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Delighted, or not capable her ear
Of what was high: such pleasure she reserv’d, 50
Adam relating, she sole auditress;
Her husband the relator she preferr'd
Before the Angel, and of him to ask
Chose rather ; he, she knew, would intermix
Grateful digressions, and solve high dispute

With conjugal caresses; from his lip
Not words alone pleas'd her. O when meet now
Such pairs, in love and mutual honor join’d?
With Goddess-like demeanour forth she went,
Not unattended, for on her as queen

60 A pomp of winning graces waited still, And from about her shot darts of desire Into all eyes to wish her still in sight.


59. With Goddess-like demeanour given the sanction of an Arch-Angel forth free went,

to any particular system of philoNot unattended,] In the turn of fophy. The chief points in the Proexpression in these two lines Milton lemaic and Copernican hypothesis seems to allude to Homer's descrip- are described with great conciseness tion of Helen. Iliad. III. 142. and perfpicuity, and at the same Ωρματεκ θαλαμοιο, τερεν κατα time dreiffed in very pleafing and ampu m5800,

poetical images. Addison Our aim, oud Tuve, Thyer, 70. This to attain,] To attain to

66. To ask or search &c.] The An- the knowledge of this hard question, gel's returning a doubtful answer to Whether Heaven or Earth move, is Adam's inquiries, was not only pro

of no concern or consequence to per for the moral reason which the thee: N'importe (French) it matters poet afligns, but because it would not; says Mr. Hume. Mr. Richardhave been highly absurd to have fon understands it in the same man


And Raphael now to Adam's doubt propos'd
Benevolent and facil thus reply'd.

To ask or search I blame thee not, for Heaven
Is as the book of God before thee set,
Wherein to read his wondrous works, and learn
His seasons, hours, or days, or months, or years:
This to attain, whether Heav'n move or Earth, 70
Imports not, if thou reckon right; the rest
From Man or Angel the great Architect
Did wisely to conceal, and not divulge
His secrets to be scann'd by them who ought
Rather admire; or if they list to try

75 Conjecture, he his fabric of the Heavens Hath left to their disputes, perhaps to move His laughter at their quaint opinions wide

Herener: his words are “ To attain to makes no difference whether Hea“ know whether the sun or the earth ven move or Earth, whether the “ moves is not of use to us.” But Ptolemaic or the Copernican system I believe that they are both mistaken be true. This knowledge we may in the sense of this passage, for I still attain; the reft, other more cuconceive it otherwise. This to attain rious points of inquiry concerning is to be referred to what precedes the heavenly bodies, God hath done and not to what follows; and ac- wisely to conceal. cordingly there is only a colon be 76. he his fabric of the Heavens fore these words in Milton's own Hath left to their disputes,] Muneditions, and not a full stop as in dum tradidit disputationi eorum, ut fome others. This to attain, that is non inveniat homo opus quod opeto attain the knowledge of seasons, ratus eft Deus, ab initio usque ad hours, or days, or moribs, or years, finem. Vulg. Lat. Ecclef. III

. 11. I: imports not, it matters not, it

Hglin. 80. And


Heareafter, when they come to model Heaven
And calculate the stars, how they will wield

The mighty frame, how build, unbuild, contrive
To save appearances, how gird the sphere
With centric and eccentric scribled o'er,
Cycle and epicycle, orb in orb:
Already by thy reasoning this I guess,
Who art to lead thy ofspring, and fuppofest
That bodies bright and greater

should not serve
The less not bright, nor Heav'n such journeys run,
Earth sitting still, when she alone receives
The benefit: consider first, that great
Or bright infers not excellence : the earth
Though, in comparison of Heay'n, so small,
Nor glist'ring, may of solid good contain
More plenty than the sun that barren shines,



80. And calculate the fars,] The culate them is to make a computasense is, And form a judgment of tion of every thing relating to them: the stars by computing their motions, the consequence of which is (in the dittance, fituation, &c, as to calculate old system especially) centric and eca nativity fignifies to form a judg. centric, cycle and spicycle, and orb in ment of the events attending it, by orb. Pearce. computing what planets, in what 83. With centric and eccentric] motions, presided over that nativity, Ceritric or concentric are such spheres But Dr. Bentley takes calculating the whose center is the same with, and fars here to mean counting their eccentric such whose centers are dif. numbers. That might be one thing ferent from that of the earth. Cycle intended; but it is not all. To calo is a circle; Epicycle is a circle upon


Whofe virtue on itself works no effect,

95 But in the fruitful earth; there first receiv'd His beams, unactive else, their vigor find. Yet not to earth are those bright luminaries Officious, but to thee earth’s habitant. And for the Heav'n's wide circuit, let it fpeak 100 The Maker's high magnificence, who built So spacious, and his line stretch'd out so far; That Man may know he dwells not in his own; An edifice too large for him to fill, Lodg’d in a small partition, and the rest 105 Ordain'd for uses to his Lord best known, The swiftness of those circles attribúte, Though numberless, to his omnipotence, That to corporeal substances could add

109 Speed almost spiritual; me thou think'st not flow,


another circle. Expedients of the and not with swiftness, as Dr. BentPtolemaics to solve the apparent dif- ley conceiv'd. And the sense is (as ficulties in their fyftem.

Dr. Pearce expresses it) that it is

Richardson God's omnipotence which gives to 102. - and bis line stretch'd out the circles, though so numberless,

so far;] A Scripture expref- fuch a degree of swiftness. Or if fion, Job XXXVIII. 5. Who bath we join numberlefs in construction fretbed the line upon it? as if God with swiftness, it may be understood had meafur'd the Heavens and the as in ver 38. Earth with a line.

108. Though numberlefs,] It may Speed, to describe whose swiftness be join'd in conftru&tion with circks,

number fails.

128. In

Who since the morning hour set out from Heaven
Where God resides, and ere mid-day arriv'd
In Eden, distance inexpressible
By numbers that have name.

But this I urge,
Admitting motion in the Heav'ns, to show 115
Invalid that which thee to doubt it mov'd;
Not that I so affirm, though so it seem
To thee who hast thy dwelling here on earth.
God to remove his ways from human sense,
Plac'd Heav'n from Earth so far, that earthly sight,
If it presume, might err in things too high, 121
And no advantage gain. What if the sun
Be center to the world, and other stars
By his attractive virtue and their own
Incited, dance about him various rounds ?

125 Their wand'ring course now high, now low, then hid,


128. In fix thou feeft, &c.] In the the earth so proceeds in her orbit, as moon, and the five other wand'ring that her axis is constantly parallel to fires, as they are callid V. 177. the axis of the world. Which else to Their motions are evident; and what several spheres thou must afcribe, &c. if the earth should be a seventh You must either ascribe these moplanet, and move three different mo- tions to several spheres crossing and tions though to thee insensible? The thwarting one another with crooked three different motions which the Co- and indirect turnings and windings: pernicans attribute to the earth are Or you must attribute them to the the diurnal round her own axis, the earth, and save the fun bis labor and annual round the fun, and the mo- the primum mobile too, that swift tion of libration as it is callid, whereby nocturnal and diurnal rhomb. It was


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