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contest with the most determined manli- | deals justly and liberally with an opponent. ness, never for a moment yielding a prin- But when provoked by any low or unfair ciple or asking a concession-staking every attack, his sarcasm is irresistible. Keen thing upon the open field. He met the as the blade of Saladin, it cuts to the quick opposition in the most fearless spirit ; de- or leaves excoriations that smart through fied the combination against him ; entered life. In his wielding it is a fearful weapon, the arena in person ; appealed to the peo- never used unless deserved, but when used ple throughout his extensive district, and scathing to an unmeasured degree. Many addressed them in mass-meetings; brought of his speeches, during his late canvass, in the question before them in all its relations, grandeur of style, indignant declamation, involving in its ultimate settlement the wit, and burning sarcasm, would have honor of the South, the safety of the Union, earned him distinction among the first orators and the glory of the nation; and insisted of any day or country. His style of orathat, under Gen. Taylor's administration, tory, when engaged in earnest discussion we should be able to maintain the RIGHTS upon a great question, is thought to bear a of the States, and the Union of the States." strong resemblance to that of Fisher Ames, He emerged from the contest with tri- vividly recalling that eloquent statesman to umphant majority, and he returns to his the memory of those who are acquainted seat in Congress - which he has filled with with his peculiar manner. He requires an such distinguished ability, and with the occasion to arouse him to his best efforts ; increased confidence of his constituents and but his powers are most advantageously his country-to employ his powers still far- displayed when encountering a formidable ther in the service of both. He is just opposition. He is characterized by enreaching the prime of manhood, and we ergy, firmness, and unswerving adherence may hope that a long career of usefulness to the principles which he professes. and distinction opens before him.

Of Mr. Hilliard's literary attainments Mr. Hilliard as an orator, enjoys a wide we have not space to say anything. He and enviable reputation. His speeches are has been a Regent of the Smithsonian Incharacterized by comprehensiveness and stitution from its organization, and still liberality. Generous in sentiment, candid continues to manifest the deepest interest in opinion, inclined to the most favorable in the success of that great establishment. construction of action and conduct, he ever


I REMEMBER Jane Austen, the novelist, the ear. Some white pigeons on the a little child; she was very intimate with roof are cooing and bowing amourously, Mrs. Lefroy, and much encouraged by and finely contrast with the blue back her. Her mother was a Miss Leigh, ground of the sky. The picturesque elm whose paternal grandmother was a sister of trees are leafing out in broad masses of a the first Duke of Chandos. Mr. Austen refreshing green. was of a Kentish family, of which several families have been settled in the Weald, Ah, friends! methinks it were a pleasant and some are still remaining there. When sphere, I knew Jane Austen I never suspected she If, like the trees, we blossomed every year; was an authoress, but my eyes told me that If locks grew thick again, and


dyes she was fair and handsome, slight and ele- Returnod in cheeks, and raciness in eyes gant, but with cheeks a little too full. The

And all around us, vital to the tips, last time I saw her was at Ramsgate, in

The human orchard laughed with cherry lips. 1803: perhaps she was then about twenty-seven years old. Even then I did not Jane Austen was born on the sixteenth know that she was addicted to literary day of December, 1775, at Steventon, in composition.-Sır EGERTON BRydges. Hampshire, in which parish her father was

rector for upwards of forty years, remainYou mention Miss Austen ; her novels ing there till he had passed three score and are more true to nature, and have (for my ten, faithfully discharging the duties of his sympathies) passages of finer feeling than office. any other of this age. She was a


of whom I have heard so well, and think so The love of Christ and his Apostles twelve highly, that I regret not having seen her, He taught; but first, he followed it himselve.

CHAUCER. nor ever had an opportunity of testifying to her the respect which I feel for her. Souther, (in a letter to Sir E. Bryd- He then retired to Bath with his wife, ges.)

Jane, and her sister, where he died in about

four years. He was a man of taste and The brightness and beauty of the acquirements, and gave the direction to his morning have induced me to go down in daughter's talents. After his death, his the garden, and there read and write. wife and her two children retired to SouthThe trees are now in blossom. The ampton, and subsequently to the village of peach with its delicate blush color, beau- Chawton, in the same county, where Jane tiful bell-shape, the lips turning back- wrote her novels, four of which were pubward and exposing the entire beauty of the lished anonymously in her life time, nameflower, is mingled with the white blossom ly: “ Sense and Sensibility,Pride of the plum, and that of the cherry twi- and Prejudice,Mansfield Park,” and ning its lovely flowers all around the long “Emma.A fair constitution, regular straight branches, from end to end, not a habits, calm and happy pursuits, seemed to leaf to be seen except those that come as a promise her a long life, but in May, 1817, green crowning ornament at the tip of each her health rendered it necessary that she bough-and, sweetest of all, there are the should remove to some place where conapple blossoms, fresh, delicate and modest, stant medical aid could be obtained. She

a blending of the rose and the lily went to Winchester, and there expired on Countless bees are diving down to the very the 24th day of July in the same year, heart of the flowers, and with a perpetual aged forty-two. For two months before and drowsy hum make pleasant music to her death she suffered great pain and weari


ness, natural to drooping and fading life,

The poet's name, with unflinching patience. Her memory,

And hero's—on the brazen book of time, judgment, temper and warm affections, were

Are writ in sunbeams, by Fame's loving hand;

But none record the household virtues there. unimpaired to the last. While she could write with a pen she did so ; when that be In company she turned away from any came inconvenient, she used a pencil. Her mention of herself as an author. last words, in reply to the questions of She was a warm admirer of fine landwhat could be done for her, were, “I want scapes, both on canvass and in nature. nothing but death.” She thanked her phy- Gilpin, on the picturesque, fascinated her sician for his attention, and received the at an early age, and she seldom changed sacrament before she became exceedingly her opinion either of books or men. Her weak: she was buried in the Cathedral

emory was excellent, and her reading church of Winchester.

extensive. Johnson and Cowper were her It is said that of personal attractions she favorite moral authors Her natural dispossessed a considerable share, her figure crimination was gratified by Richardson's was fine, her deportment quiet and grace- power of creating, and preserving the conful, her countenance expressive of cheer- sistency of his characters, as he has done in fulness, sensibility and benevolence. Her Sir Charles Grandison. Her power of complexion was superb; the blood spoke inventing characters was intuitive, she in her modest cheek through “ the pearly studied from nature. But better than all texture of her dainty skin." Her voice was these endearing qualities and talents, she sweet, her language fluent and precise. was thoroughly devout, fearful of giving She was formed to enjoy and adorn elegant offence to God or to any of his creatures. society. She was a good musician, and fond In one of her letters in reply to a mock of dancing in which she excelled, as she did charge of purloining from the manuscripts also in drawing. She was considerate as re of a young relation, she writes : “What gards the frailties and foibles of others, al- should I do, my dearest E-, with your though fully alive to them, and never uttered vigorous and manly sketches, so full of either a hasty, a silly, or a severe expres- life and spirit? How could I possibly sion. Her manners were exceedingly plea- join them on to a little bit of ivory, two sant, and those who once met her had a inches wide, on which I work with a brush strong desire to become better acquainted so fine as to produce little effect after much with her, and to gain her friendship. Her labor.” mein was tranquil and serene. She The following extract is from a letter became an author entirely from taste written a few weeks before her death :and inclination, when neither the hope “My attendant is encouraging and talks of fame or gain mingled with her mo- of making me quite well. I live chiefly tives.

on the sofa, but am allowed to walk from It was with great difficulty her friends one room to another. I have been out could persuade her to publish her first once in a sedan chair, and am to repeat it, work, and she thought its failure so certain, and be promoted to a wheel chair as the and that its sale would not repay her pub- weather serves. On this subject I will lisher, that she retained a part of her only say further, that my dearest sister, small income to meet the expected loss. my tender, watchful, indefatigable nurse, How great was her surprise when “Sense has not been made ill by her exertions. As and Sensibilitybrought her a clear pro- to what I owe to her, and to the anxious fit of £130. With all her great talents affection of all my beloved family on this she was un pretending, although gratified to occasion, I can only cry over it and pray hear the applause that from time to time God to bless them more and more." She reached her ears from those whose judg- concludes in this vein: “You will find ment she highly valued. She shrank from Captain a very respectable, wellthe idea of attaching her name to any of meaning man, without much manner; his her productions, although amid her own wife and sister all good humor and obligingfamily she talked of them freely and mod-ness, and I hope, (since the fashion allows estly, was glad of their praise, and submis- it,) 'with rather longer petticoats than last sive to their criticism.

year.” Ah, Jaņe, the last sentence savors

of old maidishness. Can morality or im To interesting narrative, Miss Austen morality be judged by the length of petti- adds sound principles, and inculcates uncoats and skirts, or by their shortness ? sophisticated manners, integrity and rectiA Swiss peasant girl is as likely to be mod tude, over the more common and artificial est as a fine lady with a long trail to her pretensions of society. Her discriminadress.

tion, quiet humor and delineation of charMiss Austen's novels are entirely unex ter have never been surpassed. A very inceptionable, naturally and ably written. telligent writer speaks of novels in the Her characters you seem to have known following strain, and I heartily concur with all your life, to have been with them and his views. “If all literary fiction could be listened to their conversation in the sitting withdrawn and forgotten, and its renovation room, or by the dining table, and to have prohibited, the greater part of us would walked with them in parks, fields, and by be dolts, and what is worse, unfeeling, unthe road side. You see into their very generous, and under the debasing dominion hearts, become acquainted with their vir- of the selfishness of simple reason. It has tues, foibles and vices. For instance, let always appeared to me that those who any one take up Pride and Prejudice; cautiously keep novels from young people they will never forget Mr. and Mrs. Ben- mistake the nature of the mind, thinking it net, or Elizabeth, Ann, or Lydia, with her only intellect, and would cultivate the unintense love for officers, or the pompous derstanding alone. Imagination they look and empty Sir William Lucas, the foolish upon as an ignis fatuus to be extinguished Collins, tedious, and with a skull of solid if possible—an ignis fatuus arising out of proof, impenetrably dull ; the haughty, vain a quagmire, and leading astray to one. and silly Lady Catherine de Bourgh, the There is nothing good comes from the ingood hearted but wavering Bingley, and tellect alone. The inventive faculty is his sister, proud, scheming and heartless, compound, in which the imagination does or the sensible, well-bred Mr. and Mrs. the most work; the intellectual portion Gardiner, the sleek villain Wickham, or selects and decides, but collects not the the proud, generous Darcy, who is at last materials. All true sentiment, all noble, compelled to love and wed Ann Bennet in all tender feeling, comes not of the underspite of the vulgarity and offensive man- standing, but of that mind or heart, if we ners of her mother. The story of this so please to call it—which imagination courtship is well told.

raises, educates and perfects. Even feelMiss Austen possessed good sense and ings are to be made--are much the result pure religious feeling, not ostentatiously of education. The wildest romances will put forth, but winding like a thread of gold in this respect teach nothing wrong. If through all her writings, beautifying and they create a world somewhat unlike the enriching her genius. No particular mo- daily visible, they create another which is ral, no dogma is inculcated in her stories. a reality to the possessor, to the romantic, They give a true picture of life, of men from which he can extract much that is and women as they really are, not as the practical, though it may seem not so; for imagination often dresses them up, and we from hence may spring noble impulses, see characters such as she describes, daily. generosity and fortitude. It is not true that The drawing and coloring is so correct and such reading enervates the mind. I firmly true, the outline so definite, that it seems believe it strengthens it in every respect,

if any one could write novels equally and fits it for every action, by unchaining good. In this respect they are deceitful it from a lower and cowardly caution. Who enough, reminding us of the inimitable ever read a romance that inculcated list. grace and flowing ease, the felicitous en less, shapeless idleness. It encourages acdowments, and the copiousness of Gold- tion and endurance. We have not high smith, apparently easily to be imitated, but natures till we learn to suffer. I have notheir naturalness and style have hitherto ted much the different effect troubles have been unapproached. Doctor Johnson's upon different persons, and have seen the style was happily copied by all, from lot- unromantic drop like sheep under the rot tery dealers to utterers of heavy sermons of their calamities, while the romantic have from well cushioned pulpits.

been buoyant, and mastered them. They


I dare say

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have more resources in themselves, and are more elegant than their dresses ;
not bowed down to one thought, nor limit- the lace upon Mrs. Hurt's gown
ed to one feeling; in fact, they are higher here she was interrupted. “ The Lucases,"
beings. The caution professes mainly to continued Mrs. Bennet, " are very artful
protect women; yet, among all the young people indeed, sister. They are all for
women I have been acquainted with, I what they can get. I am sorry to say it

say that the novel-readers are not of them, but so it is. It makes me very
only the best informed, but of the best na nervous and poorly, to be thwarted so in
ture, and some capable of setting examples my own family, and to have neighbors who
of a sublime fortitude—the more sublime think of themselves before any body else.
because shewn in a secret and all-enduring However, your coming just at this time is
patience. Who are they that will sit by the greatest of comforts to me, and I am
the bed-side of the sick day and night, very glad to hear what you tell us of long
suffer privation, poverty, even undeserved sleeves.
disgrace, and shrink not from the self-im “ It is amazing to me,” said Bingley,
posed duty, but those very young women “how young ladies can have patience to
in whom the understanding and imagina- be so very accomplished as they all are."
tion have been equally cultivated, so as to All young ladies accomplished ! My
render the feelings acute and impulsive ? dear Charles what do you mean ?” “Yes,
and these are novel readers. Love, it is all of them I think. They all paint tables,
said, is the only subject all novels are con cover screens, and net purses. I scarcely

upon, and such reading encourages know any one of them who cannot do all extravagant thoughts, and gives rise to dan- this, and I am sure I never heard a young gerous feelings. And why dangerous ? lady spoken of for the first time without And why should not such thoughts and being informed that she was very accomfeelings be encouraged? Are they not plished.” such as are requisite for wife and mother Mansfield Park, is a most delightful to hold, and best for the destiny of woman novel, and finely displays the discrimina

- best in every view—best, if her lot be a ting taste and judgment of Miss Austen. happy one, and far best if her lot be an In describing fools she is truly Shaksperian, ill one ? For the great mark of such an and in this very production she has hit off education is endurance-a power to create the character of Rushworth inimitably a high duty, and energy and patience, where well. There is likewise a capital portrait both are wanted. Women never sink un- of a Mrs. Norris, who is always dictating der any calamity but blighted affection ; liberality to others, but herself mean, plotand we love them not less, we admire them ting and disingenuous, one of those well not less, that they do sink then, for their meaning people who are always doing misheroism is in the patience that brings and taken and very disagreeable things. The that awaits death."

Miss Bertrams are fine, showy, fashionable Poor Mrs. Bennet with her mean under- girls, accomplished, in the worldly sense of standing, little information, and variable the word, but vain, cold, and unfeeling, temper! when she was discontented she their heads somewhat cultivated, but their fancied herself nervous. The business of hearts a rank wilderness, from whence her life was to get her daughters married; spring no wholesome fruits or lovely flowits solace was visiting and news.

ers. Lady Bertram paid not the smallest take delight (she exclaims) in vexing me. attention to the education of her daughters. You have no compassion on my poor She had not time for such cares. She was

Don't keep coughing so Kitty, a woman who spent her days in sitting for heavens sake! have a little compassion nicely dressed on a sofa, doing some long on my nerves. You tear them to pieces. piece of needle work, of little use, and no “Kitty has no discretion in her coughs,” beauty, thinking more of her pug than her said her father, “she times them ill." "I children, but very indulgent to the latter do not cough for my own amusement,” re when it did not put herself to inconveniplied Kitty fretfully. Mrs. B., speaking of ence, being one of those persons who think Bingley's sisters, says “ they are charming nothing can be dangerous or difficult, or

I never saw in my life any thing fatiguing to any body but themselves.

6 You



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