to written, as 'I observed before, several tuneful imagine that little more was necessary for a trifles, some as exercises, others voluntarily, translator of Juvenal! I was not, indeed, un(for poetry was now become my delight,) and conscious of my inaccuracies: I knew that they not a few at the desire of my friends. When were numerous, and that I had need of some
friendly eye to point them out, and some judi
cious hand to rectify or remove them : but for • The sum my master received was six pounds. # As I have republished one of our old poets, it may
these, as well as for every thing else, I looked he allowable to mention that my predilection for the
to Mr. Coukesley, and that worthy man, with drama began at an early period. Before I left school, his usual alacrity of kindness, undertook the I had written two tragedies, the Oracle and the Italian. laborious task of revising the whole translation.
My qualitications for this branch of the art may be easily appreciated; and, indred, I cannot think of them
My friend was no great Latinist, perhaps I was without a smile.-These shapsodies were placed hy
the better of the two; but be bad taste and toy indulgen: friend, who thought well of them, in the bands of two respectable gentlemen, who undertook to convey them to the manager of :I am ignorant bers, and when subsequent events enabled me to renew of their fate. The death of Mr. Cookesley broke every them, I was ashamed to inquire after what was most link of my connection with the majority of my subscri- probably unworthy of conceru.
in the press
judgment, which I wanted. What advantages a heartfelt pleasure in mentioning this indulmight have been ultimately derived from them, gence of my college: it could arise from nothing there was unhappily no opportunity of ascertain- but the liberal desire inherent, I think, in the ing, as it pleased the Almighty to call him to members of both our Universities, to encourage himself by a sudden death, before we had quite every thing that bears even the most distant refinished the first Satire. He died with a letter semblance to talents; for I had no claims on jf mine, unopened, in his hands.
them from any particular exertions. This event, which took place on the 15th of The lapse of many months had now soothed January, 1781, afflicted me beyond measure. * and tranquillized my mind, and I once more reI was not only deprived of a most faithful and turned to the translation, to which a wish to affectionate friend, but of a zealous and ever serve a young man surrounded with difficulties active protector, on whom I confidently relied had induced a number of respectable characters for support: the sums that were still necessary to set their names; but alas, what a mortificafor me, he always collected; and it was to be tion! I now discovered, for the first time, that feared that the assistance which was not solicited my own inexperience, and the advice of my lov, with warmth, would insensibly cease to be af- too partial friend, had engaged me in a work, forded.
for the due execution of which my literary atIn many instances this was actually the case : tainments were by no means sufficient. Errors the desertion, however, was not general; and I and misconceptions appeared in every page. I was encouraged to hope, by the unexpected had, perhaps, caught something of the spirit of friendship of Servington Savery, a gentleman Juvenal, but his meaning had frequently escaped who voluntarily stood forth as my patron, and me, and I saw the necessity of a long and painwatched over my interests with kindness and ful revision, which would carry me far beyond attention.
the period fixed for the appearance of the voSome time before Mr. Cookesley's death, we
lume. Alarmed at the prospect, I instantly had agreed that it would be proper to deliver resolved (if not wisely, yet I trus: honestly,) to out, with the terms of subscription, a specimen renounce the publication for the present. of the manner in which the translation was In pursuance of this resolution, I wrote to my executed.† To obviate any idea of selection, a friend in the country, (the Rev. Servington Sasheet was accordingly taken from the beginning very,) requesting him to return the subscription of the first Satire. My friend died while it was money in bis hands to the subscribers. He did
not approve of my plan; nevertheless he proAfter a few melancholy weeks, I resumed the mised, in a letter, which now lies before me, to translation ; but found myself utterly incapable comply with it; and, in a subsequent one, added of proceeding. I had been so accustomed to that he had already begun to do so. connect the name of Mr. Cookesley with every For myself, I also made several repayments; part of it, and I laboured with such delight in and trusted a sum of money to make others, the hope of giving him pleasure, that now, when with a fellow collegian, who, not long after, feli he appeared to have left me in the midst of my by his own hands in the presence of his father. enterprise, and I was abandoned to my own But there were still some whose abode could not efforts, I seemed to be engaged in a hopeless be discovered, and others, on whom to press the struggle, without motive or end: and his idea, taking back of eight shillings would neither be which was perpetually recurring to me, brought decent nor respectful: even from these I ventured such bitter anguish with it, that I shut up the to flatter myself that I should find pardon, when work with feelings bordering on distraction. on some future day I should present them with
To relieve my mind, I had recourse to other the Work, (which I was still secretly determined pursuits. I endeavoured to become more inti- to complete,) rendered more worthy of their mately acquainted with the classics, and to patronage, and increased by notes, which I now acquire some of the modern languages: by per- perceived to be absolutely necessary, to more mission too, or rather recommendation, of the than double its proposed size. Rector and Fellows, I also undertook the care of In the leisure of a country residence, I imaa few pupils : this removed much of my anxiety gined that this might be done in two years : respeciing my future means of support. I have perhaps I was not too sanguine : the experi
ment, however, was not made, for about this
time a circumstance happened, which changed • I began this onadorned narrative on the 15th of January 1801: twenty years have therefore elapsed my views, and indeed my whole system of life. since I lost my benefactor and my friend. In the in- 'I had contracted an acquaintance with a perterval! have wept a thousaed times at the recollection son of the name of -, recommended to my of his goodness; I yet cherish his memory with filial respect; and at this distant period, my heart sinks particular notice by a gentleinan of Devonshire, within me at every repetition of his name.
whom I was proud of an opportunity to oblige. + Many of these papers were distributed; the terms, This person's residence at Oxford was not long, which I extract from one of thein, were these : “ The
and when he returned to town I maintained a work shall be printed in quarto, (without notes,) and be delivered to the Subscribers in the month of Decem- correspondence with him by letters. At his ber next.
particular request, these were enclosed in covers, “ The price will be sixteen shillings in hoards, half
and sent to Lord Grosvenor: one day I inadto be paid at the time of subscribing, the remainder on delivery of the book.”
vertently omitted the direction, and his lordship,
necessarily supposing the letter to be meant for fered us to suspect for a moment the lahour, and himself, opened and read it. There was some- the talents of more than one kind, absolutely thing in it which attracted his notice; and when necessary to its success in any tolerable degree. be gave it to my friend, he had the curiosity to Such as I could make it, it is now before the inquire about his correspondent at Oxford ; and, public. upon the answer he received, the kindness to
majora canamus. desire that he might be brought to see him upon his coming to town: to this circumstance, purely accidental on all sides, and to this alone, I owe
End of the Memoir. my introduction to that nobleman.
On my first visit, he asked me what friends I had, and what were my prospects in life ; and I told him that I had no friends, and no prospects
Mr. GIFFORD. of any kind. He said no more ; but when I called to take leave, previous to returning to
Having attained an university education college, I found that this simple exposure of my by private benevolence, and arrived at noble circumstances had sunk deep into his mind. At
and powerful patronage by a circumstance parting, he informed me that he charged himself purely accidental Mr. Gifford possessed with my present support, and future establish- advantages which few in humble life dare ment; and that till this last could be effected to hope, and fewer aspire to achieve. He my wish, I shonld come and reside with him. improved his learned leisure and patrician These were not words, of course : they were aid, till, in 1802, he published his translamore than fulfilled in every point. I did go, and tion of Juvenal, with a dedication to earl reside with him; and I experienced a warm and Grosvenor, and the preceding memoir. In cordial reception, a kind and affectionate esteem, 1806, the work arrived to a second edition, that has known neither diminution nor interrup- and in 1817 to a third ; to the latter he antion from that hour to this, a period of twenty nexed a translation of the Satires of Per
In his lordship’s house I proceeded with Ju. sius, which he likewise dedicated to ear! vena!, till I was called upon to accompany his Grosvenor, with “ admiration of his talents son (one of the most amiable and accomplished and virtues.” He had previously distinyoung noblemen that this country, fertile in such guished himself by the “ Baviad and Mæ. characters, could ever boast) to the continent. viad,” a satire unsparingly severe on certain With bim, in two successive tours, I spent many fashionable poetry and characters of the years; years of which the remembrance will day; and which may perhaps be referred always be dear to me, from the recollection that to as the best specimen of his powers and a friendship was then contracted, which time inclination. He edited the plays of Masand a more intimate knowledge of each other, singer, and the works of Ben Jonson, whom have mellowed into a regard that forms at once
he ably and successfully defended from the pride and happiness of my life.
It is long since I have been returned and charges of illiberal disposition towards settled in the bosom of competence and peace; Shakspeare, and calumnies of a personal my iranslation frequently engaged my thoughts, nature, which had been repeated and inbut I had lost the ardour and the confidence of creased by successive commentators. He youth, and was seriously doubtful of my abilities lived to see his edition of Ford's works to do it justice. I have wished a thousand through the press, and Shirley's works were times that I could decline it altogether; but the nearly completed by the printer before he ever-recurring idea that there were people of died. the description already mentioned, who had just When the “ Quarterly Review and forcible claims on me for the due perform- projected, Mr. Gifford was selected as best ance of my engagement, forbad the thought; qualified to conduct the new journal, and and I slowly proceeded towards the completion he remained its editor till within two years of a work in which I should never have
engaged: preceding his death. Besides the private had my friend's inexperience, or my own, suf
emoluments of his pen, Mr. Gifford had
six hundred pounds a year as a comptroller • I have a melancholy satisfaction in recording that of the lottery, and a salary of three bunthis revered friend and patron lived to witness my
dred pounds as paymáster of the band of grateful acknowledgment of his kindness. He sur. vived the appearance of the translation but a very few gentlemen-pensioners. days, and I paid the last sad duty to his memory, by atiending his remains to the grave. To ma--this laborious work has not been happy: the same disastrous event that marked its commencement, has embittered its conclusion ; and frequently forced upon my recol
To his friend, Dr. Ireland, the dean of lection the calamity of the rebuilder of Jericho, " He Westminster, who was the depositary of laid the foundation thereof in Abiram, his first born, Mr. Gifford's wishes in his last moments, and set up the gates thereof in his youngest son, Segab." 1806.
he addressed, during their early career, the
following imitation of the “ Otium Divos manded the sum from his master, and gave Rogat ” of Horace.—“I transcribe it,” says notice that he would quit his place. The Mr. Gifford, “ for the press, with mingled master inquired the reason of the man's sensations of gratitude and delight, at the precipitancy, who told his lordship, “ that favourable change of circumstances which he and a fellow-servant were about to set we have both experienced since it was up a country bank, and they wanted the written."
wages for a capital!"
Wolfe rush'd on death in manhood's bloom,
Here breath, there fame was given :
MARCH OF INTELLECT. By contras, and by pros, contrives
In “The Times," a few days since, apTo keep the balance even.
peared the following advertisement :-" To To thee she gave two piercing eyes,
School ASSISTANTS.—Wanted, a respectA body, just of Tydens' size,
able gentleman of good character, capable A judgment sound, and clear;
of teaching the classics as far as Homer, A mind with various science fraught,
and Virgil. Apply, &c. &c. A day or A liberal soul, a threadbare coat,
two after the above had appeared, the
genAnd forty pounds a year.
tleman to whom application was to be
made received a letter as follows :-“ SirTo me, one eye, not over good :
With reference to an advertisement which Two sides, that, to their cost, have stood
were inserted in The Times newspaper a A ten years' hectic cough;
few days since, respecting a school assistAches, stitches, all the numerous ills That swell the dev'lish doctors' bills,
ant, I beg to state that I should be happy
to fill that situation; but as most of my And sweep poor mortals off.
frends reside in London, and not knowing A coat more bare than thine; a soul
how far Homer and Virgil is from town, I That spurns the crowd's malign controul; beg to state that I should not like to engage A fix'd contempt of wrong;
to teach the classics farther than HammerSpirits above affliction's pow'r,
smith or Turnham Green, or at the very utAnd skili to charm the lonely hour
most distance, farther than Brentford, With no inglorious song.
Wating your reply, I am, Sir, &c. &c.
“ John Sparks.”
The schoolmaster, judging of the clasOmniana.
sical abilities of this "youth of promise,”
by the wisdom displayed in his letter, conADVERTISEMENT.
sidered him too dull a spark for the situaThe following is a literal copy of an tion, and his letter remained unanswered. English card, circulated by the master of (This puts us in mind of a person who once an hotel, at Ghent:
advertised for a “strong coal heaver," and “Mr. Dewit, in the Golden Apple, out a poor man calling upon him the day after, of the Bruges Gate at Ghent, has the saying, "he had not got such a thing as a honour to prevent the Persons who would 'strong coal heaver,' but he had brought come at his house, that they shall find there a 'strong coal scuttle,' made of the best always good and spacious Lodging, a Table iron; and if that would answer the purpose, served at their taste, Wine of any quality, he should have it a bargain.”)— Times, 1st
Besides he hires Horses and Chaises, January, 1827 which shall be of a great conveniency for the Travellers; the Bark of Bruges depart and arrives every day before his door. He
MISSING A STYLE. dares flatter himself that they shall be satisfied; as well with the cheapness of
Soon after the publication of Miss Burthe price, as with the cares such an esta- ney's novel, called “ Cecilia," a young lady blishment requires."
was found reading it. After the general topics of praise were exhausted, she was
asked wheiher she did not greatly admire CAPITAL For BANKING.
the style ? Reviewing the incidents in her
memory, she replied, “ The style? the A nobleman's footman in Hampshire, to style?-Oh! sir, I am not come to that whom two years' wages were due, de yet!"