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Christmas an ironmonger
FLORAL DIRECTORY. Summer...... a carpenter
Common Avens. Geum Urbanum. Sad. a barber
Dedicated to St. Urban Grief
a glezier Peace
St. Philip Neri, A. D. 1595. St. Augus-
tine, Abp. of Canterbury, A. D. 604. A Good-man
A Wood-man St. Eleutherius, Pope, A. D. 192. St. A Black-man A Pack-man
Quadratus, Bp. A.D. 125. St. Oduvald, A Chap-man A Pit-man
Abbot, A. D. 698.
St. Philip Neri.
He was born at Florence in 1515, became recluse when a child, dedicated
himself to poverty, and became miraLilac. Syringa vulgaris.
'« The divine love,” Dedicated to St. Julia.
says Alban Butler, so much dilated the breast of our saint, that the gristle which joined the fourth and fifth ribs on the left side was broken, which accident
allowed the heart and the larger vessels St. Vincent of Lerins, A. D. 450. Sts. Donatian and Rogatian, A. D. 287. fifty years.” According to the same au
more play ; in which condition he lived St. John de Prado.
thority, his body was sometimes raised from the ground during his devotions
some yards high. Butler relates the same FLORAL DIRECTORY.
of St. Dunstan, St. Edmund, and many Monkey Poppy. Papaver Orientale.
other saints, and says that “ Calmet, an Dedicated to St. Vincent.
author still living, assures us that he
knows a religious man who, in devout Map 25.
prayer, is sometimes involuntarily raised
in the air, and remains hanging in it withSt. Mary Magdalen of Pazzi, A. D. 1607. out any support; also that he is person
St. Urban, Pope, A. D. 223. St. Ad- ally acquainted with a devout nun to helm, or Aldhelm. St. Gregory VII., whom the same had often happened.” Pope, A. D. 1085. Sts. Maximus, or Butler thinks it probable that they themMauce, and Venerand, Martyrs in Nor- selves would not determine whether mandy, 6th Cent. St. Dumhade, Abbot, they were raised by angels, or by what A. D. 717.
other supernatural operation. He says, St. Aldhelm.
that Neri could detect hidden sins by the He founded the abbey of Malmesbury, smell of the sinners. He died in 1595 : and was the first Englishman who culti- the body of such a saint of course worked vated Latin and English or Saxon poesy.
miracles. Among his other mortifications, he was ac
St. Philip Neri founded the congregacustomed to recite the psalter at night, tion or religious order of the Oratory, in plunged up to the shoulders in a pond of 1551. The rules of this religious order water. He was the first bishop of Sher- savour of no small severity. By the borne, a see which was afterwards re
“ Institutions of the Oratory,” (printed at moved to Salisbury, and died in 709.
Oxford, 1687, 8vo. pp. 49.) they are reHe turned a sunbeam into a clothes. quired to mix corporal punishments with peg; at least, so say his biographers: their religious harmony : “From the first
of November to the feast of the resur. this was at Rome. Saying mass there the church of St. John de Lateran, he put things shall be heightened by a concert of
rection, their contemplation of celestial off his vestment; the servant neglecting to take it, he hung it on a sunbeam, music; and it is also enjoined, that at whereon it remained, to the wonderful certain seasons of frequent occurrence, admiration of the beholders." +
they all whip themselves in the Oratory.
After half an hour's mental prayer, the • Butter, † Porter, Golden Legend.
officers distribute whips inade of smali
cords full of knots, put forth the children, his historical character, it is to be obif there be any, and carefully shutting the served that, according to his biographers, doors and windows, extinguish the other he worked many miracles, whereof may lights, except only a small candle so be observed this : placed in a dark lanthorn upon the altar, St. Augustine came to a certain town, that the crucifix may appear clear and inhabited by wicked people, who “ visible, but not reflecting any light, thus fused hys doctryne and prechyng uterly, making all the room dark: then the priest, and drof hym out of the towne, castyng in a loud and doleful voice, pronounceth on hym the tayles of thornback, or lyke the verse Jube Domine benedicere, and fysshes ; wherefore he besought Almyghty going through an appointed service, God to shewe hys jugement on them; comes Apprehendite disciplinam, &c.; at and God sent to them a shamefull token; which words, taking their whips, they for the chyldren that were born after in scourge their naked bodies during the the place, had tayles, as it is sayd, tyll recital of the 50th Psalm, Miserere, and they had repented them. It is said the 129th, De profundis, with several comynly that this fyll at Strode in Kente; prayers; at the conclusion of which, but blyssed be Gode, at thys daye is no upon a sign given, they end their whip- such myte.”* It is said, however, ping, and put on their clothes in the dark that they were the natives of a village in and in silence."
Dorsetshire who were thus tail-pieced.t
Another notable miracle is thus related. Oratorios.
When St. Augustine came to Compton, in The Oratorio commenced with the Oxfordshire, the curate complained, that fathers of the Oratory. In order to draw though he had often warned the lord of the youth to church, they had hymns, psalms, place to pay his tythes, yet they were withand spiritual songs, or cantatas, sung held, " and therefore 1.” said the curate, cither in chorus or by a single favourite
“ have cursed hym, and I fynde him the voice. These pieces were divided into
more obstynate.” Then St. Augustine two parts, the one performed before the demanded why he did not pay his tythes sermon, and the other after it. Sacred to God and the church; whereto the knight stories, or events from scripture, written answered, that as he tilled the ground, he in verse, and by way of dialogue, were ought to have the tenth sheaf as well as set to music, and the first part being per- the ninth. Augustine, finding that he formed, the sermon succeeded, which the could not bend this lord to his purpose, people were induced to stay and hear, then departed and went to
mass; but before that they might be present at the per- he began, he charged all those that were formance of the second part. The sub- accursed to go out of the church. Then jects in early times were the good Sama- a dead body arose, and went out of the ritan, the Prodigal Son, Tobit with the church into the churchyard with a white angei, his father, and his wife, and similar cloth on his head, and stood there till histories, which by the excellence of the mass was done; whereupon St. Augustine composition, the band of instruments, went to him, and demanded what he was ; and the performance, brought the Ora- and the dead body said, “ I was formerly tory into great repute; hence this spe
lord of this town, and because I would cies of musical drama obtained the general not pay my tithes to my curate, he cursed appellation of Oratorio.
me, and then I died and went to hell."
Then Augustine bade the dead lord bring St. Augustine.
him to where the curate was buried,
which accordingly he did, and Augustine This was the monk sent to England by commanded the dead curate to arise, who St. Gregory the Great, to convert the thereupon accordingly arose and stood English; by favour of Ethelbert, he be- before all the people. Then Augustine came archbishop of Canterbury. Chris- demanded of the dead curate if he knew tianity, however, had long preceded Au- the dead lord, who answered, “ Would gustine's arrival, for the queen of Ethel- to God I had never known him, for he bert, previous to his coming, was accus- was a withholder of his tythes, and, moretomed to pay her devotions in the church over, an evil-doer.” Then Augustine of St. Martin just without Canterbury. delivered to the said curate a rod, and This most ancient edifice still exists. Not noticing more at present concerning • Golden Legend. | Porter's Flowers
then the dead lord kneeling, received previously put to death the philosopher penance thereby; which done, Augustine Boëtius, who, according to Ribadeneira, commanded the dead lord to go again to after he was beheaded, was scoffingly his grave, there to abide until the day of asked by one of the executioners, “ who judgment; and forthwith the said lord hath put thee to death ?" whereupon entered his grave, and fell to ashes. Then Boëtius answered, “ wicked men," and Augustine asked the curate, how long he immediately taking up his head in his had been dead; and he said, a hundred own hands, walked away with it to the and fifty years. And Augustine offered adjoining church. to pray for him, that he might remain on
St. Bede earth to confirm men in their belief; but
The life of “ Venerable Bede" in the curate refused, because he was in the Butler, is one of the best memoirs in his place of rest. Then said Augustine, “Go biography of the saints. He was an in peace, and pray for me and for holy Englishman, in priest's orders. It is said church ;" and immediately the curate re of him that he was a prodigy of learning turned to his grave. At this sight, the in an unlearned age; that he surpassed lord who had not paid the curate his Gregory the Great in eloquence and tythes was sore afraid, and came quaking copiousness of style, and that Europe to St. Augustine, and to his curate, and scarcely produced a greater scholar. He prayed forgiveness of his trespass, and
was a teacher of youth, and, at one time promised ever after to pay his tythes.
had six hundred pupils, yet he exercised
his clerical functions with punctuality, CHRONOLOGY.
and wrote an incredible number of works On the 26th of May, 1555, was a gay in theology, science, and the polite arts. May-game at St. Marttin's-in-the-fields. It is true he fell into the prevailing crewith giants and hobby-horses, drums and dulity of the early age wherein he guns, morrice-dances, and other min- flourished, but he enlightened it by bis strels. *
erudition, and improved it by his unfeigned piety and unwearied zeal.
Not to ridicule so great a man, but as Rhododendron. Rhododendrum Ponticum.
an instance of the desire to attribute Dedicated to St. Augustine. Yellow Azalea. Azalea pontica.
wonderful miracles to distinguished cha
racters, the following silly anecdote conDedicated to St. Philip Neri.
cerning Bede is extracted from the “Golden
Legend." He was blind, and desiring to Map 27.
be led forth to preach, his servant carried St. John, Pope, A. D. 526. St. Bede, A. D. him to a heap of stones, to which, the 735. St. Julius, about A. D. 302. good father, believing himself preaching St. John, Pope.
to a sensible congregation, delivered a This pontiff was imprisoned by Theo- poble discourse, whereunto, when he had doric, king of the Goths, in Italy, and finished his sermon, the stones answered died in confinement. This sovereign had and said " Amen!"
Methinks that to some vacant hermitage
My feet would rather turn—to some dry nook
Scooped out of living rock, and near a brook
In the soft heaven of a translucent pool;
Thence creeping under forest arches cool,
Perchance would throng my dreams. ` A beechen borrl,
Crisp yellow leaves my bed ; the hooting () wl
My nightwatch : nor should e'er the crested fowl
Indulging thus at will the creeping feet
* Strype's Memoria!3.
The bovering shade of venerable Bede,
of toil stupendous, in a hallowed seat
Of learning, where he heard the billows beat
Perpetual industry-sublime recluse !
Thy diligence, thy unrelaxing use
in the weather, and especially the winds. Every thing of good or evil, incident These have been borne with some philoto any period of the year, is to be regarded sophy, by the individual now holding the seasonable; the present time of the year, pen; but, alas! the effects are too appatherefore, must not be quarrelled with, if rent, he apprehends, to many who have it be not always agrecable to us. Many read what he has been scarcely abie to days of this month, in 1825, have been throw together. He hopes that these most oppressive to the spirits, and inju- defaults will be placed to their proper rious to the inental faculties, of persons account, and that cloudless skies and "who are unhappily susceptible of changes genial breezes will enable him to do better.
How joyous thy steeds from the ocean have sprung!
And young zephyrs laugh as they gambol along.
No angry clouds frown, and no sky darkly lowers ;
That spring is arrived with her sunshine and flowers.
While diamond dew-drops around her are spread,
To laughter is changed when its sorrows are fled.
And nature with blossoms is wreathing the trees,
Are sprinkling their sweets on the wings of each breeze.
Triumphant ride on in thy chariot of light;
L'edicated to St. John, Pope.
Dedicated to St. Bede.
CHRONOLOGY. St. Germanus, Bp. of Paris, A. p. 576. 1546. Cardinal Beaton was on this
St. Caraunus, also Caranus and Caro, day assassinated in Scotland. He was (in French, Chcron.)
priinaet of that kingdom, over which he exercised almost sovereign sway. Just conjured them to spare hun. Two of before his death he got into his power them rushed upon him with drawn George Wishart, a gentleman by birth, swords, but a third, James Melvil, who preached against Romish supersti- stopped their career, and bade them retions, and caused him to be condemned flect that this work was the work and to the stake for heresy. The cardinal judgment of God, and ought to be exerefused the sacrament to his victim, on cuted with becoming deliberation and the ground that it was not reasonable to gravity. Then turning the point of his allow a spiritual benefit to an obstinate sword towards Beaton, he called to him, heretic, condemned by the church. Wish- Repent thee, thou wicked cardinal, of art was tied to a tree in the castle-yard all thy sins and iniquities, especially of of St. Andrew's, with bags of gunpowder the murder of Wishart, that instrument of fastened about his body. The cardinal God for the conversion of these lands: it is and prelates were seated on rich cushions his death which now cries vengeance upon with tapestry hangings before them, from thee: we are sent by God to inflict the whence they viewed the execution of deserved punishment. For here, before. their sentence. The gunpowder having the Almighty, I protest, that it is neither exploded without ending Wishart's bodily hatred of thy person, nor love of thy sufferings, the inflexible reformer ex- riches, nor fear of thy power, which claimed from the fire, “This flame hath moves me to seek thy death: but only scorched my body, yet hath it not daunted because thou hast been, and still remainmy spirit : but he who from yonder highest, an obstinate enemy to Christ Jesus, place beholdeth me with such pride, shall and his holy gospel.”. Having spoken within a few days lie in the same as these words, without giving Beaton time ignominiously as now he is seen proudly to finish that repentance to which he exto rest himself.” After these words, the horted him, he thrust him through the cord that went about his neck was drawn body, and the cardinal fell dead at nis by one of the executioners to stop his feet. Upon a rumour that the castle was breath, the fire was increased, his body taken, a great tumult arose in the city; was consumed to ashes, and the cardinal and several partisans of the cardinal caused proclamation to be made that armed themselves with intent to scale the none should pray for the heretic under walls. When they were told of his death, pain of the heaviest ecclesiastical cen- they desisted, and the people insisting sures. If the church, said the priests, had upon a sight of the cardinal's body, his found such a protector in former times, corpse was exposed to their view from the she had maintained her authority ; but very same place wherein he sat to behold the cardinal's cruelty struck the people the execution of George Wishart. with horror, and John Lesly, brother to The sanguinary spirit of these times has the earl of kothes, with Normand Lesly, disappeared, and we look upon what rethe earl of Rothes' son, (who was dis- mains to us of the individuals who sufgusted on account of some private quar- fered, or acted uvder its influence, as rel) and other persons of birth and memorials of such crimes and criminals as quality, openly vowed to avenge Wishart's we in a milder age dare not imagine our death. Early in the morning they en- country can be again afflicted with. The tered the cardinal's palace at St. An- sight of cardinal Beaton's house in the drews, which he had strongly fortified; Cowgate, at Edinburgh, may have inthough they were not above sixteen per- duced useful reflections on past intolersons, they thrust out a hundred trades- ance, and increased charitable dispositions men and fifty servants, whom they seized in some whose persuasions widely differ. separately, before any suspicion arose of If this be so, a representation of it in their intentions; and having shut the this sheet may not be less agreeable to the gates, they proceeded very deliberately to moralist than to the lover of antiquities. execute their purpose on the cardinal. The drawing from whence the engraving Beaton alarmed with the noise which he
on the next page is taken, was made on heard in the castle, barricadoed the door the spot in 1824. of his chamber : but finding that they had brought fire in order to force their way, and having obtained, as is believed, a
Lurid Fleur-de-lis. Irid Lurida promise of life, he opened the door; and reminding them that he was a priest, he Dedicated to St. Germain.