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explained and justified by the painter as a / acted in a deeper tragedy than this! How terlicense allowable in art.”
rible it is! Let us pass on?
“ They hurried away, Kavanagh trembling Ignorant of the timid but deep-seated in every fibre. Silently they walked, the music love of Alice, and annoyed by the vulgar fading into softest vibrations behind them. assiduities of Miss Hawkins, Kavanagh said Mr. Churchill, rather as a relief to his bestows his affections on the beautiful
own thoughts, than for the purpose of reviving Cecilia Vaughan; and after a short and the conversation. These people really believe not very romantic wooing, they are united that the end of the world is close at hand.' and go to Italy.
“ . And to thousands,' answered Kavanagh, Churchill, meanwhile, with his cheerful, this is no fiction--no illusion of an overblue-eyed wife, moves on the even tenor
heated imagination. To-day, to-morrow, every of his way, which is unbroken by a single at hand. And why should we fear it? We
day, to thousands, the end of the world is close incident, except the absconding and sub- walk here, as it were, in the crypts of life; at sequent death of their pretty serving-maid, times, from the great cathedral above us, we Lucy; who, after eloping with " The can hear the organ and the chanting of the Briareus of boots," returns “forlorn and choir; we see the light stream through the forsaken,” wishes she were only a Chris- open door, when some friend goes up before tian that she might destroy her life, and us; and shall we fear to mount the narrow shortly afterward, under the exciting in
staircase of the grave, that leads us out of this fluences of a Millerite camp-meeting, the life eternal ?
uncertain twilight into the serene mansions of drowns herself in the river. It is the only “ They reached the wooden bridge over the impressive incident that occurs, and is river, which the moonlight converted into a alluded to with just sufficient detail and river of light. Their footsteps sounded on the remark to produce the strongest effect.
planks; they passed without perceiving a fe
male figure that stood in the shadow below on “ Kavanagh and Mr. Churchill took a stroll
the brink of the stream, watching wistfully the together across the fields, and down green
flow of the current. It was Lucy! Her bonlanes, walking all the bright, brief afternoon.
net and shawl were lying at her feet; and From the summit of the hill, beside the old
when they had passed, she waded far out into windmill, they saw the sun set ; and, opposite; in its deeper waves, and floated slowly away
the shallow stream, laid herself gently down the full moon rise, dewy, large, and red. As they descended, they felt the heavy dampness that were faded and fallen like herself—among
into the moonlight, among the golden leaves of the air, like water, rising to meet thembathing with coolness first their feet, then their. had been broken off and polluted long ago.
the water-lilies, whose fragrant white blossoms hands, then their faces, till they were sub:" Without a struggle, without a sigh, without a merged in that sea of dew. As they skirted the woodland on their homeward way, tram
sound, she floated downward, downward, and pling the golden leaves under foot, they heard silently sank into the silent river. Far off, voices at a distance, singing; and then saw
faint, and indistinct, was heard the startling the lights of the camp-meeting gleaming hymn, with its wild and peculiar melody: through the trees, and, drawing nearer, distinguished a portion of the hymn :
"O, there will be mourning, mourning, mourning,
This beautiful passage is like that in
which Evangeline unknowingly passes her Sounding through the air !
lover on the Mississippi. The unaccus“ These words, at once awful and ludicrous," tomed sadness that comes over Kavanagh rose on the still twilight air from a hundred and his friend, as they pass the wooden voices, thrilling with emotion, and from as bridge, is like the spirit-presence of Gabriel many beating, fluttering, struggling hearts. High above them all was heard one voice, and the one as strikingly illustrates our
on the heart of that wandering maiden ; clear and musical as a clarion.
"I know that voice,' said Mr. Churchill ;• it often unconscious nearness to calamity and is Elder Evans's.'
death, as in the other we see how the “* Ah!'exclaimed Kavanagh-for only the objects of most ardent aspirations someimpression of awe was upon him— he never times approach so as to be grasped, had
we but a distincter sense of their prox ances into serious misfortunes. The basis imity.
of his character is weakness; he is too After three years' absence, Kavanagh amiable to resist, too inefficient to perform. and Cecilia return to Fairmeadow, which, The scope of his intellect is narrowed by by the addition of a railroad, had grown, the exclusiveness with which he cherishes according to some of the ladies, “ quite one darling aspiration; and his whole metropolitan," and was thought “likely character becomes "sicklied o'er" by his soon to become a sea-port,” having already "pale cast of thought.” Beneath the “grown from a simple village to a very actual life he bends as with a burthen, precocious town.” Kavanagh, wandering stumbling as he goes; while in the world about, the morning after his return, finds of imagination he walks erect with his not the Fairmeadow of his memory: his head in the clouds, and half blinded by first familiar recognition is of Miss Man- their vapor. Such a man has no station, chester, on a ladder, painting her own no identity ; he is shadowy, and makes no cottage.
lasting impression. Our author compares
him to the sea, “ that plays with the pebbles .GO
away !' she said, flourishing her brush. on its beach ; but under the inspiration of Go away! What are you coming down here the wind might lift great navies on its for, when I am on the ladder, painting my outstretched palms, and toss them into the house? If you don't go right about your air as playthings.” Beyond this assertion, business, I will come down and
we have no evidence of such power to 66 «Why, Miss Manchester!' exclaimed Kavanagh, how could I know that you would be play with mighty things; and, far from going up the ladder just as I came down the playing with the pebbles of life, he conlane ??
tinually frets himself against them, and "Well, I declare! if it is not Mr. Kava- magnifies them into great rocks.
The delineation of Cecilia Vaughan, if ** And she scrambled down the ladder back- less elaborated, is scarcely less unreal. wards with as much grace as the circumstances Here the character and the situation are permitted. She, too, like the rest of his friends in the village, showed symptoms of growing not in keeping. No such girls are found older. The passing years had drunk a portion in a New England village. In no such of the light from her eyes, and left their traces village could Miss Vaughan, there born on her cheeks, as birds that drink at lakes and bred, have preserved that aristocratic leave their foot-prints on the margin.” exclusiveness which limited her acquaint
ance to Alice Archer, and held her at such Churchill is found still brooding over awful, unapproachable distance above the his long-cherished, darling contemplation, unfortunate aspirations of Mr. Adolphus his still unwritten romance.
It is on the Hawkins. character of Churchill that our author has Alice Archer is more true to nature. expended his strongest effort. He is a Her early love, crossed by that of her man of a naturally powerful and expan- friend, and ending in death, constitutes sive intellect, constantly obstructed by the the romance proper of the tale; but her actual in search of the sublime. A man death, instead of being reserved for the of feeble passions, possessing no ambition, dénouement, occurring as it does in the unless it be a vague sort of literary am middle of the book, and at a time when bition, he moves in a kind of trance, and other interests are paramount, the little always procrastinating, passes his life with sympathy which her ill-fated passion has scarcely an effort at accomplishing its excited is lost, and she forgotten. The dearest hope. The Monday morning that practical morality squeezed from her story, calls him from his day-dreams to his duties, and thrown, as it were, in the teeth of is“ a dark hand placed between him and poor, innocent Mr. Churchill, is so wide the light;" and he is thrown from his as to be ridiculous, and makes one laugh equanimity by the appearance of a butch as if at the wrong time, and feel like er's cart at his door. Utterly deficient in child who has behaved with indecorum at humor, he has therefore no tolerance of a prayer-meeting. the little practical items of daily life, and exaggerates trivial and ridiculous annoy “ All day long, all night long, the snow fell
on the village and on the church-yard; on the in his experience," and that he “never happy home of Cecilia Vaughan, on the lonely knew it.” It was not so much the young grave of Alice Archer! Yes; for before the lady's death as its cause, on which, could winter came she had gone to that land where he have been content with so meagre a winter never comes. Her long domestic tragedy was ended. She was dead; and with her subject, he might have constructed the had died her secret sorrow and her secret love. long contemplated romance, and that Kavanagh never knew what wealth of affection cause, we are told, died with her. What for him faded from the world when she depart- then have we to do with these impertinent ed; Cecilia never knew what fidelity of friends moralities, and why is Mr. Churchill's inship, what delicate regard, what gentle magna- evitable ignorance of the affair passed nimity, what angelic patience had gone with her into the grave; Mr. Churchill never knew, over, and the “ nearness” of the event that, while he was exploring the Past for rec
commented upon as preventing its being ords of obscure and unknown martyrs, in his clothed and suited to his purpose—its own village, near his own door, before his own “familiarily,” withal, rendering it too eyes, one of that silent sisterhood had passed “ trivial” to satisfy him. This is absolute away into oblivion, unnoticed and unknown.
gassing.” It reminds us of Joseph Sur“ How often, ah, how often, between the de- face's eternal “For the man who=;" and sire of the heart and its fulfilment, lies only the briefest space of time and distance, and yet the
with Sir Peter, we are ready to exclaim, desire remains forever unfulfilled ! It is so
“Oh, curse your sentiment!" near that we can touch it with the hand, and The displayful morality of Mr. Longyet so far away that the eye cannot perceive it. fellow's poetry has frequently been noWhat Mr. Churchill most desired was before ticed. In most of his minor poems—in him. The romance he was longing to find “The Voices of the Night” particularly, and record had really occurred in his neighbor- the beautiful moral so characteristically hood, among his own friends. It had been set involved and interwoven with the theme, like a picture into the framework of his life, inclosed within his own experience. But he
instead of being left to diffuse its own incould not see it as an object apart from him- fluence over the mind of the reader, is self; and as he was gazing at what was remote drawn out separately, and suspended like and strange and indistinct, the nearer incidents a label indicating the nature of that which of aspiration, love, and death, escaped him. in its own exquisite flavor and coloring They were too near to be clothed by the im- sufficiently declares itself. In Churchill's agination with the golden vapors of romance ; for the familiar seems trivial, and only the private meditations we notice the same distant and unknown completely fill and satisfy Laconics in the thirteenth chapter. They
to the mind.”
are well worth preserving, and we have a Viola says, “she never told her love,” | fancy that they have been preserved a &c., and knowing that she speaks of her. | long while ; just as ladies lay aside exself, we are touched with a feeling of her quisite old needlework till it is in danger of truth and delicacy; but how, if Alice wearing out from disuse, and then fabricate "never unclasped the book of her secret agreeable lounges and cushions on which soul,” is Mr. Longfellew supposed to have to display it; no one ever suspecting (undivined it? The artist should know that less it be some prying, inquisitive sister the charm of his picture is to be life-like. who, ten to one, has used the same innoWe voluntarily give ourselves to the pe- cent artifice herself) that the lounge was rusal of a fiction, and losing that conscious made for the embroidery, instead of the ness as we proceed, should never be per- embroidery for the lounge. mitted for a moment to recall it: for the time the imaginary must stand for the
“ Mr. Churchill had really put up in his real, and no inconsiderate assertion of the study the old white, wine-glass-shaped pulpit. author should dispel the illusion. Why note-book, recording his many meditations with
He made use of it externally as a should Mr. Churchill be reproached for
a pencil on the white panels. The following “ransacking the records of obscure mar
will serve as a specimen of his pulpit elotyrs," instead of chronicling the passage of quence: this remarkable romance which he knew
Morality without religion is only a kind of nothing about? while we are informed, dead-reckoning--an endeavor to find our place on the same page, that it was " enclosed on a cloudy sea by measuring the distance we
have run, but without any observation of the much larger than the book itself; as Sancho heavenly bodies.
Panza, with his eyes blinded, beheld from his “Many readers judge of the power of a book
wooden horse the earth no larger than a grain
mustard seed, and the men and women on by the shock it gives their feelings--as some sava ge tribes determine the power of muskets
it as large as hazel-nuts. by their recoil; that being considered the best “ Like an inundation of the Indus is the which fairly prostrates the purchaser.
course of Time. We look for the homes of “Men of genius are often dull and inert in our childhood, they are gone ; for the friends of society; as the blazing meteor, when it de- our childhood, they are gone. The loves and scends to earth, is only a stone.
animosities of youth, where are they? Swept
away like the camps that had been pitched in “ With many readers, brilliancy of style the sandy bed of the river. passes for atiluence of thought; they mistake buttercups in the grass for immeasurable gold
“ As no saint can be canonized until the mines under ground.
Devil's Advocate has exposed all his evil deeds, “ The motives and purposes of authors are and showed why he should not be made a saint, not always so pure and high, as, in the en- so no poet can take liis station among the gods thusiasm of youth, we sometimes imagine. To until the critics have said all that can be said many the trumpet of fame is nothing but a tin against him." horn to call them home, like laborers from the field, at dinner-time ; and they think themselves luck v to get the dinner.
Mr. Churchill's use of the old church “'The rays of happiness, like those of light, its dimensions may reasonably be supposed
pulpit is preposterously improbable, since are colorless when unbroken.
to have equalled the capacity of his study “ Critics are sentinels in the grand army of to receive it, and greatly to have exceedletters, stationed at the corners of newspapers ed the width of an inner door. It is and reviews, to challenge every new author.
laughable to observe with what fore. “The country is lyric--the town dramatic. I thought and labor it is brought up,
and When mingled, they make the most perfect made to serve in presenting with an easy, musical drama.
natural air these meditations, which, after “ The natural alone is permanent. Fan- all, we read with little interest, because tastic idols may be worshipped for a while ; but however beautiful or brilliant in themat length they are overturned by the continual selves, they stand separate and disconand silent progress of Truth, as the grim statues of Copan have been pushed from their nected. Brought in as illustrations, such pedestals by the growth of forest-tress, whose things possess a charm which is lost when seeds were sown by the wind in the ruined we see them alone.
Forced upon us walls.
without propriety they become weari“ The every-day cares and duties, which Scattered pearls are of less value men call drudgery, are the weights and coun- | than when drawn together by the thread terpoises of the clock of time, giving its pendu- of connection, their beauty being enhanced lum a true vibration, and its hands a regular by the union of a purpose. Another obmotion ; and when they cease to hang upon jection might be offered to this “ pulpit the hands no longer move, the clock stands eloquence" as it is facetiously termed, in
that it draws attention from the story and still. « The same object, seen from the three differ- fore us in their stead, which, however
its personages, and brings the author beent points of view—the Past, the Present, and the Future-often exhibits three different faces agreeable to us, might not, on the present to us; like those sign-boards over shop doors, occasion, be convenient to bimself. Mr. which represent the face of a lion as we ap
Churchill never commences his romance ; proach, of a man when we are in front, and off but we catch a glimpse of Mr. Longfellow, an ass when we have passed.
seated in Mr. Churchill's study, extracting " In character, in manners, in style, in all from his common-place book material for things, the supreme excellence is simplicity.
of his own. “Some critics have the habit of rowing up
The sentimentality of our principal drathe Heliconian rivers wiih their backs turned, matis personæ is exhibited in a rather so as to see the landscape precisely as the poet spiritless pic-nic held at the “Roaring did not see it. Others see faulis in a book. Brook,” in the neighboring town of West
wood. The description of the place, and of Miss Sally Manchester, and the house the drive to it, is lively and poetical : in which, with Alice and her mother, she
resided : “ Every State and almost every county of New England has its Roaring Brook--a “ The old house they lived in, with its four mountain streamlet overhung by woods, im- sickly Lombardy poplars in front, suggested peded by a mill, encumbered by fallen trees, gloomy and mournful thoughts. It was one but ever racing, rushing, roaring down of those houses that depress you as you enter, through gurgling gullies, and filling the
as if many persons bad died in it-sombre, forest with its delicious sound and fresh desolate, silent. The very clock in the hall ness; the drinking place of home-returning had a dismal sound, gasping and catching its berds; the mysterious haunt of squirrels breath at times, and striking the hour with a and blue-jays; the sylvan retreat of school. violent, determined blow, reminding one of girls, who frequent it on summer holidays, and Jael driving the nail into the head of Sisera. mingle their restless thoughts, their overflow- “ One other inmate the house had, and only iny fancies, their fair imaginings, with its rest- This was Sally Manchester, or Miss less, exuberant and rejoicing stream.
Sally Manchester, as she preferred to be called ; “ Fairmeadow had no Roaring Brook. As its an excellent chamber-maid and a very bad name indicates, it was too level a land for that. cook, for she served in both capacities. She But the neigboring town of Westwood, lying was, indeed, an extraordinary woman, of large more inland, and among the hills, had one of frame and masculine features ; one of those the fairest and fullest of all the brooks that who are born to work, and accept their inheritroar.
ance of toil as if it were play, and who conse"Over warm uplands, smelling of clover quently, in the language of domestic recomand mint; through cool glades, still wet with mendations, are usually styled “a treasure, if the rain of yesterday; along the river ; across you can get her.” A treasure she was to the rattling and tilting planks of wooden this family; for she did all the housework, bridges; by orchards ; by the gates of fields, and in addition took care of the cow and the with the tall mullen growing at the bars; by poultry, occasionally venturing into the field of stone walls overrun with privet and barberries; veterinary practice, and administering lampin sun and beat, in shadow and coolness, for- oil to the cock, when she thought he crowed ward drove the happy party on that pleasant hoarsely. She had on her forehead what is summer morning.
sometimes denominated a
“ widow's peak”— “ At length they reached the Roaring Brook. that is to say, her hair grew down to a point From a gorge in the mountains, through a in the middle; and on Sundays she appeared long, winding gallery of birch, and beech, and at church in a blue poplin gown, with a large pine, leaped the bright, brown waters of the pink bow on what she called “ the congregajubilant streamlet ; out of the woods, across the tion side of her bonnet." Her mind was plain, undera the rude bridge of logs, into the strong, like her person; her disposition not woods again--a day between two nights. With sweet, but, as is sometimes said of apples by it went a song that made the heart sing like- way of recommendation, a pleasant sour.” wise; a song of joy, and exultation, and freedom; a continuous and unbroken song of life, and pleasure, and perpetual youth."
The family mansion of the Vaughans
must be familiar to every one. We feel The pedantry of the two scholars breaks as if we had seen it and been in it a thouout immediately on their arrival :
sand times: “ How indescribably beautiful this brown
“The old family mansion of the Vaughans water is!" exclaimed Kavanagh. “ It is like stood a little out of town, in the midst of a wine, or the nectar of the gods of Olympus; pleasant farm. The county road was not near as if the falling Hebe had poured it from the enough to annoy; and the rattling wheels and goblet.”
little clouds of dust seemed like friendly salu“ More like the mead or metheglin of the tations from travellers as they passed. They northern gods," said Mr. Churchill
, spilled spoke of safety and companionship, and took from the drinking-horns of Valhalla.”
away all loneliness from the solitude. * But all the ladies thought Kavanagh's
“On three sides, the farm was inclosed by comparison the better of the two, and in fact willow and alder hedges, and the flowing wall the best that could be made."
of a river; nearer the house were groves clear of all underwood, with rocky knolls, and
breezy bowers of beech; and atar off the blue Most of the personal and local descrip- hills broke the horizon, creating secret longtions are felicitous. We quote the sketchings for what lay beyond them, and filling the