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Muavia, governor of Syria, 239;
caliph, 245; his wars with Con-
Stans, 2 M

Mummolus, general of Guntram,
defeats the Lombards, 163, 187;
rebellion of, 17o.

Musa, governor of Africa, 234,

NANTHILDIs, queen regent, 180.
Naples besieged by Belisarius, 82;
by Baduila, 98; dealings of, with
Moors, 461.
Narbonne held by Saracens, 271 ;
taken by Pippin the Short, 331.
Narses reinforces Belisarius, 86; con-
quers the Goths, Ioz, IoS ; legend
of his message to Lombards, 184,
Navarre, kingdom of, 509.
Neustria, origin of name of, 187.
See under names of kings.
Nicaea, Council of, confirms image
worship, 318.
Nicephorus I., emperor, 320 ; war
with Charles the Great, 363; his
Saracen and Bulgarian wars, 479-
48o ; his ecclesiastical policy, 479;
slain in battle, 48o,
— Caesar, rebellions of, 317, 318.
— Phocas, conquers South Italy,

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Oscar, Danish jarl, 420, 421.
Oskytel, Viking chief, 498.
Ostrogoths, wars of, with Zeno, 4o;
conquer Italy, 19; settled in Italy,
22; wars of, with Justinian, 80-105.
Othman, caliph, 238-239.
Othman - abu-Neza, Moorish chief,

292-293. . -
Otranto besieged by Baduila, 99.

PADERBORN, diet of, 352.
Padua taken by Agilulf, 194.
Palermo taken by Belisarius, 81 ; by
the Moors, 449.
Pandects of Justinian, Io9.
Pantheon-plundered by Constans,
277.
Papacy, power of the, 188-189;
growth of importance of, 276; its
struggles with the emperors, 276-
279; relations of, with Charles the
Great, 374.
Paris sacked by Danes, 420; again,
425; fortified by Charles the Bald,
43o; repels the Danes, 442; fourth
siege of 498.
Paul the Deacon, 185, 244, 379-38o.
Paulus, Visigothic count, rebellion of,
229.
Pavia, Gothic stronghold, 96; taken
by Alboin, 185; besieged by Pippin,
329, 331 ; taken by Charles the
Great, 347–348.
Pelagius, king of Asturias, resists
the Moors, 507.
Peredeo slays Alboin, 185.
Persian war of Anastasius, 48-49; of
Justinian, 68-69, 92-96, Ioz; of
Justin and Tiberius, 147-148; of
Maurice, 15o ; of Phocas, 153 ; of
Heraclius, 205-212; of the Sara-
cens, 219.
Peter of Pisa, 341, 379.
Philippicus, usurper, 253; his quarrel
with Gregory II., 279.
Phocas dethrones and murders
Maurice, 153; disastrous reign of,
154, 155; slain, 157.
Phoenix, battle of, 159. -
Photius, patriarch, his quarrel with
the Papacy, 453,492.
Pippin I., the elder, 174; Mayor of
the Palace, 179.
II., the Younger, leads the
. Austrasians against Ebroin, 26o ;
his victory at Testry, 26o; his
Recceswinth, Visigothic king, 226-
267.
Reginald, count of Hainault, rebels
against Zwentibold, 470; leagued
with Charles the Simple, 474.
Reginbert, duke of Turin, rebels
against Luitbert, 279.
Rhazates, Persian general, 2II.
Rhodes captured by Saracens, 239.
Rimini taken by Belisarius, 85; by
Luitprand, 282.
Ripuarian Franks, 56; subdued by
Chlodovech, 59.
Robert the Strong, slain by Vikings,

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government, 261, 263; death,

264.
Pippin III., the Short, Mayor of

Neustria, 298; his wars, 323;

ecclesiastical reforms, 324, 330 ;
king of the Franks, 325; crowned
by the pope, 329; Lombard wars,
328-330 ; his gift of the Exarchate
to the pope, 331 ; conquers Nar-
bonne and Aquitaine, 331-332;
death, 333.
— son of Charles the Great,
ruler of Lombardy, 359; conquers
the Avars, 362; death, 377.
son of Lewis the Pious, king
of Aquitaine, 389; rebels against
Lewis, 394-396; death, 401.
— the younger, of Aquitaine, dis-
inherited by Lewis the Pious, 401-
402 ; fights at Fontenay, 407; wars
of, with Charles the Bald, 419-421;
turns heathen, 431 ; imprisoned for
life, 431.
Pistres, edict of, 429.
Plague, great, of A.D. 542, 94.
Plectrudis, wife of Pippin II., 265-
267.
Poictiers, battle of, 271, 293-294.
Pretextatus, bishop, 165; murdered
by Fredegundis, 168.
Procopius, historian,
tory of, 67. -
Protadius, Mayor of Burgundy, 171-

Secret His-

I73. -
Provence, kingdom of. See Arles.

RADBOD, duke of Frisis, 262.
Radelchis, duke of Benevento, calls
in the Moors, 450.
Raginfred, mayor of Neustria, 265;
rebels against Charles Martel, 290.
Ramnulf, count of Poictiers, usurpa-
tion of, 498, 501.
Ratchis, Lombard king, 327 ; abdi-
cates, 327; rebels against Desi-
derius, 331.
Ravenna taken by Theodoric, 17; by
Belisarius, 87; exarchate of, 188,
190, 198; taken and lost by Luit-
prand, 282-283; taken by Aistulf,
327; given to the Papacy by Pippin,
I

33I.
Reccared I., Visigothic king, 14o ;

converted to Catholicism, 142;

reign of, 143.
— II., Visigothic king, 223.

PERIOD I.

496. -
— duke of France, submits to
Charles the Simple, 499; fights the
Vikings, 501 ; usurpation of, 503;
slain in battle, 504.
Roderic, Visigothic king, 231-233,
Rodoald, Lombard king, 198.
Roland (Hruotland), Chanson de, 353.
Rome taken by Belisarius, 82; be-
sieged by Witiges, 83-84; taken
by Baduila, 99; recovered by Beli-
sarius, IoI ; retaken by Baduila,
Io2; taken by Narses, IoA ; ruled
by Gregory the Great, 201-202;
visited by Constans, 245; its im-
portance in the 7th century, 276;
Council of, 284; besieged by Lom-
bards, 346; threatened by Saracens,
451 ; stormed by Arnulf, 464.
Romoald, duke of Benevento, 244,
273; victories of, 274.
Romulus Augustulus, deposed, 1.
Roncesvalles, battle of, 353.
Rorik, Danish chief, 419.

Rosamund, wife of Alboin, 183;
murders him, 185.
Rothari, Lombard king, 196; his

conquests and laws, 197.
Rothrudis, wife of Charles Martel, 298.
Rudolf, duke, rebels against Charles
the Simple, 503; king, 504.
— I., king of Transjurane Bur-
gundy, 445; does homage to
Arnulf, 468.
— II., dethrones Berenger, 467.
Rugians defeated by Odoacer, 14.
Rupert, St., converts the Bavarians,
263.

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Salian Franks, 56.
Samo, leader of Slavs, 177.
Saracens conquer Syria and Egypt,
214, 219; invade Africa, 238, 245;
take Carthage, 251 ; invade Spain,
234 ; cross the Pyrenees, 271 ;
ravage Gaul, 292; defeated at
Poictiers, 293; besiege Constanti-
nople, 301-303; wars with Charles
the Great, 352, 364, 365. See also
under Moors.
Saragossa, Franks defeated at, 129;
Charles the Great at, 352.
Saucourt, battle of, 439.
Saxons, defeat Chlothar I., I2O ; in-
vade Austrasia, 265; defeated by
Charles Martel, 267, 289, 297;
rebel against Pippin the Short, 323;
subdued by Pippin, 332; by Charles
the Great, 346 351 ; later rebellions
of 351,354, 355, 366; rebel against
Lewis the German, 408; defeated
by the Danes, 434; rebel against
Conrad I., 476.
Schism of Eastern and Western
Churches, 453
Sebastopolis, battle of, 250.
Secret History, the, 67, 68.
Senate, the Roman, sends embassy to
Zeno, 1 ; trial of Boethius in, 30;
reorganised by Baduila, Ioz.
Sergius, patriarch, 207-208.
— pope, refuses obedience to Jus-
tinian II., 278.
— V., crowns the emperor Lewis
II., 423.
Sharbarz, Persian general, 205-2Io.
Sicard, of Benevento, murdered, 450.
Siconulf, first duke of Salerno, calls
in the Moors, 450-452.
Sicily conquered by Belisarius, 81 ;
Constans in, 245; attacked by the
Moors, 447; long wars in, 449;
finally reduced by Moors, 460.
Siegfred, Viking chief, 439; invades
Neustria, 441 ; besieges Paris,

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Sigismund, king of Burgundy, 26–27,
II4.
Silverius, pope, and the Senate invite
Belisarius to Rome, 83.
Siroes, king of Persia, murders his
father, 212.
Sisibut, Visigothic king, 222; his
chronicle, 222; reign of, 223.
Sisinand rebels against Swinthila,
I79, 224; made king, 225.
Slavs, cross the Danube, 151-152; wars
of, with the Franks, 178; with
Lombards, 195; settle in Balkan
peninsula, 240; defeated by Con-
stans, 241 ; conquered by Bul-
garians, 248; subdued by Constan-
tine V., 315; rebel against Irene,
318; on the Baltic, 360; conquered
by Charles the Great, 360-362; re-
volt from the Franks, 409–414; sub-
dued by Arnulf, 47.o.
Soissons, battle of, 267; council of,
326; Robert of France slain at, 504.
Soliman, caliph, 254; sends expedi-
tion against Constantinople, 255,

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See under Visigoths, Sara-
cens.
Spoleto, duchy of, 187.
Stauracius, short reign of, 480-481.
Stephanus, minister of Justinian II.,
250-251.
Stephen II., pope, asks aid of Pippin
the Short, 328; receives the Exar-
chate, 331 ; embassy to Charles
the Great, 338.
— IV. crowns Lewis the Pious,
387. -
— v. crowns Wido emperor, 463.
— VI., pope, 465.
Strasburg, Oaths of, 409.
Strategicon of Maurice, 150.
Strategos, office of the, 243.
Suabians (Alamanni) rebel against
the Franks, 262 ; subdued by
Pippin II., 262; by Charles Martel,
290 ; by Pippin the Short, 223.

Suevi, wars of, with Visigoths, 131-
138; subdued by Leovigild, 139.
Suidbert, missionary to Hesse, 263,

29I.

Swinthila, Visigothic king, 223; his
wars, 224, 370.

Syagrius, ruler in Gaul, 5-57; slain
by Chlodovech, 58.

Symmachus, executed by Theodoric,
3I.

Syracuse, Constans murdered at,
246; besieged by the Moors, 448;
taken by the Moors, 460.

Syria, invaded by Kobad, 69; by
Chosroes, 92; conquered by Sara-
cens, 218.

TAGINAE, battle of, Ioq.
Tarasius, patriarch, 318.
Tassilo, duke of Bavaria, rebels
against Pippin the Short, 332;
treaty of, with Charles the Great,
337; deposed, 356.
Teia, Gothic count, 103; king of the
Goths, IoA ; slain, IoA.
Temporal power of the papacy, its
commencement, 197; established
by Charles the Great, 344.
Terbel, Bulgarian king, 302.
Testry, battle of, 26o.
Teutberga, wife of Lothair II., 428.
Themes, creation of the, 242 ; map
of the Asiatic, 243.
Theoctistus, count, minister of
Michael III., murdered, 490.
Theodahat, Gothicking, 8o; murders
Amalaswintha, 8o ; at war with
Justinian, 81 ; deposed and slain,
8

2.
Theodelinda, wife of Authari, 193;
of Agilulf, 194-195.
Theodora, wife of Justinian, 66; her
early life, 67; character, 68; con-
duct during ‘Nika' riot, 73;
death, Ioš.
— wife of Theophilus, empress
regent, 488; restores image-wor-
ship, 489; banished, 490.
Theodore, brother of Heraclius,
217, 218.
Theodoric, son of Triarius, rebels
against Zeno, 41 ; makes terms
with him, 42 ; death, 43.
— son of Theodomir, early life of,
42 ; takes arms against Theodoric,
son of Triarius, 41 ; ravages Thrace

and Macedon, 43; makes terms
with Zeno, 43; invades Italy, 16;
defeats Odoacer, 17-18; king of
Italy, 19; character and adminis-
tration of, 21, 22 ; foreign policy,
24; wars with Franks and Bur-
gundians, 26, 6o ; king of Spain,
27; troubles of his later years, 29,
30 ; death, 32.
Theodosius, brother of Constans, 241.
— III., emperor, 254; abdicates,

255. - -
Theodota, wife of Constantine vi.,

319.
Theodotus, minister of Justinian II.,
250-251.
Theophilus, emperor, 486; wars with
Saracens, 487; favours Iconoclasm,
488; marriage of 488.
Theudebald, king of Franks, 118;
invades Italy, Iob.
duke of Suabia, rebels against
Pippin, 323.
Theudebert I., king of Ripuaria,
116; invades Italy, 86, 116-117.
II., king of Austrasia, 171 ;
war with Theuderich, 173.
Theuderich I., king of Austrasia,
III ; conquers Thuringia, 113;
death, 116.
— II., king of Burgundy, 172 ;
his war with Theudebert, 173.
III., king of Austrasia, 258-259,
264.
— IV., last of the Merovings, 268-

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Tiberius Apsimarus, emperor, 252 ;
executed, 253.
Totila. See Baduila.
Toulouse, Saracens defeated at, 271 ;
Danes at, 420 ; county of 497.
Transimund, duke of Spoleto, rebels
against Luitprand, 285.
Treviso, battle of 96.
Tribonian, quaestor of Justinian, 71;
aids Justinian's legal reforms, Io9.
True Cross, the, carried off by Per-
sians, 205; won back by Hera-
clius, 212 ; restored to Jerusalem,
217 ; taken to Constantinople, 219.
Tulga, Visigothic king, 225.
“Type,” the, of Constans, 241.

URIAs, Gothic chief, takes Milan, 86.

Urso, Beneventan duke, 460.

Utrecht, see of, founded, 330; sacked
by Danes, 400, 439.

VANDALS in Africa, 8; table of kings
of, 12; their oppressive govern-
ment,28; destroyed by Belisarius,79.
Varahnes, Persian usurper, 151.
Verden, massacre of, 342, 355.
Verdun, partition-treaty of, 409.
Verina, empress, 38, 44.
Verona held by Goths, 87; taken by
Lombards, 185; taken by Charles
the Great, 347; Berengar besieged
in, 467.
Véséronce, battle of, 114.
Vigilius, pope, imprisoned by Justi-
nian, Io'7. -
Vikings, first ravages of, 4oo; de-
scription of the, 414-17; raids of, in
Ireland, 417-418; in England, 418-
431 ; in Germany, 419-438; in Lo-
tharingia, 419-469 ; in Neustria,
419-442; conquer Normandy, 501.
Vincy, battle of, 267.
Visigoths driven from Gaul, 62; in
Spain, I28; become Catholics, 142;
government of the, 221; conquered
by Moors, 234.
Vitalian, pope, 245-277.
— count, rebellion of, 51 ; slain, 53.

WAIFER, duke of Aquitaine, rebels
against Pippin the Short, 332;
slain, 337.
— duke of Salerno, 458.
Wala, count, exiled by Lewis the
Pious, 386; recalled, 391; con-
spires against Lewis, 394; banished
to Corbey, 395; death, 399.
Wamba, Visgothic king, 227-228;

crushes rebellion of Paulus, 229;
his laws, 230; deposed, 231.
Warnacher, Mayor of Austrasia, 176.
Wathek, caliph, 490.
Welid, caliph, 254.
Wends, their war with Dagobert, 178.
Weregeld among the Franks, 125-126.
Westphalians, wars of, with Charles
the Great, 349-354.
Wettin of Reichenau, vision of, 342.
Wido aspires to French throne, 444;
expels Byzantines from Benevento,
460 ; wars with Berengar, 463;
with Arnulf,46o; emperor, 463. .
Wilfrid of York, 259.
William, count of Toulouse, 365.
Willibrord, apostle of Frisia, 263;
sends missionaries to Germany,
29O-29I.
Wiltzes subdued by Charles the
Great, 360; subdued by the Danes,
361-367.
Winfrith. See Boniface.
Wintrio, duke, rebellion of, 172.
Witiges, Ostrogothic king, 82 ;
besieges Rome, 83 ; subdued by
Belisarius, 87; taken captive to
Constantinople, 88,
Witikind, Saxon chief, 351; leads
Saxons against Charles the Great,
353-354; submits to Charles, 355.
Witiza, Visigothic king, 231.
Witterich, rebellion of, I44; Visi-
gothic king, 22I.
Wulfoald, Mayor of Austrasia, 258;
restores Dagobert II., 259.

YERMAK, battle of the, 218.
Yesdigerd, last king of Persia, 219,
238

38.
Yussuf invades Gaul, 296. \{

ZABERGAN, khan of the Huns, Io9.

Zacharias, pope, makes peace with
Lombards, 287; encourages Pippin
to seize Frankish crown, 326;
makes peace with Ratchis, 327.
Zeno, character and administration
of, 37; subdues rebellion of Basi-
liscus, 38-39; makes Odoacer
Patrician, 1,39; wars with the two
Theodorics, 42 ; sends Theodoric
to Italy, 15-45; his ecclesiastical
policy, 45; death, 45.
Ziadet Allah, Moorish king, 448 ;
invades Sicily, 449.
Zotto, first duke of Benevento, 187.
Zwentibold, king of Lotharingia,
47o ; rebellions of, 472.

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