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game, and each of these at their best, After Orchard's tenancy, Copenhagencould give the best player now in London house was kept by one Tooth, who encouthe same odds. Such are the gradations raged brutal sports for the sake of the in all exertions of human skill and art. liquors he sold. On a Sunday morning He once played four capital players to- the fives-ground was filled by bull-dogs gether, and beat them. He was also a and ruffians, who lounged and drank to first-rate tennis-player, and an excellent intoxication; so many as fifty or sixty fives-player. In the Fleet or King's Bench, bull-dogs have been seen tied up to the he would have stood against Powell, whó benches at once, while their masters boozed was reckoned the best open-ground player and made match after match, and went of his time. This last-mentioned player out and fought their dogs before the house, is at present the keeper of the Fives-court, amid the uproar of idlers attracted to the and we might recommend to him for a “bad eminence" by its infamy. This motto over his door,—“Who enters here, scene lasted throughout every Sunday forgets himself, his country, and his forenoon, and then the mob dispersed, friends." And the best of it is, that by and the vicinity was annoyed by the yells the calculation of the odds, none of the of the dogs and their drunken masters en three are worth remembering!
their return home. There was also a Cavanagh died from the bursting of a common field, east of the house, wherein blood-vessel, which prevented him from bulls were baited ; this was called the playing for the last two or three years. bull-field. These excesses, although comThis, he was often heard to say, he mitted at a distance from other habitathought hard upon him. He was fast tions, occasioned so much disturbance, recovering, however, when he was sud- that the magistrates, after repeated warndenly carried off to the regret of all who ings to Tooth, refused him a license in knew him.
1816, and granted it to Mr. Bath, the Jack Cavanagh was a zealous Catholic, present landlord, who abated the nuisance and could not be persuaded to eat meat by refusing to draw beer or afford refreshon a Friday, the day on which he died. ment to any one who had a bull-dog at We have paid this willing tribute to his his heels. The bull-field has since been memory.
possessed and occupied by a great cow“Let no rude band deface it,
keeping landlord in the neighbourhood, And his forlorn' Hic Jacet.'
though by what title he holds it is not known, certainly not by admission to it as waste of the manor. This field is
close to the mud cottage hereafter menFides-play from the year 1780 was a chief diversion at Copenhagen-house, par- to Highgate-hill.
tioned in Hagbush-lane, an ancient way ticularly while Mrs. Harrington remained the landlady. She was careless of all customers, except they came in shoals to
Near the spot at which Hagbush-lane drink tea in the gardens and long room
comes out into the Holloway-road to up stairs, or to play at fives, skittles, and Highgate, the great lord Bacon met with Datch pins, and swill and smoke. The the cause of his death, in a way not house was afterwards kept by a person generally known. He was taking an airnamed Orchard, during whose time the ing in his coach, on a winter-day, with London Corresponding Society, in 1795, Dr. Witherborne, a Scotchman, physician held meetings in the adjacent fields.* In to James I., and the snow laying on 1812, it was proposed by a company of the ground. It occurred to lord Bacon projectors to bring sea-water through iron that flesh might be preserved in snow as pipes “ from the coast of Essex to Copen- well as in salt; resolving to try the expehagen fields," and construct baths, which; riment, they alighted from the carriage, according to the proposals, would yield and going into a poor woman's cottage at twelve and a half per cent. op a capital the foot of Highgate-hill
, they bought a of 200,000l. ; but the subscription was hen; his lordship helped to stuff the body fiot filled up, though the names of several with snow, which so'chilled him that he eminent physicians sanctioned the under- fell ill, and could not return to his lodgteking, and the project failed.
ings; he therefore went to the earl of
Arundel's house at Highgate, where a bed • Mr. Nelson's History of Islington. + Ibid.
was warmed for him with a pan of coals;
but the bed not having been lain in for a reporte unto his Lo: of the
should stand good, or noe :-Mr.
448 It is not to defame so great a man, the Mr. Bager his Fee
22s. greatest of modern times, but merely to illustrate his well-known attachment to particular favourites, that a paper is here for the first time printed. It is a bill of stomach may be satisfied together. A
At Copenhagen-house, the eye and the fees to counsel, upon an order made in walk to it through the fresh air creates an the court of chancery by lord Bacon, as keeper of the great seal, during the first some time to take in the surrounding
appetite, and the sight must be allowed year he held it. From this it appears prospect. A seat for an hour or two at that counsel had been retained to argue the upstairs tea-room windows on a fine a demurrer, on the first day of Mi- day is a luxury. As the clouds interchaelmas term, 1617; and that the hear- cept the sun's rays, and as the winds dising stood over till the following Tuesday, perse or congregate the London atmosbefore which day“ one of my lordkeeper's favourites” was retained as other hovers over continually varies. Masses
phere, the appearance of the objects it counsel, and, “ being one of my lord
of building in that direction daily stretch keeper's favourites," had a double fee for out further and further across the fields, his services. The mention of so extra- so that the metropolis may be imagined ordinary a fact in a common bill of
a moving billow coming up the heights costs may perhaps justify its rather outof-the-way introduction in this place the
to drown the country. Behind the house The paper from whence it is here printed, the editor of the Every-Day Book has * Hedge-row elms, o'er hillocks green," selected from among other old unpublished manuscripts in bis possession, connected is exquisitely beautiful, and the fine amwith the affairs of sir Philip Hoby, who phitheatre of wood, from Primrose-hill to was ambassador to the emperor of Ger. Highgate-archway and Hornsey, seems many from Henry VIII., and held other built up to meet the skies. A stroll tooffices during that reign.
wards either of these places from Copen
hagen-house, is pleasant beyond imagin(COPY.)
ation. Many residents in London to whom
walking would be eminently serviceable, Termino Micalis, 1617.
cannot “ take a walk” without a motive; To Mr. Bagger of the Iner-Temple,
to such is recommended the “delightful Councellor, the firste day of the task” of endeavouring to trace HagbushTearme, for attending at the
lane. Chancery barr, to mayntain or.
Crossing the meadow west of Copendemurrer against St. Tho. Hoby,
hagen-house, to the north-east corner, by my Lo: Keeper's order, that there is a mud built cottage in the widest daye to attend the Corte, wch. part of Hagbush-lane, as it runs due herd noe motions that daye, but
north from the angle formed by its eastern deferd it of until Tusday fol
direction. It stands on the site of one lowing
xxii. s. still more rude, at which until destroyed,
labouring men and humble wayfarers, Uppon Tusdaye following wee had attracted by the sequestered and rural yonge Mr. Tho: Finch, and Mr.
beauties of the lane, stopped to recreate Bagger, of our Councell
, to at- It was just such a scene as Morian tend there to mayntaine the same would have coveted to sketch, and there demurrer, and the cause be can- fore Mr. Fussell with “an eye for the celled; Upon (which) my Lo: picturesque," and with a taste akin to Keeper ordered, that he refferred
Morland's, made a drawing of it while the cause to be heard before Sr.
it was standing, and placed it on the Charles Cesér King, one of the wood whereon it is engraven, to adora docters of the Chancery, to make
the next page.
“Why this cottage, sir, not three miles from London, is as secluded as if it were in the
weald of Kent."
This cottage stands no longer : its his- neighbour for their cattle, they “warned tory is in the “simple annals of the him off;" he, not choosing to be housepoor.” About seven years ago, an aged less, nor conceiving that their domains and almost decayed labouring man, a could be injured by his little enclosure native of Cheshunt, in Hertfordshire, with between the banks of the road, refused to his wife and child, lay out every night accept this notice, and he remained. For upon the road side of Hagbush-lane, under this offence, one of them caused his lawhat of bough and branch they could creep bourers to level the miserable dwelling to for shelter, till “ winter's cold" came on, the earth, and the “houseless child of and then he erected this “mud edifice." want,” was compelled by this wanton act He had worked for some great land-hold- to apply for his family and himself to be ers and owners in Islington, and still taken into the workhouse. His applicajobbed about. Like them, he was, to this tion was refused, but he received advice extent of building, a speculator; and to to build again, with information that eke out his insufficient means, he profit. his disturber was not justified in disturbed, in his humble abode, by the sale of ing him. In vain he pleaded incompesmall beer to stragglers and rustic way- tent power to resist; the workhouse was farers. His cottage stood between the shut against him, and he began to build lands of two rich men; not upon the land another hut. He had proceeded so far of either, but partly on the disused road, as to keep of the weather in one direcand partly on the waste of the manor. tion, when wealth again made war upon Deeming him by no means a respectable poverty, and while away from his wife and child, his scarcely half raised hut was haga signified a hedge or any enclosure. pulled down during a heavy rain, and his Hag afterwards signified a bramble, and wife and child left in the lane shelterless. hence, for instance, the blackberry-bush, A second application for a home in the or any other bramble, would be properly workhouse was rejected, with still stronger denominated a hag. Hagbush-lane, thereassurances that he had been illegally fore, may be taken to signify either Hawdisturbed, and with renewed advice to thornbush-lane, Bramble-lane, or Hedgebuild again. The old man has built for bush-lane ; more probably the latter. the third time; and on the site of the Within recent recollection, Whitcomb cottage represented in the engraving, street, near Charing-cross, was called erected another, wherein he dwells, and Hedge-lane. sells his small beer to people who choose Supposing the reader to proceed from to sit and drink it on the turf seat against the old man's mud-cottage in a northerly the wall of his cottage; it is chietly in direction, he will find that the widest request, however, among the brickmakers part of Hagbush-lane reaches, from that in the neighbourhood, and the labourers spot, to the road now cutting from Holon the new road, cutting across Hagbush- loway. Crossing immediately over the lane from Holloway to the Kentish-town road, he comes again into the lane, which road, which will utimately connect the he will there find so narrow as only to Regent's-park and the western suburb, admit convenient passage to a man on with the eastern extremity of this im- horseback. This was the general width mensely growing metropolis. Though im- of the road throughout, and the usual mediately contiguous to Mr. Bath, the land- width of all the English roads made in lord of Copenhagen-house," he has no ancient times. They did not travel in way assisted in obstructing this poor crea- carriages, or carry their goods in carts, as ture's endeavour to get a morsel of bread. we do, but rode on horseback, and conFor the present he remains unmolested in veyed their wares or merchandise in packhis almost sequestered nook, and the saddles or packages on horses' backs. place and himself are worth seeing, for They likewise conveyed their money in they are perhaps the nearest specimens the same way. In an objection raised in to London, of the old country labourer the reign of Elizabeth to a clause in the and his dwelling.
Hue and Cry bill, then passing through
parliament, it was urged, regarding some From the many intelligent persons a travellers who had been robbed in open stroller may meet among the thirty thou- day within the hundred of Beyntesh, in sand inhabitants of Islington, on his way the county of Berks, that "they were along Hagbush-lane, he will perhaps clothiers, and yet travailed not withe the not find one
a question great trope of clothiers ; they also carried that will occur to him during his walk. iheir money openlye in wallets upon their
Why is this place called Hagbush saddles."*' The customary width of their lane?" Before giving satisfaction here to roads was either four feet or eight feet. the inquirer, he is informed that, if a Some parts of Hagbush-lane are much Londoner, Hagbush-lane is, or ought to lower than the meadows on each side; be, to him, the most interesting way that and this defect is common to parts of every he can find to walk in; and presuming ancient way, as might be exemplified, him to be influenced by the feelings and were it necessary, with reasons founded motives that actuate his fellow-citizens to on their ignorance of every essential conthe improvement and adornment of their nected with the formation, and perhaps city, by the making of a new north road, the use, of a road. he is informed that Hagbush-lane, though It is not intended to point out the toi. now wholly disused, and in many parts tuous directions of Hagbush-lane; for the destroyed, was the old, or rather the old chief object of this notice is to excite the est north road, or ancient bridle-way to reader to one of the pleasantest walks he and from London, and the northern parts can imagine, and to tax his ingenuity to of the kingdom.
the discovery of the route the road takes. Now for its name-Hagbush-lane. Hag This, the ancient north road, comes into is the old Saxon word hæg, which became the present north road, in Upper Holcorrupted into hawgh, and afterwards loway, at the foot of Highgate-hill, and into haw, and is the name for the berry of the hawthorn; also the Saxon word
• Hoby MSS.
went in that direction to Hornsey. From proprietor, whether freeholder or lord of the mud-cottage towards London, it pro a manor, can any person legally dispossess ceeded between Paradise-house, the resi- the public of a single foot of Hagbushdence of Mr. Greig, the engraver, and the lane, or obstruct the passage of any mdiAdam and Eve public-house, in the Hol- vidual through it. All the people of loway back-road, and by circuitous wind- London, and indeed all the people of ings approached London, at the distance England, have a right in this road as a of a few feet on the eastern side of the common highway. Hitherto, among the City Arms public-house, in the City-road, inhabitants of Islington, many of whom and continued towards Old-street, St. are opulent, and all of whom are the Luke's. It no where communicated with local guardians of the public rights in the back-road, leading from Battle-bridge this road, not one has been found with to the top of Highgate-hill, called Maiden- sufficient public virtue, or rather with lane.
enough of common manly spirit, to com Hagbush-lane is well known to every pel the restoration of public plunder, and botanizing perambulator on the west side in his own defence, and on the behalf of of London. The wild onion, clowns- the public, arrest the highway robber. wound-wort, wake-robin, and abundance Building, or what may more properly of other simples, lovely in their form, and be termed the tumbling up of tumbleof high medicinal repute in our old herb- down houses, to the north of London, is als and receipt-books, take root, and seed so rapidly increasing, that in a year or and flower here in great variety. How two there will scarcely be a green spot long beneath the tall elms and pollard oaks, for the resort of the inhabitants. Against and the luxuriant beauties on the banks, covering of private ground in this way, the infirm may be suffered to seek health, there is no resistance; but against its evil and the healthy to recreate, who shall say ? consequences to health, some remedy Spoilers are abroad.
should be provided by the setting apart Through Hagbush-lane every man has of open spaces for the exercise of walking a right to ride and walk; in Hagbush- in the fresh air. The preservation of lane no one man has even a shadow Hagbush-lane therefore is, in this point of right to an inch as private pro- of view, an object of public importance, perty. It is a public road, and public Where it has not been thrown into priproperty. The trees, as well as the road, vate fields, from whence, however, it is are public property; and the very form recoverable, it is one of the loveliest of of the road is public property. Yet bar- our green lanes; and though persons from gains and sales have been made, and are the country smile at Londoners when said to be now making, under which the they talk of being “ rural" at the distance trees are cut down and sold, and the of a few miles from town, a countryman public road thrown, bit by bit, into pri- would find it difficult to name any lane vate fields as pasture. Under no con- in his own county, more sequestered or of veyance or admission to land by any greater beauty.
WRITTEN IN HAGBUSH-LANE.
A scene like this,
Had I a cottage here
I have my books
I have old friends,
Make me amends