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all appear strangers to each other, and 101. note. When the bet was offered, the upconnected with the game, except one defendant, who stood next to him, jogged who conducts it,and who appears to be the his elbow, and said eagerly, “ Bet him, sole proprietor. This master of the cere- bet him ; you must win, the ball is under monies has three thimbles, and is provided our feet." ' Mr. Panchaud had no doubt, with a number of peas, or pepper-corns. from his whole manner, that the defendant He puts one under each thimble, or per- was concerned with the others in the haps only under one or two, as the case trick. The case stood over for further may be. He then offers a bet as to investigation. It is only mentioned here which thimble a pepper-corn is or is not for the purpose of showing a species of under, and offers at first such a wager as slight of hand continued in our own is eagerly taken by those round the table, times to defraud the unwary. and he loses. He pays the losings freely, and the other members of this joint-stock company affect to laugh at him, as what

FLORAL DIRECTORY. they cail a “good Aat.” Having thus Moneywort. Lysimachia nummularia. drawn the attention, and probably excited Dedicated to St. Me:lard. the cupidity of a stranger, who appears to have money, they suffer him to win a stake or two, and get him to increase his bets. When he seems thoroughly in the humour, the master of the table lifts a thimble, under which is a pepper-corn, and turning his head aside to speak to some one, he suffers the corn to roll off; and, seeming to be unconscious of this, he replaces the thimble, and offers bets to any amount that there is a corn underneath that particular thimble. The stranger having seen the corn roll off “ with his own eyes," as the phrase is, chuckles to himself, and eagerly takes the bet; the thimble is removed, and behold !-there is a pepper-corn under it still, the fellow having dexterously slipped another under it when the first rolled off the table.“ So that the plain fact is, sir,” continued Smith, “ that the stranger, fancying he is taking in the master of the table, cheerfully stakes his money with a dead certainty, as he supposes, of winning, and he finds that he has been taken in himself.” Smith said, he had known instances of gentlemen getting from their Passion Flower. carriages, and in a few moments ridding themselves of 201. or 301., or perhaps This flower, says the elegant author of more, and going off wondering at their the Flora Domestica, derives its name folly, and looking uncommon silly. from an idea, that all the instruments of

It appeared that Mr. Panchaud went Christ's passion are represented in it. up to one of these tables, at which the de- The above engraving from an ancient fendant and many others were playing, print, shows the curious distortion of the and after winning two or three times, the flower in those parts whereon the imaginatrick above described was commenced. tion has indulged. The original print bears The conductor of the game offered a betan inscription to this effect; that nature of 51., and Mr. Panchaud having seen itself grieves at the crucifixion, as is dethe pepper-corn roll off, took the wager, noted by the flower representing the five and put down a 101. pote. In a moment wounds, and the column or pillar of after there was a general hustling, the scourging, besides the three nails, the table was upset, and the whole party crown of thorns, &c. speedily disappeared, together with the Most of the passion-flowers are natives



of the hottest parts of America. The

St. Barnabas the Apostle. rose coloured passion-flower is a native of He was of the tribe of Levi, and coadVirginia, and is the species which was jutor with the apostle Paul for several first known in Europe. It has since been, years. Though denominated an apostle

, in a great measure, superseded by the blue it seems agreed that he was not entitled passion-flower, which is hardy enough to to that character; if he were, his extant Aower in the open air, and makes an ele- epistle would have equal claim with the gant tapestry for an unsightly wall. The writings of the other apostles to a place leaves of this, in the autumn, are of the among the books in the New Testament. most brilliant crimson; and, when the He is said to have been martyred, but of sun is shining upon them, seem to trans- this there is not sufficient evidence. port one to the gardens of Pluto.*

St. Barnabas' Day.

This was a high festival in England June 9.


Besides the holy thorn, there grew in Sts. Primus and Felicianus, A. D. 286. the abbey churchyard of Glastonbury, on

St. Columba, or Columkille, A. D. 597. the north side of St. Joseph's chapel, a St. Pelagia, A. D. 311. St. Vincent, miraculous walnut-tree, which 3d Cent. St. Richard, Bp. of Andria,, budded forth before the feast of St. Bar5th Cent.

nabas, viz. the eleventh of June, and on CHRONOLOGY.

that very day shot forth leaves, and flou1760. Nicholas Lewes, count Zinzen- rished like its usual species. This tree is dorf, a native of Saxony, and founder of gone, and in the place thereof stands a the religious society called Moravians, very fine walnut-tree of the common sort. died at Chelsea.

It is strange to say how much this tree

was sought after by the credulous; and, FLORAL DIRECTORY.

though not an uncommon walnut, queen

Anne, king James, and many of the nobiBarberry. Barberis vulgaris.

lity of the realm, even when the times of Dedicated to St. Columba.

monkish superstition had ceased, gave

large sums of money for small cuttings June 10.

from the original."

Midsummer, or nightless days, nos St. Margaret, Queen of Scotland, a.d. begin and continue until the 2d of July.t

1093. St. Getulius and companions, There is still this saying among country 2d Cent. St. Landry, or Landericus, people, Bp. A. D. 650. B. Henry of Treviso,

“ Barnaby Bright, Barnaby Bright, A. D. 1315.

The longest day and the shortest night." CHRONOLOGY. 1735. Thomas Hearne, the learned antiquary, died at Oxford : he was born

FLORAL DIRECTORY. at White Waltham, in Berkshire, in 1680. Midsummer Daisy. Chrysunthemum Leu


Dedicated to St. Barnabas.
Yellow Fleur-de-lis. Iris Pseudacorus.
Dedicated to St. Margaret.

June 12.
St. John, Hermit, A. D. 1479. St. Baxi-

lides, Quirinus, or Cyrinus, Nabor, and June 11.

Nazarius. St. Eskill, Bp. St. Oni

phrius, Hermit. St. Ternan, Bp. of St. Barnabas, Apostle, 1st Cent. St. the Picts. Tochumra, of Tochumrach in Ireland.

CHRONOLOGY. Another St. Tochumra, diocese of Kilmore.

1734. The duke of Berwick, illegitimate son of James II., by Arabella

• Flora Domestica,

• Collinson's Somersetshire.
# Dr. Forster's Perennial Calendar.



Churchill, sister to the great duke of artillery and ammunition. Among the Marlborough, was killed by a cannon spoil was the king's cabinet with his ball, at the siege of Phillipsburgh, in letters, which the parliament afterwards Germany, in the 64th year of his age. published. Hume says, “ they give an He was only excelled in the art of war by advantageous idea both of the king's the duke of Marlborough himself. genius and morals." Yet it is a fact,

which every person who reads the correspondence must inevitably arrive at, that

the king purposed deception, when he White Dog Rose. Rosa arvensis. professed good faith, and that, as true Dedicated to St. John.

genius never exists with fraud, these let-
ters do not entitle him to reputation for

common honesty, or real ability.
June 13.
St. Antony of Padua, A. D. 1231. St.

Sweet Basil. Oscimum Basilicum.

Dedicated to St. Basil.
1625. Henrietta Maria, youngest
daughter to Henry IV. of France, landed
at Dover, and was married to Charles I.,

June 15. at Canterbury, on the same day; her

Sts. Vitus, or Guy, Crescentia, and Moportraits represent her to have been beau

destus, 4th Cent. St. Landelin, Abbot, tiful. She was certainly a woman of

A. D. 686. B. Bernard, of Menthon, ability, but faithless to her unfortunate

A. D. 1008. St. Vauge, Hermit, A. D. consort, after whose death on the scaffold she lived in France, and privately mar

585. B. Gregory Lewis Barbarigo, ried her favourite, the lord Jermyn, a

Cardinal Bp. A. D. 1697. descendant of whom, with that name, is

St. Vitus. (in 1825,) a grocer in Chiswell-street, and a member of the society of friends.

This saint was a Sicilian martyr, under

Dioclesian. Henrietta Maria, though a Bourbon, was

Why the disease called St. so little regarded in the court of the known. Dr. Forster describes it as an

Vitus's dance was so denominated, is not Bourbons, and reduced to so great extremity, that she was without fuel for her affection of the limbs, resulting from ner

vous irritation, closely connected with fire-place during the depth of winter, in

a disordered state of the stomach and the palace assigned to her by the French

bowels, and other organs of the abdomen. monarch.

In papal times, fowls were offered on the festival of this saint, to avert the disease.

It is a vulgar belief, that rain on St. Garden Ranunculus. Ranunculus Asi- Vitus's day, as on St. Swithin's day, indiuticus.

cates rain for a certain number of days. Dedicated to St. Antony.


It is related, that after St. Vitus and

his companions were martyred, their June 14.

heads were enclosed in a church wall,

and forgotten, so that no one knew where St. Basil, Abp. A. D. 379. Sts. Rufinus they were, until the church was repaired, and Valerius, 3d Age. St. Methodius, when the heads were found, and the Patriarch of Constantinople, A. D. 846. church bells began to sound of themselves, St. Docmael, 6th Cent. St. Nennus, which causing inquiry, a writing was or Nehemias, Abbot, A. D. 654.

St. found, authenticating the heads; they Psalmodius, A. D. 630.

consequently received due honour, and CHRONOLOGY.

worked miracles in due form. 1645. The battle of Naseby, between the royalists under Charles I., and the parliament troops under Fairfax, was de- Sensitive Plant. Mimosa sensit. cided this day by the entire rout of the

Dedicated to St. Vitus. king's army, and the seizure of all his



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London, like famous old Briareus,
With fifty heads and twice told fifty arms,
Laid one strong arm across yon noble flood,
For free communication with each shore;
Hence, though the thews and sinews sink and shrink,
And we so manifold and strong have grown,
That a renewal of the limb for purposes
Of national and private weal be requisite,
It is to be regarded as a friend
That oft bath served us in our utmost need,
With all its strength. Be ye then merciful,
Good citizens, to this our ancient “ sib,”
Operate on it tenderly, and keep
Some fragments of it, as memorials
Of its former worth : for our posterity
Will to their ancestors do reverence,
As we, ourselves, do reverence to ours.-

The present engraving is from the de- large cards of about the size that the presign at the head of the admission tickets, sent leaf will present when bound in the and is exactly of the same form and volume, and cut round the edges, dimensions; the tickets themselves were



of the City Arms.

Width of the bridge, from outside to

outside of the parapets, 55 feet ; carriage Admit the Bearer

way, 33 feet 4 inches. to witness THE CEREMONY of laying THE FIRST STONE

“Go and set London-bridge on fire,”

said Jack Cade, at least so Shakspeare of the

makes him say, to “ the rest” of the in

surgents, who, in the reign of Henry VI., New London-bridge, came out of Kent, took the city itself, and

there raised a standard of revolt against on Wednesday, the 15th day of June, 1825.

the royal authority. “ Sooner said than (Signed) Hexy WOODTHORPE, Jun.

done, master Cade," may have been the Clerk of the Committee,

answer; and now, when we are about to erect a new one, let us “ remember the bridge that has carried safe over."

Though its feet were manifold as a cenN.B. The access is from the present bridge,

tipede's, and though, in gliding between and the time of admission will be between its legs, as it the hours of twelve and two.

“ doth bestride the Thames," N° 281.

some have, ever and anon, passed to

the bottom, and craft of men, and craft It has been truly observed of the design

with goods, so perished, yet the health

and wealth of ourselves, and those from for the new bridge. that it is striking for whom we sprung, have been increased by its contrast with the present gothic edi- safe and uninterrupted intercourse above. fice, whose place it is so soon to supply. It consists but of five elliptical arches, which embrace the whole span of the By admission to the entire ceremony river, with the exception of a double pier of laying the first stone of the new Lonon either side, and between each arch a don-bridge, the editor of the Every-Day single pjer of corresponding design; the Book is enabled to give an authentic acwhole is more remarkable for its simpli- count of the proceedings from his own city than its magnificence; so much, in- close observation; and therefore, collatdeed, does the former quality appear to ing the narratives in every public journal have been consulted, that it has not a of the following day, by his own notes, single balustrade from beginning to end. he relates the ceremonial he witnessed,

New London-bridge is the symbol of an from a chosen situation within the cofferhonourable British merchant : it unites dam. plainness with strength and capacity, and will be found to be more expansive and ornamental, the more its uses and purposes At an early hour of the morning the are considered.

vicinity of the new and old bridges presented an appearance of activity, bustle,

and preparation; and every spot that The following are to be the dimensions could command even a bird's-eye view of of the new bridge :

the scene, was eagerly and early occupied Centre arch-span, 150 feet; rise, 32 by persons desirous of becoming spectafeet ; piers, 24 feet.

tors of the intended spectacle, which, it Arches next the centre arch-span, 140

was confidently expected, would be exfeet; rise, 30 feet; piers 22 feet.

tremely magnificent and striking ; these

anticipations were in no way disapAbutment arches-span, 130 feet; rise,

pointed. 25 feet; abutment, 74 feet.

So early as twelve o'clock, the avenues Total width, from water-side to water. leading to the old bridge were filled with side, 690 feet.

individuals, anxious to behold the apLength of the bridge, including the proaching ceremony, and shortly afterabutments, 950 feet; without the abut- wards the various houses, which form the ments, 782 feet.

streets through which the procession was

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